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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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Topology Optimization of Element Removal Method Using Stress Density
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~8
Topology optimization has been evolved into a very efficient conceptual design tool and has been utilized into design engineering processes. Traditional topology optimization has been using homogenization method and optimality criteria method. homogenization method provides relationship equation between structure which includes many holes and stiffness matrix in FEM. Optimality criteria method is used to update design variables while maintaining that volume fraction is uniform. Traditional topology optimization has advantage of good convergence but has disadvantage of too much convergency time. In one way to solve this problem, element removal method using the criterion of an average stress is presented. As the result of examples, it is certified that convergency time is very reduced.
Static Analysis of Frame Structures Using Transfer of Stiffness Coefficient
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 9~18
In static analysis of a variety of structures, the matrix method of structural analysis is the most widely used and powerful analysis method. However, this method has drawback requiring high-performance computers with many memory units and fast processing units in the case of analyzing accurately structures with a large number of degrees-of- freedom. Therefore, it's very difficult to analyze these structures accurately in personal computers. For overcoming the drawback of the matrix method of structural analysis, authors suggest the transfer stiffness coefficient method(TSCM). The TSCM is very suitable to a personal computer because the concept of the TSCM is based on the transfer of the stiffness coefficient for an analytical structure. In this paper, the static analysis algorithm for frame structures is formulated by the TSCM. We confirm the validity of the TSCM through the comparison of computation results by the TSCM, the NASTRAN, the matrix method of structural analysis and the analytical solution.
Evaluation of Diaphragm Effect for Hybrid Structural Systems Using Finite Element Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 19~32
The structural system of a hybrid building is composed of upper shear wall which resist lateral force by bending deformation and lower frame which resist lateral force by shear deformation. A deep transfer girder is used to transfer gravity load safely from super structures to structural frame beneath. Because of the vertical discontinuity, a building with transfer girder must be analyzed by dynamic analysis. However, this structural system has many problems in performing dynamic analysis that cannot be solved by general analysis procedure. The slabs In transfer floor are considered as either a Plate element or a rigid diaphragm in finite element analysis without appropriate evaluation of their characteristics. Therefore, a reasonable analysis method is proposed in this study by evaluating the diaphragm effect of a hybrid structure system.
Dynamic Response Analysis of Nonlinear Sloshing in Two Dimensional Rectangular Tank using Finite Element Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 33~42
This paper deals with the FEM analysis of nonlinear sloshing of incompressible, invicid and irrotational flow in two dimensional rectangular tank. We use laplace equation based on potential theory as governing equation. For large amplitude sloshing motion, kinematic and dynamic free surface conditions derived from Bernoulli equation are applied. This problem is solved by FEM using 9-node elements. For the time integration and accurate velocity calculation, we introduce predictor-corrector time marching scheme and least square method. Also, numerical stability in tracking of free surface is obtained by direct calculation of free surface location to time variation. Numerical results of sloshing induced by harmonic excitations, while comparing with those of linear theory and references, prove the accuracy and stability. After verification of our program, we analyze sloshing response characteristics to the fluid height and the excitation amplitude.
Simplified Analysis and Design with Finite Element for Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls Using Limit State Equations
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 43~52
The present study is to investigate the ultimate behavior and limit state design of 2-I) R/C structures, with the changing of crack direction, and the yielding of the reinforcing steel bars, and Is to introduce an algorithm for the limit state design and analysis of 2-D R/C structures, directly from the finite element model. For the design of reinforcement in concrete the limit state design equation is incorporated into finite element algorithm to be based on the pointwise elemental ultimate behavior. It is also introduced a simplified nonlinear analysis algorithm for stress-strain relationship of R/C plane stress problem considering the cracking and its rotation in concrete and the yielding of the reinforcing steel bar. The algorithm is incorporated into the nonlinear finite element analysis. The analysis model is compared with the experimental model of R/C shear wall. In a simple design example for a shear wall, the required reinforcement ratios in each finite element is obtained from the limit state design equations.
FE Analysis of RC Beams Strengthened with Carbon Fiber Sheet
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 53~58
Carbon fiber sheet has been used to rehabilitate many types of reinforced concrete members with its superior characteristics such as their lightweight, high strength, corrosion resistance, and easy execution. But the failure behavior of reinforced concrete members show a high variation by the bond characteristics between carbon fiber sheet and concrete surface. In this study, a bond stress-slip model, which accounts for changes in bonding behavior between concrete and carbon fiber sheet with some link elements, is proposed. The link elements are used to represent the concrete-carbon fiber sheet interface. To investigate the efficiency of this method, the analytical solutions for the behavior of reinforced concrete beam strengthened with carbon fiber sheet are compared with experimental ones. Results from the proposed model comparatively well agree with the experimental results.
