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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Plant Resources
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Plant Resources Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 1995
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 1995
Volume 8, Issue 1 - May 1995
Selecting the target year
The effect of growth substance and stem hardness on rooting of mature aloe plant
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 217~222
Experiments were conducted to study the effect of IBA, mineral stone and stem hardness on rooting characteristics in mature Aloe vera plant. The rooting ability in matured Aloe vera was of highly significance when the amount of IBA treatment was increased to 5.000mg/l. The treatment of IBA 5.000mg/l, together with mineral stone(v/w 1.5 times), gave more root number, the length and the dry weight of root were, also, higher in semihard wood cutting than soft wood cutting in matured Aloe vera.
Comparative studies on the Hanabusaya asiatica and its allied groups 1. External morphology and anatomical characters
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 223~235
Comparative studies on external morphology and anatomical characters were conducted understand the interspecific relationships and possibly to identify the position of Hanabusaya asiatica as an endemic genus among 4 genera and 9 species in H. asiatica and its allied groups. Such morphological characteristics as root shape, leaf size, presence or absence of wings in petiole, corolla and calyx shape, and inflorescence and stigma shape were useful qualitative characters. The morphology of stem, peduncle, calyx lobe, leaf, petiole, and ovary were also good characters to be included in this identification study. In the anatomical observations in these organs, projecting degree of epidermis and number of projecting area rather than cross-sectioned internal structures were found to be valuable index for the classification among species. External morphology and anatomical characters support the position of H. asiatica as an endemic genus very well. Known as the most important external characters to taxonomists(Fedorov, 1957: Nakai, 1952: Hong, 1983), leaf arrangement, inflorescence, and corolla shape were also preven to be very useful characters to identify the genera and species in the H. asiatica and its allied groups.
Ultrastructural Characteristics of Developmental Stages During in vitro Regeneration in Citrus junos SIEB.
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 237~246
In this study, the callus was induced and regenerated from the immature embryo and ultrastructural characteristics of developmental stages in Citrus junos SIEB, were investigated. The yellowish callus was induced by 5 to 6 week of culture of citrus. In proliferation callus after 6 weeks of culture, large vacuole was formed by fusion between adjacent small ones. In the non-embryogenic callus cultured for 12weeks, re-differentiated cells of callus showed the large nucleus with globular nucleus and amyloplast with large size of starches. In the embryogenic callus cltured for 14-16 weeks, the active exocytosis occurred in cells, secretory vesicles appeared on cell membrane and small particles from cytoplasm were released to intercelluar space. In the embryogenic callus cultured for 24 weeks, a sperical type of chloroplast bounded on cytoplasm by double membrane and typical grana was dispersed equally among matrix. In the normal plantlet after 26 weeks of culture, a lot of vessels and companion cells apperaed in the leaf cell of plantlet. In the normal plantlet after 30 weeks of culture, the immature leaf showed many small companion cells, sieve tubes and central vacuole. Also, the secondary vacuole protruded into the central vacuole and elongated chloroplasts near plasma membrane. In the matured plant habituated on the soil, palisada tissue composed of orderly arranged cells contained the nucleus in the center of the cell and large vacuoles on either side of the nucleus.
The Effect of The Planting Time of Mother bulb and Mulching Materials for The Seed Production of Onion (Allium cepa L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 247~252
This study examines the effects of the planting time of mother bulb and mulching materials for the seed production of onion on the amount of seed production, and the following results are obtained : Growth, bolting rate, flowering rate, floret numbers per scape and fertilization rate are best in the case of the seed production under transparent vinyl mulching between Sept. 10 and Sept. 25, and seed yield per plant and seed yield per 10a are increased in the case of the seed production under transparent vinyl mulching between Sept. 10 and Sept. 25, so it is found that it is appropriate to plant the onion mother bulb under the transparent vinyl mulching between Sept. 10 and Sept. 25 in the southern areas of Korea.
Notes on the Korean Higher Fungi (X I)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 253~258
Many higher fungi were collected at. Mt. Manduck, Chonju city, Mt. Naejang National Park. Mt. Balwang and Wolchul National Park. These species were identified. According to the results, Hygrocybe marchii, Hydropus floccipes, Lepiota hystrix, Entoloma cinchonense and E. hypoporhryum E. mellum were newly to Korea.
