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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Evaluations on Deodorization Effect and Anti-oral Microbial Activity of Essential Oil from Pinus koraiensis
Hwang, Hyun Jung ; Yu, Jung-Sik ; Lee, Ha Yeon ; Kwon, Dong-Joo ; Han, Woong ; Heo, Seong-Il ; Kim, Sun Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.001
Essential oils of various plants have been known for potential biological effects such as antibacterial, antifungal, spasmolytic, antiplasmodial activities and insect-repellent property. Recently, the essential oils have attracted considerable interest in oral disease therapy. This essential oil has been known as being effective on easing sick house syndrome, giving forest aroma therapy effect and acting as repellent against pest. The essential oil of Pinus koraiensi, a native plant from Hongcheon-gun, Gangwon-do, was obtained by hydrodistillation. In light of its medicinal importance, in this study its composition, antibacterial activity and the reducing effect of offensive odor have been analyzed. The composition of essential oil was determined by GC and GC-MS. We have identified 14 compounds, of which 1R-
-pinene (19.38 %), 3-carene (10.21 %), camphene (9.82 %), limonene (9.00 %), bicyclo[2,2,1] heptan-2-ol (8.76 %) and
-phellandrene (7.98 %) were the main components. Essential oils from P. koraiensis, Chamaecyparis obtusa, Abies holophylla and Pinus densiflora were compared in terms of alleviating effect of malodors caused from formaldehyde, ammonia, trimethylamine and methylmercaptan. P. koraiensis essential oil was found to decrease the amounts of ammonia and trimethylamine by 75.17 % and 77.36 %, respectively. Antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, which were known as oral cavity inducer, was investigated using the paper disc agar diffusion method. The inhibition zone was observed against S. mutans (5.97 mm) and S. sobrinus (1.40 mm), respectively. P. koraiensis essential oil shown effective deodorization and inhibitory activity against oral cavity in this study might be potential material in oral sanitary industry.
Acute Oral Toxicity of Atractylodes macrocepala KOIDZ.
Choi, Hye-Kyung ; Roh, Hang-Sik ; Jeong, Ja-Young ; Ha, Hun-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.011
Atractylodes macrocepala KOIDZ. (AmK) is a herbal medicine and resources of functional food which has been used for the treatment of indigestion, anorexia, diarrhea and digestive dysfunction. Recently AmK is frequently used as resources of functional food and whitening cosmetics. In this study was carried out to evaluate the acute oral toxicity of Amk in Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats. male and female rats were administered orally with Amk extract of 1,000 mg/kg (low dosage group), 2,000 mg/kg (middle dosage group) and 4,000 mg/kg (high dosage group). We daily observed number of deaths, clinical signs and gross findings for 7 days. No dead SD rats and no clinical signs were found during the experiment period. Also other specific changes were not found between control and treated groups in hematology and serum biochemistry. But we found out feeble histopathological changes in liver fat tissues. In addition no significant changes of gross bady and individual organs weight. These results suggest that water soluble extract of AmK has not acute oral toxicity and oral
value was over 4,000 mg/kg in SD rats.
Inhibitory Effects of Gardenia jasminoides var. radicans Makino on HIV-1 Enzymes and Prediction of Inhibitory Factor by QSAR
Yu, Young-Beob ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 22~28
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.022
In this study, we conducted the anti-HIV-1 enzymes assay in vitro and its active components were predicted by QSAR in silico for the elucidation of action mechanism on anti-HIV of natural resources. The extracts of Gardenia jasminoides var. radicans Makino were tested for their inhibitory effects on the reverse transcriptase (RT), protease and
-glucosidase. In the enzyme inhibition assay, the methanol extracts of Gardenia jasminoides var. radicans Makino stem showed a strong activity of 32.5% on the enzyme activity to cleave an oligopeptide, resembling one of the cleavage sites in the viral polyprotein which can only be processed by HIV-1 protease. Moreover the methanol extracts of stem exhibited alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activities of 26.1%. The methanol extracts (
) of stem showed a weak activity of 13.4% on anti-HIV-1 RT using Enzyme Linked Oligonucleotide Sorbent Assay (ELOSA) method. However, all extracts of leaf and stem didn't exhibit the HIV-1-induced cytopathic effects with IC (inhibitory concentration) of
in HIV-1-infected human T-cell line. From these results, it is suggested that Gardenia jasminoides var. radicans Makino extracts may possibly be involved in the inhibition of reverse transcriptase, protease and alpha-glucosidase but can't vitally concerned with the viral replication in vitro.
