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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Oct 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
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International Trends of Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing Issue and Biodiversity Research
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 169~180
Biodiversity is defined as totality of genetic, species, and ecosystem variability. It provides natural sources of crop improvement, traditional medicine and biotechnology. In 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD) became a legally binding framework for conserving and utilizing global biological diversity. It recognizes national sovereign rights over all genetic resources, such as the need to compensate developing countries for the resources they have provided to the industrialized world. The CBD grants access to those resources in exchange for compensation as well as technology transfer, so that the access to genetic resources would be made under prior informed consent(PIC) and mutually agreed terms(MAT). On the other hand, the developed countries argued that unfettered exchange of genetic resources was essential for scientific research and development, and that technology using genetic resources should be protected. There are many countries today, developing legal frameworks concerned with access to their local genetic resources and benefit sharing. In this study, we analyzed the international trends for conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of genetic resources, and suggested how to cope actively with the situation.
Effects of Salinity Content on Soil Chemical Composition and Productivity of Rice in Reclaimed Saline Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 181~186
In order to evaluate the effect of salinity content in soil on chemical composition and productivity of rice which is suitable for the reclaimed saline paddy field, yield components and yield were investigated in 2,000 at reclaimed paddy field of Kwangyang bay in Korea. Heading date was early with Aug. 15 in soft salinification of 0.1 percent and late with from Aug. 20 to Aug. 25 in heavy salinification of 0.4 and 0.8 percent. Brown rice yield was highest in soft saliniflcation of 0.1 percent with 599kg/10a and was decreased with from 568kg/10a to 446kg/10a in heavy salinification of 0.4 and 0.8 percent. The correlation coefficient between brown rice yield and content of soil chemical composition, on organic matter, phosphate, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, and magnesium showed highly positive correlation and was shown negative correlation with pH meter. Judging from the results reported above, optimum salinification of saline paddy field seemed to be 0.1 percent.
The properties and extracting conditions of juice preperation from Schizandra nigra Max.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 187~193
To determine the properties for juice preperation of Black Omija (Schizandra nigra Max.) and Omija (Schizandra chinensis), yield of extraction, chromaticity and lightness, pH and soluble solid of the extract were investigated. The rate of extract yield from Schizandra nigra was highest when extracted for 3 hours at 80
in 20％ ethanol solution. For the desirable chromaticity coordinates, the optimum extraction time and temperature of Schizandra nigra extract were 3 hours at 80
. The lightness of the extract was low of the value when extraction time and temperature was long and high. The sugar content of the extract of S. nigra was 2.02.6％ Brix, lower than that of S. chinensis, but the difference was insignificant. The pH of the extract from S. nigra was 0.10.2 higher than that of S. chinensis. Although the pH of the extract from S. nigra was a little low when extracted by water, the pH range was enough to maintain the stability of color of extract from the S. chinensis.
The Morphological Study of Saussurea chabyoungsanica
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 194~199
Saussurea chabyoungsanica was recorded in new species by Lim hyoung tak in 1997. In order to understand the entity of new species, we investigated the new distribution sites, general morphological characters, the width of variation among regional groups. S. chabyoungsanica were located Manduckbong, Mt. Sukbyoung, Mt. Duckhang, and Sukgaejae in ridgeline of the Taebaek mountains. These sites are typical limestone zones of Korea. As a result of PCA analysis for external morphology of S. chabyoungsanica and S. neoserrata, S. neoserrata group was distinctly discriminated from S. chabyoungsanica group. And it was considered that the characters of leaf, corolla and involucral bract were major factors of cumulative rate. And also, through the analysis of external morphology of S. chabyoungsanica by region, Mt. Sukbyoung group was discriminated from other groups.
Studies on Plant Parasitic Nematodes in the Fields of Codonopsis lanceolata
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 200~206
This study were conducted to assess plantparasitic nematodes infesting Codonopsis lanceolata. Ten kinds of plantparasitic nematode gem including Meloidogyne and Pratylenchus were identified in 34 localities of C. lanceolata fields in three provinces in Korea. Meloidogyne, a dominant genus, was found in 97％ localities and showed high average density as 1,700 nematodes per 300
soil. Its average density was 10 times higher in upland field than in paddy field.
Effect of Shade-method on Agronomic Characteristics of Curcuma aromatica Salisbury in Southern Islands of Korea
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 207~211
In an effort to produce high quality Curcuma aromatica Salisbury in the southern area of Korea, a variety of shademethod was used to prevent withering during the summer. The experimental results are summarized as follows. The effect of shading on emergence of Curcuma aromatica Salisbury rhizome was none or very little. The effect of shading on the growth and development of Curcuma aromatica Salisbury was the highest under a shade rate of 1530％. In this case the size of the plant height was the biggest and loaves the largest, thus showing the best condition for plant growth. The growth of rhizome under a shade rate of 15％ was more active than that without shading. The weight of rhizome in this case was the largest, and thus showing the best condition for rhizome growth.
