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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Adaptive Finite Element Analysis of 2-D Plane Problems Using the rp-Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~10
Adaptive finite element analysis, in which its solution error meets with the user defined allowable error, is recently used to improve the reliability of finite element analysis results. This adaptive analysis is composed of two procedures; one is the error estimation of an analysis result and the other is the reconstruction of finite elements. In the (p-method, an element size is controlled by relocating of nodal positions (r-method) and the order of an element shape function is determined by the hierarchical polynomial (p-method) corresponding to the clement solution error by the enhanced SPR. In order to show the effectiveness and the accuracy of the suggested rp-method, various numerical examples were analyzed and these analysis results were examined by comparing with those obtained by the existed methods.
An Exact Analysis of Steel Box Girders with the Effects of Distortional Deformation of Sections
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 11~20
The main goal of this study is to develop MATLAB programming for an analysis of distortional deformations and stresses of the straight box girder. For this purpose, a distortional deformation theory is firstly summarized and then a BEF (Beam on Elastic Foundation) theory is presented using analogy of the corresponding variables. Finally, with governing equations of the beam-column element on elastic foundation, an exact element stiffness matrix of the beam element and nodal forces equivalent to concentrated and distributed loads are evaluated via a generalized linear eigenvalue problem. In order to verify the efficiency and accuracy of this method, distortional stresses of box girders with multiple diaphragms are presented and compared with results by FEA.
Finite Element Vibration Analysis of Laminated Composite Folded Structures With a Channel Section using a High-order Shear deformation Plate Theory
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 21~30
This study deals with free vibrations of laminated composite structures with a channel section using finite element method. In this paper, the mixed finite element method using Lagrangian and Hermite interpolation functions is adopted and a high-order plate theory is used to analyze laminated composite non-prismatic folded plates with a channel section more accurately for free vibration. The theory accounts for parabolic distribution of the transverse shear stress and requires no shear correction factors supposed in the first-order plate theory. An 32×32 matrix is assembled to transform the system element matrices from the local to global coordinates using a coordinate transformation matrix, in which an eighth drilling degree of freedom (DOF) per node is appended to the existing 7-DOF system. The results in this study are compared with those of available literatures for the conventional and first-order plate theory. Sample studies are carried out for various layup configurations and length-thickness ratio, and geometric shapes of plates. The significance of the high-order plate theory in analyzing complex composite structures with a channel section is enunciated in this paper.
Approximate Shape Optimization Technique by Sequential Design Domain
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 31~38
Mechanical design process is generally accomplished by design, analysis, and test. Designers use programs fitting purpose, and obtain repeatedly a response of a simulation program, a sub-program for optimization. In this paper, shape optimization using approximate optimization technique is carried out with sequential design domain(SDD). In addition, algorithm executing Pro/Engineer and ANSYS automatically are adopted in the approximate optimization program by SDD. It is difficult for design problem to be approximated accurately for the whole range of design space. However, more or less accurate approximation is constructed if SDD is applied to that case. SDD starts with a certain range which is off-seted from midpoint of an initial design domain and then SDD of the next step is determined by a move limited. Convergence criterion is defined such that optimal point must be located within SDD during the two steps. Also, the PLBA(Pshenichny-Lim-Belegundu-Arora) algorithm is used to solve approximate optimization problems. This algorithm uses the second-order information and the active set strategy, in order to seek the direction of design variables.
Nondestructive Defect Detection in Two-dimensional Anisotropic Composite Elastic Bodies Using the Boundary Element Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 39~47
In this paper, the defects of two-dimensional anisotropic elastic bodies are identified by using the boundary element method. The use of numerical models that contain only boundary integral terns reduces the dimensionality of the problem by one. This advantage is particularly important in problems such as crack mechanics. Avoiding domain meshing is also particularly advantageous in the solution of inverse problems since it overcomes mesh perturbations and simplifies the procedure. In this paper, nondestructive approaches for the existing isotropic materials are extended to analyze the elastic bodies made of anisotropic materials such as composites. After verifying that the proposing boundary element model is in good agreement with numerical results reported by other investigators, the effect of noise in the measurements on the identifiability is studied with respect to different design parameters of layered composites. Sample studies are carried out for various layup configurations and loading conditions. The effects of the layup sequences in detecting flaw of composites is explored in this paper.
