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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Hydrodynamic Masses of HANARO Flow Tubes
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 413~422
In this study, the effect of hydrodynamic masses is investigated in the dynamic characteristics and earthquake response analyses of the submerged HANARO flow tubes. First, the consistent hydrodynamic masses of the surrounding water are obtained by finite element method. Then, modal analyses and response spectrum analyses are performed and verified by comparing the results with those measured from an experiment. Arbitrary cross-sections of submerged structures and boundary conditions of the surrounding fluid can be considered by using the general benefits of a finite element method comparing with the conventional analytical methods. Practical criteria based on parametric studies are proposed to evaluate the dynamic characteristics of HANARO flow tubes including the hydrodynamic masses.
Influence Line of Three- span Continuous Curved Box-Girder Bridge using Elastic Equation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 423~434
In this paper, a three-span continuous box girder is analysed by using elastic equation based on energy method, concerning the behaviour with the effects of bending and pure torsional moment. The statically indeterminate forces of a three-span continuous curved box girder are calculated by applying the principle of least work to this elastic equation. The influence line of shear force, bending moment, pure torsion, displacement and angle of rotation due to unit vortical load and unit torque for curved box girder are obtained. The internal forces of the curved box girder which the actual load is applied can be calculated using the influence line obtained from this study.
Elasto-plastic Loading-unloading Nonlinear Analysis of Frames by Local Parameter Control
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 435~444
Even todays, accurate and efficient algorithms for the large deformation analysis of elastoplastic frame structures lack due to the complexities of kinematics, material nonlinearities and numerical methods to cater for. The author suggests appropriate beam element based upon the incremental formulation from the 3D rod theory where Cauchy stress and engineering strain are variables to incorporate plasticity equations so that objectivity may be satisfied. A rectum mapping methods which can integrate and satisfy yield criteria efficiently is suggested and a continuation method which has global convergency and quadratic speed is developed as well. leading-unloading example problems are tested and the ideas are proved to be valuable.
Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Shear-Deformed Steel Braced Frame Using Finite Difference Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 445~454
This paper is to study elasto-plastic behavior of shear deformed braced frames. Two types of frames are considered , X-type and K-type. The slenderness ratio has been used in the parametric study. The stress-strain curve is assumed tri-linear model, and considered the strain hardening range. The finite difference method is used to solve the load-displacement relationship of the braced frames. For the elastic slope and maximum load, experimental results are compared with theoretical results and its difference remains less than 10%. Therefore suggested method in this paper is reasonable.
Effects of Microstructural Arrangement on the Stress and Failure Behavior for Satin Weave. Composites
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 455~467
In this study, the stacking phase shift effect on the effective property and stress distribution was investigated for 8-harness satin weave textile composites under uni-axial tension. Textile configurations with varied phase shifts were modeled by unit cells and repeating boundary conditions were applied at the outer periodic surfaces. The effective property and stress were calculated by the unit cell analysis using macro-element to reduce the computational resource. It was found that stresses were dependent on the variation of tow arrangement of adjacent layers. The in-phase and the shifted configurations showed large differences in the stress distribution pattern. The stress level was very high in the resin region and the distribution of the maximum stresses was widely scattered.
Free Vibration Analysis of Multi-Delaminated Beams
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 469~479
In the present study, free vibration analysis of multi-delaminated beams is performed. In order to investigate the effects of mu1ti-delaminations on the dynamic characteristics of multi-delaminated beams, the general kinematic continuity conditions are derived from the assumption of constant curvature at the multi-delamination tip. Frequency equations of multi-delaminated beams are obtained by dividing the global multi-delaminated beam into beam segments and by imposing recurrence relation from the continuity conditions un each sub-beam. The comparisons between the results of numerical analysis obtained by finite element analysis and those of present analysis give good agreement with each other. It is shown that the effects of multi-delaminations on free vibration characteristics of laminated beams could be used to detect their sizes, types and locations from the results.
A 9-node Degenerated Shell Element for Inelastic Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 481~494
An enhanced degenerated shell finite element (FE), which has been developed for inelastic analysis of reinforced concrete structures is described in this paper. Generally, Reissner-Mindlin (RM) assumptions are adopted to develop the degenerated shell FE so that transverse shear deformation effects is considered. However, it is found that there are serious defects such as locking phenomena in RM degenerated shell FE since the stiffness matrix has been overestimated in some situations. As remedies of locking phenomena, reduced integration, incompatible mode and assumed strain method have been used. Especially, the assumed strain method has been successfully used in many FEs. But contrarily, there is a few investigation on the performance of the assumed strains in the inelastic analysis of concrete structures. Therefore, shell formulation is provided in this paper with emphasis on the terms related to the stiffness matrix based on assumed strain method and microscopic concrete material model. Finally, the performance of the present shell element is tested and demonstrated with several numerical examples. From the numerical tests, the present result shows a good agreement with experimental data or other numerical results.