Changes in Components of Ume Fruit during Development and Maturation
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 259~264
To elucidate the effect on the quality of products, various components of ume fruit(Prunus mume)flesh of six species during development and maturation. The weigh and the rate of flesh of ume fruit was increased until maturation, except of small ume. The relative hardness of ume fruit flesh was 2.5~3.9 Kg and decreased at full ripe. The major organic acids of ume fruit flesh was citric acid and malic acid. Citric acid became increased, but malic acid was decreased during maturation and total content of that was increased during maturation Free sugars determined from the ume fruit flesh were fructose, glucose, sucrose. Ascorbic acid content was
in the ume fruit flesh. The contents of K and Ca were abundant minerals in ume fruit flesh.
Physiological Study for Dense Planting and Early High Yielding Potential of New Korean Dwarf Yuzu (Citrus junos Sieb. Ex Tanaka)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 265~274
Characteristics of vegetative spur leaf, spur bud, fruiting supr leaf and flowering in relation to canopy position was investigated on order to promote better spur bud and flower bud differentiation on Citrus junos. There was no difference in vegetative spur leaf characteristics among directions. Vegetative spur leaf number and leaf area showed no difference between top and bottom position. There was no difference in spur bud size among directions, but spur bud at top was larger than that at bottom. Specific leaf weight of vegetative spur was mostly influenced by light interception, and leaf dry weight per spur average leaf dry weight, spur bud length and diameter had also a very high correlation with light interception rate. Shading and GA treatment in spur bud and flower bud differentiation was ineffective than natural light. Fruit thinning enhanced fruit quality as well as flower bud differentiation through an increase of leaf number per fruit, over 40 in Citrus junos.
Effect of Liver Protection of Garlic on Acute Liver Damage Caused by Carbon tetrachloride
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 275~280
To determine the effect of garlic on acute liver damage caused by
, the values of GOT, GPT, LDH in blood were measured. GOT, GPT, LDH values from mouse treated 2,000mg/kg garlic substance powder were significantly lower than disitlled mouse(positive treatment) after distilled water ingestion only showed big death, but 2,000mg/kg garlic powder treated mouse rarely showed death of liver tissue.
Studies on Utilization of Medicinal Herbs as Vegetable by Hydroponics 3. Component Analysis of Medicinal Herbs as Vegetable
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 281~286
In order to get basic information for utilization of yong leabes of medicinal herbs as vegetable, 7 species leaves of medicinal herbs were analyzed. The moisture content in 6 species leaves were 79.74 to 85.97%. The raw protein content were about 2% except Angelica gigas (1.12%) and Peucedanum japonica (1.27%). The raw fat were 0.96 to 1.36%, the raw fiber were 1.8 to 3.9% and the raw ash were 1.58 to 2.79%. There content of medicinal herbs were similar to general vegetables. The K contents were the highest among the medical components in all samples. The total contents of amino acid in Aralza elata was 965mg%, Scutellaria baicalensis 930mg%, Aralia cordata 879mg%, Angelica acutiloba 851mg%, Agastache rugosa 747mg%, and Peucedanum japonica 615mg%, Aspartic acid and glutamic acid in amino acid were generally the highest but methionine and cystine the lowest.
Analysis of Stability for Yield and Yield Components in Cotton Varieties
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 287~296
Stability of yield and yield components in 6 cotton cultivars were evaluated using data from the regional yield trials at two sites from 1987 to 1990. Genotype-environment interactions were analyzed by the modified model of Eberhart and Russell. The results revealed that Mokpo 7, which had many effective number of bearing branches and capsule, was the most stable high yielding variety over a wide range of environmental variations. bearing branches and capsule, was the most stable high yielding variety over a wide range of environmental variations.
