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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Oct 2005
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Comparison of Ginseng Saponin, Fatty Acid, Polysaccharide, Phenolic Compound and Organic Acid of Ginseng Hairy Roots and Callus
Lee Jun-Won ; Kim Jin-Ju ; Yang Deok-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 207~215
Korean ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) roots have long been known as the best medicinal plant and its pharmaceutical bio-activities have been proven by scientific analyses of their components - ginsenosides, acidic polysaccharides, phenolic compounds, fatty acids and organic acids etc. Ginseng hairy roots and callus have been cultured in vitro for stable supply of ginseng material. In this study, the amount of ginsenosides, fatty acids, acidic polysaccharides, phenolic compounds and organic acids in ginseng hairy roots and callus were compared. Higher amount of ginsenoside was found in ginseng hairy roots than ginseng callus. Higher amount of saturated fatty acid (palmitic acid) was found in callus and higher amount of unsaturated fatty acid (linoleic acid) was found in hairy roots. Acidic polysaccharide and phenolic compounds were contained by the same amount in both hairy roots and callus. Organic acids were found more in hairy roots.
Utilization of Pruning Branch of Peach Tree as a Natural Dyeing Material
Park Yun-Jum ; Park Yong-Seo ; Jang Hong-Gi ; Heo Buk-Gu ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 216~222
This study was carried out to investigate the utilization of pruned branch of a peach tree as natural dyeing material. The dyestuff was extracted from pruned branch of a peach tree. we examined the dyeing ability on silk and cotten fabrics. The surface color of silk fabrics differed depending on mordants. E values in treatments of mordants ranged from 11.63 to 30.86 as compared to non-treatment. Dyeing properties of cotten fabrics were improved with a treatment of sulfate of iron as compared with of non-treatment. The values a increased when the slaked lime and sodium hydroxide were used as mordants, while the values b increased when copper sulfate, alum and apple vinegar were used. We investigated the surface colors of silk and cotten fabrics after washing three times. In general, the surface colors of silk and cotten fabrics between the treatments of all mordants and non-treatment were diminished by the washing. We also investigated the surface colors of silk and cotten fabrics when those were washed and treated by the light after soaking those into various pH solutions. The surface colors of silk and cotten fabrics were considerably preserved by the washing, the light and pH concentration. In conclusion, our results suggest that the dyestuffs from pruning branch of a peach tree would be useful as a natural dyeing material using the optimized conditions for silk and cotten dyeing.
Flora of Dongwol Valley in Mt. Gyeryongsan, National Park
Ko Sung-Chu ; Kang Shin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 223~239
The vascular plants collected from Dongwol Valley in Mt. Gyeryongsan, national park were composed of all 248 taxa including cultivated species, and classified into 1 phylum, 4 classes, 3 subclasses, 34 orders, 84 families, 178 species, 33 varieties and 4 forms. As compared the flora of the commonly distributing species of this region with those of the southern part, the middle part, the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju-do Island and Ulreung-do Island, the proportion of them were
, respectively. One taxon of the plants distributed only in the southern part, 3 taxa of those in the middle part, 5 taxa of those in the middle-northern part and 23 taxa of those in the middle-southern part were found in this Valley. Natural resource plants were categorized into edible 118 taxa, medicinal 78 taxa, industrial 46 taxa, ornamental 39 taxa, timber 14 taxa and fiber 9 taxa. Four taxa of the Korean endemic plants are distributed in Dongwol Valley. The vegetation of the valley is Quercus and Rhododendron mixed forest, and it belongs to the boundary between the middle part and the southern part in the floral zone of the Korean Peninsula.
Isolation of Gglutatihone S-Ttransferase(ClGST) Gene from Codonopsis lanceolata
Kim Jin-Ju ; Yang Deok-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 240~245
A cDNA clone homologous to glutathione S-transferase gene was isolated and characterized from Codonopsis lanceolata(ClGST). The ClGST is 761 nucleotides long and has an open reading frame of 522 bp with a deduced amino acid sequence of 173 residues. The ClGST shows meaning homology to A. thaliana(AAC63629)
, C. chinense(CAI51314)
, E. esula(AAE65767)
, H. muticus(CAA55039)
, N. plumbaginifolia(CAA96431)
, S. commersonii(AAB65163).