Study on Biological Activities of Extracts for Cosmeceutical Development from Lagerstroemia indica L. Branch
Lee, Byung-Guen ; Kim, Jong-Hyeop ; Ham, Sang-Gyeong ; Lee, Chang-Eeon ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.029
The aim of the study was to examine the cosmetic and biological activity of Lagerstroemia indica L. and it is possible that can be used as a cosmetic ingredient for application of cosmetic industries. Lagerstroemia indica L. branch was extracted with 70% acetone in water. In the result of DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) scavenging radical activity, acetone extract of Lagerstroemia indica L. branch were higher than 73% at the 50 ppm concentration. ABTS radical cation decolorization activity by acetone extract were higher than 78% at the 50 ppm. Both examine of DPPH and ABTS showed high antioxidative activities at the 50 ppm. In the result of nitrite scavenging ability, acetone extract were higher than 63% at the 50 ppm. Collagenase inhibition activity by extract were higher than 85% at the 50 ppm. Extract is showed high collagenase inhibition more than comparison group EGCG at all concentration. These results suggest that Lagerstroemia indica L. has a great potential as a cosmeceutical raw material as well as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory and collagenase inhibition activity.
Composition of Amino Acids in Domestic and Foreign Garlic Cultivars
Kwon, Soon-Tae ; Chun, Ik Jo ; Marklez, Cody ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.035
Correlation and similarity of garlic cultivars was analyzed by measuring the composition of twenty amino acids contents in the bulb and callus from twelve garlic cultivars which were collected from Korea and foreign countries. Arginine and asparagine occupied more than 78% of total amino acids both in bulb and callus followed by glutamic acid, lysine, aspartic acid, valine, glycine, histidine and ornithine in order. Based on correlation coefficients of amino acid composition in the bulb, twelve garlic cultivars were classified into three major groups. Danyang, Euiseong, Seosan, Jeju, Mongol and Turkey cultivars belong to group-I, Namdo, China, Mexico and Nepal cultivars are in group-II, and group-III includes Philippine and Daeseo cultivars. Based on amino acid composition in callus, group-I includes Mongol, Euiseong, Danyang and Seosan cultivars, group-II includes Jeju, Daeseo, China and Namdo cultivars, group-III includes Napal, Mexico, Philippine and Turkey cultivars. Composition of amino acid contained in both callus and bulb is a clear standard to identify northern-type garlic cultivars. Especially the composition of amino acids in callus is more distinctive standard of classification between northern and southern type garlic cultivars than that in bulbs.
Medium Composition and Growth Regulator on Organogenesis Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. with Yellow Green Petals
Kwon, Soo Jeong ; Cho, Kab Yeon ; Kim, Hag Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.043
This study was carried out to determine the optimal medium composition and growth regulators for the micropropagation of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. Nodes containing yellow green petals were used as plant materials to execute the study. The best performance of adventitious root development was found in 1/4 strength of MS basal salt and the growth was satisfactory in the concentration of 1/2 MS medium. The best condition for adventitious root development and growth was observed in the higher concentration (5%) of sucrose and activated charcoal free 1/4MS medium respectively. Adventitious roots were developed at the controlled culture medium at pH 4.8 with a tendency of suppression with higher levels of pH. However, it was prevailed that the development and growth depended on the concentration of agar. The lower concentration of agar (0.4%) was performed better than that of higher concentration (1.2%), whereas the agar concentration (0.4%) showed the best performance for the development and growth of adventitious roots. For the development of shoots containing node, BA combined with IAA was more effective than kinetin with IAA or NAA. The highest shoot development (3.9 shoots per explant) was performed on MS medium supplemented with 0.1 mg/L BA and 0.5 mg/L IAA.
Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Regeneration from the Cotyledon Explants in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai)
Cho, Song Mi ; Oh, Sang A ; Choi, Yong Soo ; Park, Sang Bin ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.051
In this study, we developed a high frequency watermelon regeneration system using three breeding lines ('B02', 'B05' and 'D04') of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) which are differed in their fruits in shape, color of pericarp and flesh. The highest frequency of explants with callus was observed by using explants that consist of cotyledon proximal part end in all breeding lines, and the highest rate of callus induction was obtained on MS medium containing 1.0 mg/L BAP + 0.5 mg/L IAA for 'B02' (94%), 3.0 mg/L BAP for 'B05' (95%), 3.0 mg/L BAP + 0.1 mg/L IAA for 'D04' (90%). The highest shoot regeneration rates from derived callus were obtained on MS medium containing 1.0 mg/L BAP + 0.5 mg/L IAA for 'B05' (94%), and then a 'B02' (81%) with a same culture conditions, and the lowest regeneration was obtained on MS medium containing 1.0 mg/L BAP for 'D04' (56%). Regenerated plants showed the best rates of root formation on MS containing 0.1 mg/L IBA for 'B02' (67%), 0.1 mg/L NAA for 'B05' (87%), 0.5 mg/L IAA for 'D04' (88%). The regenerated plants showed a 100% survival rate in soil condition. The tissue culture and regeneration conditions obtained from this study will be useful for regenerating plants in breeding applications, and will be a useful tool for further genetic transformation studies on watermelons.
