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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Species Research
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Journal DOI :
The National Institute of Biological Resources
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Aug 2013
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
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Megascolex (Perichaeta) diffringens Baird, 1869 and Pheretima pingi Stephenson, 1925 types compared to the Amynthas corticis (Kinberg, 1867) and A. carnosus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) species-groups (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Megascolecidae)
Blakemore, Robert J. ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 99~126
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.099
Amynthas diffringens (Baird, 1869) is deemed valid yet comparable to A. corticis (Kinberg, 1867) and to A. nipponicus (Beddard, 1893) or A. peregrinus (Fletcher, 1896). Its syntypes tend to more genital markings than usual as shown for variable specimens from Japan, Korea, and Australasia that comply genetically with either of two A. corticis spp. groups. A. diffringens type-locality was UK hothouses yet closest specimens appear in part of A. heteropodus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) (=A. corticis) from Japan. Japanese Amynthas divergens (Michaelsen, 1892) is restored based on its serrate intestinal caeca. Meanwhile, the lectotype of Amynthas pingi (Stephenson, 1925) is deemed a synonym of A. carnosus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) compliant with Kobayashi's (1936) types III & II. Erstwhile A. pingi synonym A. fornicatus (Gates, 1925) is again included, but A. hongkongensis (Michaelsen, 1910) and A. chungkingensis (Chen, 1936) are provisionally retained whilst A. carnosa lichuanensis Wang & Qiu, 2005 is given separate species status. A new Korean taxon is proposed as A. carnosus naribunji sub-sp. nov. and two replacement names are provided: A. zhuya nom. nov. for homonym A. montanus Qiu & Sun, 2012 from Hainan and A. yizhou for A. carnosus sensu Shen et al., 2005 from Taiwan. No attempt is made to fully resolve numerous Japanese synonyms of A. carnosus [eg Ishizuka's (2001) invista, subterranea, subalpina, umbrosa, mutabilis, nubicola, plus A. nonmonticolus Blakemore, 2010] nor Korean synonyms [eg kyamikia Kobayashi, 1934, monstrifera Kobayashi, 1936 and murayamai Kobayashi, 1938, sangyeoli, youngtai (with segments miscounted), kimhaeiensis, sinsiensis and baemsagolensis - all names by Hong & James (2001) plus ?A. sangumburi Hong & Kim, 2002 (its segments miscounted too)] also A. fuscus Qiu & Sun, 2012 from Hainan and Taiwanese monsoonus James et al., 2005 plus A. penpuensis Shen et al., 2003 and A. taiwumontis Shen et al., 2013 syns. nov.. All synonyms remain in the currently defined A. carnosus pending full revisons although several may eventually comply with parts of prior A. corticis s. lato.
Survey of Busan Oligochaeta earthworms supported by DNA barcodes
Blakemore, Robert J. ; Lee, Seunghan ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 127~144
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.127
An earthworm survey of Busan metropolitan area unearthed a dozen taxa in four families (including Enchytraeidae). Members of mostly common, cosmopolitan earthworm species-complexes were: Drawida cf. koreana Kobayashi, 1938, Amynthas cf. corticis (Kinberg, 1867), Aporrectodea trapezoides (Dug
s, 1828) and Eisenia fetida (Savigny, 1826). Also found were Amynthas hupeiensis (Michaelsen, 1895), A. masatakae (Beddard, 1892) and Metaphire ryunome Blakemore, 2012 - the latter a new Korean record. New taxa are: moniligastrid Drawida songae yeongdo subsp. n.; megascolecid Amynthas carnosus roki subsp. n. which is compared to nominal taxon A. carnosus (Goto and Hatai, 1899) from Japan, to A. carnosus monstriferus (Kobayashi, 1936) stat. n. from Korea and to A. lichuanensis Wang and Qiu, 2005 stat. n. from China; plus lumbricid Eisenia japonica vaga subsp. n. deemed an objectively-based molecular taxon on its unique DNA COI gene barcode. Restoration of Eisenia xanthurus (Templeton, 1836) for E. andrei is mooted (in Appendix).