Comparison in Rutin Content of Tartary Buckwheat(Fagopyrum tataricum)
Park Byoung Jae ; Park Jong In ; Chang Kwang Jin ; Park Cheol Ho ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 246~250
This study carried out to compared a rutin content in seed and plant of tartary buckwheat(Fagopyrum tataricum) to collect in the world. Rutin content in seed and plant parts of tartary buckwheat is higher than F. esculentum and F. cymosum. Rutin contents in plant parts of 3 species was higher with order of flower> leaf> seed> stem> root and that of tartary buckwheat was higher about 3.2 times in flower and about 3.1 times in stem and about 65 times in seed of F. esculentum. Compared to rutin contents for seed color and shape of tartary buckwheat 50 lines, seed color was higher with order of dark gray>black>brown and seed shape was higher with order of Slender> Notched> Round. Rutin content in plant parts of cultivated lines was higher than wild lines. Compared to rutin contents in plant parts of tartary buckwheat collected at the different region, Bhutan line had much higher than other lines. Rutin contents were lower than in the leaf and stem of Pakistan line and in the seed of India line.
Evaluation of Heavy Metal Contents in the Floras Derived from Granite and Coal Bearing Shale Areas in Keumsan
Song Suck-hwan ; Kang Young-Rib ; Kim Il-Chool ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 251~259
Three different floras(M. sinsinsis, A. vulgaris, Robinia pseudo-acacia) were collected from the granite(GR) and coal bearing shale area(CB) and analysed for their heavy metal elements with the representative soils. Regardless of the flora species, the CB were high in average contents. Among the correlation relationships, the CB were more distinctive than the GR, and the A. vulgaris showed higher correlations than the M. sinsinsis. In the same soils, the A. vutgaris showed high contents than the M. sinsinsis and Robinia pseudo-acacia, and the M. sinsinsis were high relative to the Robinia pseudo-acacia. In the comparisons of the flora, root parts were high in most of the elements except for Zn. In the soils, the CB were high in most of elements while As and Mo showed different contents between the GR and CB. In the comparison between soil and flora, soils of the GR were high in the V and Sc contents and low in Zn and Cu, while those of the CR were high in the Cr, V and Sc contents, and low in the Zn contents, Comparing with the soil contents, the M, sinsinsis in the GR were similar to Co and V contents while, in the CB, the M. sinsinsis were similar to the Ni, Cr, Co, Zn, Mo contents, and the Robinia pseudo-acacia were similar to the Ni, Zn, Cu contents. Overall results suggested that the M. sinsinsis and A. vulgaris should be eligible for the bioremediation of the soils polluted by heavy metal such as the CB.
Intraspecific Variations of Rubus oldhami
Kim Mi-Na ; Jang Su-Kil ; Yoo Ki-Oug ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 260~269
Taxonomic studies on morphological, principal component analysis (PCA), palynological, RAPD and PCR-RELP analysis were conducted to intraspecific relationships of Rubus oldhami. Three types of Rubus oldhami based on the flower characters such as petal length and number were used in this study. Among the 14 morphological characters, perianth length, calyx lobe length, apical leaflet shape and leaflet length were used to distinguish for each type. The pollen characters such as shape, aperture number, surface sculpture were showed very similar among three types. Eight primers out of 20 arbitrary primers were screened for three types, and were revealed 33 (
) polymorphic bands. The phonogram by RAPD data showed incongruent with morphological analysis. Even though ten restriction endonucleases produced 20 restriction sites, polymorphic bands were not observed. Based on the results, three types of Rubus oldhami divided well by morphological characters, but pollen and DNA data were not supported. Therefore, type 1 and 2 which different from type 3 by flower characters considered as a temporary hybrid or ecotype because of their similar habitats.
