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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Optimum Design of Radial Gate
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 267~276
On the basis of structural analysis of the radial gate(that is, Tainter gate), this paper focuses on the optimization of the moment distribution according to the location of the arm of the radial gate. In spite of its importance from economical view point, we could hardly find the study on the optimum design of radial gate. Accordingly, the present study identifies the optimum section modulus for a radial arm along with the optimum position for 2 of 3 radial arms with a convex cylindrical skin plate relative to a given radius of the skin plate curvature, pivot point, water depth, ice pressure, etc. These optimum measurements are then compared with previously constructed radial gates. The results indicate that the optimum section modulus vague for a radial arm was appreciably smaller than the previously constructed examples.
Lightweight Automobile Design with ULSAB Concept Using Structural Optimization
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 277~286
Among the ULSAB methods for the lightweight automobile body, Tailor Welded Blank(TWB) is adopted and the design process is developed for the existing component. Topology optimization conducted to find the distribution of the variable thickness. The number of parts and the welding lines are determined from it. In the detail design, size optimization is carried out to find the optimum thickness of each part and then, the final parting lines are tuned by shape optimization. A commercial optimization software GENESIS is utilized for the optimization processes.
Parallel Nonlinear Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Frame on Cluster System
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 287~298
Analysis of nonlinear behavior of prestressed concrete frame structures on PC is a time-consuming computing job if the problem size increase to a certain degree. Cluster system has emerged as one of promising computing environments due to its good extendibility, portability, and cost-effectiveness, comparing it with high-end work-stations or servers. In this paper, a parallel nonlinear analysis procedure of prestressed concrete frame structure is presented using cluster computing. Cluster system is configured with readily available pentium III class PCs under Win98 or Linux and fast ethernet. Parallel computing algorithms on element-wise processing parts including the calculation of stiffness matrix, element stresses and determination of material states, check of material failure and calculation of unbalanced loads are developed using MPL. Validity of the method is discussed through typical numerical examples. For the case of 4 node system, maximum speedup is 3.15 and 3.74 for Win98 and Linux, respectively. Important issues for the efficient use of cluster computing system based un PCs and ethernet are addressed.
Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Cantilevered Laminated Composite Plates
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 299~308
This paper presents the three-dimensional (3-D) study of the natural vibration of cantilevered laminated composite plates. The Ritz method is used to obtain stationary values of the associated Lagrangian functional with displacements approximated by mathematically complete polynomials satisfying the boundary conditions at the clamped edge exactly. The accuracy of the 3-D model is established through a convergence study of non-dimensional frequencies followed by a comparison of the converged 3-D solutions with analytical and experimental findings in the existing literature. A wide scope of 3-D frequency results explain the influence of a number of geometrical and material parameters for cantilevered laminated plates, namely aspect ratio (a/b), width-to-thickness ratio (a/h), orthotropy of material, number of plies (NP), fiber orientation angle(θ), and stacking sequence.
Viscoelastic Analysis for Behavior of Edge Cracks at the Bonding Interface of Semiconductor Chip
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 309~315
The Stress intensity factors for edge cracks located at the bonding interface between the elastic semiconductor chip and the viscoelastic adhesive layer have been investigated. Such cracks might be generated due to stress singularity in the vicinity of the free surface. The domain boundary element method(BEM) has been employed to investigate the behavior of interface stresses. The overall stress intensity factor for the case of a small interfacial edge crack has been computed. The magnitude of stress intensity factors decrease with time due to viscoelastic relaxation.
Determination of Design Moments in Bridges Constructed by Movable Scaffolding System
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 317~327
In this paper, a relation to calculate design moments for reinforced concrete(RC) bridges constructed by movable scaffolding system(MSS) is introduced. Through the time-dependent analysis of RC bridges considering the construction sequence, the structural responses related to the member forces and deflections are reviewed, and a governing equation for determination of the design moment, which includes the creep deformation, is derived on the basis of the displacement-force condition at every constructuion stage. By using the relation, the design moment and its variation over time can easily be obtained only with the elastic analysis results without additional time-dependent analysis. In addition, correlation studies with the results by rigorous numerical analyses are conducts to verify the applicability of the introduced relation, and a more reasonable guideline for the determination of design moments is proposed on the basis of the obtained moment envelop.
The Dynamic Analysis for Compound Planetary Gear of Continuously Variable Transmission
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 329~337
In this study a compound planetary gear combined with three planet gears, which is used for continuously variable transmission, is modeled that consider variable nonlinear gear mesh stiffness and damping when gear rotates, and thus equation of motion of compound planetary gear is derived. Locus of sun gear center causing noise and vibration is being determined from performing derived state equation with numerical analysis in fourth order Runge-Kutta method.
