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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Optimal Tension Forces of Multi-step Prestressed Composite Girders Using Commercial Rolled Beams
Shin Yung-Seok ; Jung Heung-Shi ; Kim Young-Woo ; Park Jea-Man ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 115~124
The 1st and 2nd tension forces of the PSSC(Prestressed Steel and Concrete) grider constructed with commercial rolling beams and concrete are optimally designed. The design variables are the 1st and 2nd tension forces due to multi-step prestressing and live load. The objective function is set to the maximum live load. Design conditions are allowable stresses at the top and bottom of slab, beam and infilled concrete due at the several construction stages. A Matlab based optimization program is developed. The results show that the tendon position as well as concrete compression strength have significant influence on the beam strength.
Damage Detection of Bridge Structures Considering Uncertainty in Analysis Model
Lee Jong-Jae ; Yun Chung-Bang ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 125~138
The use of system identification approaches for damage detection has been expanded in recent years owing to the advancements in data acquisition system andinformation processing techniques. Soft computing techniques such as neural networks and genetic algorithm have been utilized increasingly for this end due to their excellent pattern recognition capability. In this study, damage detection of bridge structures using neural networks technique based on the modal properties is presented, which can effectively consider the modeling uncertainty in the analysis model from which the training patterns are to be generated. The differences or the ratios of the mode shape components between before and after damage are used as the input to the neural networks in this method, since they are found to be less sensitive to the modeling errors than the mode shapes themselves. Two numerical example analyses on a simple beam and a multi-girder bridge are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed method.
Interaction Analysis between Tapered Sectional Launching Nose and Superstructure Section of ILM Concrete Bridge
Lee Hwan-Woo ; Jung Du-Hwoe ; Ahn Tae-Wook ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 139~150
ILM(incremental launching method) bridge is one of the prestressed concrete bridge construction methods widely adopted owing to its effectiveness for the quality control. The sections of the launched superstructure pass every position of the bridge spans. This launching process causes the bridge sections to be experienced in the quite different stress states with the stress state occurred after construction completely. Due to the self weight of sections, particularly, the superstructure sections(deck) experience maximum positive and negative moment as well as maximum shear force during launching process. To minimize the temporarily caused sectional forces, launching nose is generally used in the construction method. Therefore, the magnitude of this sectional forces should be checked for the safety of super structure in construction and it is dependent on the structural characteristics of launching nose. In this study, the simplified formulas to analyze the sectional force occurred by the nose-deck interaction in ILM construction are developed. The considering parameters are the span length ratio, stiffness ratio and weight ratio between the launching nose and the super structure. In particular, the developed formulas can consider the tapered sectional shape of launching nose and the diaphragm wall in the superstructure. Additionally, the sensitivity analysis is performed to analyze the effects of nose-deck interaction according to the design parameters.
A New Higher-Order Hybrid-Mixed Element for Curved Beam Vibrations
Kim Jin-Gon ; Park Yong-Kuk ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 151~160
In this study, we propose a new efficient 2-noded hybrid-mixed element for curved beam vibrationshaving a uniform and non-uniform cross section. The present element considering transverse shear strain is based on Hellinger-Reissner variational principle and introduces additional nodeless degrees for displacement field interpolation in order to enhance the numerical performance. The stress parameters are eliminated by the stationary condition and then the nodeless degrees are condensed out by the Guyan reduction. In the performance evaluation process of the present field-consistent higher-order element, we carefully examine the effects of field consistency and the role of higher-order interpolation functions on the hybrid-mixed formulation. Several benchmark tests confirm e superior behavior of the present hybrid-mixed element for curved beam vibrations.
Development of Structural Analysis Platform through Internet-based Technology Using Component Models
Shin Soo-Bong ; Park Hun-Sung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 161~169
The study proposes component models in developing an efficient platform for internet-based structural analysis. Since a structural analysis requires an operation of complicated algorithms, a client-side computation using X-Internet is preferred to a server-side computation to provide a flexible service for multi-users. To compete with the user-friendly interfaces of available commercial analysis programs, a window-based interface using Smart Client was applied. Also, component-based programming was performed with the considerations on reusability and expandability so that active Preparation for future change or modification could be feasible. The components describe the whole system by subdivision and simplification. In the relationship between upper-and lower-level components and also in the relationship between components and objects, a unified interface was used to clearly classify the connection between the libraries. By performing data communication between different types of platforms using XML WebService, a conner-stone of data transfer is proposed for the future integrated CAE. The efficiency of the developed platform has been examined through a sample structural analysis and design on planar truss structures.
