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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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Determination of Equivalent Vehicle Load Factors for Flat Slab Parking Structures Using Artificial Neural Networks
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 115~124
In this paper, the effects of vehicle loads on flat slab system are investigated on the basis of the previous studies for beam-gilder parking structural system. The influence surfaces of flat slab for a typical design section are constructed lot the purpose of obtaining maximum member forces under vehicle loads. In addition, the equivalent vehicle load factors for flat slab parking structures are suggested using artificial neural network. The network responses we compared with the results obtained by numerical analyses to verify the validation of Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm adopted as training method in this Paper. Many parameter studies for the flat slab structural system show dominant vehicle load effects at the center positive moments in both column and middle strips, like the beam-girder parking structural system.
Analysis of Vibration of a Simple Plate In a Medium-to-High Frequency Range With Power Flow Finite Element Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 125~131
In this paper Power Flow Finite Element Method(PFFEM) has been implemented to analyze the vibration of a plate in mid and high frequency ranges. In order to solve the vibration energy governing equation in Power Flow Analysis(PFA), The Finite Element Method(FEM) was used as a numerical tool. It allowed one to predict the distribution of displacement and Intensity in the plate vibrating at mid and high frequencies. The results were compared with the analytical solutions and the approximate FEM solutions. The comparison showed that PFFEM can be an effective tool to analyze the structural vibration in mid and high frequency ranges.
Structural Analysis of the Aluminum Extrusion Plate with Truss-Core
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 133~140
The sandwich plate has been widely used as an efficient structural member because it has high strength-to-weight and high stiffness-to-weight ratios. To properly design the aluminum extrusion plate , it is necessary to analyze structural behaviors of the extrusions, however, the aluminum extrusions have been rarely studied until now. In the optimization process through numerous iterative calculations, finite element analysis of the sandwich plate with hollow core section requires a considerable amount of computation time and cost. In this paper, the aluminum extrusion plate with truss-core is transformed into an equivalent homogeneous orthotropic plate with appropriate elastic constants. The procedure to evaluate accurate equivalent elastic constants is also established. Using these elastic constants, simple theoretical formulas of the stresses and deflection are proposed in case of the simply-supported orthotropic thick plate under uniform pressure. Through the comparison with the results by commercial FEM code(ANSYS), it is verified that the proposed simpified formula has a good efficiency and accuracy.
Development of a Quasi-Three Dimensional Train/Track/Bridge Interaction Analysis Program for Evaluating Dynamic Characteristics of High Speed Railway Bridges
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 141~151
Railway bridges are subject to dynamic loads generated by the interaction between moving vehicles and the bridge structures. These dynamic loads result in response fluctuations in bridge members. To investigate the real dynamic behavior of the bridge, therefore, a number of analytical and experimental Investigations should be carried out. In this paper, a train/track/bridge interaction analysis program for evaluating the dynamic characteristics of bridges due to KTX operation in terms of structural safety, operational safety and passenger comfort is developed. To build a practical model of train/track/bridge, Hertzian spring for wheel/rail contact modeling and Winkler element for ballast are applied. This program also used torsional degree of freedom and constraint equation based on geometrical relationship in order to take into consideration three-dimensional eccentricity effect due to the operation on double track through quasi-three dimensional analysis. To verify the developed Program, comparison has been made between the measured results and those of simulation of the typical PSC box bridge(2@40m=80m) of the KHSR bridges.
Round Robin Analysis of Pressure-Temperature Limit Curve for Reactor Vessel
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 153~163
Performed here is a comparative assessment study for the generation of the pressure-temperature limit curve of the reactor vessel. A round robin problem is proposed using the data available in Korea and all organizations interested in the generation of the pressure-temperature limit curve are invited. The problems consisting of 12 cases for cool-down are solved and their results are compared to generate a reference solution for the reference problem, which will be useful in the evaluation of the generation of the pressure-temperature limit curve in the future.
