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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Oct 2002
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Cryopreservation of winter vegetation buds of Betula platyphylla var. japonica in liquid nitrogen
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 89~95
In woody plant germplasms, using prefrozen dormant buds for materials is one way to achieve successful cryopreservation. The protocol of cryopreservation for White birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) winter vegetative buds is the following. First, the branches of White birch were collected in January 20, when the vegetative buds were still in a state of quiescence. The winter buds with about 5㎜ of xylem tissue were removed from the branches. They were dehydrated to moisture contents about 44% by air dry treatment. The buds were prefrozen, with the temperature being decreased by 5∼-20
and then transfered to the LN(liquid nitrogen) maintained below -l96
. After cryopreservation, the vegetative buds were rapidly thawed in a water bath at 40
. In this case, the cell survival rate of samples was about 86%. After sterilization, buds were then cultured on MS medium. These results demonstrate the feasibility for cryopreservation of winter vegetation buds of Betula platyphylla var. japonica.
Ecological characteristics and distribution of Chuiangne (Pyrus ussuriensis var. acidula) at habitats
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 96~106
Five major naturally populated habitats around the Mt. Daeduk, Gangwon province for wild Chuiangne (Pyrus ussuriensis var. acidula) are mostly located on the southeast side of the mountains at 1,216-1,306ｍ in altitude at sea level and are in very good sunney areas. The total of 96 taxa dividing into 40 families, 79 genera 84 species and 12 varieties have in these areas. Most of these plants are heliophytes, which love sunshine, Compositaes such as Artemisia stolonifera, Synurus deltoides, or Rosaceaes like Potentilla fragarioides var. major are also shown. These areas have been unknown destroyed, so it is possibly thought the second transition has been progressed. The index of species diversity of plant groups in these areas is 4.715-5.270 based on the Shannon-Wiener's method. The wild Chuiangne with 34.15％, which are 5-10㎝ DBH, have been found in habitats. The vegetation around the habitats must be managed by the man in order to keep sound growth of the wild Chuiangne.
Characteristics of flowering, fruit setting and propagation of Callistemon citrinus (Curt.) Skeels
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 107~113
This study was performed to obtain the information on fruit set, propagation and flowering habits of the exotic ornamental bottle brush tree (Callistemon citrinus). Trees have fruit capsules for four years since the fruit set and they have enlarged for three years. While 2 and 3-year-old capsules have similar seeds in number and size, 1-year-old ones have fewer and smaller seeds. Most dried capsules open when they have 75％ relative water contents. Two year old seeds which they were dried at 30％ germinated better than others. Removal of capsule bearing twigs resulted in greatly increased subsequent flower numbers (an average of 14 flowers per tree) compared with twigs where seed capsule were allowed to remain. In cutting for propagation, semi-hard wood branches dipped in 100mgι
IBA for 24 hours rooted at 86.4 ％ and had an average of 12.6 primary roots.
Distribution of woody plants and flora of vascular plant in cheonjiyeon valley in Jeju Island
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 114~122
This study investigated the species composition and distribution of woody plants, and flora of vascular plants of Cheonjiyeon where is located in the most southern region of Korea. Twenty-nine taxa of trees were distributed in the valley, and of these, deciduous broad-leaved trees were 13. Of the total number of 2,547 trees, 1,429 were deciduous broad-leaved trees and remainder was broad-leaved evergreen. Deciduous broad-leaved trees covered 48.7% of the tree canopy while evergreen broad-leaved trees covered only 42.3%. The total number of shrub taxa was 37 with more evergreen shrub taxa than deciduous. Evergreen shrubs occupied 64.4％ of shrub canopy while deciduous shrubs covered only 35.4％. The result of the investigation of flora showed that there are 446 taxa of flora including 114 families, 320 genera, 397 species, 1 subspecies, 39 varieties, and 9 forma. Of these, two species, Rubus hongnoensis Nakai and Lycoris chejuensis K. Tae et S. Ko, are endemic plants of Jeju Island. The flora includes 17 taxa of rare plants that are distributed only in Jeju Island in Korea. Also, the flora includes 1 taxon, Elaeocarpus sylvestris (Loureiro) Poiret var. ellipticus (Thunb.) Hara, of Korean natural monument, 2 taxa, Psilotum nudum (L.) Griseb. and Crypsinus hastatus (Thunb.) Copeland, of legally protected wildlife and plants, 38 taxa of naturalized plants, and 75 taxa of introduced plants.
Selection of early maturing rice varieties suitable for early cropping before Alisma plantago
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 123~127
In order to obtain basic informations for selecting early maturing rice varieties which is suitable for early cropping before Alisma plantago in the southern part of Korea. Eleven rice varieties were grown from May to September in 1999∼2001 at Sunchon Youngieon Experiment Field and yield components and yield of plants were investingated. Early maturing rice cv. Jinbubyeo showed higher rough rice yield than any other varieties used in the experiment. It showed high yield components, culm length, panicle length, number of panicles per plant, number of spikelets per panicle and ratio of ripened grains. therefore, it was concluded that Jinbubyeo was the most suitable variety with high yield for the cultivation before Alisma plantago at the southern part of Korea. The heritability of culm length number of spikelets per panicle and rough rice yield were high and that of panicle length number of panicle per plant, ratio of ripened grain and 1,000 grain wt. of milled rice were low. The rough rice yield showed highly significant positive correlations with culm length, panicle length, number of spikelets per panicles and ratio of ripened grains.
