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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Determination of Energy Release Rate of Penny-shaped Interface Crack on Bimaterial Cylinder
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 389~398
The mixed mode problem (I and II) of a peny-shaped interface cracks in remote tension loading on a bi-material cylinder is studied using finite element method. The energy release rates for the tip of the crack in the interface were calibrated for several different moduli combinations and crack ratios using the modified crack closure integral technique and J-integral method, with numerical results obtained from a commercial finite element program. Numerical results show that non-dimensional value of
increases as the crack size or moduli ratio increases. Meanwhile, non-dimensional value of
decreases as the moduli ratio increases, but above the moduli ratio of 3 its value decreases then increases again as the crack size increases. Reliability of the numerical analysis in this study was acquired with comparison to an analytical solution for the peny-shaped interface crack in an infinite medium
Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Thick Shells of Revolution
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 399~407
A three-dimensional method of analysis is presented for determining the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes of hollow bodies of revolution (i.e., thick shells), not limited to straight line generators or constant thickness. The middle surface of the shell may have arbitrary curvatures, and the wall thickness may vary arbitrarily. Displacement components
in the meridional, normal and circumferential directions, respectively, are taken to be sinusoidal in time, periodic in
, and algebraic polynomials in the
and z directions. Potential(strain) and kinetic energies of the entire body are formulated, and upper bound values of the frequencies are obtained by minimizing the frequencies. As the degrees of the polynomials are increased, frequencies converge to the exact values. Novel numerical results are presented for two types of thick conical shells and thick spherical shell segments having linear thickness variations. Convergence to four digit exactitude is demonstrated for the first five frequencies of both types of shells. The method is applicable to thin shells, as well as thick and very thick ones
Moving Load Analysis of Bridge Structures Using Experimental Modal Data
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 409~420
This paper proposed a technique of structural re-analysis for the evaluation of dynamic responses of bridge structure under moving loads using experimental modal results. For successful structural re-analysis, it is required to have accurate estimation techniques of the modal characteristics of bridge structures. The natural frequencies and mode shapes were identified by direct fourier analysis techniques and damping ratios by the random decrement method, respectively. An interpolation method was also proposed for the extension of mode shape measured on limited DOFs. Second, the structural reanalysis was performed using moving mass model and identified modal parameters. The results from the reanalysis show that the proposed technique is very reasonable to evaluate the actual behavior of bridge structures under moving loads.
Modal Characteristics of a Structure with Stiffness and Damping Eccentricit
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 421~432
In this study the modal characteristics and responses of an asymmetric structure with added viscoelastic dampers were investigated for design parameters such as eccentricity of stiffness and added dampers, the loss factor of the damping materials used. For modal characteristics, variation of the quantities such as natural frequencies, modal damping ratios, modal participation factors, and dynamic amplification factors were observed, and displacements at flexible and stiff edges, and at center of mass were obtained. Based on the results, the problem of the optimum damper distribution to minimize the torsional effects was addressed, and the proposed method for optimum damper distribution was applied to a multi-story structure to verify the applicability Finally the effect of viscous and viscoelastic dampers were compared by varying the loss factor of the viscoelastic material.
Analysis of a Branched Crack in a Semi-Infinite Plate Under Tension and Bending Moment
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 433~440
A branched crack in a semi-infinite plate under uniform tension and bending moment is considered in this study By using the superposition, the stress and moment intensity factors for the branched crack subjected to uniform tension and bending moment we evaluated. The stress intensity factors we obtained by using the finite element method and the J-based mutual integral. The moment intensity factors are calculated by extrapolating the values of the moment new the crack tip. Numerical results lot the normalized stress and moment Intensity factors we shown as functions of the ratio of branched crack length to main crack length and the branching angle
Efficient Analysis for the Hybrid Structural Systems with Upper Shear-Wall and Lower Frames
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 441~451
Recently, Increasing residential-commercial buildings are composed of upper wall and lower frame type. As structural fragility, a large numbers of researchers have tried to develope the efficient analysis methods. But these studies were too theoretical and were not considered the lateral load which was required in analysing the transfer level in addition to being used nonlinear program which was difficult to use for practical design. thus, results of these studies we not appropriate to apply practical design, therefore, in this paper, the procedure of the current design practice were compared with that of used FEM method and presented new modeling method. in particular, an efficient analytical model which can be used in practical design of residential-commercial buildings for vortical and seismic loads was proposed and the usefulness of proposed model was verified.
