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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Oct 2002
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Lipid Contents Characteristics of Gene Accumulate in Rice
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 177~187
In our experiment, selected mutants were used which showed not only the phenotype of a specific unpolished rice but also phenotypes of EM 40, LO 1050, and TAL 214. Reciprocal crosses between the mutants were conducted to select strains which would have more quantity of lipids than before. The constitution of fatty acid was also tested to figure out nutritional aspects of the mutants. In the crossing between EM 40 mutants and mutants (LO 1050) having a thick aleurone layer, the expression of EM 40 mutants has no relation with the thickness of the aleurone layer. And the lipid content of new F
strains through the crossing is 4.15 ％. The lipid content is larger than those of the parents including Kinmaze and in other crossings of this experiment. This is attributed to the fact that the new F
strains are the products of the crossing between genes responsible for the size of buds, where lipid is accumulated, and genes accountable for the thickness of the aleurone layer. In the crossing between EM 40 mutants and TAL 214 mutants, lipid content of the new F
strains is 3.8 ％, higher than 2.92 ％ of TAL 214 mutants. But the degree of lipid increase is smaller than in two other crossings. This is probably because genes expressing the phenotypes of TAL 214 affect the size of EM 40, which gets smaller. The aleurone layer of the new F
strains is 12
thicker than the layer of TAL 214 mutants, but 6
thinner than that of parents (LO 1050) having a thick aleurone layer. This seems to be affected by the size of a microscope. The phenotype of the new F
strains appears to be similar to that of TAL 214. The lipid content of the new F
strains is 3.85 ％, larger than 2.92 ％ of TAL 214 and 3.01 % of LO 1050. The increase may be due to the aleurone layer of LO 1050. And the size of the bud of the unpolished rice, though it is not big enough like that of LO 1050, seems to be affected by the accumulation of genes in the thick aleurone layer. The accumulation may contribute to the increase in the content of lipid. When it comes to the constitution of fatty acid, there is little difference between parents like Kinmaze and the new F
strains. But oleic acid increases while linoleic acid decreases. And the decrease in the linolenic acid seems to contribute to the increase in lipid content. This fact also raises the possibility that genes accountable for specific phenotypes could change the quality of rice if the genes are accumulated. Now, experiments on strains which have large lipid content in EM 40 type 1(ge-1, 3.68 ％), EM type 2(ge-2, 2.91 ％), thick aleurone layer(4.63 ％), and starch layer(3.44 ％) are under way to figure out the effects of gene accumulation. These experiments are likely to present the ways for increasing the lipid content.
A floristic study on the economic plants of Tonggo-san area(Gyeongsangbuk-do)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 188~210
Tonggo-san(1066.5m) is located at 36° 53' 00" - 36" 55' 00" in latitude, at 129° 10' 30" - 129° 13' 00" in longitude and on Seo-myeon, Uljin-gun and Subi-myeon, Yeongyang-gun in Gyeongsangbuk-do. Tonggo-san shows the typical vegetation patterns including the middle area of temperate region of Korea represented by the secondary forests of Quercus mongolica and Q. dentata. There was no detailed result on the flora and vegetation of Tonggo-san until now. Therefore, we tried to discuss on the distribution and availability of vascular plants including economical plants. Also, we could discuss the especialized plants and their distributions according to the criteria by the Ministry of Environment. The results of plant collection and their investigation from April in 2001 to November in 2001 are as follows : The vascular plants consist of total 565 taxa; 17 forms, 82 varieties, 466 species, 297 genera, 94 families,37 orders, 4 classes, 2 subphyla. In this area, there were a lot of useful economic plants such as 232 taxa(41%) of edible source, 222 taxa(39％) of forage source, 183 taxa(32%) of medicinal source, and 72 taxa(12%) of ornamental source, 15 taxa(2.6%) timber source, 7 taxa(1.2%) industrial raw material source respectively. Among them, the Korean endemic plants were 22 taxa(3.9％ among total 565 taxa); 1 forms, 2 varieties, 19 species, 22 genera, 16 families. And rare and endangered plants was 1 taxa; Astragatus membranaceus. Also, the naturalized plants were 19 taxa(3.4% among total 565 taxa and 10.4% among the total naturalized plants in Korea).
