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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
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Wave Propagation Characteristics in Saturated Porous Media I. Theoretical Solution
Kim, Sun-Hoon ; Kim, Kwang-Jin ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 95~103
An analytical closed-form solution for wave propagation velocity and damping in saturated porous media is presented in this paper The fully coupled field model with compressible solid Brains and pore water were used to derive this solution. An engineering approach for the analysis of fully saturated porous media was adopted and closed-form solutions for one dimensional wave propagation in a homogeneous domain were derived. The solution is highly versatile in that it considers compression of the solid grains, compression of the pore water, deformation of the porous skeleton, and spatial damping and can be used to compute wavespeeds of first and second kind and damping coefficients in various geologic materials. This solution provides a means of analyzing the influence of material property variations on wavespeed and attenuation. In Part 2 of this work the theoretical solution is incorporated into the numerical code and the code is used in a parametric study on wave propagation velocity and damping.
Analysis of the Transient Dynamic Response of Ocean Mining Pipe System Due to Impulse
Cho, Kyu-Nam ; Kim, Min ; Park, Yong-Chan ; Yoon, Chi-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 105~111
A finite element analysis scheme is proposed to assess the dynamic response due to impulse excitation of ocean mining pipe system. Transient dynamic response analysis based on the proposed scheme was carried out for various types of impulses, and the magnitude of cable tension induced by impulse was discussed by using a model of 'Segero', a special purpose ship of KT-Submarine as well as ROV carrier 'Onnuri' A qualitative, prospective guideline for the relevant marine operation is obtained.
Improved Method Evaluating the Stiffness Matrices of Thin-walled Beam on Elastic Foundations
Kim, Nam-Il ; Jung, Sung-Yeop ; Lee, Jun-Seok ; Kim, Moon-Young ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 113~125
Improved numerical method to obtain the exact stiffness matrices is newly proposed to perform the spatially coupled elastic and stability analyses of non-symmetric and open/closed thin-walled beam on elastic foundation. This method overcomes drawbacks of the previous method to evaluate the exact stiffness matrix for the spatially coupled stability analysis of thin-walled beam-column This numerical technique is accomplished via a generalized eigenproblem associated with 14 displacement parameters by transforming equilibrium equations to a set of first order simultaneous ordinary differential equations. Next polynomial expressions as trial solutions are assumed for displacement parameters corresponding to zero eigenvalues and the eigenmodes containing undetermined parameters equal to the number of zero eigenvalues are determined by invoking the identity condition. And then the exact displacement functions are constructed by combining eigensolutions and polynomial solutions corresponding to non-zero and zero eigenvalues, respectively. Consequently an exact stiffness matrix is evaluated by applying the member force-deformation relationships to these displacement functions. In order to illustrate the accuracy and the practical usefulness of this study, the numerical solutions are compared with results obtained from the thin-walled beam and shell elements.
Scaled Boundary Finite Element Methods for Non-Homogeneous Half Plane
Lee, Gye-Hee ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 127~136
In this paper, the equations of the scaled boundary finite element method are derived for non-homogeneous half plane and analyzed numerically In the scaled boundary finite element method, partial differential equations are weaken in the circumferential direction by approximation scheme such as the finite element method, and the radial direction of equations remain in analytical form. The scaled boundary equations of non-homogeneous half plane, its elastic modulus varies as power function, are newly derived by the virtual work theory. It is shown that the governing equation of this problem is the Euler-Cauchy equation, therefore, the logarithm mode used in the half plane problem is not valid in this problem. Two numerical examples are analysed for the verification and the feasibility.
Optimum Rigger Locations for Highrise Braced Frames with Facade Riggers
Jung, Dong-Jo ; Yuk, Min-Hye ; Lim, Byung-Taeg ; Kim, Seok-Koo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 137~146
Numerical analyses are performed to show the effect of stiffening facade riggers on the behavior of the structure and to investigate the optimum locations of facade riggers. Optimum locations of the facade riggers to minimize the drift at the top of the structure are obtained by maximizing the drift reduction caused by the facade riggers and are significantly influenced by the bending and shear stiffnesses of the braced frame and facade riggers. Three standard load cases of uniformal and triangularly distributed lateral loads as well as a lateral point load at the top of the structure are considered in this paper Optimum locations of facade riggers are plotted as functions of nondimensional relative stiffness parameters
for structures with one to four riggers. Although the analysis presented herein is based on certain simplifying assumptions, it is believed that the results do provide sufficiently accurate information for determining the optimum locations of facade riggers in highrise structures.
ExperimPerformance Evaluation of Modified Sliding Mode Control Algorithm for Nonlinear Structures
Lee, Sang-Hyun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 147~155
In this study, the performance of the modified sliding mode control proposed in the previous study is evaluated for seismic response control of nonlinear hysteretic structures. Modified sliding mode control(MSMC) utilizes the target derivative of Lyapunov function in order to calculate control force, and its performance was evaluated only lot linear structures in the previous study. However, considering that most structures subject to strong earthquake show nonlinear hysteretic behivior, the results from the previous study have limitations in practical application. The results from numerical analyses of single degree of freedom systems and base isolated system, which were described using Bouc-Wen model, indicate that the proposed MSMC algorithm shows better control performance than the existing sliding mode controller.