Mechanization for Labor Saving in Harvesting of Potatoes (Solamum Tuberosum L.)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 297~302
The experiment is conducted to reduce the labor and production cost with the labor save of harvest if cultivating the potatoes using the machine and the results are as follows. On labor saving effect in transparent vinyl mulching, digging working hours per 10a in the case of using tractor are 60 min., fixing + turning time is 5 min. and 30sec., the time of harvest is 65 min and 30sec., digging working hours using cultivator are 99 min. and fixing +turning time is 5 min. and 30sec., but the time of hand harvesting is 990 min. and in digging labor saving effect, tractor shows 94% in the harvesting period and harvest by cultivator 90%. On non mulching cases, the harvest by tractor takes 49 min. and 30 sec. and that by cultivator does 87 min. and 30 sec., and digging labor saving effect shows 94% in the tractor harvest and 90% in the cultivator harvest. Therefore, on the operation efficiency per hour, in the case of tractor with digger vinyl mulching and non mulching show,
and in the case of cultivator with digger both show
, so in the mechanized harvest of potatoes, the harvest by tractor with digger is the best. On the cost and labor save for harvesting the potatoes with labor saving effect, tractor shows 19 hours and 20 min./10a in vinyl mulching and 19 hours. and 54 min./10a in non mulching, so it shows the short hours for harvesting. And labor saving effect shows
in comparison with 35 hours and 21 min.
hours and 23 min.(
won) of the hand harvest, so the cost was reduced to
won. On the cultivator with diggers, vinyl mulching takes 19 hours and 55 min. and non mulching 19 hours and 38 min., so the labor saving effect and cost were reduced to
won) in comparison with the hand harvest.
Comparative studies on the Hanabusaya asiatica and its allied groups 2. Ultrastructure of epidermis, Palynological characters and Isoyme pat
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 303~318
Microscopic structures of epidermis and palynology and isozyme analysis were examined to find out the intergeneric and interspecific relationships and consequently to confirm the position of Hanabusaya aiatica as an endemic genus among 4 genera and 9 species belonging to the Hanabusaya asiatica, Korean endemic, and its allied groups. In the examination of microscopic structures of epidermis, cell patterns of perianth and ultrastructure of seed coat were found to be useful characters for the identification of the 4 genera and 9 species. Palynological characters such as microscopic structure and overall morphology of pollen grains were, however, not enough to distinguish them because of the great variabilities in these traits. Isozyme analysis showed that H. asiatica was very closly related to Campanula punctata and C. takesimana, though there were variations among populations and collected areas in some classified groups, depending on classified groups. Based on these results, the position of H. asiatica as an endemic genus was well confirmed.
Effect of Garlic Powder of Mouse on the Stamina Improvement
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 319~324
The effect of garlic powder were investigated on health of stamina through mouse test. The swimming time of mouse was measured to determine the effect of garlic powder on stamina. When 2,000 and 200mg/kg of garlic were treated to mouse, swimming times were
, respectively. Those time were significantly longer than untreated control mouse which showed
of swimming time.
Morphological, Physiological andd Biochemical Characteristics of Early Senescence Mutant in Rice (Oryza sativa L)
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 325~334
The early senescence mutant induced from Gihobyeo by
irradiation was determined. The mutated gene expression was identified with comparing the characteristic of original cultivar. The mutant had so similar the morphological characteristics to original cultivar that it couldn't be distinguished until senescence occurred at about 20 days after heading. Suddenly yellow leaves were observed within a few days due to great decreases in total chlorophyll and various carotenoid contents. Transmission electron microscopy showed the formation of starch granules, distortion of fine structure of leaf cell organelles, especially grana structures, and the decrease in grain filled after senescence occurred. But banding patterns of total proteins and isozymes have not show any differences, The early senescence mutant will be very useful for study material not only on physiological and biochemical properties of plant senescence but also on gene expression regulating senescence which gives great influence on yield potential and its stability.
Basic Research of Development for Food of Seedling in Some Plants
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 335~339
This experiments were carried out to develop for food in some plants seeding. Plant materials were Raphanus sativus, Perilla frutescens var. acuta, Perilla frutescens var. japonica, Scutellaria baicalensis, Angelica dahurica, Angelica gigas, Ligusticum acutilobum, Peucedanum japonicum, Platycodon grandiflorum, Codonopsis lanceolata, Allium monanthum and Fagopyrum esculentum. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; germination rate was the highest in Raphanus sativus and germination vigor was excellent in Perilla frutescens var. acuta Total overall acceptability was the best in Perilla frutescens var. acuta
Antitumor Substances from Higher Plants in Asian Region
Hideji Itokawa ; Koichi Takeya ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 341~364
In this review, we summarize the isolation, structural determination, antitumor activity of substances from higher plants which were collected in Asian region.
International Symposium on the Development of Anti Cancer Resources From Plants
Takeya, Koichi ;
Korean Journal of Plant Resources, volume 8, issue 3, 1995, Pages 365~371