Screening of Fungicides for the Control of Colletotrichum acutatum in Carthamus tintorious L.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 211~215
This study was carried out to select fungicides which are effective for the control of anthracnose disease of Carthamus tintorious L. caused by Cottetotrichum acutatum. Eive chemicals, i.e., thiophanate-methyl
thiram, metiram, bitertanol
dithianon were treated to Cheongiu native variety for the test of control effect. The results obtained were summarized as the follows; No. of harvested plants per ㎡ was most in iminoctadinetris
thiram and its value showed 21.2 compared with 16.8 in control. Iminoctadinetris
thiram and metiram were most effective to control the disease and their contyol values were 57.2%, and 49.4%, respectively. Chemical injury of five chemicals was not occurred at the double-diluted solution treatment. Seed yield was 47∼48% higher in iminoctadinetris
thiram and metiram than 75 kg/10 a in control.
Chemical Components of Native Plant, Salicornia herbacea L.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 216~220
To obtain the basic information for the utilization of Salicornia herbacea L. as a raw material in food and chinese herbs, chemical components of it were investigated. Leaves and stems of S. herbacea L. from the western coast of Korea were used after dry and grinding with powder. Dietary fiber, total sugar and uronic acid contents of S. herbacea L. were 60.7, 15.2 and 2.6% , respectively. This result suggest that dietary fiber content of S. herbacea L. is so higher than others. Choline and betaine which are important as bioactive compound in body were detected with the value of 29mg/100g and 888mg/100g, respectively. Mineral components of S. herbacea L. were rich in Na (2880mg/100g), Ca (440mg/100g), K (930mg/100g) and Mg (356mg/100g).
Establishment and Using of mass propagation system for Calanthe discolor Lindle
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 221~226
This experiment was conducted to establish the mass propagation system of Calanthe discolor Lindley. When the Calanthe discolor seeds were sown in Murashige and Skoog medium, the percentage of germination was 65％. Seedlings grew more rapidly in the liquid medium than the solid medium. All regenerated plantlets were survived in acclimatized condition of 70% shade and more than 80％ humidity. Also, we found out that the 88% of survival ratio could be achieved in containing soil mixture of vermiculite and perlite as same as amount.
A Study on the distribution and vegetation of Hypochoeris radicata community group in Jeju Island
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 227~236
The study was performed to understand the actual vegetation by using the phytosociological method on Hypochoeris radicata community group in Jeju-Island. 1. Tracheophyte belonged to the flora species is composed of 194 taxa which comprise 47 families,136 genera, 171 species, 22 varieties and 1 forma (Naturally plants 16 families, 47 genera, 67 taxa, including 64 species, 3 varieties). 2. According to the character species, the Hypochoeris radicata community group vegetation was classified into two communities; Erigeron annuus - Conyza sumatrensis, Setaria viridis var. pachystachs -Zoysia sinica community, distributed species. 3. This species is distributed from the shore to 1,700m the sea, on Jeju Island. 4. In terms of dominance and sociability of Hypochoeris radicata, the Seohong-dong, Seogwipo city site ranked highest site and the Seongsan-ri, Namjeju-gun site ranked lowest. 5. Catapodium rigidium which is belonged Gramineae was for the Hirst time found in JeJu.
Callus formation and multiple shoot induction of Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 237~242
Loaves, stems, cotyledons, and roots of Hovenia dulcis Thunb grown in test tube were cultured on media containing different concentrations of single or combined growth regulators. In MS media containing 2mg/ι BA, the shoot formation rate was 95.5% and it was the highest frequency of shoot formation. MS media showed most efficiency in the shoot formation at 0.01mg/ι TDZ for the callus formation, but the color of callus changed to brown at a higher concentration of TDZ. Callus formation was 89.% at 0.5mg/ 2.4-D, but IAA, IBA, and NAA were not effective on the formation of callus. Calli were formed only on wound area when IAA, IBA, and NAA were added into MS media. Combined growth regulators (BA + auxin) were more effective in roots and nodes than leaves and cotyledons on the formation of shoot. More than 97％ of shoot formation was obtained on MS media containing BA and auxin. For the production of multiple shoot, nodes of Hovenia dulcis were used and effect of growth regulators on the formation of multiple shoot was evaluated on MS media. Highest shoots (5.3) of Hovenia dulcis were induced on MS media supplied with 0.1mg/ι BA and 0.1mg/ι NAA, and an average of 6.4 shoots per explant were obtained in 1/2 MS media containing same concentration and growth regulators. An average of 7 shoots per explant after 4 weeks of culture from nodes of Hovenia dulcis was produced on a woody plant medium(WPM) containing 0.1mg/ι BA and 0.1mg/ι NAA. Shoot length was 6.0 cm in average.
