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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Species Research
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Journal DOI :
The National Institute of Biological Resources
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Aug 2012
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
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On Schmarda's lost earthworm and some newly found New Zealand species (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Lumbricidae, Acanthodrilidae, Octochaetidae, & Megascolecidae s. stricto)
Blakemore, Robert J. ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 105~132
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.105
The saga of Megascolides orthostichon (Schmarda, 1861)-the first native worm described from Australasia-continues as its type-locality is unequivocally returned from Hobart, Tasmania to Mt Wellington, Auckland where a brief survey failed to unearth it. Since it has not been seen for 150 yrs, it may qualify under NZTCS or IUCN classification as 'Nationally Critical' if not 'Extinct'. New reports are for exotic Megascolecidae Anisochaeta kiwi sp. nov. and A. kiwi mihi sub-sp. nov. plus addition to the NZ faunal list of Australian Anisochaeta macleayi (Fletcher, 1889) that, due to its wide distribution in Australia and now New Zealand, may be a candidate model-species suitably resilient for eco-toxicological culture and monitoring. For holarctic Lumbricidae, new records are of Dendrobaena attemsi (Michaelsen, 1903) and the Murchieona muldali (Omodeo, 1956) morph or subspecies of M. minuscula (Rosa, 1906), neither lumbricid previously uncovered in Asia/Australasia. Also found for the first time outside its East Asian homeland is Eisenia japonica (Michaelsen, 1892) (which is compared to Japanese E. japonica hiramoto sub-sp. nov. and to E. anzac Blakemore, 2011). Records of these exotics plus recent new native species described by the author-including two, Rhododrilus mangamingi and Deinodrilus orcus spp. novae, herein-raise the numbers of megadriles known from New Zealand to 228 (sub-)species in five families. Preliminary mtDNA COI sequence barcodes are presented. Genus Tokea Benham, 1904 is revived on its lack of dorsal pores, losing or gaining some species with Megascolides M'Coy, 1878. An updated checklist of all 228 New Zealand taxa is appended.
New earthworm species from NIBR's Jeju-do biosphere compared to historical and new Japanese types (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Megascolecidae)
Blakemore, Robert J. ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 133~150
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.133
Amynthas tralfamadore sp. nov. is described from the Mt Halla, Jeju Island biosphere exhibition housed at NIBR Incheon. This species' taxonomy is problematical since it is similar to Amynthas masatakae (Beddard, 1892) from Japan, itself previously reported from Korea and at one time associated with Amynthas campestris (Goto & Hatai, 1898) and A. parvicystis (Goto & Hatai, 1899), all three variously implicated in prior A. robustus (Perrier, 1872) along with Amynthas aspergillum (Perrier, 1872). Based on reinspection of the London lectotype of A. masatakae-here designated and sketched for the first time-the current solution is for maintenance of all five taxa separately. A closely-related Japanese species-Metaphire ryunome sp. nov.-is comparable to Korean Metaphire reisuiensis (Kobayashi, 1938) comb. nov. Another specimen was identified as Amynthas micronarius (Goto & Hatai, 1898), a new record for Korea. It matches the newly-designated neotype (Tokyo NMST An446) and an annotated synonymy is provided; however, erstwhile synonyms, Amynthas shimaensis (Goto & Hatai, 1899) and A. yamizoyamensis (Ohfuchi, 1935) combs. novae, are briefly redescribed and provisionally restored to the Japanese list. mtDNA COI-5P barcode analyses support species identifications.
Spiders from Oksunbong in Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea
Im, Moon-Soon ; Lee, Sue-Yeon ; Jung, Jong-Kook ; Koo, Han-Mo ; Yoo, Jung-Sun ; Kim, Seung-Tae ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 151~155
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.151
Spider fauna of Oksunbong located in Jecheon City, Chungcheongbuk-do, was surveyed provisionally from May to September in 1998. A total of 58 species of 40 genera in 18 families from 301 individuals of spiders were identified. Species richness of each family, there were 10 Araneid species (17.2%), followed by 9 Theridiid species (15.5%), and 8 Tetergnathid speices (13.8%). Zoogeographically, spider fauna of Oksunbong represented 1 cosmopolitan species (1.7%), 2 holarctic region species (3.4%), and 7 palearctic region species (12.1%). However, Korean endemic species were not collected during this survey. Thus it is suggested that spider fauna of Oksunbong was under northern regional influence.
