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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Ecological Characteristics of Viola websteri Hemsley Habitats
Jang, Su-Kil ; Cheon, Kyeong-Sik ; Kim, Kyung-Ah ; Jang, Jin-Hwan ; Yoo, Ki-Oug ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 261~273
This study intended to investigate the environmental factors including soil and vegetation in order to understand the environmental and ecological characteristics of seven different habitats of Viola websteri. These habitats, according to investigations, are mostly located on the slope of mountains facing north at an altitude of 343 m to 991 m above sea level with angle of inclination from 1 degree to 33 degrees. The type of soil is mostly sandy loam and the average field capacity of soil is 28.97%. Their average organic matter is 16.63%, soil pH 5.62, and available phosphorus is 14.75%. A total of 133 vascular plants are identified in 18 quadrates of seven habitats. Dominant species of woody plants in seven habitats are represented as Acer pictum subsp. mono and Quercus mongolica in tree layer, and Acer pictum subsp. mono in subtree layer. Importance value of Viola websteri is 9.66%, as regards the herbaceous layer, and five highly ranked species such as Meehania urticifolia(8.53%), Pseudostellaria heterophylla(6.51%), Hylomecon vernalis(5.15%), Oxalis obtriangulata (4.52%), and Pseudostellaria davidii(4.15%) are considered to be an affinity with Viola websteri in their habitats. The degree of their average species diversity is 1.32, and that of dominance and evenness are 0.08 and 0.89, respectively. Correlation coefficients analysis based on environmental factors, vegetation and soil analysis shows that the coverage of Viola websteri is correlated with silt and sand ratio, and coverage of tree layers are correlated with species richness and altitude. Cluster analysis based on vegetation structure of each habitats are forms a three groups.
The study of vascular plants distribution and characteristics of plant as resources in middle and northern region of Yangsan-si (Gyeongnam)
Han, Jong-Won ; Kim, Hyun-Jun ; Kang, Shin-Ho ; Park, Jeong-Mi ; Jang, Chang-Gee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 274~292
The flora of resource plants in Middle and Northern region of Yangsan-si were investigated for 7 times from March to Sept., 2009. The study indicated that, based on voucher specimens, the flora of this area consist of 427 taxa in total; 90 families, 256 genera, 376 species, 4 subspecies, 41 varieties and 6 forms. The resource plants in this area were categorized by their use into 9 groups inclusive of 1 unidentified group. Resources plants which were investigated in this area were 167 edible, 132 pasturing, 118 medicinal, 98 stainable, 52 ornamental, 15 timber, 6 fiber, 2 industrial taxa and 101 unknown resource plants, respectively. Also, there were remarkable plants such as 16 taxa of Korean endemic plants and 36 taxa of specific plants which were designated by the Ministry of Environment. Furthermore, 22 taxa of naturalized plants were observed in this investigated area where Urban Indexn UI) was 8.9%. Although the ecological status of investigated area was comparatively well conserved, the degree of (UI) was relatively high. Based on the results of this investigation, UI has been rapidly increased due to urbanization and construction of recreation objects in this area.
A phylogenetic analysis of Korean Artemisia L. based on ITS sequences
Lee, Jeong-Hoon ; Park, Chung-Berm ; Park, Chun-Geon ; Moon, Sung-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 293~302
Taxa of Artemisia collected in Korea were constructed by molecular phylogenetic analysis based on the internal transcribed spacer(ITS) regions of nrDNA. The length of the ITS sequences aligned using the clustal X program was 636~643 bp, and the lengths of the ITS1 and ITS2 regions were 251~255 bp and 217~222 bp, respectively. The total number of variable sites was 95 for the entire sequence, and a parsimony- informative site represented an efficacious site in ITS1 rather than in ITS2. The maximum parsimony tree as calculated by the MEGA 4 program was clustered into five clades. The taxa(A. capillaris, A. japonica var. japonica, A. japonica var. hallaisanensis, A. japonica subsp. littoricora) degenerated ovary of clade 1 was supported as the subgenus Dracunculus by Ling's classification system. The results show that A. nakaii and A. fukudo were quite similar genetically(Boostrap 99%) and that the scientific name of Korean A. dubia should be reconsidered. A. sp. distributed in Ganghwa province was grouped with A. argyi(Boostrap 89%). These results suggest that the molecular techniques used in this study could be useful for the phylogenetic analysis of Korean Artemisia herbs having variations in their morphological characteristics.