Chemical compositions of Lentinula in growth stage - A study on application plan of Lentinula I -
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 128~134
Content of crude protein in both pileus and stalk increased progresively as growth period became longer and then decreased at old stage. Contents of ash and reducing sugars followed the same trend as that of the crude protein. However, content of crude lipid decreased as growth progressed more. Seventeen kinds of amino acid were detected in Lentinula. Content of total amino acid increased as mushroom grew more, but decreased after old stage. The amino acid such as Glu, His, Gly and Ala were contained with relatively large amount in Lentinula. Content of free amino acid showed the similar trends as that of total amino acid. Contents of most of the mineral increased as growth period progressed, but K content decreased as growth period became longer. Contents of K and P were much higher than contents of other mineral. The major fatty acid contained in Lentinula were linoleicacid, palmitic acid and oleic acid. The large amount of volatile component in Lentinula was 1-octen-3-ol, so that this material was speculated to be major source of perfume. Other perfumic materials such ethyl acetate, 3-octanone, ethanol, (E)-2-octenal, 4-octen-3-one, acetaldehyde, ethyl formate were also contained in Lentinula, especially in pilous.
Mycelial characteristics for the artificial cultivation of Inonotus obliqua (Pers.) Pilot
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 135~143
The results of examining characteristics of mycelial growth and culture condition for determining the condition of artificially culturing Inonotus obliqua (chaga) are as follows. 1) Mycelial growth and density oft, oblique were the highest in the medium of BDA (Birch Dextrose Agar; 66.3mm/10d) followed by the order of GDA, PDA, CDA, PODA, ODA, YM, MCM, MEA (pH 7.0), CHA, and MEA (pH 4.7). 2) Optimal temperature for the mycelial growth and density of 1. obliqua were shown to be 30
, but the mycelia were dead at 40
. the mycelial growth and density of KNAC3005 strains was the highest at 30
(66.3mm/10d) followed by the order of 25, 20, 15, 35, 10, and 5
. 3) Optimal pH for the mycelial growth and density were revealed to be 6.0 (88.4mm/10d). Above or below pH 6.0, the mycelial growth and density were shown to be retarded. 4) Optimal carbon, nitrogen and organic acid sources for the spawn growth of 40 were maltose (331mg/25
/15d), peptone (347mg/25
/15d), and glutamic acid (357mg/25
/15d), respectively. Optimal level of biotin was 370mg/15d and optimal C/N ratio was 40.
Effects of date and number of defoliation by different seeding date on growth and yield of perilla(Perilla ocymoids cv. Saeyupsildlkkae)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 144~149
This study was carried out to find out the effects of date and number of defoliation by different seeding date on growth and yield of perilla. Saeyuepsildlkkae was seeded from April 30 to June 30 at 20 days interval and defoliated from June 30 to Aug. 15 with different defoliation number. 1. Days to emergence, flowering, and maturing were not significantly influenced by defoliation, but those were shortened as seeding date was delayed. The interaction between defoliation and seeding date showed no significant difference. 2. Stem length, number of nodes on main stem, and weight of dry stem were not significantly affected by defoliation, but those were decreased as seeding date was delayed. 3. Yield of fresh loaves was not significantly influenced by seeding date up to May 20, but markedly decreased by the later seeding date. 4. Cluster length and number of cluster per plant were not affected by seeding date, but number of capsules per cluster was decreased from 32 to 25 and 1,000 grain weight was increased from 3.42 to 4.62g as seeding date was delayed. 5. Grain yield was not significantly affected by defoliation and seeding date up to June 10, but markedly decreased by seeding date June 30.
Change of growth and yield of top part by different harvest date and number in Saururus chinensis bailley
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 159~163
This study was carried out to investigate change of growth and yield of top part by different harvest date and number in Saururus chinensis. Top part of the first harvest date showed the most effective growth on July 16 and July 31, and that of the second harvest date was greater than that of the as first harvest date. Harvest dates up to July 31 increased yield of marketable leaf and stem, but the later Harvest date decreased yield as low as 41％ .Percentage of dry mater was higher as the harvest date was delayed.
Growth and morphological characteristics of Polygonatum species indigenous to Korea
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 164~171
Morphological characteristics and growth pattern of 10 Polygonatum collections indigenous to Korea were examined to select the promising medicinal, edible resources and horticultural crops. Plant heights of I0 collections ranged from 15 to 102cm. Stem type was ascending or erect, and node numbers per a stem was 6.2 to 23.2. Phyllotaxis type was alternate or verticillate, and leaf shape was elliptical or linear. Leave numbers per a stem was 5.2 to 63.4, and bract types were classified into bracteate and nonbracteate. Flowers bloomed from May 7 to May 30, and flowering period was 5 to 13 days. Inflorescence types were classified into racemose, corymbose, and umbellate. Flower numbers per a stem was 1.5 to 125.2, and flower length was 13.1 to 30.2㎜. Perianth shapes were classified into tubular, constrict and urceolate. Surface colors of rhizome were pale yellow, pale brown, brown, and dark brown. As a result of this experiment, P. sibiricum, P. odoratum var. pluriflorum and P. odoratum var. thunbergii were thought to be useful as the medicinal and edible resources plants. On the other hand, P. odoratum var. pluriflorum 'Variegata', and P. odoratum var. maximowiczii, P. lasianthum. P. involucratum, P. desoulavyi, P. humile, and P. inflatum were thought to be useful as horticultural plants.
Effect of cermet piece weight on growth and yield in Taro, Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta Engl.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 172~176
In order to investigate the possibility of utilizing cermet piece as a seed corm in taro, the cermet piece classified by the weight were planted on April 30, 2000. The effect of weight of cermets cutting by two pieces (5, 10, 15, and 20g) and four pieces (15g) on the growth, yield, and quality of taro was comparing with cormel follows as: The larger the size of cormel pieces was, the more number of leaves developed, and the higher the yield was. Also the growth of small cormel pieces was normal, so we forecast that it is possible to use small cermet pieces as seed cermet in mass production of taro.