A new cyclopoid copepod from Korean subterranean waters reveals an interesting connection with the Central Asian fauna (Crustacea: Copepoda: Cyclopoida)
Karanovic, Tomislav ; Yoo, Hyunsu ; Lee, Wonchoel ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 156~174
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.156
Monchenkocyclops gen. nov. was erected to accommodate M. changi sp. nov. from South Korea (type species), M. mirabdullayevi sp. nov. from Kazakhstan, M. biarticulatus (Monchenko, 1972) comb. nov. from Uzbekistan, and M. biwensis (Ishida, 2005) comb. nov. from Japan. The latter species was originally described from surface-water habitats of the ancient Lake Biwa in the genus Diacyclops Kiefer, 1927, while two Central Asian species were previously collected from groundwater habitats and assigned to the genus Acanthocyclops Kiefer, 1927. Monchenkocyclops changi is also found in subterranean waters, and described here in detail. It is morphologically most similar to its Uzbek congener (not to the Japanese one), which rises some interesting zoogeographical questions about the disjunct distribution of this genus. Range fragmentation is a more plausible explanation for this distribution pattern than range expansion, and we emphasize four lines of evidence that support this hypothesis. Four species of Monchenkocyclops share not only the same segmentation of the swimming legs, but also the exact same armature formula of all swimming legs, in addition to many other morphological characters, such as the caudal rami shape and armature, absence of exopod on the antenna, similar shape of the seminal receptacle, fifth leg, etc. They can be distinguished mostly by the relative length of different armature elements, such as the innermost terminal caudal setae, and inner setae and apical spines on the third endopodal segment of the fourth leg. A dichotomous key to species is provided.
Sea lice (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Caligidae) new to Korea, including three new species
Moon, Seong Yong ; Kim, Il-Hoi ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 175~217
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.175
Thirteen species of sea lice (Copepoda, Caligidae) are described as parasites of marine fishes from Korea including three new species such as Pseudocaligus longipes n. sp. from Siganus fuscesens (Houttuyn), Lepeophtheirus tamladus n. sp. from Sebastes inermis Cuvier, and Lepeophtheirus gusevi n. sp. from Sebasetes schlegeli Hilgendorf. Remaining ten species are new to Korea: Caligus elongatus Nordmann, 1832; C. equulae Ho and Lin, 2003; C. fistulariae Yamaguti, 1936; C. laticaudus Shiino, 1960; C. rotundigenitalis Y
, 1933; Metacaligus uruguayensis (Thomsen, 1949); Lepeophtheirus atypicus Lin, Ho and Chen, 1996; L. parvulus Shiino, 1952; Anuretes quadrilaterus Shiino, 1954; and Pseudanuretes chaetodontis Yamaguti, 1936.
Unrecorded liverwort species from Korean flora II
Choi, Seung Se ; Bakalin, Vadim A. ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Sun, Byung-Yun ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 218~223
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.218
While preparing a floristic study of Korean hepatics, we discovered four unrecorded species collected from Mt. Geumo, Donggang river, Mt. Deokhang, and Mt. Naebyeon in Korea. Plagiochila shangaica Steph., Porella stephaniana (C. Massal.) S. Hatt., Porella chinensis (Steph.) S. Hatt., Solenostoma horikawanum (Amakawa) V
a, Hentschel & J. Heinrichs are reported for the first time in Korea here.
Genetic diversity assessment of Aconitum coreanum (H. Lév.) Rapaics (Ranunculaceae), an endangered plant species in Korea, using microsatellite markers
Won, Hyosig ; Yun, Young-Eun ; Kwak, Myounghai ; Han, Jeong Eun ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 224~231
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.224
To assess the genetic diversity of Aconitum coreanum (Ranunculaceae) populations in Korea, we have amplified and sequenced eight organellar marker regions, and developed and analyzed microsatellite markers. No sequence variation was detected from the eight organellar markers. Ten microsatellites were developed using Next Generation Sequencing and two microsatellite markers, AK_CA03 and AK_CT07, were identified polymorphic and applied for 143 individuals of twelve A. coreanum populations. Four and five alleles were detected for the two microsatellite loci, respectively, and number of migrants (
) was estimated as 1.12586. Two microsatellite marker loci showed
of 0.205 and 0.275, respectively. The heterozygosity deficit, low level of among-population differentiation, small size of gene flow, and lack of sequence variation of the organellar markers suggest that A. coreanum is reproductively isolated from other Aconitum species and there has been continuous gene flow among the populations of A. coreanum or it has dispersed relatively recently after speciation. Though population pairwise
's presented significant geographic structure, further sampling and study will be necessary to confirm this.
