Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Inhibitory Effect of the Phenolic Compounds from Apples Against Oxidative Damage and Inflammation
Sim, Jang-Seop ; Jeong, Jin-Boo ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ; Kwon, Tae-Hyung ; Cha, Young-Joon ; Jeong, Hyung-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 487~497
ROS have been associated with pathogenic processes including carcinogenesis through direct effect on DNA and play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation. Because of many types of phenolic acid derivatives and flavonoids, apples have been one of the human diet since ancient times and are one of the most commonly consumed fruits in worldwide. In this study, catechin, chlorogenic acid and phlorizin dihydrate were purified and identified by HPLC and GC/MS. The contents of catechin, chlorogenic acid and phlorizin dihydrate were 1.01 mg, 7.01 mg and 3.67 mg/ kg wet weight, respectively. Catechin and phlorizin dihydrate were found to significantly inhibit oxidative DNA damage, while chlorogenic did not affect. Also, catechin inhibits NO and
production via suppressing iNOS and COX-2 expression. However, chlorogenic acid and phlorizin dihydrate did not affect. Our results show that catechin may be the most active phenolic compound in anti-oxidative damage and anti-inflammatory effect.
-glucans from Coriolus versicolor on Macrophage Functions in Young and Aged mice
Jang, Seon-A ; NamKoong, Seung ; Sohn, Eun-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 498~502
The immune system may play an important role in aging and the changes in the immune status are associated with treatment of various immunomodulators. This study examined the effects of
-glucans isolated from mushroom fungi, Coriolus versicolor on macrophages functions in young (8-weeks-old) and aged (82-weeks-old) male C57BL/6 mice. When peritoneal macrophages were treated with various concentrations of
) for 24 hrs, tumoricidal activity, NO production and phagocytic activity were significantly increased in the young mice, whereas there are no effects in the aged mice. These results suggest that
-glucans has differential effects on the macrophage functions in young and aged mice and age nutrition might need to be considered to select proper immunomodulator. In addition,
-glucan could be used clinically for the treatment of diseases such as cancer therapy in the young.
Agronomic Variation in Anther Derived Plants of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes
Shrestha, Surendra Lal ; Luitel, Binod Prasad ; Lee, Taek-Jong ; Kang, Won-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 503~512
Anther derived double haploids (DHs) from sweet pepper genotypes ('Special', 'Derby', 'Bossanova', 'Fiesta', 'Debora' and 'Minipaprika') were used to study the agronomic variation in 2006. Ninety-nine successful DHs regenerants (32 from 'Special', 25 from 'Derby', 23 from 'Bossanova', 10 from 'Fiesta', 6 from 'Debora' and 3 from 'Minipaprika') were transplanted at plastic house and studied on their agronomic characters. Variation in agronomic characters was observed within the DHs of each genotype. DHs obtained from 'Derby' and 'Fiesta' exhibited wide variation in fruit yield
whereas averaged fruit yield
was highest in 'Derby' (1608 g) and less variation was observed in DHs of 'Bossanova'. Based on the agronomic characters expressed in DHs population at this environment, SP55, SP56, SP60, and SP116 from 'Special', SP8, SP10, SP14, SP16, and SP34 from 'Derby', SP115, SP119, SP142, SP143, SP196, and SP199 from 'Bossanova', SP41, SP45, and SP114 from 'Fiesta', SP21 from 'Debora' and SP91 from 'Minipaprika' identified as elite inbred lines and these DH lines could be used for commercial hybrids production in sweet pepper. Genetic relationship among the selected inbred lines using molecular markers and their response to diseases are further recommended to study.
The Analgesic Effect and Mechanisms of Dianthus chinensis L Extract in the mice.
Park, Soo-Hyun ; Sim, Yun-Beom ; Lee, Jin-Koo ; Lim, Soon-Sung ; Kim, Jin-Kyu ; Suh, Hong-Won ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 513~518
In the present study, the antinociceptive profiles of Dianthus chinensis L extract were examined in ICR mice. Dianthus chinensis L extract administered orally (200 mg/kg) showed an antinociceptive effect as measured by the tail-flick and hot-plate tests. In addition, Dianthus chinensis L extract attenuated the writhing numbers in the acetic acid-induced writhing test. Furthermore, the cumulative nociceptive response time for intrathecal (i.t.) injection of substance P (
) was diminished by Dianthus chinensis L extract. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) pretreatment with yohimbine (
-adrenergic receptor antagonist) attenuated antinociceptive effect induced by Dianthus chinensis L extract in the writhing test. However, naloxone (opioid receptor antagonist) or methysergide (5-HT serotonergic receptor antagonist) did not affect antinociception induced by Dianthus chinensis L extract in the writhing test. Our results suggest that Dianthus chinensis L extract shows an antinociceptive property in various pain models. Furthermore, this antinociceptive effect of Dianthus chinensis L extract may be mediated by
-adrenergic receptor, but not opioidergic and serotonergic receptors.
Inhibitory Effect of Chlorogenic Acid on Low-Density Lipoprotein Oxidation Induced by Cu ion
Jeon, Eun-Raye ; Karki, Rajendra ; Kim, Dong-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 519~525
Chlorogenic acid, formed of an ester of caffeic acid and quinic acid, which is naturally abundant in many plant species, was used as a model O-dihydoxy phenolic compound. In the previous study, we have reported that the isolated constituent from Apocynum venetum leaves has an inhibitory effect on
-induced oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Among them, chlorogenic acid showed the most potent anti-LDL oxidative activity than other compounds. For the reason, we investigated the inhibitory effect of the chlorogenic acid on
-induced oxidative modification of LDL, monitored a lag time in the conjugated-diene formation and TBARS formation, and measured TNBS free amino acid group, and form cell formation in vitro system. The TBARS- and diene- formation were strongly inhibited by chlorogenic acid (
) with dose dependent manner. On the other hand, TNBS reactive lysine amino groups on LDL oxidation were protected by chlorogenic acid- treated cell group. Therefore, chlorogenic acid inhibited to cholesterol accumulation in the isolated peritoneal macrophage.