Earicandona, new genus and the first record of Typhlocypris pratensis (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from South Korea
Karanovic, Ivana ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 145~158
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.145
Candoninae is the most diverse group of freshwater ostracods with over 300 living species described from all around the world. However, only 11 species have been reported from South Korea. Considering abundant freshwater ecosystems here this number is very low. It is no wonder that newly collected samples of freshwater meiofauna often contain Candoninae ostracods which are new records for South Korea, or new taxa. Earicandona mounchyon gen. nov. sp. nov. and Typhlocypris (Pseudocandona) pratensis (Hartwig, 1901) were collected from two open freshwater bodies in Gangwon-do, and Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea. The new genus is most closely related to the breuili-group of Fabaeformiscandona Krstic, 1972. The most important apomorphic character of the new genus is a hemipenis with a poorly sclerified lobe "g", and prehensile palps with more rounded dorsal margins. Beside the new species, Earicandona contains only E. okuboi (Smith & Janz, 2008) comb. nov. from Lake Biwa. This species was originally described in Fabaeformiscandona, fabaeformis-group. They differ mostly in the morphology of the shell, but also some details of soft body, including the more pronounced genital process in the Korean species. Typhlocypris pratensis was so far known from Europe and this finding significantly broadens its area of distribution. Both Typhlocypris and Earicandona belong to the tribe Candonini and the key to the genera of this tribe is also presented here.
Spatial heterogeneity in macroinvertebrate density from Lake Hövsgöl, Mongolia
Hayford, Barbara ; Goulden, Clyde ; Boldgiv, Bazartseren ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 159~166
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.159
Typical of large, oligotrophic lakes, Lake H
l, Mongolia, exhibits complex morphometry which should support a spatially heterogeneous community of benthic macroinvertrates. The lake also exhibits a broad range of land uses. Based on the variation in land use and complex physical habitat of the lake (e.g. substrate variation and presence of affluent streams in bays), we asked two questions. First, does density of total benthic macroinvertebrates vary between different bays in Lake H
l? Second, does density of individual benthic taxa vary by bay? Samples collected in 1997, the last year for benthic sampling of the lake, were designed to test for variation in macroinvertebrate density between bays and can now be used to establish baseline variation in density for future studies. A total of 56 Ponar grab samples were analyzed from six bays in Lake H
l. Results of a general linear model analysis of variance showed that total density of macroinvertebrates varied only slightly between bays of the lake, but that most individual taxa showed significant variation between bays. Variation in density for most taxa was linked to substrate composition rather than other geographic or physical variables in the lake. Recent increases in grazing intensity and ecotourism along the shores should be managed to reduce the nutrient load into the lake to avoid impairment of the benthic biota of this unique, ancient ecosystem.
Antochini crane flies (Diptera: Limoniidae: Limoniinae) of Korea
Podenas, Sigitas ; Byun, Hye-Woo ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 167~184
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.167
Korean species of Antochini crane flies (Diptera: Limoniidae) are taxonomically revised. Identification keys, redescriptions and illustrations of all species and both sexes are presented. Antocha (Antocha) dentifera Alexander, 1924, Antocha (Antocha) dilatata Alexander, 1924 and Elliptera zipanguensis zipanguensis Alexander, 1924 are listed as new records for the Korean peninsula; Limnorimarga limonioides (Alexander, 1945) as new for South Korea. Females of A. (A.) dentifera, A. (A.) integra Alexander, 1940 and L. limonioides are described for the first time.
New Korean record and redescription of Dienerella (Dienerella) costulata (Reitter) (Coleoptera: Latridiidae: Latridiinae)
Park, Sun-Jae ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 185~190
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.185
The genus Dienerella Reitter and its described species are reported for the first time in Korea. Scanning Electronic Microscope (SEM) photographs of habitus and diagnostic characters, and line drawings of male genetalia are presented. All specimens of the species were collected from inside of a building associated with dried collections, but no evidence is available of the damage caused by the species.
Type specimens of Korean vascular plants in the Herbarium of the Komarov Botanical Institute (LE)
Grabovskaya-Borodina, Alisa E. ; Illarionova, Irina D. ; Tatanov, Ivan V. ; Lee, Byoung-Yoon ; Lim, Chae Eun ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 191~202
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.191
The article provides information on type specimens of 150 taxa of vascular plants from Korea, kept in the Herbarium of the Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences. For all specimens, type category is indicated. Lectotypes for the names of Clematis brachyura Maxim., C. spectabilis Palib., Corydalis wilfordii Regel, Poa viridula Palib., Polygonum marretii H. L
v., P. sagittatum L. var. hallaisanense H. L
v., P. taquetii H. L
v. and P. thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc. var. coreana H. L
v. were designated. Type specimens examined in this article belong to the taxa described by Russian botanists V.L. Komarov, K.J. Maximovicz and I.V. Palibin, French botanist A.A.H. L
(some with co-author E. Vaniot) and others.