Topology Optimization of Plane Structures with Multiload Case using a Lower order Finite Element
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 59~68
An optimization Program is developed to produce new topologies of plane structures under multiload case. A four-node finite element is used in the response analysis to reduce the computation time and to ultimately achieve practical topology optimization. The bilinear finite element is prone to produce chequer-boarding phenomenon and a simple filtering process is therefore adopted. An artificial material model is employed to represent the structural material and the resizing algorithm based on the optimality criteria is adopted to update the material density parameter during optimization process. With newly developed optimization program, the comparison study has been made between single and multiload cases and its results are described in this paper. From numerical results, it appears that multiload case should be considered to achieve the practical topology optimization.
A Study on Numerical Simulation for Dynamic Analysis of Towed Low-Tension Cable with Nonuniform Characteristics
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 69~76
Low-tension cables have been increasingly used in recent years due to deep-sea developments and the advent of synthetic cables. In the case of low-tension cables, large displacements may happen due to relatively small restoring forces of tension and thus the effects of fluid and geometric non-linearities and bending stiffness. A Fortran program is developed by employing a finite difference method. In the algorithm, an implicit time integration and Newton-Raphson iteration are adopted. For the calculation of huge size of matrices, block tri-diagonal matrix method is applied, which is much faster than the well-known Gauss-Jordan method in two point boundary value problems. Some case studies are carried out and the results of numerical simulations are compared with a in-house program of WHOI Cable with good agreements.
Dynamic Response Analysis of Baffled Fuel-Storage Tank in Turnaround Motion
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 77~86
Dynamic response of baffled fuel-storage tank in turnaround motion is simulated using the ALE finite element method. Fuel-storage tank undergoes abrupt impact load caused by inertia force of internal fuel in turnaround motion. Also, large dynamic force and moment caused by this load influence structural stability and control system. In this paper, ring-type baffles are adopted to suppress the dynamic influence. Through the parametric analysis with respect to the baffle number and location, the effects of baffle on the dynamic response of baffled fuel-storage tank is analyzed. The ALE finite element method is adopted for the accurate and effective simulation of the hydrodynamic interaction between fluid and structure.
The Influence of the Structural Parameters on the Shape Errors of CRTS Reflector
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 87~94
A geometric non-linear finite element formulation of CRTS reflector subjected to displacement loads, corresponding to the successional assembly steps of the reflector, is presented in order to determine the initial static equilibrium state based on the displacement incremental method. Parametric analyses of the influence of cables and mechanical properties of the reflector on the shape error between reference and equilibrium surfaces have been studied. These results of the present study are compared with the others using Galerkin mothod and NASS 98 program to demonstrate the feasibility.
Analysis of Sloshing Frequency Response in Rectangular Fuel-Storage Tank
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 95~104
This paper deals with the analytic and FEM analyses of sloshing frequency response of incompressible, invicid and irrotational flow in two dimensional rectangular tank. We use Laplace equation based on potential theory as governing equation. For small amplitude sloshing motion, the linearized free surface condition was applied and the analytic solution as obtained by the separation of variables. To simulate the effect of the energy dissipation due to viscous damping, artificial viscous coefficient is introduced and the divergence of response at resonance frequencies may be avoided by this coefficient. This problem was solved by FEM using 9-node elements in order to predict the maximum amplitude of sloshing response. Numerical results of free surface height, fluid pressure and fluid force show good agreement with those by analytic solution. After verifying the test FEM program, we analyze the frequency response characteristics of sloshing to the fluid height.
Optimal Design of the Steel Wheel's Disc Hole Using Approximation Function
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 2003, Pages 105~111
Wheel for passenger car support the car weight with tires, and they transmit rolling and braking power into the ground. Whittling away at wheel weight is more effective to boost fuel economy than lighting vehicle body structure. A shape of hole in disk is optimized for minimizing the weight of steel wheel. Pro/ENGINEER program is used for formulating the design model, and ANSYS package is selected for analyzing the design model. It has difficulties to interface these commercial software directly. For Combining both programs, response surface methodology is applied to construct approximation functions for maximum stresses and maximum displacements are obtained by full factorial design of five levels. This steel wheel is modeled in 14-inch diameter of rim, and wide parameter of hole in disk is only selected as design variable for reducing the weight of steel whee. PLBA(Pshenichny-Lim-Belegundu-Arora) algorithm, which used the second-order information in the direction finding problem and uses the active set strategy, is used for solving optimization problems.