The Vascular Plants in Mt. Gaji (Gyeongsang nam-do)
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Lee, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Byoung-Yoon ; Yoon, Chang-Young ; Kim, Min-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 303~326
This study was carried out to investigate the flora of Mt. Gaji(Gyeongsang nam-do). The vascular plants which are collected in 12 times(from May to Oct. 2006 and Mar. to Oct. 2009) were identified as 573 taxa in total, including 106 families, 314 genera, 503 species, 6 subspecies, 56 varieties, 8 forms. There were many useful plants such as 20 taxa of Korean endemics and 10 taxa of specially designated plants which were determined by the Korea Forest Service. The designated in endangered plants by the Ministry of Environment, which should be protected by the wildlife protection law, were identified as 3 taxa and 64 taxa of specially designated floristic regional indicator plants by the Ministry of Environment. Based on the list of approved for delivering overseas of plants, 23 taxa were recorded in the investigated area. The naturalized plants were identified as 22 taxa, and their naturalization ratio were found to be 3.8% respectively. The 573 taxa listed consists of 217 taxa(37.8%) of edible plants, 181 taxa(31.5%) of medicinal plants, 91 taxa(15.8%) of pasture plants, 86 taxa(15%) of ornamental plants, 19 taxa(3.3%) of timber plants, 11 taxa(1.9%) of fiber plants and 7 taxa(1.2%) of industrial plants.
A Study on resource plants around the provincial park in Mt. Unmun(Cheongdo-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do)
Park, Seon-Joo ; Song, Im-Geun ; Park, Seong-Jun ; Lee, Won-Hyoung ; Jang, Soon-Young ; An, Bo-Ram ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 327~349
This study was carried out to investigate the distribution of vascular plants and their use from 2007 to 2009 in Mt. Unmum(Cheongdo-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-Do). The vascular plants were summarized as 605 taxa including 98 families, 304 genus, 514 species, 3 subspecies, 68 varieties, and 20 forma. Among the investigated 605 taxa, 21 rare and endangered plants, 29 Korean endemic plants were included. Based on the list of specially designated plants by Ministry of Environment, 70 taxa included Iris odaesanensis and Gastrodia elata were recorded in the investigated area. The naturalized plants were identified as 23 taxa and the percent of naturalized index(NI) was 3.8% of total 605 taxa vascular plants. Usage of 605 taxa were consists of 225 taxa(37.2%) of edible plants, 191 taxa(31.6%) of medicinal plants, 64 taxa(10.6%) of ornamental plants, 46 taxa(7.6%) of pasture plants, 18 taxa(3.0%) of timber plants, 14 taxa(2.3%) of fiber plants, and 3 taxa(0.5%) of industrial plants. To management of natural resource, we suppose that it is required to establish an ecological learning area to minimize human disturbance and an effective managemet strategy by continuous monitoring for ecosystem change.
Flora and the Conditions of Mankyua chejuense Habitats
Hyeon, Hwa-Ja ; Kang, Chang-Hoon ; Song, Kuk-Man ; Moon, Myung-Ok ; Song, Gwan-Pil ; Kim, Moon-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 350~359
The distribution of the Mankyua chejuense was restricted to the northeast region of Jeju Island. It grows in the isolated pit crater-like swamp areas of various extent and shape, where the height is lower compared to the adjacent areas, and the adjacent regions contained a evergreen broad-leaved forests, a shrubbery, and a grassland vegetation. It contained 147 taxa of 61 families, 112 genera and 147 species in the habitats. The life form of the flora showed that the habitat of M. chejuense is different from the surrounding others, in particular, the ratio of the Therophytes and the Hydrophytes appeared highly. Preservation of habitat conditions is very important for stable maintenance the flora, and the surrounding area including habitats has to be designated a protection area for habitat preservation.