Multi-Level Optimization for Steel Frames using Discrete Variables
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 453~462
Discrete-sizing or standardized steel profiles are used in steel design and construction practice. However, most of numerical optimization methods follow additional step(round-up discrete-sizing routine) to use the standardized steel section profiles, and accordingly the optimality of the resulting design nay be doubtful. Thus, in this paper, an efficient multi-level optimization algorithm is proposed to improve the shortcoming of the conventional optimization methods using the round-up discrete-sizing routine. Also, multi-level optimization technique with a decomposition method that separates both system-level and element-level is incorporated in the algorithm to enhance the performance of the proposed algorithms. The proposed algorithm is expected to achieve considerable improvement on both the efficiency of the numerical process and the accuracy of the global optimum.
Derivation of Exact Dynamic Stiffness Matrix of a Beam-Column Element on Elastic Foundation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 463~469
The governing equation and force-displacement rotations of a beam-column element on elastic foundation we derived based on variational approach of total potential energy. An exact static and dynamic 4×4 element stiffness matrix of the beam-column element is established via a generalized lineal-eigenvalue problem by introducing 4 displacement parameters and a system of linear algebraic equations with complex matrices. The structure stiffness matrix is established by the conventional direct stiffness method. In addition the F. E. procedure is presented by using Hermitian polynomials as shape function and evaluating the corresponding elastic and geometric stiffness and the mass matrix. In order to verify the efficiency and accuracy of the beam-column element using exact dynamic stiffness matrix, buckling loads and natural frequencies are calculated for the continuous beam structures and the results are compared with F E. solutions.
Thermal Stress Analysis of the Disposal Canister for Spent PWR Nuclear Fuels
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 471~480
In this paper, the thermal stress analysis of spent nuclear fuel disposal canister in a deep repository at 500 m underground is carried out for the basic design of the canister. Since the nuclear fuel disposal usually emits much heat, a long term safe repository at a deep bedrock is used. Under this situation, the canister experiences the thermal load due to the heat generation of spent nuclear fuels in the basket. Hence, in this paper the thermal stress analysis is executed using the finite element method. The finite clement code Eot the analysis Is not written directly, but a commercial code, NISA, is used because of the complexity of the structure and the large number of elements required for the analysis. The analysis result shows that even though the thermal stress is added to the stress generated by the hydrostatic underground water pressure and the swelling pressure of the bentonite buffer, the total stress is still smaller than the yield stress of the cast iron. Hence, the canister is still structurally safe when the thermal loads we included in the external loads applied on the canister.
The Proposition of Efficient Nonlinear Solution Technique for Space Truss
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 481~490
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of various solution techniques and propose new efficient solution techniques for space trusses. Solution techniques used in this study are three load control methods (Newton-Raphson Method, modified Newton-Raphson Method, Secant-Newton Method), two load-displacement control methods(Arc-length Method, Work Increment Control Method) and three combined load-displacement control methods(Combined Arc-length Method I , Combined Arc-length MethodⅡ, Combined Work Increment Control Method). To evaluate the efficiency of these solution techniques, we must examine accuracy of their solutions, convergences and computing times of numerical examples. The combined load-displacement control methods are the most efficient in the geometric nonlinear solution techniques and in tracing post-buckling behavior of space truss. The combined work increment control method is the most efficient in tracing the buckling load of spate trusses with high degrees of freedom.
p-Version Finite Element Analysis of Composite Laminated Plates with Geometric and Material Nonlinearities
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 491~499
A p-version finite element model based on degenerate shell element is proposed tot the analysis of orthotropic laminated plates. In the nonlinear formulation of the model, the total Lagrangian formulation is adopted with large deflection and moderate rotation being accounted tot in the sense of yon Karman hypothesis. The material model is based on the Huber-Mises yield criterion and Prandtl-Reuss flow rule in accordance with the theory of strain hardening yield function, which is generalized lot anisotropic materials by introducing the parameters of anisotropy. The model is also based on extension of equivalent-single layer laminate theory(ESL theory) with shear deformation, leading to continuous shear strain at the interface of two layers. The integrals of Legendre polynomials are used for shape functions with p-level varying from 1 to 10. Gauss-Lobatto numerical quadrature is used to calculate the stresses at the nodal points instead of Gauss points. The validity of the proposed P-version finite element model is demonstrated through several comparative points of iew in terms of ultimate load, convergence characteristics, nonlinear effect, and shape of plastic tone.