Material Topology Optimization of FGMs using Homogenization and Linear Interpolation Methods
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 495~503
In a functionally graded materials(FGM), two constituent material particles are mixed up according to a specific volume fraction distribution so that its thermoelastic behavior is definitely characterized by such a material composition distribution. Therefore, the designer should determine the most suitable volume fraction distribution in order to design a FGM that optimally meets the desired performance against the given constraints. In this paper, we address a numerical optimization procedure, with employing interior penalty function method(IPFM) and FDM, for optimizing 2D volume fractions of heat-resisting FGMs composed of metal and ceramic. We discretize a FGM domain into finite number of homogenized rectangular cells of single design variable in order for the optimization efficiency. However, after the optimization process, we interpolate the discontinuous volume fraction with globally continuous bilinear function in order to enforce the continuity of volume fraction distributions.
Optimization of Reinforced Concrete Piers Based on Efficient Reanalysis Technique
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 505~513
In this study, an optimum design algorithm using efficient reanalysis is proposed for seismic design of Reinforced Concrete (RC) piers. The proposed algorithm for optimization of RC piers is based on efficient reanalysis technique. Considering structural behavior of RC piers, the other approximation technique such as artificial constraint deletion is introduced to increase the efficiency of optimization. The efficiency and robustness of the proposed algorithm including the proposed reanalysis technique is demonstrated by comparing it with a conventional optimization algorithm. A few of design examples are optimized to show the applicability of the proposed algorithm.
Linear Static Structural Analysis of the Disposal Container for Spent Pressurized Water Reactor and Canadian Deuterium and Uranium Reactor Nuclear Fuels
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 515~523
In this paper results of a linear structural analysis for design and dimensioning of disposal containers for spent pressurized water reactor nuclear fuel and spent Canadian deuterium and uranium reactor nuclear fuel are presented. The container structure studied here is a solid structure with a cast insert and a corrosion resistant outer shell, which is designed for the spent nuclear fuel disposal in a deep repository. An evenly distributed load of hydrostatic pressure from the groundwater and large swelling pressure from the bentonite buffer are applied on the container. Hence, the container must be designed to endure these large pressure loads. In this study, the array type of inner baskets and thicknesses of outer shell and lid/bottom are attempted to be determined through a linear static structural analysis.
Adaptive Element-free Galerkin Procedures by Delaunay Triangulation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 525~535
In this paper, a new adaptive analysis scheme for element-free Galerkin method(EFGM) is proposed. The novel point of this scheme is that the triangular cell structure based on the Delaunay triangulation is used in the numerical integration and the node adding/removing process. In adaptive analysis with this scheme, there is no need to divide the integration cell and the memory cell structure. For the adaptive analysis of crack propagation, the reconstruction of cell structure by adding and removing the nodes on integration cells based the estimated error should be carried out at every iteration step by the Delaunay triangulation technique. This feature provides more convenient user interface that is closer to the real mesh-free nature of EFGM. The analysis error is obtained basically by calculating the difference between the values of the projected stresses and the original EFG stresses. To evaluate the performance of proposed adaptive procedure, the crack propagation behavior is investigated for several examples.
Effect of Partially Restrained Connections on Seismic Risk Evaluation of Steel Frames
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2001, Pages 537~549
The effect of partially restrained(PR) connections and the uncertainties in them on the reliability of steel frames subjected to seismic loading is addressed. A stochastic finite element method(SFEM) is proposed combining the concepts of the response surface method(RSM), the finite element method(FEM), the first-order reliability method (FORM), and the iterative linear interpolation scheme. The behavior of PR connections is captured using moment-relative rotation curves, and is represented by the four-parameter Richard model. For seismic excitation, the loading, unloading, and reloading behavior at PR connections is modeled using moment-relative rotation curves and the Masing rule. The seismic loading is applied in the time domain for realistic representation. The reliability of steel frames in the presence of PR connections is calculated considering all major sources of nonlinearity. The algorithm is clarified with the help of an example.