Taxonomic review of the umbelliferous taxa Heracleum moellendorffii complex in Korea based on molecular phylogenies of nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences
Lee, Byoung Yoon ; Lim, Chae Eun ; Yun, Jong-Hak ; Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Sun-Yu ; Han, Jeong Eun ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 232~239
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.232
Taxonomy of umbelliferous taxa Heracleum moellendorffii complex has been unclear in their species delimitation in the far-eastern Asian regions. In both Korea and China Heracleum moellendorffii was adopted for their description while H. sphondylium was chosen to describe Japanese Heracleum. From Genbank accessions, taxa collected from Kamtchatka and Promorskiy, Russia were defined as H. maximum, endemic taxon to North America. In this study, we reviewed the taxonomy of Heracleum moellendorffii complex in Korea and neighboring countries on the basis of molecular phylogenies derived from sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions. From three Korean accessions of Heracleum investigated in this study, two types of ITS sequences were obtained; two accessions were related to Chinese H. moellendorffii var. moellendorffii and North American H. maximum without forming a clade while the other one was identical to accession from H. maximum from Primorskiy, Russia. In the other hand, Japanese H. moellendorffii (=H. sphondylium ssp. sphondylium var. nipponicum in the flora of Japan) was closely related to H. maximum accessions from Korea and Russia, not nested within the clade comprising several subspecies of H. sphondylium. In order to delimit species boundaries among putatively closely related Heracleum species in fareastern Asian countries, more samples and much more rapidly evolved DNA regions must be investigated with interpretation of morphological and anatomical features.
Testing microsatellite loci and preliminary genetic study for Eurasian otter in South Korea
Jo, Yeong-Seok ; Won, Chang-Man ; Jung, Jongwoo ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 240~248
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.240
We used a non-invasive technique with microsatellite primers to investigate genetic variation among Eurasian otters Lutra lutra in eastern South Korea. We collected twenty two otter spraints in January and six in August 2008. We used spraints from five dead otters from five different river systems for the present genetic analysis. We extracted DNA from 20 spraints from the January sample. Ten microsatellite primers (Lut435, Lut453, Lut457, Lut604, Lut615, Lut701, Lut715, Lut717, Lut733, and Lut832) for Eurasian otters were tested, and four loci were successfully amplified for further analyses. The results of genotyping the otter population with microsatellite loci lead to the identification of 9 individuals from the Ungokcheon Stream. The Ungokcheon population also showed a genetic structure represented by the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
Current status of terrestrial mammals on Jeju Island
Jo, Yeong-Seok ; Kim, Tae-Wook ; Choi, Byeong-Jin ; Oh, Hong-Shik ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 249~256
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.249
Located 60 km from southern tip of Korean peninsula, Jeju is the largest Island in Korea and composed of volcanic habitat. Twenty-eight species of terrestrial mammals are listed from Jeju Island, of which 1 species and 3 subspecies are endemic. Also, 1 endangered species and 4 invasive alien species of land mammals are listed. Current status, brief history, management and conservation of the 28 species are discussed.
Study on the correlation links between parameters of weather conditions and indicators of seed productivity of plants of spring wheat (Tr. aestivum L.) in Irkutsk region
Takalandze, Gennady Ordenovich ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 1, issue 2, 2012, Pages 257~261
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2012.1.2.257
In Irkutsk region the plants of spring wheat (Tr. aestivum) grow in three agro-ecological zones: steppe, forest-steppe and subtaiga. Due to this reason, the paper determines the coefficients of correlation between the indicators field germination of seeds, plant safety, productivity, temperature and moisture content of the plant habitat for each zone. The zonal moisture saving features of soil treatment for growing wheat plants (Tr. aestivum) are discussed on the basis of these data.