An Experimental Study on Behavior of Box Girder considering Middle Diaphragm Shapes
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 501~510
The middle diaphragm of box girder is to prevent the deformation of the cross section of box girder, to distribute load produced at upper flange onto the both sides of web. But if inner space of box girder is barred by the middle diaphragm, it is impossible to use in inner space of box girder and it is felt constraint on maintenance-management. The effect of middle diaphragm of box girder is intended to be expressed by the stiffness of diaphragm in comparing the diaphragm with opening of box girder with diaphragm without opening of box girder through the experiment.
Numerical Analysis of Shear Stresses in Framed Tube Structures with Internal Tube(s)
Lee, Kang-Kun ; Lee, Lee-Hyung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 511~521
A simple numerical modelling technique is proposed for estimating the shear stress distribution in beams of framed tube structures with multiple internal tubes. The structures arc analysed using a continuum approach in which each tube is individually modelled by a tube beam that accounts for the flexural and shear deformations, as well as the shear lag effects. The numerical analysis of shear stress is based on the mathematical analogy in conjunction with the elastic theory By simplifying assumptions regarding the form of strain distributions in external and internal tubes, the shear stress distributions are expressed in terms of a series of lineal functions of the second moments of area of the structures and the corresponding geometric and material properties, as well as the applied loads. Previous studies for axial stresses and shear lag phenomenon are further developed lot the numerical analysis of shear stresses in the tubes. The simplicity and accuracy of the proposed method are demonstrated through the solutions of throe numerical examples.
Free Vibrations and Buckling Loads of Axially Loaded Cross-Ply Laminated Composite Beam-Columns with Multiple Delaminations
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 523~534
Free vibration and buckling analysis of multi-delaminated composite beam-columns subjected to axial compressive load is performed in the present study In order to investigate the effects of multi-delaminations on the natural frequency and the elastic buckling load of multi-delaminated beam-columns, the general kinematic continuity conditions are derived from the assumption of constant slope and curvature at the multi-dclamination tip. The characteristic equation of multi-delaminated beam-column is obtained by dividing the global multi-delauunated beam-columns into segments and by imposing recurrence relation from the continuity conditions on each sub-beam-column. The natural frequency and the elastic buck)ing load of multi-delaminated beam-columns according to the incremental load of axial compression, which is limited to the maximum elastic buckling load of sound laminated beam-column, are obtained. It is found that the sizes, locations and numbers of multi-delaminations have significant effect on natural frequency and elastic buckling load, especially the latter ones.
Evaluation and Test of Slenderness Ratio Effect on Buckling Characteristics of Thin Cylindrical Structures Subjecting the Shear Loads
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 535~543
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the slenderness ratio effect on buckling characteristics of thin cylindrical structures subjecting the shear loads in detail. To do this, the buckling strength evaluations were carried out with using the evaluation formulae proposed by J. Okada. From the results of the buckling strength evaluations, the three types of staled cylindrical test specimen, which have L/R=3.1, 1.6, and 1.0, are determined for the numerical analyses and tests. From results, target slenderness ratio over L/R=3 results in dominant bending buckling mode, smaller slenderness ratio under L/R=1 results in dominant shear buckling mode, and near L/R=1.6 region shows the mixed buckling mode which has the bending and shear buckling mode simultaneously. Most results of buckling characteristics obtained by the numerical analyses and the evaluation formulae we in good agreement with those of tests.
Torsional Behavior of Core Structures according to the Location of Reinforcement
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 15, issue 3, 2002, Pages 545~555
This paper presents a matrix analysis to get the torsional behavior of core structures with torsional reinforcements. Based on simplified assumptions, formulae for the forces and displacements of cote structures subjected to three typical load cases, i.e. uniformly distributed torque, triangularly distributed torque and a concentrated torque at the top of the structure, are derived analytically. The behavior of the cote according to the variation of reinforcement locations is investigated to estimate the optimum locations of reinforcements to minimize the core rotations and bimoments. The results by the program MIDAS-GEN have shown that this analysis can give quite satisfactory results for structural models with torsional reinforcements. Although three dimensional analysis by computer has come within reach as a normal structural design procedure, its use as an optimization tool may not be desirable in view of the expense and time required. Formulae that we presented here can be used to estimate the torsional rotations and forces of practical cote structures at the preliminary design stages.