A Study on the Temperature Distribution Change of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canister and its Surrounding Structures due to the Spent Fuel Heat according to the Deposition Time Elapse
Choi, Jong-Won ; Kwon, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 157~164
The prediction of the temperature distribution change of the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister and its surrounding structures (bentonite buffer, granitic rock etc.) due to the spent fuel heat is very important for the design of the 500m deep granitic repository for the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister (about 10,000 years long) deposition. In this study, the temperature distribution change of the composite structure which comprises the canister, the bentonite buffer, the deposition tunnel due to the spent fuel heat is computed using the numerical analysis method. Specially, the temperature distribution change of the composite structure is analysed as the deposition time elapses up to m years. The analysis result shows that the temperature of each part of the repository increases slowly in different way but the latest part temperature increases slowly up to 150 years and thereafter decreases slowly.
Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Plane Frames Based on Section Database
Kwak, Hyo-Gyoung ; Kim, Ji-Eun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 165~179
For the purpose of optimum design of reinforced concrete structures, pre-determined section database of column and beam are constructed and arranged in order of the resisting capacity. Then, regression equations representing the relation between section number and section resisting capacity are derived. In advance, effective optimization algorithms which search optimized solution quickly using direct search method from these database are proposed. In practice, from the fact that engineers conduct member design close to capacity optimization rather than cost optimization, both capacity and cost optimization using proposed algorithms are performed, and the review for the obtained results are followed. Moreover, the investigation for the applicability and effectiveness of the Introduced design procedure is conducted through correlation study for example structures. Because of no restriction in constructing objective functions with very simple optimization processes and fast convergence, the introduced method can effectively be used in the preliminary design stage. Especially, selected solutions from database are directly applicable in practice because these sections already satisfy all the requirements in design codes and practical restrictions.
Integration of Shell Analysis and Surface Modeling
Cho, Maeng-Hyo ; Choi, Jin-Bok ; Roh, Hee-Yuel ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 181~190
The linkage framework of surface geometric modeling based on the NURBS and shell finite element analysis is developed in this study. In the geometrically exact shell finite element analysis, the accuracy of the analysis strongly depends upon the accurate computation of the surface geometric quantities. Therefore if we obtain the necessary geometric quantities from the NVRBS surface equation, it's possible to construct the effective linkage framework of surface modeling in the CAD systems and shell finite element analysis using geometrically exact shell finite element. Besides, the linkage framework can be applied to the analysis of general and complex surfaces as well as simple surfaces. In this study, the shell surfaces are generated by interpolating given set of data points based on the NURBS surfaces. These data points usually can be obtained from surface scanning. But the representations of the generated NURBS surface are not same to one another. The accuracy depends on the chosen parameterization methods used in NURBS. Therefore, it is needed to select the suitable parameterization method according to the geometry of the surfaces. To verify the performance and accuracy of our developed linkage framework, we solve several well-known benchmark problems and assess the performance of the developed method.
Wave Propagation Characteristics in Saturated Porous Media II. Parametric Studies
Kim, Sun-Hoon ; Kim, Kwang-Jin ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 191~206
The general theoretical solutions for the wavespeed and damping derived in Part 1 of this work, are incorporated into the computer code. In this paper the code is used in a parametric study of the influence of excitation frequency and variations in material properties on propagation velocity and damping. Compressional wave velocity for waves of the first kind is shown to vary as a function of the frequency-permeability product, with a zone where wavespeed transitions from a lower bound value to a higher bound value with increasing values of the product. Damping is seen to be a maximum where the rate of change in wavespeed is greatest. Waves of the second kind also show a transition in wavespeed from near zero at low values of the frequency-permeability product to an upper bound value at higher values of the product.
Flexural Behavior of Steel Composite Beam with Built-up Cross-section by Bolt Connection
Kim, Sung-Bo ; Han, Man-Yop ; Kim, Moon-Young ; Ji, Tea-Sug ; Jung, Kyoung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 207~216
The flexural behavior of steel composite beam with built-up cross-section by bolt connection is presented in this paper. The composite effect due to bolt-connetion and friction between steel plate are considered to investigate the flexural behavior of steel composite beam. The displacement, bending stresses and shear stresses according to composite rate are calculated by F.E. analysis and these results are compared to the analytical values of non interaction beam and full interaction beam. As a result of analysis, the behavior of composite beam is more dependant on the composite rate than the friction of the steel plate. When the composite rate reaches
, the behavior of composite beam is similar to that of fully composite beam.
Real-Time Hybrid Shaking Table Test of a Soil-Structure Interaction System with Dynamic Soil Stiffness
Lee, Sung-Kyung ; Min, Kyung-Won ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 20, issue 2, 2007, Pages 217~225
This paper proposes the real-time hybrid shaking table testing methods to simulate the dynamic behavior of a soil-structure interaction system with dynamic soil stiffness by using only a structure model as the physical specimen and verifies their effectiveness for experimental implementation. Experimental methodologies proposed in this paper adopt such a way that absolute accelerations measured from the superstructure and shaking table are feedback to the shaking table controller, and then the shaking table is driven by the calculated motion of the absolute acceleration (acceleration feedback method) or the absolute velocity (velocity feedback method) of foundation that is required to simulate the dynamic behavior of a whole soil-structure interaction system. The shaking table test is implemented by reflecting the dynamic soil stiffness, which are differently approximated from the theoretical one depending on the feedback methods, on the shaking table controller to calculate soil part. The effectiveness of the proposed experimental methods is verified by comparing the response measured from the test on a foundation-fixed structural model and that obtained from the experiment of a soil-interaction system under the consideration in this paper and by matching the dynamic soil stiffness reflected on the shaking table controller with that identified using the experimentally measured data.