Genetic diversity and structure of Pulsatilla tongkangensis as inferred from ISSR markers
Kim, Zin-Suh ; Jo, Dong-Gwang ; Jeong, Ji-Hee ; Kim, Young-Hee ; Yoo, Ki-Oug ; Cheon, Kyoung-Sic ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 360~367
The genetic diversity and structure of P. tongkangensis in 5 populations from 3 regions was investigated using 56 markers derived from 6 ISSR primers. Genetic diversity at the species level (P=94.6, SI=0.377, h=0.240) was substantial considering the limited distribution and small size of populations. Genetic differentiation among regions (12%) and among populations (13%) in the region was not clearly evident, which suggested a moderate level of gene flow among adjacent populations. The Mantel test revealed a significant correlation between genetic differentiation (
) and geographic distance among populations. This was supported by cluster analysis and principal coordinate analysis (PCoA). The significant difference in marker band frequency at many loci and their fixation in opposite directions in the smallest and most isolated population SC were considered due to genetic drift. Therefore, the genetic diversity of P. tongkangensis could be compromised if the distribution area or the size of the population was further reduced. In particular, small and isolated populations could be at great risk of extinction. Considering this, the unique habitats of P. tongkangensis should be protected and the reduction of population size should be closely monitored. Conservation efforts including the seeding and planting of seedlings should be done carefully based on their genetic and ecological traits. Our data support the argument that establishing an integrated management system for the efficient conservation of P. tongkangensis is critical.
Propagation of Cutting Method of a Rare Endemic Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii Henry in Korea
Song, Jeong-Ho ; Jang, Kyung-Hwan ; Hur, Seong-Doo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 368~373
Juniperus chinensis var. sargentii Henry is a short and creeping evergreen shrub which reaches about 60 cm in height and only occurs in the northeast Asia and in the top of high mountains over the Korea. The Korea Forest Service protects it strictly by law since J. chinensis var. sargentii is an eccentric plant and possibly may be exterminated soon in Korea. This study was carried out to develop the propagation technique by cutting for conservation of genetic resources of J. chinensis var. sargentii. The rooting responses of branch cuttings, obtained from hard(May) and semi-hard wood shoots (August) to four growth regulators, namely, IAA, IBA, NAA and Rooton(exceptionally powder method) applied at various concentrations(0, 100, 200, 500, 1000 and 2000
) were examined in mixed soil media. Rooting rate showed significant difference between cutting times, among kinds and among concentrations of growth regulators. The optimum cutting time was April to May in hardwood cutting. The application of IBA 1000
(rooting rate : 36.4%) was most effective in callus formation and rooting of cutting. Relatively, rooting of cutting of the control taken in May was 30.4%. Root characteristics such as number, length and diameter of root were not significantly affected by kinds and concentrations of growth regulators in hardwood cutting.