Growth and Yield by Livestock Excrements Application in Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 243~249
This experiment was conducted to find out the effects of livestock excrements application on the growth and yield of leaf, stem and seed in Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. the results were summarized as follow. In the soil after experiment, P2O5 and K contents were high in order of cattle droping 〈 pig droping 〈 chicken droping treatment. The plant height was increased cattle dropping〈 pig dropping〈 chicken dropping treatment plot. Number of stems was inclined to increase in the plot of 2,000 kg/10a application of chicken dropping and cattle dropping. Number of leaves was also increased 21.8∼51.6% by application 3,000 kg/10a of chicken and cattle dropping, and application 2,000 kg/10a of pig dropping, respectively. Dry weight of aerial part was high in order of 1,000〈 3,000〈 2,000 kg/10a〉control, on occasion 2,000 kg/10a treated, that was highest in the application of chicken dropping. Yield of seeds was also increased to 61％ and 86% at the 2,000 kg/10a plot of pig and chicken dropping, respectively. While yield of seeds was increased 50％ at the 3,000 kg/10a application of cattle dropping. Flowering ratio was 49.1％ in control, 55.6, 58.9 and 68.3% in cattle, pig and chicken dropping with 2,000 kg/10a, respectively, on June 22. Flowering ratio was the highest in the plot of chicken dropping with 2,000 kg/10a.
Analysis of Genetic Relation among Collected Landraces of Agrimonsa pilosa L. Using RAPD
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 250~259
Agromonia pilosa Ledeb. has been used as a medicinal plant in traditional folk remedy. There are few reports on classification, physiology, ecology and morphological studies of Agromonia pilosa L. in Korea. Therefore, advanced approaches on study and development with this plant would be done urgently. Present stndy was carried out to gain basic information on genetic resources and variation with collected domestic landraces through RAPD analysis in Agromonia pilosa L. Forty two collections of Agromonia pilosa L. from nation-wide area including USA one were analyzed by RAPD test. Molecular marker size by amplified DNA band pattern ranged from 300 to 2,100bp. Among the collection, two landraces of Hadong and Cheonghak-dong showed close relation in genetic similarity. Minimum and maximum value by matrix of 1-F among 26 collected landraces were figured out as 0.365 and 0.827 showing mean value for 0.624, respectively. Those landraces were classified into two groups with cluster analysis by Nei and Li's formula from RAPD-analyzed values, and considerable genetic differences were recognized between two groups.
Classification of Korean Polygonatum Collections Based on Cluster Analysis
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 260~268
Morphological characteristics and growth patterns of 20 Polygonatum collections indigenous to Korea were examined and the collections were classified to obtain the basic data for practical use of Polygonatum genetic resources. Based on the cluster analysisi 20 collections were distinctly classified into seven groups with average distance greater than 0.6 between groups. Group I was p. sibiricum Delar, and group II included p. odoratum var. pluriforum Ohwi, P. odoratum var. pturiforum Ohwi 'Variegata' and P. odoratum var. maximowiczii Koidz.. Group III was P. odoratum var. thunbergii Hara, group IV included P. lasianthum var. coreanum Nakai, and group V was P. involucratum Maxim. and P. desoulavyi Komarov. group Ⅵ was P. inflatum Komarov and group Ⅶ was P. humile Fischer ex. Maxim. Morphologically, group I was larger than the other groups, group II and III were medium, and group IV to Ⅶ were small. In the classification of genus Polyognatum, stem length, stem habit, phyllotaxis, stem angularity, petiole, inflorescence, perianth, bract and rhizome were particularly important characters. Group I to III were thought to be useful as the edible and medicinal resources plants, and group IV to Ⅶ were thought to be useful as ornamental plants.