Growth Characteristics and Search for Eligible Cultivation Area of Rhodiola sachalinensis A. Boriss.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 212~217
This study was conducted to search for possible cultivation area of Rhodiola sachalinensis as well as to obtain the basic information of growth characteristics. Oneyear old nursery plants of Rhodiola sachalinensis were collected from Yonbyeon Hongkyungcheon development society in China This expriment was evaluted in three areas according to sea level such as plain region in Cheongwon(50m at sea level), midmountainous region in Jecheon(350m at sea level) mountainous region in Banyans(650m at sea level). The growth status Rhodiola sachalinensis showed wide range of variation in there areas. Plant height showed from 8.1cm to 15.8cm, number of branch showed from 3.1 eachs to 4.6 eachs and rate of withering showed from 76％ to 94％, respectively. It was increased rapidly at the early August caused by summer depression. Flowering period of Rhodiola sachalinensis was shown at around middle and late June, total duration of flowering showed from 12 to 13 days and flower colors were various as brown, dark purple, yellow green and brown red color.
Optimum sterilization selection method for increasing yield of Pleurotus ostreatus on the bagcultivation
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 218~222
This study was carried out to find optimum condition through sterilization methods for cultivation of Neutaribeosut (Oyster mushroom). 1. Yield of additive culture of pine sawdust, cotton and rice hulls at bagcultivation of Neutaribeosut. was similiar to additive culture of pine sawdust, cotton and pulpe as conventional methods. 2. Yield of Neutaribeosut at low temp. sterilization method as 50 to 6
and 7days treatment was higher about 18 to 19％ than that of high temp. as 121
and 90 minutes treatment. 3. In case of farmercost, low than high temperature sterilization method appeared lowly about 12％. So this method will be of advantage to farmers in both yield and farmercost.
Effect of ionic Strength of Nutrient Solution on Growth and Yield in Cucumber(Cucumis sativus L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 223~229
This study was carried out to investigate the optimum ionic strength of nutrient solution were treated with a quarter, a half, three quarters, standard, one and half, and double ionic strength of balanced nutrient solution of Yamazaki solution recommended for cucumber plants. Plant height and number of loaves of growing period were rapidly increased in 1/2 ionic strength of nutrient solution. Growth characteristics of cucumber plant as affected by the different ionic strength of nutrient solution were not significant differences, however, in the growing period, plant height, stem length and leaf area were highest in 1/2 ionic strength of nutrient solution. Fruit yield of cucumber plant as affected by the different ionic strength of nutrient solution was not significant differences, however, fruit yield was highest in 1/2 ionic strength of the lowering ionic strength of nutrient solution. Nitrogen concentration was not significant differences, however, it was high corcentration in 1/2 ionic strength of nutrient solution. Growth and yield characteristic of cucumber as affected by 1/2 ionic strength of nutrient solution at 36 days transplanting analyzed correlation cofficient. Plant height showed positive correlated with number of plant and positive correlated with yield.
Characterizations of Tobacco Mosaic Virus isolated from Chinese Foxglove(Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 230~237
This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence and characterization of tobacco mosaic virus(TMV) in Chinese foxglove isolated from the field of the Chonbuk province(Jinan, Jangsu, Jeongeup). TMV was detected in all three regions and confirmed positive reaction by ELISA test. In the host range test, Chenopodium amaranticola, Nicotiana glutinosa, N. tabacum cv. 'Bright yellow', N. tabacum cv. 'KY57, Datura stramonium were locally infected with the virus. The virus produced mosaic symptom on inoculated leaves of N. tabacum cv. 'Samson'. However, Chenopodium quinoa, Glycine max, Raphanus sativus, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita moschata, Brassica rape and Lycopersion esculentum did not show any symptoms. TMV particles were revealed as a stiff rod shape by transmission electron microscopic(TEM) and measured as 300 nm in length with 18 nm in diameter. Total RNA was extracted from showing symptom loaves infected with TMV and the reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) obtained 531 bp DNA product of RNA with specific primer used. The capsid protein of TMVRE showed higher amino acid sequence homology(97.7％) with TMVTo than with TMVP(72.2％). The capsid protein of TMV152 showed same amino acid sequence homology with TMVF. The result of comparison of nucleotides sequence homology between TMVRE strain and other TMV strain showed 94％ homology with others except TMVP(67.3％) and TMV C(68.6％).