Effective Exon-Intron Structure Verification of a 1-Pyrroline-5-Carboxylate-Synthetase Gene from Halophytic Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Based on PCR, DNA Sequencing, and Alignment
Sun, Yan-Lin ; Hong, Soon-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 526~534
Genomes of clusters of related eukaryotes are now being sequenced at an increasing rate. In this paper, we developed an accurate, low-cost method for annotation of gene prediction and exon-intron structure. The gene prediction was adapted for delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-synthetase (p5cs) gene from China wild-type of the halophytic Leymus chinensis (Trin.), naturally adapted to highly-alkali soils. Due to complex adaptive mechanisms in halophytes, more attentions are being paid on the regulatory elements of stress adaptation in halophytes. P5CS encodes delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate-synthetase, a key regulatory enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of proline, that has direct correlation with proline accumulation in vivo and positive relationship with stress tolerance. Using analysis of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and PCR, and direct sequencing, 1076 base pairs (bp) of cDNA in length and 2396 bp of genomic DNA in length were obtained from direct sequencing results. Through gene prediction and exon-intron structure verification, the full-length of cDNA sequence was divided into eight parts, with seven parts of intron insertion. The average lengths of determinated coding regions and non-coding regions were 154.17 bp and 188.57 bp, respectively. Nearly all splice sites displayed GT as the donor sites at the 5' end of intron region, and 71.43% displayed AG as the acceptor sites at the 3' end of intron region. We conclude that this method is a cost-effective way for obtaining an experimentally verified genome annotation.
Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase Gene (NtPAL4) Induced by Abiotic Stresses in Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
Han, Woong ; Wang, Myeong-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 535~540
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), a key enzyme of the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway, is activated by a number of developmental and environmental cues. The coding region of the NtPAL4 gene was 2,154 bp in length, and its deduced protein was composed of 717 amino acids. Sequence analysis of NtPAL4 cDNA from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) revealed high structural similarity to PAL genes of other plant species. The NtPAL4 gene exists as a single copy in the tobacco plant, and its transcripts were strongly expressed in flowers and leaves. NtPAL4 expression was significantly induced in response to NaCl, mannitol, and cold treatments, but it was not induced by abscisic acid (ABA). NtPAL4 expression decreased gradually after treatment with ABA and
; however, NtPAL4 transcripts accumulated after treatment with methyl viologen (MV). Our results suggest that the NtPAL4 gene may function in response to abiotic stresses.
Intraspecific Morphological Characteristics and Genetic Diversity of Korean Calanthe
Cho, Dong-Hoon ; Chung, Mi-Young ; Jee, Sun-Ok ; Kim, Chang-Kil ; Chung, Jae-Dong ; Kim, Kyung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 541~549
The present study researched morphological characteristics and analyzed the genetic diversity by using RAPD in Calanthe species, native plant in Jeju, Korea. Twenty-six samples were selected by flower color, and 19 horticultural traits were investigated to study morphological characteristics. The C. discolor had the smallest leaf, the length and width of dorsal sepal, lateral sepal, petal, central lip, lateral lip, and flower stalk length were shortest and/or smallest except the spur and ovary length in Calanthe species, but those of Calanthe discolor for. sieboldii (Dence.) Ohwi (Calanthe discolor for. sieboldii) were the largest and/or biggest, and those of variants were the intermediate between C. discolor and C. discolor for. sieboldii, but spur length was the longest in C. discolor, the shortest in C. discolor for. sieboldii, and intermediate in the variants. Ovary length in C. discolor was shortest and C. discolor for. sieboldii and variants were similar with each other. The flower colors of C. discolor were brownish red, the value of CIE Lab was between 40 and 50. The flower color of C. discolor for. sieboldii was yellowish; the value of CIE Lab was between 110 and 130. And variants had various colors between 50 and 70 in the value of CIE Lab. After analyzing multiple band patterns of PCR products, 154 bands were selected as polymorphic RAPD markers. The analysis of Genetic distance of Calanthe species using RAPD showed that C. discolor and C. discolor for. sieboldii are more distant from each other than variants, and demonstrated the fact that genetic position of variants is between the other two species.
North Korean Research Institutes for Plant Resources and the Actual Conditions of Their Agricultural Usage
Lim, Sang-Cheol ; Kim, Wan-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 550~553
The representative research institutes in North Korea are the Academy of Science and the laboratories of major universities. The National Academy of Science consists of headquarters, Academy of Medicinal Science, Academy of Forestry Science, and Academy of Agricultural Science. Under the authority of the National Academy of Science, Central Information Agency for Science and Technology (CIAST) has built up a database system integrating all the science technology data to provide scientific and technological information. The major universities of North Korea include Kim Il-sung University, Kim Chaek University of Technology, Pyongyang Agricultural College, and Wonsan Agricultural College, and an agricultural college is situated in each province. Out of 3,860 plant species in North Korea, 158 species which amounts to approximately 4% of the total are rare and endangered, and deforestation is under a critical situation. The Oriental Medicine (Koryo Medicine) has been well developed using medicinal plants, and practical researches on biotic pesticide are largely conducted as an alternative to tackle the shortage of farming materials. Hereafter, a South-North joint research on the amount of plant resources and the methods of its conservation is needed and the North Korean research areas of biotic pesticide are worth adopting to the South Korean eco-friendly organic agriculture.