A Study on the Sequential Design Domain for the Approximate Optimum Design
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 339~348
More often a commercial package for the structural analysis is necessary in the structural optimum design. In this case the task of combining the package with an optimization program must be required, hut it is not so simple because interchanging some data between them is difficult. Sequential approximate optimization is currently used as a natural way to overcome the hard task. If sequential approximate optimization has wide side constraints that the lower limit of design variables is very small and their upper limit is very large, it is not so easy to obtain approximated functions accurately for the whole design domain. This paper proposes a sequential design domain method, which is very useful to carry out sequential approximate optimization in this case. In this paper, the response surface methodology is used to obtain approximated functions and the orthogonal array is used for design of experiments. The sequential approximate optimization of 3-bar and 10-bar trusses is demonstrated to verify the reliability of the sequential design domain method.
A Four-Node Assumed Strain Plate Element for Explicit Dynamic Transient Analysis
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 349~359
An enhanced four-node plate element, which has been developed for explicit dynamic analysis of plate, is described in this paper. Reissner-Mind1in(RM) assumptions are adopted to consider transverse shear deformation effects in the present plate element. RM plate element produces a shear locking phenomena in thin plate so that the substitute natural strains based on assumed strain method are explicitly derived. The present plate element is applied into the explicit transient algorithm and the mass matrix of plate is formulated by using special lumping method proposed by Hinton et al. The performance of the element is verified with numerical examples.
Nonlinear Analysis of Space Trusses Using the Combined Arc-Length Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 361~369
This paper deals with numerical efficiency of nonlinear solution technique for space trusses. It will propose the combined Arc-length method to trace structural behavior after reaching buckling load as opposed to the current Arch-length method. The combined Arc-length method uses the current stiffness parameter as a control variable. It uses Secant-Newton method in stable path and applies Arc-length method in unstable path. To evaluate efficiency of solution technique, the accuracy of solution, convergence, and computing time concerning illustrative numerical examples are compared with the current Arc-length method. It show that the combined Arc-length method, as proposed in this paper, is superior to the current Arc-length method in numerical nonlinear analysis.
Free Vibrations of Curved Members Resting on Elastic Foundation with Continuity Effect
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 371~379
This paper deals with the free vibrations of horizontally curved members resting on elastic foundations with continuity effect. Taking into account the effects of rotatory inertia and shear deformation, differential equations governing the free vibrations of such beams are derived, in which the Pasternak foundation model is considered as the elastic foundation with continuity effect. The differential equations are solved numerically to calculate natural frequencies and mode shapes. The experiments were performed in which the natural frequencies of such curved beams in laboratorial scale were measured and these results agree quite well with the present numerical studies. In numerical examples, the circular, parabolic, sinusoidal and elliptic curved members with the hinged-hinged, hinged-clamped and clamped end constraints are considered. The parametric studies are conducted and the lowest four frequency parameters are reported in tables and figures as the non-dimensional forms. Also the typical mode shapes are presented.
An Improved Mesh-free Crack Analysis Technique Using a Singular Basis Function
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 381~390
In this paper, a new improved crack analysis technique by Element-Free Galerkin(EFG) method is proposed, in which the singularity and the discontinuity of the crack successfully described by adding enrichment terms containing a singular basis function to the standard EFG approximation and a discontinuity function implemented in constructing the shape function across the crack surface. The standard EFG method requires considerable addition of nodes or modification of the model. In addition, the proposed method significantly decreases the size of system of equation compared to the previous enriched EFG method by using localized enrichment region near the crack tip. Numerical example show the improvement and th effectiveness of the previous method.
Dynamic Response of Underground Openings Considering the Effect of Water Saturation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 391~399
Three-dimensional dynamic analysis of underground openings subjected to explosive loadings considering the effects of water saturation is carried out in this study. The surrounding rock mass is assumed to be the limestone with 13.5% of porosity. Two calculations are compared using as identical explosive charge; the first in dry rock of 13.5% porosity, the second in the identical rock, but in a fully saturated condition. It is shown that velocity, displacement, and stress time histories are higher in saturated rock than those in dry rock through numerical studies. It is also shown that underground openings in saturated rock masses could be significantly more vulnerable to the potential damages associated with shear failure than those in dry medium.
Stability Analysis of Thin Plates on Inhomogeneous Pasternak foundation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 3, 2001, Pages 401~411
This paper deals with the vibration analysis of the rectangular plates which are subjected to uniform in-plane stresses and supported on In-homogeneous Pasternak foundation. Two parametric foundation which Winkler foundation parameter and shear foundation parameter considered, is called by the Pasternak foundation. The values of Winkler foundation parameter of central and border zone of plate are chosen as k₁and k₂respectively, and the value of shear foundation is chosen as constant about all zone of plate. After composing global flexural stiffeness matrix, geometrical stiffeness matrix, mass matrix, and the stiffeness matrix of the Pasternak foundation, eigenvalue problems which are composed of these matrices are solved. The result shows that the shear foundation parameter must not be ignore when considering the stiffeness of foundation