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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Chemical Characterization and Utilization of
Triterpenoids in Rubus species
Jung, Hyun-Ju ; Nam, Jung-Hwan ; Lim, Sang-Cheol ; Kim, Won-Bae ; Park, Hee-Juhn ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 563~572
The plant Rubus species (Rosaceae) mainly contains
as bioactive components. Available functional food includes blackberry (the fruit of thornless Rubus sp.), red raspberry (R. idaeus) and black raspberry (R. occidentalis). However, the fruit of R. coreanus, which is used in Korea as a functional food, substitutes black raspberry. Rubi Fructus, which has been traditionally used as an oriental medicinal drug, designates only unripe fruit of R. coreanus but not its ripe fruit which indicates that it needs high content of
as a crude drug. Throughout our experiment, we found that ripe fruits contain very little amount of
when compared to unripe fruits. In addition, various and rich
has been reported from Rubus species. The most common structure of
of Rubus species, euscaphic acid or tormentic acid with
, respectively, can be glycosylated or oxidized to produce a number of
as euscaphic acid and tormentic acid derivatives and even esterified to form dimeric triterpenoids. In this review, the bioactivity and biosynthetic pathway and chemical characterization of
found in Rubus species are discussed.
Effects of Pinching and Retardants on Growth and Flowering of Celosia argentea native to Korea
Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Kyu-Sick ; Song, Cheon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 573~579
This experiment was conducted to investigate growth and flowering characteristics of Celosia argentea native to Korea treated by pinching and growth retardants, diniconazole, hexaconazole and daminozide. The more increased from one to three times of pinching, the more decreased in plant height and internode length but increased number of spadix and lateral branch. Spray application of diniconazole
decreased plant height, internode length and leaflength, but increased number of spadix, number of leaves and number of lateral branch.
Effects of Several Pre-treatments on Seed Germination or Sophora japonica L.
Tak, Woo-Sik ; Kim, Tae-Su ; Choi, Chung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 580~585
This experiment was conducted to study the effects of sulphuric acid, cutting, cold stratification and hot water on the germination of Sophora japonica seeds, which have difficulty to germinate because they have hard and thick seed coats. The seeds were immersed in 30, 60 and 90% sulphuric acid for 30 minutes as seed scarifications, and cut 1/8, 2/8 and 3/8 of the opposite parts of radicles. As cold stratification the seeds were wrapped in wet towel, and then stored in plastic bags in a refrigerator
for 3, 5 and 10 days. The seeds were immersed in hot water
for 2,5 and 10 minutes. Pretreated seeds represented different germination properties, respectively. After sulphuric acid treatment, the seeds showed an increase in germination (G) and germination index (GI). Compared to the other treatments, 90% sulphuric acid showed the highest G (31.7%) and GI (6.2). The G and GI of cut seeds decreased with the increase of seed cutting lengths. And G and GI of cold stratificated seeds were not significantly different among the days treated (p=0.258). Two minutes treatment of hot water showed lower G and Gl than control, and the seeds were not germinated in 5 and 10 minutes treatments of hot water. At the result of relative growth rate and T/R ratio of seedlings from pretreated seeds, the seedlings from seeds in 90% sulphuric acid treatment represented the highest relative growth rate and T/R ratio.
Ecological Studies on the Changes of Community of Naturalized Plants in Limja Island, Shinan Gun
Kim, Ha-Song ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 586~591
This study investigated the flora and the main vegetation of naturalized plants in order to compare the change of distribution in Limja Island, South Korea from 1999 to July, 2005. Flora of naturalized plants in surveyed site were the 1st survey 1999 year, 14 families 45 taxa, the 2nd survey 2005 year, total 14 families 54 taxa including 53 species 1 variety. which new 9 taxa included as Eragrostis curvula, Festuca myuros, Panicum dichotomiflorum, Atriplex hastata, Abutilon avicennae, Aster subulatus, Coreopsis lanceolata, Cosmos sulphureus, Cerastium glomeratum, etc. By the community table, the main vegetation communities in the surveyed sites were classified as Phytolacca americana, Rumux crispus, Bromus catharticus, Erigeron annuus - Erigeron canadensis, Oenothera odorata, Paspalum distichum, Festuca myuros, Cosmos sulphureus community. it is believed that the species of naturalized plants have increased compared to other areas due to their close location to the living habitation.
The Distribution and Life-form of Ferns in Gwangneung Forest
Lee, Kang-Hyup ; Yeo, Kyung-Taek ; Jung, Seung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 592~597
To understand the status of ferns' distribution of Gwangneung forest, flora survey was done during the period of April 2003 to November 2005. The results obtained from this study were as follows: Ferns identified and surveyed were 46 taxa including 9 families 17 genera 43 species 3 varieties were recorded in Gwangneung Forest. Hemicryrtophyte (H) was the most common dormancy from recorded in surveyed area. Epiphyte (E) and Hydatophyte (HH) were calculated as 4.3%, 2.2%, respectively and they were the lower value compared to those of other dormancy form. Consequently,
was recorded as the most common life-form of ferns in Gwangneung Forest. Pteridophyta-Quotient (Ptph.-Q.) was calculated as 1.28 and it was the higher value compared to those of other neighboring mountains.
