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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Determination of Efficient Shoring System in RC Frame Structures Considering Time-Dependent Behavior of Concrete
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 225~239
In this paper, systematic analyses for the shoring systems installed to support applied loads during construction are performed on the basis of the numerical approach introduced in the previous study. Structural behaviors require changes in design variables such as types of shoring systems, shore stiffness and shore spacing. In this paper, the design variable are analyzed and discussed. The time dependent deformations of concrete and construction sequences of frame structures are also taken into account to minimize structural instability and to improve design of shoring system, because those effects may increase axial forces delivered to shores. From many parametric studies, it can be recommended that the most effective shoring system is 2SlR(two shores and one reshore)
Optimum Design of Rail in Semiconductor Processing
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 241~249
There is an over head hoist transporter(OHT) by the system for delivering the wafer in semiconductor processing. The transfer system consist of carrier, vehicle, rail and support. The Tail supporting the wafer and the transfer system should maintain enough strength and stiffness. To achieve lightness and enough strength and stiffness, optimization algorithm should be introduced in design process. In this study, two kinds of section shapes as L-type, C-type is carried out the structure analysis and optimization. Total weight of rail is to be minimized while displacement should not exceed limit. To improve the initial model, topology optimization is done by the plain problem. Size optimization is done with 3D solid element and PLBA algorithm, the RQP algorithm. The weight of optimum model as L-type, C-type is decreased by 2.3%, 10% respectively. It is improved better than the initial model in the strength and stiffness of the structure.
Uncertainty and Updating of Long-Term Prediction of Prestress in Prestressed Concrete Bridges
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 251~259
The prediction accuracy of prestress plays an important role in the quality of maintenance and the decision on rehabilitation of infrastructure such as prestressed concrete bridges. In this paper, the Bayesian statistical method that uses in-situ measurement data for reducing the uncertainties or updating long-term prediction of prestress is presented. For Bayesian analysis, prior probability distribution is developed to represent the uncertainties of creep and shrinkage of concrete and likelihood function is derived and used with data acquired in site. Posterior probability distribution is then obtained by combining prior distribution and likelihood function. The numerical results of this study indicate that more accurate long-term prediction of prestress forces due to creep and shrink age is possible.
Modeling of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation for Detection of Bond Delamination in Concrete
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 261~269
The existing concrete beams can be retrofitted or reinforced by attaching carbon fiber or glass fiber sheet beneath the beams. Although diverse design methods and application techniques of the retrofitting are studied and developed, the testing method of examining retrofitted beams have not been put into practice yet. In this study, a bond delamination has been modeled and studied to provide a basis for the development of actual testing equipments. For this purpose, Gaussian and sinusoidal waves with 3GHz and 5GHz center frequency are used as an incident wave and 1mm and 3mm bond delamination under the reinforcement are modeled. In the modeling, Finite Difference-Time Domain algorithm is used to investigate the behavior of electromagnetic waves in concrete. The results have shown that 5GHz waves are suitable for the detection of delamination.
Study of Critical Flutter Velocities of Bridge Girder Sections with Different Structural Stiffness
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 271~278
Numerical analysis of wind effects on civil engineering structures was performed. Aerodynamic effect often becomes a governing factor and aeroelastic stability boundary becomes a prime criterion which should be confirmed during the structural design stage of bridges because the long-span suspension bridges are prone to the aeroelastic instabilities caused by wind. If the wind velocity exceeds the critical velocity that the bridge can withstand, then the bridge fails due to the phenomenon of flutter. Navier-Stokes equations were used for the aeroelastic analysis of bridge girder section. The aeroelastic simulation is carried out to study the aeroelastic stability of bridges using both Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) and Computational Structural Dynamic (CSD) schemes. Critical flutter velocities were computed for bridges with different stiffness. It was confirmed that the critical flutter velocity of bridge girder section was sensitive to the change of structural stiffness.
Linear Static and Free Vibration Analysis of Laminated Composite Plates and Shells using a 9-node Shell Element with Strain Interpolation
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 279~293
The analysis of linear static and free vibration problems of isotropic and laminated composite plates and shells is performed by the improved 9-node shell element with the new strain displacement relationship. In that relationship, the effect of new additional terms between the bending strain and displacement has been investigated in the warping problem. Natural co ordinate based strains, stresses and constitutive equations are used. The assumed natural strain method is used to alleviate both membrane and shear locking behavior from the element. The Lanczos method is employed in the calculation of the eigenvalues of laminated composite structures and the Gauss integration rule is adopted to evaluate the mass matrix. The numerical examples are compared with the analytical solutions to validate the current formulation and the results presented could be useful for the understanding of the behaviour of laminates under free vibration conditions.
