Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Propagation of Acorus gramineus from Seeds and In vitro Culture
Park, Young-Chul ; Kim, Jeong-Seon ; Yang, Seok-Chul ; Cho, Youn-Dong ; Kim, Yong-Duk ; Park, Jae-Kweon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 347~351
Rhizomes of Acorus gramineus Soland have been used as sedatives, analgesics, and stomachics in Korean medicine. Even though A. gramineus produced in Korea is known as having better efficacy of a remedy than that in China, its cultivation area has not increased because of the lack of seedlings. To solve this problem, seed propagation method was tested. Seeds were harvested and sowed three times in June, 2005. The best results showed at greenish yellow seed stage harvested in mid June, and its germination ratio was 90.7%. Seeds were well stored at
for 30 days. As for in vitro culture, multiple shoots were induced first in MS basal medium supplemented with
BA, and then roots were induced in MS basal medium containing
BA. Growth of A. gramineus seedlings in Wonyesangto, potting material sold in markets for horticultural plants, was superior to vermiculite.
Antimicrobial Effect of Oregano (Origanum majorana L.) Extract on Food-borne Pathogens
Choi, Moo-Young ; Rhim, Tae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 352~356
This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial effects of Origanum majorana L. ethanol extract against food-borne pathogens. The antimicrobial activity of Origanum majorana L. extract was determined using a paper disc method. The extract exhibited growth inhibiting activities in a concentration dependent manner on 10 species microorganisms. The extract of Origanum majorana L. showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enteritidis. The growth inhibitory effects of Origanum majorana L. extract on food poisoning microorganisms were determined against Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes, gram negative and positive bacteria, respectively. The extract of Origanum majorana L. had strong antimicrobial activity against Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes at the concentration of
. At this concentration, the extract of Origanum majorana L. inhibited the growth of Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes up to 60 and 36 hours, respectively. The results in the present study demonstrate antimicrobial effects of Origanum majorana L. ethanol extract against food-borne pathogens, suggesting that Origanum majorana L. could be an effective natural antibacterial agent in food.
A Comparison of Photosynthetic Characteristics of Three Ligularia species Under-tree Cultivation
Kim, Gab-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 357~361
The photosynthetic characteristics of three Ligularia species, L. fischeri, L. fischeri var. spiciformis and L. stenocephala under-tree cultivated in Dunnae-myeon, Hoengsung-gun were measured and compared. Total mean photosynthetic rate increased with increasing the light intensity up to 2,000 PPFD. Mean photosynthetic rate of L. fischeri increased to maximum value of
with increasing the light intensity up to 1,600 PPFD, but it was decreased at 2,000 PPFD. The highest photosynthetic rate was shown in L. fischeri var. spiciformis, followed by L. fischeri, and L. stenocephala. was the highest
among three species, followed by that of The differences in photosynthetic rates were significantly different among the species each measuring date. L. fischeri var. spiciformis was more adaptive species at the low elevated under-tree cultivated sites, such as, Sanchemaeul Dunnae-myeon Hoeyngseung-gun than L. fischeri and L. stenocephala.
Effective Micropropagation of Pulsatilla cernua var. koreana through Apical Meristem Culture
Ko, Jeong-Ae ; Kim, Hyun-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 362~367
In order to investigate the effect of plant growth regulators on effective in vitro micropropagation, apical meristems of Pulsatilla cernua var. koreana were cultured on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium with 2,4-D, NAA, TDZ and BA. Media containing 2,4-D and kinetin, 2,4-D and TDZ, NAA and TDZ were not effective on callus induction. However, embryogenic or organogenic callus was obtained on media containing NAA and BA. Especially, on MS medium with 0.5mg/L NAA and 1.0mg/L BA was optimal for a high frequency (62%) of shoot or shoot bud obtained from callus. Callus proliferation, shoot multiplication and elongation were significantly increased by adding 10% coconut water on MS media with 0.5mg/L NAA and 1.0mg/L BA. Repeated subculturing of in vitro grown shoots resulted in propagation rate of 12.9 shoots per explant every 30 days. Root formation from the adventitious shoots was not easily achieved. However, roots were only produced through callus on MS medium with 2.0mg/L NAA alone or 0.5mg/L NAA and 1.0mg/L BA. These roots were used materials for callus and shoot production repetitively.
Adventitious Shoot and Plant Regeneration from Anther Culture of Hypericum ascyron L.
Ko, Jeong-Ae ; Kim, Hyun-Soon ; Kim, Hyung-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 368~373
In order to investigate the effects of low temperature pretreatment of floral bud and plant growth regulators on anther-derived callus and shoot differentiation, anthers were cultured on 1/2 MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D, NAA, BA and TDZ. This plant depends on the plant growth regulators, for these anthers couldn't respond on 1/2 MS medium without plant growth regulators. 2,4-D was a prerequisite substance in this experiment, especially 52.6% of callus formation on MS medium with 2.0mg/L 2,4-D alone. However, the optimum medium was on 1/2 MS medium with 0.1 mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0mg/L BA for continuous growth and shoot differentiation from the anther. Calli derived from on MS medium with 2.0mg/L 2,4-D transferred to the 1/2MS medium with TDZ and BA. TDZ were less superior to BA, only one anther could produce shoot on MS media with 1.0mg/L TDZ. On the other hand, when the calli transferred to the medium with 3.0mg/L BA, adventitious shoots were proliferated, subsequently, regenerated shoots elongated from the embryogenic calli. After floral buds of one week before anthesis were incubated at
refrigerator for eight or fifteen days, anthers seperated from floral buds were cultured on 1/2MS medium supplemented with 0.1mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0mg/L BA. Callusing and shoot differentiation on anthers from treated at
for eight days were more effective than those of fifteen days or control.
