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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
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Universal Single-Phase Line Compatible High Power AC/DC Converter
Kim, Byeong-Seok ; Kang, Kyung-Soo ; Roh, Chung-Wook ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 297~304
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.297
A conventional single-phase high-power system typically generates a large AC line input current at universal 90 VAC condition. Sometimes, this phenomenon can block the Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB), which causes problems. Replacing power facilities is essential to ensure smooth operations. Thus, this paper proposes a method that can drive higher power than the limit of conventional power facilities. The proposed method can reduce the large AC line input current by limiting the input power of Power Factor Correction (PFC). An additional battery circuit can supplement the power deficiency. Specifically, a bidirectional converter with charging and discharging functions was adopted for the battery circuit. Finally, the validity of the proposed system could be confirmed by modal analysis and simulation, and an experiment in 2 KW condition was implemented with a prototype sample as well.
Development of Inter Turn Short Fault Model of IPM Motor
Gu, Bon-Gwan ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 305~312
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.305
In this study, inter-turn short fault models of interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are developed by adding saliency modeling to surface-mounted permanent magnet motor models. The saliency model is obtained using the deformed flux models based on both fault-winding flux information and inductance variations caused by cross-flux linkages that depend on the distribution of the same phase windings. By assuming the balanced three-phase current injection, we obtain the positive and negative sequence voltages and the fault current in the positive and the negative synchronous reference frames. The output torque model is developed by adding the magnet and the reluctance torque, which are derived from the developed models. To verify the proposed IPMSM model with an inter-turn short fault, finite element method-based simulation and experimental measurement results are presented.
Bidirectional Soft Switching Three-Phase Interleaved DC-DC Converter for a Wide Input Voltage Range
Choi, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Kyo-Beum ; Joung, Gyu-Bum ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 313~320
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.313
This study deals with a bidirectional interleaved soft switching DC-DC converter for a wide range of input voltages. The proposed converter operates in complementary switching with the purpose of inductor size reduction and zero-voltage switching (ZVS) operation. The current ripple related to complementary switching is minimized by three-phase interleaved operation. The main characteristics of the proposed topology are its soft-switching method of operation and its simple structure. The soft-switching operation and the system efficiency of the proposed converter are verified by experimental results.
Enhancement of Cell Voltage Balancing Control by Zero Sequence Current Injection in a Cascaded H-Bridge STATCOM
Kwon, Byung-Ki ; Jung, Seung-Ki ; Kim, Tae-Hyeong ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 321~329
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.321
The static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) of cascaded H-bridge configuration accompanying multiple separate DC sides is inherently subject to the problem of uneven DC voltages. These DC voltages in one leg can be controlled by adjusting the AC-side output voltage of each cell inverter, which is proportional to the active power. However, when the phase current is extremely small, large AC-side voltage is required to generate the active power to balance the cell voltages. In this study, an alternative zero-sequence current injection method is proposed, which facilitates effective cell balancing controllers at no load, and has no effect on the power grid because the injected zero sequence current only flows within the STATCOM delta circuit. The performance of the proposed method is verified through simulation and experiments.
Loss Minimizing Vector Control of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Chung, Euihoon ; Lee, Yongjae ; Ha, Jung-Ik ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 330~336
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.330
This paper presents a loss-minimizing vector control method for interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). Conventionally, maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control, which minimizes copper loss, has been widely used in industry. Iron loss, however, is not considered in MTPA control. In this paper, the loss model, including iron loss and copper loss, is derived to further reduce drive loss. The loss-minimizing vector controller is implemented based on the loss model. The controller generates optimal current vectors according to the operating conditions. The performance and validity of the proposed method are proved by experimental results through comparison with conventional methods.
Simulation based Comparative Loss Analysis and Output Characteristic for 25MW Class of High Power Multi-level Inverters
Kim, I-Gim ; Park, Chan-Bae ; Baek, Jei-Hoon ; Kwak, Sang-Shin ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 337~343
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.337
The multi-level inverters are highly efficient for high-power and medium-voltage AC driving applications, such as high-speed railway systems and renewable energy resources, because such inverters generate lower total harmonic distortion (THD) and electromagnetic interface (EMI). Lower switching stress occurs on switching devices compared with conventional two-level inverters. Depending on the multi-level inverter topology, the required components and number of switching devices are different, influencing the overall efficiency. Comparative studies of multi-level inverters based on loss analysis and output characteristic are necessary to apply multi-level inverters in high-power AC conversion systems. This paper proposes a theoretical loss analysis method based on piecewise linearization of characteristic curves of power semiconductor devices as well as loss analysis and output performance comparison of five-level neutral-point clamped, flying capacitor inverters, and high-level cascaded H-bridge multi-level inverters.