Separation of Reducing Sugars from Rape Stalk by Acid Hydrolysis and Fabrication of Fuel Pellets from its Residues
Yang, In ; Ahn, Byoung Jun ; Kim, Myeong-Yong ; Oh, Sei Chang ; Ahn, Sye Hee ; Choi, In-Gyu ; Kim, Yong-Hyun ; Han, Gyu-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 60~71
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.060
This study was conducted to identify the potential of rape stalk as a raw material for biorefinery process of rape flower. At first, rape stalk (RS) was immersed in distilled water (DW), acetic acid (AA), oxalic acid (OA), sulfuric acid (SA) and sodium hydroxide (SH) solutions, and the content of reducing sugars liberated from immersed RS was analyzed. Glucose, xylose, arabinose and sucrose were detected varying with the immersion type. In particular, 1% AA-immersion of RS for 72 hr was the most effective conditions to liberate glucose from RS. Secondly, the RS residues were used for elementary analysis and fabrication of fuel pellets. In addition to the solution type, concentration of immersion solutions (0%, 1%, 2%) and immersion time (24, 72, 120 hr) were used as experimental factors. The contents of nitrogen, sulfur and chlorine reduced effectively through the immersion of RS in DW, AA and OA solutions. For properties of RS-based pellets, bulk density and higher heating value of RS-based pellets greatly increased with the immersion of RS, and the qualities were much higher than those of the A-grade pellet of the EN standards. Ash content decreased remarkably through the immersion of RS, and was satisfied with the A-grade pellet standard. Durability was negatively affected by the immersion of RS, and did not reached to B-grade of the EN standard. In conclusion, acid immersion of RS can be a pretreatment method for the production of fuel pellet and bioethanol, but use of the immersed RS for the production of high-quality pellets might be restricted due to low durability of immersed-RS pellets. Therefore, further studies, such as investigation of detailed immersion conditions, fabrication of mixed pellets with wooden materials and addition of binders, are needed to resolve the problems.
Changes in Quality Characteristics of Peeled Chestnut 'Tsukuba' According to Storage Temperature and Peeling Method
Oh, Sung-Il ; Kim, Mahn-Jo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 72~79
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.072
This study was investigated the changes in quality of peeled chestnut according to peeling method, including abrasion and knife, and 3 kinds of storage temperatures. The weight loss rate of peeled chestnut during storage period was observed in all treatment groups, peeling methods showed no difference of the loss. However, the moisture content of peeled chestnut during storage in all treatments showed a tendency to decrease. Moisture content of the abrasion peeled chestnut in all treatments was higher than that of the knife peeled chestnut. In the case of a, b, and
value of peeled chestnut chromaticity increased during storage in all treatments, whereas, L values decreased during storage. But, browning of abrasion peeled chestnut was higher than that of the knife peeled chestnut. The hardness of the abrasion and knife peeled chestnuts were the highest in
storage, soluble solid content was decreased with storage time in all treatments, but showed a tendency to increase within 24 days. Palatability and texture of peeled chestnuts decreased in all treatments during storage period, 15 days after storage decreased rapidly. Thus, results showed that peeled chestnuts stored at
were rapidly decreased in the quality after 15 days, whereas, peeled chestnuts stored at
slowly decrease in the fruit quality. It can be recommended that chestnut in vacuum film is good to maintain at
storage for 15 days. Also, if we can reduce the browning of abrasion peeled chestnut, we will produce peeled chestnut of high quality.