Isolation and Characterization of Dehydrin 1 (Dhn1) gene from Codonopsis lanceolata
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 238~244
During the life cycle, plants have to suffer from various environmental stresses. A common element in response to many environmental stresses is cellular dehydration. Dehydrins are a family of proteins commonly induced by environmental stresses associated with low temperature or dehydration and during seed maturation drying. For the study in the defense mechanism against various stresses, a cDNA clone encoding a dehydrin gene was isolated from a cDNA library prepared from tab root mRNAs of Codonopsis lanceolata. The cDNA, designated ClDhn1, is 893 nucleotides long and has an open reading frame of 480 bp with a deduced amino acid sequence of 159 residues. The ClDhn1 amino acid sequence is highly hydrophilic and possesses two conserved repeats of characterized lysinerich Ksegment (KIKEKLPG), and a 7serine residue stretch prior to the first lysinerich repeat that is common to many dehydrins. The DEYGNP conserved motif is, however, modified in the sequence of ClDhn1 gene. The deduced amino acid sequence of ClDhn1 was compared with other plant dehydrinls and showed high homology with Solanum commersonii
Biodiversity of Korean Myxomycetes(II)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 245~250
Many myxomycetes were collected at Pyunsan penisula national park, Mt.Moak, Mt.Minjuji, Mt.Manrae, Wanju, Mt.Unjang from July, 1996 to August, 2000. They were identified. According to the results, Amaurochaete tubulina, Cribraria microcarpa, Cribraria splendens, Diachea leucopodia, Entreridium lycoperdon, Stemonitis flavogenita and Stemonitis fusca were unrecorded species in Korea. Characterisctics of them were habitated on rotten wood and fallen leaves. They were designed Korean common names by author.
Genetic Variation in Among Cultivated Field Populations of Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) Using RAPD
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 251~256
Genetic variation in field grown Korean ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) was evaluated using random amplified polymorphic(RAPD) markers. (This experiment was carried to collect the local native from farm of Chungnam National University in Korea in order to investigate genetic variation.) Some morphological characters showed considerable variation ranging 22 to 68cm in plant hight, 10 to 38mm in root diameter, 16 to 86g in root weight, and culum color and flowering date, respectively. Ten RAPD primers out of the 32 which produced reproducible bands in 662 Korean ginseng plants were selected for the further study. The total number of bands generated by 10 primers were 108 and among them 103 were polymorphic among the 662 plants with the polymorphism ratio of 94.5％. A total of 662 plants were classified into 16 groups based on polymorphic data with an URP 05 primer.
Isolation and Characterization of Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase 1 of Codonopsis lanceolata
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 257~263
The NDK1 is an ubiquitous enzyme that transfer phosphate groups from triphosphate nucleoside diphosphates(NDPs) in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. We isolated and characterized a cDNA encoding a nucleoside diphosphate kinase 1(CNDK 1) in Codonopsis lanceolata. The CNDK 1 is 444bp long and open reading frame of 447bp with a deduced amino acid of 148 residue. The CNDK 1 has an ATP binding site in 1216 residue and phosphohistidine intermediate in 115 residue of amino acid sequence. Although several NDK 1 genes have been cloned in plants, but little is known about the functional significance of this enzyme during plant growth and development. The CNDK 1 shows the identities to Arabidopsis thaliana (71％), Oryza sativa(75％), Glycine max (79％), Brassica rapa (77％), Mesembryanthemum crystallinum (85 ％), Spinacia oleracea (83％), Pisum sativum (82％). The CNDK 1 of C. laceolata have a closer relationship of Glycine max and Pisum sativum at the phylogenic analysis.
Evaluation of Potato Genetic Resources and Development of Potato Varieties with Diverse colors
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 264~274
Many potato genetic resources have been collected and improved for their diverse traits over the years using breeding program in KPGR. To select potential varieties for table and processing in Korea, 58 elite potato breeding lines and several 'Valley' varieties were cultivated and harvested at Korea Alpine area in 2001. The cultivated lines and varieties were evaluated using their cultural adaptability in the environment and tuber characteristics, such as the depth of tuber eye, tuber shape, skin color, flesh color, scab resistance, yield, and the resistance of hollow heart and internal brown spot disease. Additionally, in the selection of potential processing varieties, reducing sugar content (sum of glucose and fructose concentration) of tubers is critically considered, because it mainly influence on the chip color of processing potato tuber. For table stock varieties with white skin color, 'Early Valley', 'Summer Valley', 'Winter Valley', and 'Taebok Valley' were selected. In the aspect of diverse potato tuber color, several varieties were selected such as 'Golden Valley' for its yellow fresh and skin color, 'Gogu Valley', 'Juice Valley', and 'Rose Valley' for their red skin color, and 'Purple Valley' for its purple skin. Compared with world wide known processing cultivar 'Atlantic', 24 lines (or varieties) were selected for the potential potato processing industry due to their low reducing sugar contents (below 0.3％), high yield (above 4.0 ton/ha), and unique chip colors. Selected white chipping varieties were 'Taedong Valley', 'Kangshim Valley', and 'Kangwon Valley', which have 0.23％, 0.27％, and 0.29％ of reducing sugar contents, respectively. 'Bora Valley', having deep purple color in both skin and fresh, was selected for purple chip variety and has 0.26％ of reducing sugar content. Light yellow chip varieties (lines) were 'Rose Valley' and Valley 54, having 0.19％ and 0.269％ of reducing sugar content, respectively. For French frying potatoes, 'Stick Valley' of 0.22％ and Valley 72 of 0.151％ in reducing sugars were selected. All of these selected lines and 'Valley' varieties can be used as parents to improve potato genetic resources and to develop better varieties with unique traits and colors.