FEM-based Seismic Reliability Analysis of Real Structural Systems
Huh Jung-Won ; Haldar Achintya ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 171~185
A sophisticated reliability analysis method is proposed to evaluate the reliability of real nonlinear complicated dynamic structural systems excited by short duration dynamic loadings like earthquake motions by intelligently integrating the response surface method, the finite element method, the first-order reliability method, and the iterative linear interpolation scheme. The method explicitly considers all major sources of nonlinearity and uncertainty in the load and resistance-related random variables. The unique feature of the technique is that the seismic loading is applied in the time domain, providing an alternative to the classical random vibration approach. The four-parameter Richard model is used to represent the flexibility of connections of real steel frames. Uncertainties in the Richard parameters are also incorporated in the algorithm. The laterally flexible steel frame is then reinforced with reinforced concrete shear walls. The stiffness degradation of shear walls after cracking is also considered. The applicability of the method to estimate the reliability of real structures is demonstrated by considering three examples; a laterally flexible steel frame with fully restrained connections, the same steel frame with partially restrained connections with different rigidities, and a steel frame reinforced with concrete shear walls.
A Study on the Characteristics of Dynamic Behaviors for the Spatial Structures using Equivalent Lumped Mass Model
Han Sang-Eul ; Lee Sang-Ju ; Kim Min-Sik ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 187~194
Generally, earthquake-resistant structural systems have to ensure the sufficient stiffness and ductility for stability In this paper, the spatial structures are applied an isolation system to boundary parts between roof systems and sub-structures. So, it is necessary to examine the characteristics of dynamic behaviors of spatial structures governed by higher modes rather than lower modes different from the cases of high-rise buildings. The objectives of this paper are to develop the equivalent lumped mass model to simplify an analytical processes and to investigate the dynamic behaviors of roof systems according to the mass and stiffness of sub-structures as a fundamental study of performance design for the spatial structures.
Optimization of Reinforcement of Thin-Walled Structures for a Natural Frequency
Lim O-Kaung ; Jeong Seung-Hwan ; Choi Eun-Ho ; Kim Dae-Woo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 195~202
Thin-walled structures are efficiently utilized an automobiles, aircraft, satellite and ship as well as needed light weight simultaneously. This paper presents new shape of automobile hood reinforcement that rotating parts as engine, transmission are protected by thin-walled structures. The automobile hood is concerned about the resonance occurs due to the frequency of the rotating parts. The hood must be designed by supporting the stiffness of design loads and considering the natural frequencies. Hence, it is sustained the stiffness and considered the vibration by resonance. It is deep related to ride. Therefore, the topology, shape and size optimization methods are used to design the automobile hood. Topology technique is applied to determine the layout of a structural component optimum size with maximized natural frequency by volume reduction. In this research, The optimal structure layout of an inner reinforcement of an automobile hood for the natural frequency of a designated mode is obtained by using topology optimization method. The optimum size and the optimum shape are determined by PLBA(Pshenichny-Lim-Belegundu-Arora) algorithm.
Effects of Interactions between the Concrete Deck and Steel Girders on the Behavior of Simply Supported Skew Bridges
Moon Seong-Kwon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 203~212
Although composite construction has many mechanical advantages over noncomposite construction, the design of noncomposite construction for skew bridges with large skew angels has been often checked because composite construction caused large stresses in the bridge deck. But there is somewhat difficulty to apply noncomposite construction in the field because of the structural problem such as the slip at the interface between the concrete deck and steel girders. In this study, the validity of the application of the composite construction to skew angles with large skew angles is investigated by analyzing effects of two interactions such as composite and noncomposite actions between the concrete deck and steel girders on the behavior of skew bridges. A series of parametric studies for the total 27 simply supported skew bridges was conducted with respect to parameters such as girder spacing, skew angle, and deck aspect ratio. The improvement of the behavior of composite skew bridges was examined by using the concept of the stiffness adjustment of bearings which I suggested in previous research. Results of analyses show that a more desirable behavior of skew bridges can be obtained from composite construction instead of noncomposite construction and the method of the stiffness adjustment of bearings results in a more rational and economical design of composite skew bridges and substructures.
Structural Topology Optimization Using Two-level Dynamic Condensation Scheme
Park Soo-Hyun ; Kim Hyun-Gi ; Cho Maeng-Hyo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 19, issue 2, 2006, Pages 213~219
Topology optimization problem requires numerous repeated evaluations of objective function and design sensitivity for elements within design domain with various density distributions. The recently proposed two-level condensation scheme(TLCS) is very promising for the construction of reduced system and for an accurate and efficient analysis concerned about eigenvalue and dynamic problems. We used the two-level dynamic condensation scheme for the analysis and sensitivity computation part in the structural topology optimization problem. The results of the topology optimization for the reduced system show the TLCS provides high accuracy and computation efficiency compared to the full scale system within engineering accuracy.