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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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A Practical Procedure for the Design Optimization of Pile-type Substructure in a Mooring Dolphin
Ryu, Yeon-Sun ; Lee, Nary ; Kim, Jeong-Tae ; Cho, Hyun-Ma ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 285~294
In this paper, a practical procedure for the design optimization of tubular-steel-pile-type substructure in a mooring dolphin is investigated and numerically evaluated. In the finite-dimensional optimum design formulation, geometry and cross-sectional shapes of classified group of piles are identified as design variables. The design objective is the total weight of piles, and the design constraints on stresses, penetration depth, and size limits are imposed. Several classes of practical design alternatives are sought through the linking and fixing of design variables. Among the available numerical optimization codes, both PLBA program and DNCONF subroutine in IMSL library are used. They are based on SQP algorithm and relatively easy to get. A dolphin of numerical example has 20 tubular steel piles, 4 vertical and 16 inclined. Optimum designs for different cases are successfully obtained for the practical purpose.
Seismic Evaluation for Strainer in the Primary Cooling System
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 295~304
To evaluate the structural integrity for the strainer under seismic loading the seismic analysis and design were performed for T-type strainer in accordance with ASME, Section Ⅲ, Class 3(ND). Since there are no specified design requirements for the strainer in ASME Code, the strainer body was analysed according to ND-3500, valve design. Flanged joints connected with PCS piping were designed according to ND-3658.3. And the criteria for the cover flange was governed by the Appendix XI. Both a frequency analysis and an equivalent static seismic analysis of the strainer were carried out using the finite element computer program, ANSYS. The frequency analysis results show the fundamental natural frequency is greater than 33Hz, thus justifying the use of the equivalent static analysis through which membrane and bending stresses are obtained in the critical points near the branch connection area. The results of the seismic evaluation fully satisfied with the structural acceptance criteria of the ASME Code. Accordingly the structural integrity on the strainer body and flanges were proved.
Analysis of Frictional Contact Problems of Nonlinearly Deformable Bodies by Using Contact Error Vector
Lee, Kisu ; Kim, Bang-Won ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 305~319
Numerical solution lot frictional contact problems of nonlinearly deformable bodies having large deformation is presented. The contact conditions on the possible contact points are expressed by using the contact error vector, and the iterative scheme is used to reduce the contact error vector monotonically toward zero. At each iteration the solution consists of two steps : The first step is to revise the contact force by using the contact error vector given by the previous geometry, and the second step is to compute the displacement and the contact error vector by solving the equilibrium equation with the contact force given at the first step. Convergence of the iterative scheme to the correct solution is analyzed, and the numerical simulations we performed with a rigid-plastic membrane and a nonlinear elastic beam.
Spatial Free Vibration and Stability Analysis of Thin-Walled Curved Beams with Variable Curvatures
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 321~328
An improved formulation of thin-wailed curved beams with variable curvatures based on displacement field considering the second order terms of finite semitangential rotations is presented. From linearized virtual work principle by Vlasov's assumptions, the total potential energy is derived and all displacement parameters and the warping functions are defined at cendtroid axis. In developing the thin-walled curved beam element having eight degrees of freedom per a node, the cubic Hermitian polynomials are used as shape functions. In order to verify the accuracy and practical usefulness of this study, free vibrations and buckling analyses of parabolic and elliptic arche shapes with mono-symmetric sections are carried out and compared with the results analyzed by ABAQUS' shell element.
Automatic Extraction of 2-Dimensional Finite Element Connectivities by Search Technique
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 329~336
A method for automatic extraction of 2-dimensional finite element connectivities by searching the shortest closed path from a certain node to the starting node was developed. Only the best path among the possible paths was probed. The uniqueness and validity of the extracted path were examined. The proposed method was proved to be complete. Examples show that the proposed method can extract elements exactly from the irregular mesh which can not be handled easily by the conventional automatic mesh generation.
Optimum Design of Steel Frames Using Genetic Algorithms
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 337~349
Genetic Algorithms(GA) together with simulated annealing are often called methods of last resorts since they can be applicable to any kind of problems, particularly those to which no sophisticated procedures are applicable or feasible. The design of structures is primarily the process of selecting a section for each member from those available in the market, resulting in the problem of combinatorial nature. Therefore it is usual for the design space to include astronomical number of designs making the search in the space often impossible. In this work, Genetic Algorithms and some related technique are introduced and applied to the design of steel frameworks. In problems with a small number of design variables, GA found true global optima. GA also found true optima for the continuous variable test problems and proved their applicability to structural optimization. For those problems of real size, however, it appears to be difficult to expect GA to find optimum or even near optimum designs. The use of G bit improvement added to ordinary GA has shown much better results and draws attention for further research.
Shear Lag in Framed Tube Structures with Multiple Internal Tubes
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 351~360
A simple numerical modelling technique is proposed for estimating the shear lag effects of framed-tube system with multiple internal tubes. The tube(s)-in-tube structure is analysed by using an analogy approach in which each tube is individually modelled by a beam that can accounts for the flexural and shear deformations, as well as the shear lag effects. The numerical analysis is based on the minimum potential energy principle in conjunction with the variational approach. The shear lag phenomenon of such structures is studied with additional bending stresses. Structural parameters governing the shear lag behaviour in tube(s)-in-tube structures are also investigated through thirty-three numerical examples.
Development of the Simplified Analysis Model for RC Structures Considering Plastic Behavior
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 361~371
RC structure is the composite material system combined concrete and steel showing different plastic behavior. Especially, concrete shows very complex plastic behavior. Therefore, for plastic analysis of RC structures, we have to model carefully each plastic behavior of concrete and steel member. But, because of divergency as well as difficulties and dimensions of modelling, it takes a lot of time and labor or sometimes it is impossible to perform plastic analysis of RC structures. In this study, for simplified plastic analysis of RC structures, we propose material transformation method by homogeneous and isotropic material which have the same plastic property as RC. We generate homogeneous and isotropic material showing the same moment-curvature curves (bi-linear stress-strain relation) as RC members, using bi-linear moment-curvature relation by yielding moment, yielding curvature and ultimate moment, ultimate curvature of RC member. Finally, we prove compatibility in the study by comparing plastic analysis results for various analysis models using transformed material models and RC model.
Nonlinear Structural Safety Assessment under Dynamic Excitation Using SFEM
Huh, Jungwon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 13, issue 3, 2000, Pages 373~384
To assess the safety of nonlinear steel frame structures subjected to short duration dynamic loadings, especially seismic loading, a nonlinear time domain reliability analysis procedure is proposed in the context of the stochastic finite element concept. In the proposed algorithm, the finite element formulation is combined with concepts of the response surface method, the first order reliability method, and the iterative linear interpolation scheme. This leads to the stochastic finite element concept. Actual earthquake loading time-histories are used to excite structures, enabling a realistic representation of the loading conditions. The assumed stress-based finite element formulation is used to increase its efficiency. The algorithm also has the potential to evaluate the risk associated with any linear or nonlinear structure that can be represented by a finite element algorithm subjected to seismic loading or any short duration dynamic loading. The algorithm is explained with help of an example and verified using the Monte Carlo simulation technique.