A Study of Characteristics of Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction Behavior on the Frequency Contents of the Seismic Waves
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 295~308
In this study, several Soil-Structure-Interaction (SSI) analyses were performed using the developed FE-BE coupling method and the seismic response behavior of the structure's systems was determined. For the verification of the fundamental solution which is used in this analysis method, a dynamic analysis of the homogeneous ground was performed and it was compared to the results of Estorff et al. In order to verify the seismic response analysis, the results are compared with those of another commercial code. Several kindd of SSI analyses were performed and the seismic response associated with the rile foundation, seismic waves and a consideration of the ground nonlinearity were determined. As a result, it was found that the pile foundations didn't greatly helpful during the seismic event.
Optimum Design of PSC Box Girder Bridge considering the Influence of Unequal Span Length Division, Load Factor, and Variable Girder Depth
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 309~318
This research automatically designed psc-box girder bridges by using an optimum design program and applied the results to the various types of bridges to verify if common facts used in steel bridges or concrete bridges can be applied to PSC bridges. Namely, it investigated appropriate unequal span length division by comparing with bridge of unequal and equal span length division, and verified the influence of the load factors which are changed by time or specification applying the results to various types of bridge. and it applied reinforced concrete bridge and steel bridge's variable girder depth which is slender and effective to save material costs to PSC box girder bridges. Technical solution of optimum design program used SUMT procedure, and Kavlie's extended penalty function to allow infeasible design points in the process. Powell's direct method was used for searching design points and a gradient's approximate method was used to reduce the design time.
Shape Optimum Design of Pultruded FRP Bridge Decks
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 319~332
Due to their high strength to weight ratios and excellent durability, fiber reinforced polymer(FRP) is widely used in construction industries. In this paper, a shape optimum design of FRP bridge decks haying pultruded cellular cross-section is presented. In the problem formulation, an objective function is selected to minimize the volumes. The cross-sectional dimensions and material properties of the deck of FRP bridges are used as the design variables. On the other hand, deflection limits in the design code, material failure criteria, buckling load, minimum height, and stress are selected as the design constraints to enhance the structural performance of FRP decks. In order to efficiently treat the optimization process, the cross-sectional shape of bridge decks is assumed to be a tube shape. The optimization process utilizes an improved Genetic Algorithms incorporating indexing technique. For the structural analysis using a three-dimensional finite element, a commercial package(ABAQUS) is used. Using a computer program coded for this study, an example problem is solved and the results are presented with sensitivity analysis. The bridge consists of a deck width of 12.14m and is supported by five 40m long steel girders spaced at 2.5m. The bridge is designed to carry a standard DB-24 truck loading according to the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges in Korea. Based on the optimum design, viable cross-sectional dimensions for FRP decks, suitable for pultrusion process are proposed.
Numerical Analysis Study for Optimal Design Method on Intersection between Longitudinal and Transversal Rib in Orthotropic Steel Deck Bridge
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 17, issue 3, 2004, Pages 333~340
The use of the othotropic steel deck is steadily increased due to the advance of the technology in the steel bridges which recently have been longer. But the othotropic steel deck bridge is the structure that is very fragile to the fatigue, especially, the fatigue crack at the cross of the longitudinal rib and transversal rib is one of the biggest problems that othotropic steel deck bridges have. The causes of these fatigue cracks come from the secondary stress on out-plane behavior of transversal rib. In this study, we conducted the experiment to find the optimal details to improve fatigue strength on intersection between longitudinal rib and transversal rib in the othotropic steel deck bridge through numerical analysis using the experiment of the fatigue in the 3-dimensional real structure and program LUSAS. As a result of study, it is showed that the details of the korean standard section attached with a curved bulkhead plate is the most profitable. And, it is indicated that the stress which is generated when the reform improved section by parametic study can be reduced by about 50% at most or more. Along with the reduced stress and the longer interval between transversal ribs(G=400), the decreased steel amount by 4% and the shortened welding length by 34% make it possible to produce the othotropic steel deck bridge which is strong against fatigue.