Development of Resizing Techniques for Drift Designs of High-rise Buildings subjected to Lateral and Vertical Loads
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 49~58
Drift design of a high-rise building is a governing factor in the determination of structural weights and lateral resisting systems. However, high-rise buildings are composed of tens of thousands of structural member, designer can not know which members are active to lateral drift control and how much they contribute to lateral drifts. Resizing technique was proved to be a practical method for drift design of high-rise buildings. However, no resizing algorithm has been considered the effect of vertical loads in drift designs. Thus, in this paper, a resizing algorithm has been developed for drift designs of high-rise buildings subjected to both lateral and vertical loads. The drift design model has been applied to drift designs of two high-rise building examples.
Determination of Stress Intensity Factor for the Crack in Orthotropic Materials Using the Finite Element Method
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 59~65
The stress intensity factors have been widely used in numerical studies of crack growth direction. However in many cases, omissive terms of the series expansion are quantitatively significant, so we consider the computation of such terms. For this purpose, we used the finite element method with isoparametric quadratic quarter-point elements. For examples, infinite square plate with a slant crack subjected to a uniaxial load is analyzed. The numerical analysis were performed for the wide range of crack tip element lengths and inclined angles. The numerical results obtained are compared with the theoretical solutions. Also they were accurate and efficient
Dynamic Buckling Characteristics of Arch Structures by Sinusoidal Harmonic Excitation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 67~74
The dynamic instability for snapping phenomena has been studied by many researchers. Few paper deal with the dynamic buckling under the load with periodic characteristics, and the behavior under periodic excitation is expected the different behavior against STEP excitation. We investigate the fundamental mechanisms of the dynamic instability when the sinusoidal shaped arch structures are subjected to sinusoidal harmonic excitation with pin-ends. By using Newmark- β method, we can get the nonlinear displacement response, and using this analyze characteristics of the dynamic instability through the running response spectrum by FFT(Fast Fourier Transform).
Numerical Dispersion and Its Control for 1-D Finite Element Simulation of Stress Wave Propagation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~82
With an aim at eliminating the numerical dispersion error arising from the numerical simulation of stress wave propagation, numerical dispersion characteristics of the wave equation based one-dimensional finite element model are analyzed and some dispersion control scheme are proposed in this paper The dispersion analyses are carried out for two types of mass matrix, namely the consistent and the lumped mass matrices. Based on the finding of the analyses, dispersion correction techniques are developed for both the implicit and explicit schemes. For the implicit scheme, either the weighting factor for the spatial derivatives of each time level or the lumping coefficient for mass matrix is adjusted to minimize the numerical dispersion. In the case of the explicit scheme an artificial dispersion term is introduced in the governing equation. The validity of the dispersion correction techniques proposed in this study is demonstrated by comparing the numerical solutions obtained using the Present techniques with the analytical ones.
Dynamic Behaviors of an Impact System under Randomly Perturbed Harmonic Excitation by the Path-Integral Solution Procedure
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 83~91
Nonlinear system responses of an impact system under randomly perturbed harmonic excitations are predicted in the probability domain by adopting the semi-analytical procedure previously developed. The semi-analytical procedure is obtained by solving the Fokker-Planck equation corresponding to the stochastic differential equation of the given impact system by utilizing the path-integral solution. The evolutionary joint probability density functions are generated by using the method, and the characteristics of nonlinear dynamic response behaviors of the system are examined. Noise effects on the responses are also examined. It Is found that the semi-analytical method can provides the accurate information of the responses via the joint probability functions for the impact system. It is found that the noises weaken and eventually terminate the chaos in the responses, but it is also found that the chaotic signatures reside in the presence of the external noise with relatively high intensity. The joint probability density function shows that the ensemble of the system responses are weakly stationary.