Effect of Vegetal Complex Raw Food on Plasma Glucose and Lipid Composition in High Fat Diet-induced Diabetic Rats
Lee Eun ; Lee Mi-Kyung ; Kim Pan-Gu ; Kim Soo-Kyung ; Lim Sang-Cheul ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 270~278
This experiment was conducted to develop and design a product that is convenient and helpful to both patients and ordinary people who want to maintain their health. In this experimentation, the experimental rat have been given with high fat food to induce Diabetes. Organic brown rice was given as their main energy source and natural complex food, most of materials were freeze-dried, was given to observe its effects on their glucose amount in the plasma. The results are as follows. During 28 days of basal diets, as observing their weight variations, normal group gained weights, but the natural complex food(NCF) groups lost their weights. As comparing the amount of neutral fat levels in the plasma between the diabetes group who just had basal group and one who had NCF, group with NCF groups' level was much lower than the other group who just had basal food. As comparing total cholesterol levels in the plasma, with diabetes group with basal food,
NCF groups' levels were lowered than that group. Regarding HDL-cholesterol level, all NCE groups had around 30mg/dl and there were not much fluctuation among groups. As for LDL-cholesterol level, the
NCF group had the lowest level and showed almost the same as the normal group. The amounts of the glucose in the plasma were lowered in all NCF groups. Among those NCE groups,
NCF group had 120mg/dl to reach almost the same as the normal group.
Correlation Analysis on Several Factors and Collection Amount of Rhus Lacquer by the Sex of Rhus verniciflua
Song Byong-Min ; Lee Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 279~284
The study was conducted to investigate the correlation and regression analysis between the factors - diameter, hight and crown width - and collection amount of Rhus lacquer by the sex of Rhus verniciflua. The relationship between the diameter and the collection amount of the lacquer by the sex of the lacquer tree indicated that, for both of the male and the female, the lacquer amount was likely to increase as the diameter got larger. In general, the male trees tended towards the higher amount of the lacquer than the female. The relationship between the crown width and the collection amount of the lacquer by the sex showed little difference. As the crown became wider, however, the lacquer amount showed the increasing trend. The regression analysis by the sex of the tree indicated that the major factors of the female had larger influence on the lacquer amount than those of the male. The no differences of statistical significance were found among the diameter, the height, the crown width, and the lacquer amount.
The Flora of Beomseom Island, Jeju-do
Kim Chan-Soo ; Song Gwan-Pil ; Moon Myong-Ok ; Song Kuk-Man ; Kim Jin ; Lee Eun-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 285~301
This study was conducted to prepare systematic and efficient measures for nature conservation and management in Beomseom Island, and to clarify characteristics of distribution of plant resources in southernmost islands of Korean peninsula. The numbers of vascular plants were summarized as 164 taxa included 6 families, 13 genera, and 15 species in pteridophyta, 1 family, 1 genus, and 1 species in coniferophyta, and 59 families, 126 genera, 146 species, and 2 varieties in endospermae composed of 49 families, 97 genera, 114 species, and 1 variety in dicotyledonae and 10 families, 29 genera, 32 species, and 1 variety monocotyledonae. Unrecorded taxa of the flora of Beomseom Island were 19 taxa included 4 taxa of pteridophyta, i.e. Hypolepis punctata, Cyrtomium fortunei, Dryopteris pacifica, and Thelypteris granduligera, 6 taxa of monocotyledonae, i.e. Setaria viridis, Zizania latifolia, Scirpus triangulatus, Zantedeschia aethiopica, Spirodela polyrhiza, and Dioscorea nipponica, and 9 taxa of dicotyledonae, i.e. Alnus firma, Boehmeria Platanifolia, Aconogonum ajanense, Phytolacca americana, Melandryum oldhamianum var. roseum, Vitis flexuosa, Clerodendron trichotomum, Elaeagnus glabra, and Siegesbeckia glabrescens. The two rare species, Osmanthus insularis that distributed only Jeju-do and Geomoondo Island and Orostachys iwarenge that distributed only southern parts of Jeju-do in Korea were investigated. The numbers of naturalized plants were 20 families, 33 genera, 34 species, and 1 variety.