SOC Observer based on Piecewise Linear Modeling for Lithium-Polymer Battery
Chung, Gyo-Bum ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 344~350
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.344
A battery management system requires accurate information on the battery state of charge (SOC) to achieve efficient energy management of electric vehicle and renewable energy systems. Although correct SOC estimation is difficult because of the changes in the electrical characteristics of the battery attributed to ambient temperature, service life, and operating point, various methods for accurate SOC estimation have been reported. On the basis of piecewise linear (PWL) modeling technique, this paper proposes a simple SOC observer for lithium-polymer batteries. For performance evaluation, the SOC estimated by the PWL SOC observer, the SOC measured by the battery-discharging experiment and the SOC estimated by the extended Kalman filter (EKF) estimator were compared through a PSIM simulation study.
Lithium-ion Battery Energy Storage System for Power Quality Improvement in Electrical Propulsion Ships
Ku, Hyun-Keun ; Seo, Hye-Rim ; Kim, Jang-Mok ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 351~355
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.351
This paper explained the application of a lithium-ion battery energy storage system to electric propulsion ships. The power distribution in electric propulsion ships has low power quality because of the variation in the power consumption of the propulsion motor. For proper operation of the ship, the power quality needs to be improved, and the battery energy storage system is used to solve power-quality problems. The simulation models of electric propulsion ship and battery energy storage systems are constructed on MATLAB/Simulink to verify the improvement in power quality. The proposed system is applied in various scenarios of the propulsion motor state. The power quality achieved by using the battery energy storage system in both voltage and frequency satisfies the standards set by IEC-60092/101.
Current Control of a Single-phase PWM Converter under the Distorted Source Voltage and Frequency Condition
Ahn, Chang-Heon ; Kim, Sang-Hoon ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 356~362
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.356
This paper presents a current control strategy in the synchronous reference frame for a single-phase PWM converter, which ensures sinusoidal input current control under the distorted source voltage and frequency condition. Given that the distorted source voltage distorts the phase angle for PWM converter control, the input current contains the same harmonics as the source voltage. Aside from the distorted voltage, the variation in source frequency reduces the performance of input current control. To achieve sinusoidal input current control under the distorted source voltage and frequency condition, this paper proposes a compensation strategy of current reference with the distortion component extracted from the phase angle and a detection strategy of frequency variation from the output of a synchronous reference frame phase-lock loop. The experimental results confirm the validity of the proposed method under the distorted source voltage and frequency condition.
Improved Current Source using Full-Bridge Converter Type for Thyristor Valve Test of HVDC System
Jung, Jae-Hun ; Cho, Han-Je ; Goo, Beob-Jin ; Nho, Eui-Cheol ; Chung, Yong-Ho ; Baek, Seung-Taek ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 363~368
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.363
This paper deals with an improved current source using full-bridge converter type for thyristor valve test of HVDC system. The conventional high-current and low-voltage source of synthetic test circuit requires additional auxiliary power supply to provide the reverse voltage for the auxiliary thyristor valve during turn-off process. The proposed circuit diagram to provide the reverse voltage is extremely simple because no additional component is required. The reverse voltage can be obtained from the input DC voltage of the high-current and low-voltage power supply. The operation principle and design method of the proposed system are described. Simulation and experimental results in scaled down STC of 200 V, 30 A demonstrate the validity of the proposed scheme.
TRV Analysis for AC Filter Circuit Breaker in HVDC System
Kim, Chan-Ki ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Sin, Jin-Chul ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 369~374
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.369
The circuit breaker in an electric power system is not operated when the voltage in the circuit breaker is higher than the rated transient recovery voltage (TRV). The TRV of a circuit breaker is characterized by re-ignition of the arc between two poles and determined by the value of connecting impedance. In this study, we simulated the peak value of TRV in the AC filter of the circuit breaker. The suitability of TRV is assessed by capacitive current switching test conditions defined by the international guide IEC62271-100.
Reduced Current Distortion of Three-Phase Three-Switch Buck-Type Rectifier using Carrier Based PWM in EV Traction Battery Charging Systems
Chae, Beomseok ; Kang, Taewon ; Kang, Tahyun ; Suh, Yongsug ;
The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics, volume 20, issue 4, 2015, Pages 375~387
DOI : 10.6113/TKPE.2015.20.4.375
This study investigates an economic and highly efficient power-converter topology and its modulation scheme for 60 kW rapid EV charger system. The target system is a three-phase three-switch buck-type rectifier topology. A new carrier-based PWM scheme, which is characterized by simple implementation using logic gates, is introduced in this paper. This PWM scheme replaces the diode rectifier equivalent switching state with an active switching state to produce the same effective current flowing path. As a result, the distortion of input current during the polarity reversal of capacitor line voltage can be mitigated. The proposed modulation technique is confirmed through simulation verification. The proposed modulation technique and its implementation scheme can expand the operation range of the three-phase three-switch buck-type rectifier with high-quality AC input and capacitor ripple current.