The Plant Resources of the Sand Dune on Southern Coast and Jeju Island, Korea
Oh, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Hyuk-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 374~387
This study was carried out to investigate the distribution of the useful resources plants and the flora of the sand dune on South Coast and Jeju Island. The flora of sand dune on South Coast and Jeju Island was investigated from February to November in 2006. Vascular plants of this area consist of total 171 taxa; 1 forma, 18 varieties, 152 species, 130 genera, 51 families. The dominant species in the vegetations of the south coast sand dune were Calystegia soldanella, Ischaemum anthephoroides, Vitex rotundifolia, Carex pumila, Carex kobomugi. It corresponds to 11.1 % of totally 4,071 taxa appeared in Korea. Useful plants of this area were investigated 113 taxa. It corresponds to 66% of collected plants in this area under our study. Among the useful plants, there are 73 taxa of edible source, 61 taxa of medicinal source, 22 taxa of pasture source, 16 taxa of ornamental source, 7 taxa of fiber source, 1 taxa of timber source. Korean endemic plants were composed 1 taxa.
Characteristics of Agronomy Traits to Transgenic Rice Selected by Molecular Breeding Method
Lee, Hyun-Suk ; Kang, Hyun-Goo ; Park, Young-Hie ; Jung, Hee-Young ; Kim, Chang-Kil ; Han, Jeung-Sul ; Sohn, Jae-Keun ; Kim, Kyung-Min ; Park, Gyu-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 388~394
This study was carried out to develop new cultivars using the
generation of transformed rice by PCR analysis with DNA marker in each generation
. In the previous study, we successfully developed the transgenic rice plants over-expressing the Arabidopsis
antiporter CAX 1 (accession no. U57411) gene. The calcium concentration in brown rice of transgenic plants was higher than that of donor plants, Iipum, and was selected 3 lines out of 25 lines at cultured GMO field. The major agronomic traits such as culm length, panicle length and panicle number of 3 lines at transgenic plants
were similar to wild type. Also these lines appeared to have disease resistance to rice blast, cold resistance as compared with donor types. The grain shape was similar to donor plant, however, the 1000 grain weight of brown rice was different from transgenic plants. These finding would be used for basic data of new variety registration.
Protective Effects of Kaempferol and Quercetin on Oxidative Stress in CPAE Cell
Park, Shin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 395~401
Flavonoids are ubiquitous substances in fruits and vegetables. A main subgroup of the flavonoids are the flavonols, of which quercetin and kaempferol are the major representatives in foods. They are used in food supplements at high doses, because of their preventive effects on degenerative diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the combined and separate effects of kaempferol and quercetin on oxidative stress in cow pulmonary artery endothelium (CPAE) cells over a broad concentration range. The results demonstrate that cell viability was greatly increased in kaempferol and quercetin treated cells whether
-treated or not. Cell viability also increased when treated with flavonols in the absence of oxidative stress. Both preincubation and simultaneous incubation with kaempferol and quercetin protected against the loss of cell viability induced by 1mM
. Protective effects of flavonols against oxidative stress were shown to depend on the treated flavonol concentrations. No protective effect was shown under low concentration treatment and cell viability increased 1.6 times at
relative to the control group. At the highest flavonol concentration of
, the increased cell viability by flavonol treatment was decreased to almost half of the maximum values. Combined treatments with kaempferol and quercetin showed more protective effects against oxidative stress by
than the separate effects of each flavonol. In conclusion, the protective effect of kaempferol and quercetin against oxidative stress was very pronounced but high concentrations of flavonols can also induce cell cytotoxicity.
Isolation of main component and antioxidant activities on the stem and root of Rosa rugosa
Park, byoung-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 402~407
Total phenol content was obtained from the stem extract of 7.8 (g/100g, D.W.) and root extract of 10.5 (g/100g, D.W.) on Rosa rugosa. S-4 and R-2 compounds were isolated from the stem and root of R. rugosa. The structure of S-4 and R-2 compounds was assigned as catechin by
CNMR signal and TOF-MS. The tannin content of stem extract was 752.5 (mg/100g, D.W.) as 6.3 of gallic acid, 61.5 of epicatechin and 684.8 of catechin. The tannin content of root extract was higher about 2 times (1676.0) as 6.8 of gallic acid, 160.3 of epicatechin and 1508.5 of catechin than that of stem. It was shown that catechin was main compound in the stem and root extracts of R. rugosa. Antioxidant activities were stronger low concentration, and were not different of stem and root extracts. As the results, stem and root of R. rugosa were evaluated, as natural antioxidant resource.
Antioxidant activities and tyrosinase inhibitory effects of guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaf
Park, Byoung-jae ; Onjo, Michio ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 21, issue 5, 2008, Pages 408~412
This research was designed to investigate the antioxidant activities and tyrosinase inhibitory effects of guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaf. Total phenol content was obtained from guava leaf extract of 19.0 (g/100g, D.W.). The crude extract exhibited significantly antioxidant activities (IC50value
, free radical scavenging;
, SOD like activity). The crude extract of guava leaf was fractionated into four partition layers; hexane (G-H), ethyl acetate (G-E), butanol (G-B) and water (G-W) layer. The extracts of G-E, G-B, G-W showed high radical scavenging activities of over 50% at
. SOD like activities of G-E, G-B, G-W were revealed, as 81.8%, 84.7%, 65.3% at
, while those of G-H did not showed the effectively. The crude extract of guava leaf showed high tyrosinase inhibitory effect as 60.8% at 1mg/ml, the measurement of G-E, G-B, G-W were 65.2%, 62.8%, 51.6% and that of G-H was not effective. These results indicate that useful bioactive substances exist in the guava leaf extracts, especially G-E, G-B. And the guava leaf has the potential of being developed into health related products.