Formation of Gametophytes and Development of Zygotic Embryo in Dicentra spectabilis
Sim Ock-Kyeong ; Lee Kang-Seop ; Kim Ee-Yup ; Eun Jong-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 302~308
This study was carried out to obtain the basic informations on the characteristics of gametophytes formation and embryo developement in Dicentra spectabilis. Microspore mother cells developed from archesporial cells, start meiosis when flower bud length reaches around 1 mm, formed tetrahedral type tetrad. The 4 microspores were separated. They were developed to male gametophytes, respectively. Megaspore mother cells were observed when flower bud length was
. The developemental type of megaspore was polygonum and embryo sac was amphitropous. Three large and distinctive antipodals did not degenerated and remained after embryo sac was developed. When the male and female gametophytes was fully developed, the length of stamen and style was very similar or stamen was shorter about 0.5 mm than that of style. This result indicates that self-fertilization can be occurred in this species. After fertilization, developing zygotic embryos showed various stages of development from globular to cotyledonary embryos, and zygotic embryo in seed scattering time seemed to have an early cotyledonary stage.
Characteristics of Flowering Habit, Pollination Patterns and Seed Setting of Hosta plantaginea Aschers
Cho Kyoo Won ; Tae Kyoung-Hwan ; Sung Soon-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 309~314
This study was carried out to obtain the basic informations on the flowering habit, pollination patterns and seed setting in Hosta plantaginea Aschers. Flowers came out in the night with white color. Almost fertilization seemed to be out by wind in early and full flowering. But bearing pods by insects and fertilization rate by wind were increased by interval of flowering and particular scent slowly decreased in after flowering. Bearing pods and seeds setting rate were
per peduncle after artificial pollination, and also
in natural pollination, respectively. The flowering times was all around seven to eight o'clock at night and optimum temperature for pollination was
Analysis on Herbaceous Communities and Flora around Abeliophyllum distichum Habitats
You Ju-Han ; Lee Cheol-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 315~324
The study was carried out to offer the raw data on counterplan of restoration and conservation by systematical and objective analyzing the flora and herbaceous communities around Abeliophyllum distichum habitats. In the results of flora survey, as the site that the most taxa were showed was Yulji-ri, Geosan-gun III, there was surveyed as 114 ones; 48 families, 91 genera, 99 species and 15 varieties, and as Younjeong-ri, Jincheon-gun V was showed the fewest ones, there was appeared 54 ones; 28 families, 49 genera, 47 species and 7 varieties. The dominant species of herbaceous communities were verified Humulus japonicus
Artemisia princeps var. orientalis(Chujeom-ri, Goesan-gun I), Oplismenus undulatifolius(Songdeok-ri, Goesan-gun II and Maechon-ri, Yeongdong-eup IV), Carex siderosticta
Artemisia princeps var. orientalis(Yulji-ri, Geosan-gun III), Streptolirion cordifolium(Younjeong-ri, Jincheon-Eun V) and Sasa borealis(Junggye-ri, Buan-gun IV). In correlation analysis, Artemisia princeps var. orientalis
Carex siderosticta, Sasa borealis
Festuca ovina, Sasa borealis
Smilax china and Festuca ovina
Smilax china were showed the highest relativity. In similarity index analysis, as the site that was showed highest value was Yulji-ri, Geosan-gun III and Maechon-ri, Yeongdong-eup IV, there was turned up about some
. In the results of regression analysis between environmental factors and number of species, R-square of altitude and number of species was some
The Restudying of Naturalized Plants in Jeju Island
Yang Young-Hoan ; Kim Moon-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 325~336
The life form, the origin and the time of introduction of those naturalized plants grown in Jeju-Do, korea were grasped by conducting the documentary survey, and the field survey thereof. The naturalized plants were total 199 taxa including 185 species, 12 varieties and 2 cultivar, which belong to 115 genera, 32 families. The classification of families, there were 43 taxa of Compositae (
), 32 taxa of Gramineae (
), 17 taxa of Legumlinosae (
), and 13 taxa of Cruciferae (
). As the life forms of the naturalized plants in Jeju Island were there 91 taxa of annual plants, 31 taxa of biennial plants, 16 taxa of annual or biennial plants, 57 taxa of perennial plants, and 4 taxa of trees. The distribution of the naturalized plants, the were 29 taxa thereof were located in Jeju Island, 20 taxa in Jeju Island as well as in the southern part of Korean Peninsula, 33 taxa in Jeju Island as well as in the central part of Korean Peninsula, and 117 taxa in the entire area of South Korea. As 89 taxa thereof were originated from America, 69 taxa from Europe, 2 taxa from Africa, 22 taxa from Asia, 1 taxa from Oceania, and 16 taxa from other provinces. As 38 taxa thereof had been introduced into Jeju Island before 1921, 23 taxa from 1922 to 1963, and 138 taxa since 1964.