Use of Sprinkler System for Control of Dryocosmus kuriphilus on Chestnut Orchards
Chung, Sang-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 598~601
In order to prevent chestnut from damaged by the chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus, a sprinkler system was installed on the chestnut orchard. Such a test was conducted at Sanchung-gun, Kyeongnam province, Korea in 2003 and 2004. Insecticide of carbaryl 50% WP, x1,500 was sprayed at every day and two-day intervals during the period of D. kuriphilus adult occurrence by sprinkler system. The chestnut gall wasps generally emerged for about 35 days from the middle June to the middle July, and peak emergence was 5 days of early July. Crown application of carbaryl by sprinkler system was found to be highly effective for control of the chestnut gall wasp. Gall formation rate of chestnut were 3.0 and 12.8% on average with crown insecticide spraying at every day and two-day intervals, while 82.9% when not treated. Control effectiveness of this insecticide spraying was 96.4% and 84.6%, respectively.
Effects of Cheunggak (Codium fragile) on lowering Lipid and Antioxidant
Lee, Eun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 602~605
Effects of Codium fragile ext. on lipid lowering and antioxidant activities were investigated in hyperlipidemic rat. Concentration of FFA and triglyceride in plasma showed a tendency to decrease in Codium fragile ext. groups. Concentration of plasma total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in Codium fragile ext. groupsshowed a low values than those of control group. However concentration of HDL-cholesterol showed no significant difference in all treatment groups. Concentration of liver total cholesterol and triglyceride showed a tendence to decrease in Codium fragile ext. groups. Concentration of plasma and liver TBARS showed a low values in Codium fragile ext. groups. The values of GSH-Px activity showed a tendency to increase in the Codium fragile ext. groups, However the values of SOD and CAT activity showed no significant difference in all treatment groups.
Effects of Food Additive Acetic Acids and Propionic Acids on Growth and Morphological Characters of Soybean Sprouts
Hong, Dong-Oh ; Jeon, Seung-Ho ; Jeon, Byong-Sam ; Lee, Chang-Woo ; Kim, Hong-Young ; Kang, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 606~611
Decay during soybean sprout culture detracts their quality as well as increases their production costs. This study was done to determine the effects of acetic and propionic acids on growth and morphological characters of the sprouts. The soybean seeds of 3 cultivars (cv. Eunhakong, Pungsannamulkong and Orialtae) imbibed for 2 minutes at their different concentrations (0, 0.1 and 0.2%) were soaked for 6 hours in 4 ppm BA solution after the first 5.5 hour water imbibition and 0.5 hour aeration, and cultured at
. On the 6th day, harvested soybean sprouts were classified into 4 categories on the base of hypocotyl length;>7cm, 4 to 7cm,<4cm and not germinated, and their morphological characters, fresh weights, lesion spots on cotyledons were measured or analyzed. The stronger concentration the higher rate of longer than 4cm although there was no significant difference between the two acids. Pungsannamulkong showed the longest hypocotyls but Eunhakong did the thickest ones, and Orialtae did the greatest total fresh weight, in which all the characters were not influenced by the two acids and their concentrations. Lesion spots on the cotyledons were equal to the two acids although less in their treatments than in no treatment. Utilization of propionic acid was more desirable Dan acetic acid through their treatment cost analysis.
The Investigation of Gene Flows in Artificial Pollination between GM Rice and its Wild Relatives by RAPD Analysis
Kim, Yoon-Sik ; Kim, Hyun-Soon ; Joung, Hyouk ; Jeon, Jae-Heung ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 612~616
In recent years, there has been increasing concerns in gene flow from GM crops to wild or weedy relatives as a potential risk in the commercialization of GM crops. To access the possibility of the environmental impacts by GM rice, small-scale experiments of gene transfer were carried out. Herbicide and drought stress resistant GM rice and non-GM rice Nakdongbyeo, wild rice Oryza nivara, and weedy rice Sharebyeo were used for artificial pollination experiments and bar gene was used as a tractable marker after pollination. The harvested putative hybrid seeds after artificial pollination were germinated and true hybrid plants were selected by basta treatment. The hybrid plants were verified again by PCR amplification of bar and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase (TPP) genes and RAPD PCR analysis.
