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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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Development of Optimum Design Program for Reinforced Concrete Continuous Beam Using Graphic User Interface System
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~11
In this paper, optimum design problem of R.C. continuous beam is considered and GUI system is developed for using at the practical design. Objective function lot formulation of optimum design problem is made up of the costs of concrete, reinforcing steel and formwork. Design variables are width, effective depth of the beam and steel ratio and design constraints are considered on the strength, serviceability, durability and geometrical conditions. The optimum design problem is solved by using sequential linear programming(SLP), sequential convex programming(SCP) and compared their effectiveness. Also this paper shows the application at practical design work according to the development of GUI system using visual basic.
A Study on the Flexural Behavior of Plate Girder Bridge Decks Using a Macro-Element
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~24
Current specification prescribes that upper and lower reinforcement mat is required in the same amount to resist negative and positive moment in bridge decks. But the negative moment is much smaller than positive moment because the actual behavior of decks consists of local deflection of slab and global deflection of girder. From this study, the analysis method based on harmonic analysis and slope-deflection method was developed and verified by finite element method. The negative moment, obtained from this method, were smaller than those computed based on the KHBDC specifications as much as 40∼50% in the middle of bridge. The amount of reduction of the design negative moment was shown herein to be dependent on variable parameters as shape factor(S/L) of slab, relative stiffness ratio of girder and deck slab, and so on. This investigations indicate that the upper reinforcement mat to resist negative moment can be removed. But further experimental study is required to consider durability and serviceability. From this new design concept, the construction expense can be reduced and the problem of decreasing durability resulting from corrosion of upper reinforcement steel settled.
Development of Macro-Element for the Analysis of Elastically Supported Plates
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~35
The superstructure of general bridge like slab bridge and slab on girder bridge is composed of elastically supported isotropic plate. The objective of this study is to develop the new analysis method for elastically supported plate with general edge beam or girder(boundaries) under arbitrary out of plane loading. The displacement solutions for the macro-element of plate and beam are obtained by solving for the unknown interactive forces and moments at the beam or nodal line locations after satisfying equilibrium equation along the nodal line. The displacement functions for macro-elements ate proposed in single Fourier series using harmonic analysis, and the equilibrium equations of nodal line are composed by using slope-deflection method. The proposed analysis method is programmed by MS-Fortran and can be applied to all types of isotropic decks with bridge-type boundaries. Numerical examples involving elastically supported plates with various aspect ratio, loading cases, and bridge-type boundary conditions are presented to demonstrate the accuracy of this program. The major advantage of this new analysis method is the development of a simple solution algorithm, leads to obtain rapidly responses of bridge deck system. This proposed method can be used in parametric study of behavior of bridge decks.
The Finite Element Formulation and Its Classification of Dynamic Thermoelastic Problems of Solids
Yun, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 37~49
This paper is for the first essential study on the development of unified finite element formulations for solving problems related to the dynamics/thermoelastics behavior of solids. In the first part of formulations, the finite element method is based on the introduction of a new quantity defined as heat displacement, which allows the heat conduction equations to be written in a form equivalent to the equation of motion, and the equations of coupled thermoelasticity to be written in a unified form. The equations obtained are used to express a variational formulation which, together with the concept of generalized coordinates, yields a set of differential equations with the time as an independent variable. Using the Laplace transform, the resulting finite element equations are described in the transform domain. In the second, the Laplace transform is applied to both the equation of heat conduction derived in the first part and the equations of motions and their corresponding boundary conditions, which is referred to the transformed equation. Selections of interpolation functions dependent on only the space variable and an application of the weighted residual method to the coupled equation result in the necessary finite element matrices in the transformed domain. Finally, to prove the validity of two approaches, a comparison with one finite element equation and the other is made term by term.