Water Relations Parameters of Rhododendron micranthum Turcz. from P-V Curves
Kim, Nam-Young ; Lee, Kyeong-Cheol ; Han, Sang-Sub ; Park, Wan-Geun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 374~378
Determining plant moisture characteristics is an essential study not only for cultivation, but also for ex-situ conservation. In this study, employing pressure-volume curve we examined moisture characteristics of Rhododendron micranthum, known as rare plant, with the aim of its ex-situ conservation. Several individuals growing in Mt. Worak, Youngwol-gun Yeonha-ri and Bongwa-gun Seokpo-ri were selected for this study, from which we collected leaves. The original bulk osmotic pressure at maximum turgor(
)was -1.5 MPa in those of Mt. Worak and Seokpo-ri, which is somewhat lower than that of Yeonha-ri(-1.2 MPa). It appeared that the osmotic pressure at incipient plasmolysis(
) of leaves collected in both Mt. Worak and Seokpo-ri were -1.29 MPa, and -1.26 MPa, respectively, which are lower than that of Yeonha-ri(-1.02MPa). Maximum bulk modulus of elasticity(
) was 14.0 MPa, 8.67 MPa in leaves collected from both Seokpo-ri and Mt. Worak, respectively, those value of which were approximately 3 times higher than that of Yeonha-ri(4.00 MPa). The values of
(Relative water content at incipient plasmolysis) of leaves collected in three areas, were roughly 83%, suggesting that Rhododendron micranthum has relatively high capability of containing water. Our finding on moisture characteristics of Rhododendron micranthum is similar to those of other Rhododendron spp. We suggest that individuals growing in both Worak and Seokpo-ri, are preferable to those in Yeonha-ri for ex-situ transplantation since those individuals are found to have better drought resistance.
Effects of Pot Soil and humidity on Growth for Transparent Cup Cultivation of Climacium japonicum Lindb
Suh, Jong-Taek ; Ryu, Seung-Yeol ; Yoo, Dong-Lim ; Nam, Chun-Woo ; Hur, Youn-Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 379~385
This study was carried out to develop cultivation techniques of Climacium japonicum in transparent pot. We analyzed effect of different soil moisture content, air exposure degree, bed soil and ground cover moss on the growth of Climacium japonicum. The best humidity condition in transparent pot culture was 60~80% and a mixture of bed soil with peatmoss : perlite as 7:3 ratio was effective to growth. Two holes(each diameter is 4 mm) in the cover were also effective to the growth and control moisture in the transparent pot. The best mixture of bed soil was moss with peatmoss : pelite(7:3) in the pot culture but price of moss is expensive, the moss treatment was not practical. Total of 10 moss species were selected as ground cover plant; Hypnum erectiusculum Sull. et Lesq., Thuidium kanedae Sak., Hypnum plumaeforme Wils., Trachycystis microphylla Lindb., Bryum argenteum Hedw., Hypnum oldhamii Jaeg., Funaria hygrometrica Hedw., Leucobryum glaucum Aongstr., Polytrichum commune Hedw. and Weissia controversa Hedw. The plant height of selected moss was smaller than that of Climacium japonicum so these moss were very effective to cover the ground.
Rapid Measure of Color and Catechins Contents in Processed Teas Using NIRS
Chun, Jong-Un ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 4, 2010, Pages 386~392
This study was done to measure the color and catechins contents in processed teas using the whole bands (400~2500 nm) with near-infrared spectroscopy(NIRS). The powder colors of 109 processed teas were measured with a colorimeter. The a/b ratios in Hunter color scale in processed teas accounted for about 98.9% of the variation in the fermentation degree(FD), indicating that the a/b ratio was a very useful trait for assessing fermentation degree. Also tea powders were scanned in the visible bands used with NIRSystem. The calibration equations for powder colors were developed using the regression method of modified partial least squares(MPLS) with the internal cross validation. The equations had low SECV (standard errors of cross-validation), and high
(coefficient of determination in calibration) values with 0.996~1.00, indicating that the visible bands(400~700 nm) with NIRS could be used to rapidly measure the variables related to powder color and fermentation degree. Also another powders of 137 processed teas were scanned at 780~2500 nm bands in the reflectance mode. The calibration equations were developed using the regression method of MPLS with the internal cross validation. The equations had low SECV, and high
(0.896~0.983) values, showing that NIRS could be used to rapidly discriminate the contents of EGC(
=0.919), EC(0.896), EGCg(0.978), ECg(0.905) and total catechins(0.983) in processed teas with high precision and ease.