Bark Production Analysis on Top Branch of Rhus verniciflua
Song Byong-Min ; Lee Myoung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 337~342
This study was conducted to investigate the bark production from a top branch(Woojuk) of lacquer tree(Rhus verniciflua) that collected Rhus lacquer in summer, analyzing a relationship between several factors - diameter, tree weight, weight of Woojuk and bark. The weight of Woojuk averaged was made up
of the tree on average. As the weight of the tree increased, however, the Woojuk showed the rising trend. It was turned out that the tree size for making 1kg of dry bark must be at least DBB 8cm. The result on Woojuk's bark was that
of total trees produced a green bark of 1.1kg to 1.5kg, and most of them put out 1.5kg and less. Also the rate of trees to make 0.6kg to 1.0kg of dry bark was highest in
, but its production in most trees was 1.0kg and below. As the moisture content of a green bark averaged
, it is estimated that the production of 1kg in dry bark requires at least 6kg of top branch in lacquer tree.
Effects of Oenanthe javanica Sap on Lipid Composition, Liver Function and Oxidative Capacity in Oxidized Fat and Ethanol Fed Rats
Lee Eun ; Park Young-Hoon ; Lim Sang-Cheul ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 343~350
Effects of Oenanthe javanica Sap on lipid composition, liver function and oxidative capacity were investigated in rats fed oxidized fat and ethanol. Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing
were distributed into four groups according to body weight and raised seven weeks with basal diet (normal group), basal diet,
oxidized fat and
ethanol (control group), basal diet,
ethanol and 1 ml Oenanthe javanica Sap (1 ml Oenanthe javanica Sap group) and basal diet,
ethanol and 1.5 ml Oenanthe javanica Sap (1.5 ml Oenanthe javanica Sap group), Total cholesterol and triglyceride in plasma showed a tendency to decrease in Oenanthe javanica Sap groups. However HDL-cholesterol in plasma showed a high values in Oenanthe javanica Sap groups and showed no significant difference to normal group. The values of total cholesterol and triglyceride in liver showed no significant difference in Oenanthe javanica Sap groups and normal group. The values of thiobarbituric acid in plasma and liver were lowered in the Oenanthe javanica Sap groups with no significance. Plasma GOT and GPT activity showed a tendence to decrease in Oenanthe javanica Sap groups. The values of GSH-Px, SOD and CAT activity showed a tendence to increase in the Oenanthe javanica Sap groups.
Improvement of Catechin Productivity in Callus Cultures of Camellia sinensis Leaves
Oh, Soon-Ja ; Koh, Seok-Chan ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 18, issue 2, 2005, Pages 351~358
The effects of thiamine-HCl or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on growth and catechin contents of calli from Camellia sinensis leaves were investigated to improve catechin productivity in callus cultures on the selective medium. The growth of calli was great on the proliferation medium (the MS medium with 0.2 mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0 mg/L TDZ) supplemented with
thiamine-HCl. Although the caffeine content was low in calli compared to young leaves, the total content of catechins was high in calli. Particularly,(-)-epicatechin (EC) which not detected in young loaves was also detected in calli on the propagation medium containing thiamine-HCl or PVP. In addition, the (-)-epicatechingallate (ECG) content was significantly higher in calli than in young leaves. In conclusion, the proliferation medium supplemented with 30 mg/L thiamine-HCl as a vitamin source seemed to be optimal condition for the growth and catechin production in callus culture.