Static and Vibration Analysis of Axisymmetric Shells Using Mixed Finite Element
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 165~172
In this study, a new and efficient harmonic axisymmetric shell element for static and dynamic analysis Is proposed. The present element considering shear strain is based on a modified mixed variational principle in which the independent unknowns are only the Quantities prescribable at the shell edges. Unlike existing hybrid-mixed axisymmetric shell elements, the present element introduces additional nodeless degrees for displacement field Interpolation In order to enhance the numerical performance. The stress parameters are eliminated by the stationary condition and the nodeless degrees are condensed out by the Guyan reduction. Through several numerical examples, the hybrid-miked shell element with the additional nodeless degrees and the consistent stress parameters is shown to be efficient and yield very accurate results for static and vibration analysis.
Comparison of Energy Demand in Multi-Story Buckling Restrained Braced Frame and Equivalent SDOF System
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 173~182
In equivalent static nonlinear analysis and in energy-based design, the structures are generally transformed into an equivalent SDOF system. In this study the seismic energy demands in multi story structures, such as three-, eight-, and twenty-story steel moment-resisting frames(MRF), buckling restrained braced frames(BRBF) and a damage tolerant braced frame(DTBF), are compared with those of equivalent single degree of freedom(ESDOF) systems. Sixty earthquake ground motions recorded In different soil conditions, which are soft rock, soft soil, and neat fault, were used to compute the input and hysteretic energy demands in model structures. In case the modal mass coefficient is less than 0.8, the effects of higher modes are considered in the process of converting into ESDOF According to the analysis results, the hysteretic and input energies obtained from 3 story and 8 story MRF and DTBF agreed well with the results from analysis of equivalent SDOF systems. However in the 20 story BRBF the results from ESDOF underestimated those obtained from the original
Finite Element Modeling for Free Vibration Control of Beam Structures using Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 183~195
In this study, the method of the finite element modeling for free vibration control of beam-type smart structures with bonded plate-type piezoelectric sensors and actuators is proposed. Constitutive equations for the direct piezoelectric effect and converse piezoelectric effect of piezoelectric materials are considered. By using the variational principle, the equations of motion for the smart beam finite element are derived. The proposed 2-node beam finite element is an isoparametric element based on Timoshenko beam theory. Therefore, by analyzing beam-type smart structures with smart beam finite elements, it is possible to simulate the control of the structural behavior by applying voltages to piezoelectric actuators and monitoring of the structural behavior by sensing voltages of piezoelectric sensors. By using the smart beam finite element and constant-gain feed back control scheme, the formulation of the free nitration control for the beam structures with bonded plate-tyPe Piezoelectric sensors and actuators is proposed.
Three-Dimensional Vibration Analysis of Solid and Hollow Hemispheres Having Varying Thickness
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 197~206
A three-dimensional (3-D) method of analysis is presented for determining the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes of solid and hollow hemispherical shells of revolution of arbitrary wall thickness having arbitrary constraints on their boundaries. Unlike conventional shell theories, which are mathematically two-dimensional (2-D), the present method is based upon the 3-D dynamic equations of elasticity. Displacement components μ/sub Φ/, μ/sub z/, and μ/sub θ/ in the meridional, normal, and circumferential directions, respectively, are taken to be sinusoidal in time, periodic in θ, and algebraic polynomials in the Φ and z directions. Potential (strain) and kinetic energies of the hemispherical shells are formulated, and the Ritz method is used to solve the eigenvalue problem, thus yielding upper bound values of the frequencies obtained by minimizing the frequencies. As the degree of the polynomials is increased, frequencies converge to the exact values. Novel numerical results are presented for solid and hollow hemispheres with linear thickness variation. The effect on frequencies of a small axial conical hole is also discussed. Comparisons are made for the frequencies of completely free, thick hemispherical shells with uniform thickness from the present 3-D Ritz solutions and other 3-D finite element ones.
Numerical Computation of Dynamic Stress Intensity Factors in Axisymmetric Problems
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 207~216
In this paper, the finite element method for the elastodynamic axisymmetric fracture analysis is presented in matrix form through the application of the Galerkin method to the time integral equations of motion with no inertia forces. Isoparametric quadratic quadrilateral element and triangular crack tip singular elements with one-quarter node are used in the mesh division of the finite element model. To show the validity and accuracy of the proposed method, the infinite elastic medium with the penny shaped crack is solved first and compared with the analytical solution and the numerical results by the finite difference method and the boundary element method existing in the published literatures, and then the dynamic stress intensity factors of solid and hollow cylinders of finite dimensions haying penny-shaped cracks and internal and external circumferential tracks are computed in detail.