The Finite Element Analysis for Calculations of Equivalent Elastic Constants Using the Homogenization Method
Yun, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 51~61
This paper discusses the homogenization method to determine effective average elastic constants of a linear structure by considering its microstructure. A detailed description on the homogenization method is given for the linear elastic material and then the finite element approximation is performed for an investigation of elastic properties. An asymptotic expansion is carried out in the cross-section area, or in the unit cell. Two and three lay-up structures made up of individual isotropic constituents are chosen for numerical examples to check discrepancies between results generated by this theoretical development and the conventional approach. Asymptotic characteristics of the process in extracting the stiffness of structure locally formed by spatial repetitions yield underestimated values of stiffness. These discrepancies are detected by the asymptotic corrective term which is ascribed to considerations of microscopic perturbations and proved in the finite element formulation. The asymptotic analysis is the more reasonable in analysing the composite material, rather than the conventional approach to calculate the macroscopic average for elastic properties.
Estimation of Seismic Performance and Earthquake Damage Ratio of Existing Reinforced Concrete Buildings in Japan
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 63~74
The main objective of this paper is to apply as the basic data for development of a methodology to discuss the future earthquake preparedness measures in Korea by investigating the concept and applicabilities of the Japanese Standard for Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Existing RC Buildings developed in Japan among the methodologies of all the countries of the world. This paper describes the seismic performance, Is-index, of existing RC buildings in Tokyo, Japan evaluated by the Japanese Standard, also the relationships between Is-index distribution of existing RC buildings in Tokyo and that of Shizuoka and Chiba Prefecture reported already in reference are investigated. And from the comparison with Is-index to buildings damaged by earthquakes experienced in Japan, the damage ratio due to severe earthquake of 3 districts mentioned above is estimated based on the probabilistic point of view. The results of this study can be utilized to identify urgently required earthquake preparedness measures with highest priority in existing RC buildings, and the methodology to evaluate the seismic performance of existing RC buildings in Japan, statistics analysis method and the methodology to estimate earthquake damage ratio based on the probabilistic point of view shown in this study can be recommended to develop a methodology to discuss the future earthquake preparedness measures in Korea.
Estimation of Structural Dynamic Responses Using Partial Response Measurements
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 75~85
When applying a system identification technique, which incorporates an experimental model to a corresponding finite element model of a structure, one of the major problems is the large difference in the numbers of degrees of freedom (dof) between the two models. While there are large number of dofs in a finite element model, the number of measurement points is practically limited. So it is very difficult to incorporate them. Especially rotational dofs are hard to measure. In this study a method is presented for estimating structural dynamic responses at unmeasurable locations in frequency domain. The proposed method is tested numerically and the feasibility for practical application has been demonstrated through an example structure under moving loads, where translational and rotational dofs of beam at a center point are estimated from the partial measurements of responses at accessible points.
Determination of Eigenvalues of Sinusoidally Tapered Members by Finite Element Method
Lee, Soo-Gon ; Kim, Soon-Chul ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 87~95
The two eigenvalues (elastic critical load and natural frequency of lateral vibration) of sinusoidally tapered bats with simply supported ends were determined by the finite element method. For the convenience of structural engineers who are engaged in the structural design or vibration analysis of tapered beam-columns, eigenvalue coefficients were expressed by simple algebraic equations. The validity of each algebraic equation was confirmed by the value of unity for each correlation coefficient. The influence of axial thrust on the lateral vibration frequency was also investigated. For this purpose, the axial thrust was increased successively and the corresponding frequency was calculated. The approximate linear relationship between the axial thrust and the square of the frequency was confirmed lot each of the tapered members.
Analysis of Residual Stresses Induced during Adhesion Process of Chip and Leadframe
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 97~103
This paper deals with residual stresses induced at the viscoelastic adhesive layer between the semiconductor chip and the leadframe during adhesion process. The adhesive layer has been assumed to be“thermorheologically simple”. The time-domain boundary element method(BEM) has been employed to investigate the behavior of interface stresses. Numerical results show that very large stress gradients are present at the interface corner and such singularity might lead to local yielding or edge delamination.