Changes of Growth and Flowering Characteristics in Rapeseed Cultivars with Different Sowing Date
Lee, Tae Sung ; Lee, Yong Hwa ; Kim, Kwang Soo ; Lee, Hoo Kwan ; Jang, Young Seok ; Choi, In Hu ; Kim, Kwan Su ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 80~88
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.080
This study was carried out to understand the effect of sowing date on growth characteristics, flower duration of a total of 6 domestic rapeseed cultivars, "Sunmang", "Tammiyuchae", "Tamlayuchae", "Naehanyuchae", "Yongsanyuchae" and "Hallayuchae" with different sowing dates (25 Sept., 5 Oct., 15 Oct., 25 Oct., 5 Nov.) in Muan, Jeollanamdo, Republic of Korea. The results obtained were summarized as the follows: The number of seedling stand after overwintering was decreased in all 6 cultivars. It changed little until 5 Oct., and then showed continuously largely decrease as the sowing date being delayed. As the sowing date was being delayed, plant height was decreased while Silique length and thousand seed weight were increased. Seed yield in all 6 cultivars decreased almost linearly with late sowing date. In correlation analysis between the delaying sowing date and growth characteristics, it was inversely correlated with plant height (
), No. of branches/plant (
), No. of siliqua/panicle (
) and seed yield (
), while showed a positive correlation with silique length (r=0.635), seed diameter (
) and thousand grain weight (
). No. of seeds/silique and seed set percentage were not significantly correlated with the delaying sowing date. The flower duration was long in order of Sunmang, Tammiyuchae, Yongsanyuchae, Naehanyuchae, Hallayuchae and Tamlayuchae. Varietal variation of flowering date was larger with early sowing date than with delaying sowing date. The range of flower duration across all cultivars was from 1 day of Tamlayuchae to 14 days of Sunmang according to the sowing date, and the end flowering date was able to be extended from 2 to 9 days, compared to normal date of end flowering.
Mutivariate Analysis on Quantitative Characteristics of Prunus mume
Choi, Gab Lim ; Hyun, Kyu-Hwan ; Shin, Dong Young ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 89~94
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.089
Varietal distances were measured by Mahalanobis's
statistics in 190 possible comparisons among twenty varieties of Prunus mume with twelve characters such as seed weight, length, width, and diameter, fruit weight, and number of sepals, petals, pistils, and stigmas, and leaf length and width. A complete linkage cluster analysis based on the Mahalanobis's distance (
) was attempt. Twenty varieties of Prunus mume were largely classified into five subgroups. Group I, II, III, IV and V included two, four, five, five and four varieties, respectively. Most of the varietal groups were not associated with their geographical origins. Number of stigmas, and leaf length and width among the twelve characters were the largest contributors to the
in both intra-and inter groups.
Growth Pattern and Phenology of Mankyua chejuense B.Y. Sun, M.H. Kim & C.H. Kim
Hyun, Hwa-Ja ; Moon, Myung-Ok ; Choi, Hyung-Soon ; Kim, Chan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 95~101
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.095
This study was conducted to analyze the pattern of growth and phenological characteristics of Mankyua chejuense B.-Y. Sun, M.H. Kim & C.H. Kim, which belong to the Ophioglossaceae family. M. chejuense asexually reproduced using rhizomes, and a clone of the species grew up to 52 cm based on root growth and new leaves was produced from rhizomes. The development of leaves were divided into four stages; leaf emergence-separation and growth of leaf-sporophyll maturation-senescence. Most leaves emerged in July and August with high temperatures and precipitation and most leaves reached full expansion during September-October and died during April-May next year. The life span of leave was 10 months, from July to April, and the start of leaf senescence varied depending on the habitat environment and this might result from micro environmental differences among the habitats.
Effects of Diffused Light Materials on Marketable Yield and Quality of Sunlight Dried Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in Plastic Film House
Lee, Guang-Jae ; Song, Myung-Gyu ; Kim, Si-Dong ; Nam, Sang-Young ; Lee, Ki-Yeol ; Kim, Tae-Jung ; Kim, Dong-Eok ; Yoon, Jung-Beom ; Choi, Kyu-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 27, issue 1, 2014, Pages 102~109
DOI : 10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.1.102
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of diffused light materials on marketable yield and quality of sunlight dried red pepper in plastic film house. The after ripening methods were composed of 3 treatments; using electric bulk dryer (Bulk), sealing house (House), and PE sealing. The diffused light materials were control, tent, shading 35% (Shading net), white polypropylene (PP (white)), and black polypropylene (PP (Black)). The marketable yield was high in order of Bulk as 300 g, House as 275 g, and PE sealing as 112 g. The redness of PE sealing was the highest as 17.85 and that of Bulk was the lowest as 10.65. There was significant difference in redness among the treatments. The moisture content of red pepper was the most rapidly reduced in control, and was the most slowly reduced in Shading net treatment. The marketable yield index was the higher in PP (white) as 114% than control. The redness had a significant difference in PP (Black) and tent compared to the other treatments. The capsaicin content showed the highest as
in PP (white) treatment. Conclusively, the most effective method for sunlight drying red pepper was House with PP (White) treatment. It delayed drying for 2 days but increased marketable yield at 114% than control when sunlight dried red pepper in plastic house. Our results also provided an optimized method for improvement of drying red pepper with sunlight, and will be useful for further drying red pepper research.