Effect of Cutting Time, Cultivation Media and Growth Regulators on Rooting of Weigela subsessilis L. H. Bailey cuttings
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 269~278
To establish the mass propagation methods of Weigela subsessilis,, a promising native plant species for horticultural use, several factors influencing rooting from stem cuttings were evaluated. Softwood cuttings showed best rooting rate, 70~77%, in all the cutting media tested, 2.8 times more than hardwood cuttings in which perlite was best medium. The rooting from hardwood cuttings was promoted by higher concentration of all growth regulators used,500 mg.L
NAA being the best with 80%. More than 80% of softwood cuttings treated by growth regulators produced roots, especially 100, 500, and 1000mg.L
NAA producing 97％. Roofings from semi-wood cuttings was enhanced by all the growth regulators, except 1000 mg.L
concentration in which rooting was reduce. Higher rooting rate was obtained by higher concentration and longer soaking duration of NAA in case of hardwood cutting. Softwood cutting showed 100 ％ rooting by soaking treatment with 500 mg.L
NAA for 3 min. Rooting rate of semi-hardwood cuttings was promoted by higher concentration and longer soaking with growth regulators, However, the degree of improvement was lower than soft and hardwood cutting.
Effect of Temperature, Light and Priming Treatment on Seed Germination of Typha orientalis Presl.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 279~284
To establish the mass propagation method of Typha orientatis Presl, several factors influencing seed germination were investigated. The best seed germination of T. orientalis was achieved under the light and 25~3
tended to enhance seed germination, and 500 mg.L
showed 90.7% germination, which was 1.2 times of control. Compared to control, BA treatment prohibit seed germination. Especially, seeds were not germinated under 500 mg.L
BA treatment. In case of KNO
treatment, the germination rate was decreased by all concentrations, except 100 mM Ca(NO
Studies on the growth and enlargemet of tuber in tropical yams (Dioscorea alata L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 285~292
This study was carried out to determine agronomic and genetic characteristics of the production process in tropical yams(Dioscorea atata L.). To make clear the possibility of cultivation of tropical yams in the Suwon area, the growth of the aboveground parts and the enlargement of tuber of Dioscorea alata, were investigated. The aboveground parts of the plants whose sprouted mother tuber were planted in late April were grown slowly until the 70-days after planting and grown rapidly after. from about 150-days after plantation, total length of vines slowly decreased due to the burning of the branch vines of lower modes. With regard to the branching progressed to 4th for the solo yam and to 6th for purple yam. The secondary branches tended to grow better. When the formation of daughter tubers was observed at the 50-days after planting, their enlargement was very slow. The rapid growth of tubers began at the 140-days and continued to the 190-days. General components such as protein, fiber, and lipid were higher in D. opposita rather than in D. alata. Hardness of D. alata was 2696.2 while that of D. opposita was 4946.9. Lightness of D. alata was 73.99, being higher than that of D. opposita.
The Effect of Activated Charcoal on Growth and Yield in Taro, Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta Engl.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 293~297
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of activated charcoal on growth and yield of taro in different degree of activated charcoal concentration. The results obtained are summarized as follows. Stem length was shown the longest in activated charcoal of 10％∼20% , but shorter in control. Also stem diameter was shown the thickest in activated charcoal of 10％∼20%, but thinner in control. Length and thickness of main root and thickness of main root were good in activated charcoal of 10∼20% Quality and yield of taro was the highest in activated charcoal of 10∼20% . Therefore, optimum consistency of activated charcoal was 10∼20％.
Inheritance of Resistance to Gall Mite(Eriophys macrodonis) in Boxthorn (Lycium chinese) Cultivars
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 298~304
The inheritance of resistance to gall mite(Eriophys macrodonis) in boxthorn cultivars was studied with plants infected in open field. Segregation of the F
generation from crosses between resistant cultivars(Japan 1 and China 1) and susceptible line(CL42-56) hits a 3 resistant : 1 susceptible ratio, and the segregation ratio was 15 : 1 in cross between Japan 1 and China 1. It is concluded that gall mite resistance seemed to be controlled by two duplicate genes(El and E2), such that E1e1E2e2 symbolize the genotypes of China 1 and Japan 1. However, F, generation from Chungyanggugiza and CL42-56 cross did not showed clear segregation pattern but continuous variation was observed against gall mite resistance when resistance was determined on the basis of the percentage of galled leaves. Results indicated that the inheritance of resistance in Chungyanggugiza may be polygenic and complex. Also, Japan 1 and China 1 has a strong potential as a source of gall mite resistance, and Chungyanggugiza showing less resistance still has a valuable source.