A Seismic Behavior of a 3-dimensional Irregular Setback Structure
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 105~113
Seismic behavior of 3-dimensional setback structures showing abrupt reductions of the floor size within the structure height and the effect of in-plane deformations of floor slabs on the seismic behavior of those structures are investigated. To find out general seismic behavior of 3-dimensional setback structures two parameters, level of setback(L/sub s/) and degree of setback(R/sub s/) are used. Analysis results obtained from forty eight setback structures show that a sudden change in story shear near setback level is occurred for irregular setback structures. The effect of in-plane deformation of floor slabs on the seismic behavior of setback structures is greatly influenced by the arrangement of lateral load resisting elements and it is more pronounced for frame-shear wall system showing large difference in stiffness among the lateral load resisting elements. The in-plane deformation of floor slabs results in reduced base shear, especially for FW-type structures with L/sub s/=1.0. Also, it brings about reduced story shear for the lateral load resisting element with shear wall and increase in story shear lot the lateral load resisting element without shear wall. The in-plane deformation of floor slabs at the base portion and/or tower portion due to difference in stiffness among the lateral load resisting elements brings about increment of floor displacements at all floor level.
Design Object Model for Implementation of Integrated Structural Design System for Building Structures
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 115~127
The purpose of this study is to propose the Design Object Model for implementation of an integrated structural design system for building structures. This study outlines the step-by-step development methodologies of the Design Object Model, which covers classification and modeling of the building design information. The Design Object Model has been efficiently developed through the proposed development methodologies. As a result, the Design Object Model has been proved to be efficient in design information management by representing the information from planning perspective, in recognition of structural member in space by the topology design object, and in representation of analysis s design information.
Nonlinear Random Vibration of Laminated Composite Plates by Comparison of Classical Theory, 1st and 3rd Order Shear Theories
Kang, Joowon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 129~138
Composites are finding increasing use in a wide variety of engineering applications due to their outstanding mechanical properties. A number of studies have focused on the development of new materials as well as the response of composite structures to static and dynamic loads by assuming the external driving forces to be deterministic. However, there ate many situations in practice where the exciting forces vary randomly. In this work, the nonlinear response of laminated composite plates excited by stochastic loading is studied by the finite element method. Classical, first-order and third-order shear theories for plates are used in the finite element formulation. Since most composites exhibit significant nonlinearity in the shear stress-strain law, this is included in the present analysis.
A STEP-based Integrated Structural Information System for Steel Framed Building Structures
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 139~146
This paper presents a prototype for structural analysis and design system by use of the STEP concepts for the representation and exchange of information on framed steel structures, and also integrates the product model of steel structures of AP 230, geometric and topological information of Part 42, and detailed Finite Element Analysis information of Part 104 into an unified system. Thus, the STEP-based system makes engineering information more clearable and exchangeable between computer applications than any other conventional methods. This system may be further extended to incorporate other computer applications for detailed engineering and manufacturing information on steel structures.
Statistical Behavior of RC Cooling Tower Shell due to Shape Imperfection
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 147~158
For the large scale reinforced concrete cooling tower shells, the shape imperfection can be introduced due not only to mistakes in the process of construction but also to the long term behavior of concrete. The shape imperfection evokes the additional responses such as displacements and stresses in addition to the design values. In this study, the statistical behavior of the RC cooling tower shell due to the shape imperfection is investigated using the Monte Carlo simulation. The radius of cooling tower and the shell thickness are adopted as the parameters which cause the shape imperfection. The shape imperfection is modeled as a stochastic field rather than the local one of axisymmetric or bulge type of imperfection. The randomness in the radius is shown to be more affecting the structural responses than the randomness in the shell thickness. In addition to the geometrical randomness, the effect of randomness in the modulus of elasticity on the structural response is also investigated and compared with that of the geometrical ones.