Study on Vascular Plants of the Gosan Recreational Forest in Jeonbuk -A Case Study of Wild Plants except Planted Plants-
Kim, Young-Ha ; Beon, Mu-Sup ; Oh, Hyun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 617~627
The wild plants of the studied area in the Gosan recreational forest was listed 327 taxa: 99 families, 252 genera, 289 species,1 subspecies, 34 varieties and 3 forms. Based on the list of the rare plants by the Forest Research Institute, 2 taxa were recorded in the studied areas; Lilium distichum (Presevation priority order: No. 159), Aristolochia contorta (No. 151) and based on the list of Korean endemic plants, 4 taxa were recorded; Cephalotaxus koreana, Carex okamotoi, Salix purpurea var. japonica, Weigela subsessilis. Specific plant species by floral region were total 21 taxa; 2 taxa (Asperula lasiantha, Lonicera subhispida) in class III, 4 taxa (Lilium distichum, Potentilla dickinsii, Caryopteris incana, Ligularia fischeri) in class II, 15 taxa (Hosta capitata, Alnus hirsuta, Ribes mandshuricum, Cayratia japonica, Vaccinium oldhami, etc.) in class I. The naturalized plants in this site were 12 families, 28 genera, 31 species, 1 varieties, 32 taxa and naturalization rate was 9.8%. So, wild plants disturbing ecosystem like Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior have been increasing and it needs continuing control and conservation measures on the plant ecosystem.
Analysis of ITS DNA Sequences of the Viola albida Complex
Whang, Sung-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 628~633
ITS DNA sequences from five individuals, representative of five groups designated according to the degree of leaf teeth and lobes from simple to palmate compound leaf in the Viola albida complex, established and further analysed in order to solve the taxonomic difficulty. A total 702 bp was sequenced at the 5.8S ribosomal DNA and internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2. The 5.8S coding region is 163 bp, and has no sequence variations. The ITS1 and ITS2 noncoding regions have a little bit sequence variations, and those were further analysed by the methods of the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the analysis of sequence divergence and the phylogenetic analysis. The result of ANOVA showed no significant differences among individuals investigated. The analysis of sequence divergence with Kimura 2-parameter distance revealed that in-groups showed much less than 0.05 in absolute value among individuals, while two out groups more than 0.05, V. grypoceras and V. orientalis. This result appeared that the sequence divergence among in-groups was not yet occurred in the species level but situated at somewhere below the species level. In the phylogenetic analysis, two outgroups formed the basal clades in order. Five individuals in-groups formed a clade. The clade was, however, not very robust as around 50% in bootstrap value, suggesting that this result was not meaningful in the phylogenetic point of views.
Transformation of Gourd through Leaf Explant Regeneration
Cho, Song-Mi ; Moon, Sun-Jin ; Chung, Soo-Jin ; Kim, Mi-Seong ; Kim, Young-Cheol ; Yang, Kwang-Yeol ; Choi, Yong-Soo ; Sapkota, Kumar ; Cho, Baik-Ho ; Kim, Kwang-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 634~639
In order to develop a disease-resistant root stock for the growth of watermelon, an efficient regeneration system of the gourd(Lagenaria leucantha Duch.) inbred line GO701-2 via organogenesis was established in this experiment. Using proximal parts of cotyledon explant excised from germinated seedling in vitro, maximum adventitious shoot formation (39%) was achieved on MS medium where cytokinin (BA) and auxin (IAA) were added at a concentration of 3mg/L and 0.1mg/L, respectively. Roots of the elongated shoots were successfully formed on MS medium without adding any plant growth regulators. The cucumber CsGolS1 gene known as a resistance gene against biotic and abiotic stresses, was constructed into the binary vector pBI121 under the control of CaMV 35S promoter. When the gene was introduced into the genome of gourd by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, putative transgenic plants were obtained with the transformation efficiency of approximately 20 percent.
Distribution of Naturalized Plants in Jeju Island, Korea
Koh, Jung-Gun ; Song, Gwan-Pil ; Moon, Myong-Ok ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Eun-Joo ; Hwang, Seok-In ; Jeong, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Chan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 19, issue 5, 2006, Pages 640~648
The distribution and status of naturalized plants in Jeju Island were investigated in this study. As results, the naturalized plants in Jeju Island were total of 254 taxa including 47 families, 161 genera, 248 species and 6 varieties. By the growth habits, annuals held the most percentage including 107 taxa (42.13%). Seventy nine taxa (31.1%) were appeared to have erect type in growth forms and 203 taxa (79.9%) are non-clonal growth form in disseminule forms by radicoid. The most of dormancy form in life form were therophytes as 150 taxa (59%), and following as 53 taxa (20.9%) for hemicryptophytes, and 26 taxa(10.2%) for geophytes. Among the naturalized plants, 115 taxa (36.7%) were originated from Europe, 69 taxa (22%) from Asia and 59 taxa (18.8%) from North America. Twenty eight percent of them were introduced as feeds or mixed seeds of imported cereals.