A floristic study of Donggeom-do (Isl.), Ganghwa-gun, Korea
Kim, Sun-Yu ; Lee, Byoung Yoon ; Kim, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 203~222
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.203
The district of Ganghwa-gun in the western coast (Seohae) of the Korea is consisted of several islands, Ganghwa-do, Seokmo-do, Gyodong-do, Jumun-do, Boreum-do, Seogeom-do and Donggeom-do. Since several islands of them were connected to mainland of Korea by bridges, the islands attract a lot of tourists from Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi-do areas. Construction of new roads, pensions, resort areas and restaurants provided economical benefits to local residents while natural vegetation of these islands has deteriorated continuously. Before biodiversity of vascular plants in these regions is damaged seriously by human impacts, it is needed to conserve original vegetation of the islands for restoration and monitoring in the future. Therefore, the primary purpose of the study is to clarify the flora of Donggeom-do, belonging to Ganghwa-gun. From the 15 times of field trips to the island, we have collected a number of vascular plants, 512 taxa in total, including 110 families, 329 genera, 449 species, six subspecies, 52 varieties, four forms and one hybrid. Of 512 taxa investigated, we have identified 12 taxa to be endemic to Korea. Six taxa were endangered or rare species which were designated by the Ministry of Environment and Korea Forest Service, respectively. 25 taxa were recognized as floristic regional indicator species designated specially by the Ministry of Environment. Seven species have shown their northern or southern distributional limit ranges, and 29 taxa were recognized as halophytes. The naturalized plants were identified as 55 taxa, and their naturalization ratio was 10.7%.
A newly naturalized species in Korea, Pennisetum flaccidum Griseb. (Poaceae)
Kim, Chang-Seok ; Lee, Jeongran ; Lee, In-Yong ; Han, Young-Woo ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 223~226
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.223
Pennisetum flaccidum Griseb. (Poaceae) is native to Central Asia. While monitoring Poaceae weeds nationwide in Korea, we found its new naturalized distribution in Gunsan, Jeonrabuk-do. The species is distinguished from P. alopecuroides var. alopecuroides by subsessile involucres and plumose bristles. We provide the first documented record of P. flaccidum Griseb. for Korea with the description and illustration. We also provide a taxonomic key to the species of Pennisetum in Korea.
Floristic study of Jang-do (Isl.) in Korea
Son, Hyun-Deok ; Gwon, Soon-Gyo ; Jang, Jeong-Won ; Sun, Eun-Mi ; Kim, Byeol-Ah ; Im, Hyoung-Tak ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 227~244
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.227
We investigated the flora of Jang-do (Isl.), an island of the Heuksan archipelago, located in Heuksan-myeon, Shinan-gun, Jeollanam-do and discussed the remarkable plants found there. Thirteen-field trips (total 27 days) were completed from May of 2004 to May of 2013. As a result, we identified the distribution of 423 taxa in Jang-do (Isl.), comprising 104 families, 285 genera, 335 species, 78 varieties and 10 forms. There are a total of 95 taxa of floristic regional indicator plants. The floristic regional indicators are as follows; four taxa of level V such as Impatiens furcillata, four taxa of level IV such as Hosta yingeri, 14 taxa of level III such as Ophioglossum vulgatum, 5 taxa of level II, and 58 taxa of level I. In addition 10 red data plants, 2 vulnerable species (VU) including Calanthe striata for. sieboldii, and 4 least concern species (LC) like Ardisia crenata, 2 not evaluated species (NE) such as Hosta yingeri, were found in the investigated area. An unrecorded species, Fragaria (Rosaceae), was found in a forest of Jang-do (Isl.) for the first time in Korea.
Ganghwal is a new species, Angelica reflexa
Lee, Byoung Yoon ; Kwak, Myounghai ; Han, Jeong Eun ; Jung, Eun-Hee ; Nam, Gi-Heum ;
Journal of Species Research, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 245~248
DOI : 10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.245
A new species of Apiaceae, Angelica reflexa from Daeamsan, Gangwon-do province, Korea is described and illustrated. This new species is closely related to A. genuflexa Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray, having such characters as leaf rachis and petiolules refracted strongly, but distinguished from the latter by its regularly serrated leaf margins, glabrous on abaxial leaf veins, and two vittae on the commissural face of the mericarp.