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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
An Improved Load Control Strategy for the Ultimate Analysis of Curved Prestressed Concrete Cable-Stayed Bridge
Choi, Kyu-Chon ; Lee, Jae-Seok ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~13
A study for the nonlinear solution strategies to predict the ultimate behavior of a curved PSC cable-stayed bridge with complex geometry and highly nonlinear characteristics is presented. The load and displacement control strategies are used and found to be stable for the nonlinear solution of the PSC bridge up to the moderately excessive load. The ultimate analysis of curved PSC cable-stayed bridge using these solution strategies is not converged due to the propagation of the cracks in the wide range of the concrete elements and excessive variation of the stresses in the concrete elements and cables according to the complex geometry. The load control strategy using scale-down of the unbalanced loads is proposed as an alternative method for the case that the solution is not converged due to the severe nonlinearities involved in the PSC structures like a curved PSC cable-stayed bridge. Through the ultimate analysis of the PSC girder, the accuracy and the stability of the proposed solution strategies are evaluated. Finally, the numerical results for the ultimate analysis of the curved PSC cable-stayed bridge using scale-down of the unbalanced loads are compared with those obtained from other investigator. The validity of the proposed nonlinear solution strategy is demonstrated fairly well.
Development of a Structural Safety Evaluation System for Stone Voussoir Arch Bridges
Kim, Nam-Hee ; Koh, Hyun-Moo ; Hong, Sung-Gul ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 15~23
Masonry structures that are very strong in compression fail due to the instability of structural shape of geometry rather than the material stress limit. Considering such structural behavior, the use of the limit theorem that focuses on structural collapse mechanisms is more appropriate for the evaluation of the structural safety of stone voussoir arch bridges. This paper is to investigate structural performance of the stone arch bridges constructed using dry construction method in Korea based on the limit theorem and to exploit the result to develop a system for an structural safety margin. It is expected that this study will help us understand structural behavior of stone voussoir arch bridges in Korea. Also, it will provide a guideline to make engineering decision from the viewpoint of the maintenance of cultural heritages.
Applications of Practical Analysis Scheme for Evaluating Effects of Over-Loads during Construction on Deflections of Flat Plate System
Kim, Jae-Yo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 25~34
RC flat plate, which has no large flexural stiffness by boundary beams, may be governed by serviceability as well as strength condition. A construction sequence and its impact on distributions of construction loads among slabs tied by shores are decisive factors on immediate and long term performances of flat plate. The over-loading and tensile cracking in early-aged slabs significantly increase the deflection of flat plate system. In this study, for slab deflections, the practical analysis scheme using a linear analysis program is formulated with considering construction sequence and concrete cracking effects. The concept of the effective moment of inertia in calculating deflections of one-way bending member, that is presented in structural design codes, is extended to the finite element analysis of the two-way slab system of flat plates. Effects of over-loads during construction on deflections of flat plate system are analyzed by applying the proposed practical analysis scheme into the critical construction load conditions calculated from the simplified method.
Parallel Finite Element Analysis System Based on Domain Decomposition Method Bridges
Lee, Joon-Seong ; Shioya, Ryuji ; Lee, Eun-Chul ; Lee, Yang-Chang ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~44
This paper describes an application of domain decomposition method for parallel finite element analysis which is required to large scale 3D structural analysis. A parallel finite element method system which adopts a domain decomposition method is developed. Node is generated if its distance from existing node points is similar to the node spacing function at the point. The node spacing function is well controlled by the fuzzy knowledge processing. The Delaunay triangulation method is introduced as a basic tool for element generation. Domain decomposition method using automatic mesh generation system holds great benefits for 3D analyses. Aa parallel numerical algorithm for the finite element analyses, domain decomposition method was combined with an iterative solver, i.e. the conjugate gradient(CG) method where a whole analysis domain is fictitiously divided into a number of subdomains without overlapping. Practical performance of the present system are demonstrated through several examples.
Structural Analysis of a Breakwater in Wave and Seismic Loads
Cho, Kyu-Nam ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 45~52
In this paper, a guideline for designing breakwater in wave loads and in seismic loads is proposed. A simple model structure in breaking wave zone is examined using Morison equation in consideration with the effect of an impact load, for evaluation of the wave loads. As the impact load effect is not significant, pressure distributions according to Goda are applied for evaluation of wave loads on breakwater. Structural behavior of breakwater in wave loads can be obtained using the Goda method, as well. For seismic analysis, Ofunato and Hachinohe models, as well as an artificial seismic acceleration loads model, are adopted. Soil-structure interaction analysis is carried out to find the seismic load effect. It is found that, in certain cases, structural deformation in wave loads is in the same level as deformation that in seismic loads. Thus, it is our recommendation that these two loads are considered at the same level in breakwater design.
Structural Cost Optimization Techniques for High-rise Buildings Frame Systems Using High-strength Steels
Seo, Ji-Hyun ; Kwon, Bong-Keun ; Kim, Sang-Bum ; Park, Hyo-Seon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 53~63
Use of high-strength steel members in building of high-rise buildings and large scale structures is expected to increase the effectiveness of structural design by reducing the weight and cost of structures. So far, high-strength steel members have been used in a very limited way because it is hard to select the proper strengths of steel members in a systematic way with the consideration of the structural cost. In this paper, therefore, a structural optimization technique based on Genetic algorithm is developed for effective use of high-strength steel members in structural design of high-rise buildings with the form of building frame system. The stability and efficiency of the technique is evaluated by using to a 35-story building. As a result, a stable and reliable optimal solution was obtained with a difference of 2.63% between individual and mean optimal structural costs.
Seismic Design of Bridges in Moderate Seismic Region and Response Modification Factors
Kook, Seung-Kyu ; Lee, Dong-Uk ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 65~72
‘Korean Highway Bridge Design Code’ provides the spectrum analysis method with response modification factors for the seismic design of typical bridges. However, considering that korean peninsula is classified as moderate seismic regions and domestic circumstances for bridge design and construction are different from other countries, the applicability of this code is not yet proved. Therefore it is required to verify that applying the spectrum analysis method fulfills the no collapse requirement which is set forth as the basic seismic design concept. In this study two typical bridges with T and
type piers are selected as analysis bridges and seismic designs are carried out by applying the spectrum analysis method with design conditions given for moderate seismic regions. Based on the results obtained through deign procedures, the role of the response modification factors and fulfillment of the no collapse requirement are discussed, from which supplementary provisions for the design code are identified.
Optimization of the Passenger Safety Door(PSD) Part using Response Surface Method
Lee, Jae-Hwan ; Kim, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 73~79
In this paper, the structural analysis and optimization of the door supporting rail structure in the header box located at the top of the aluminum passenger safety door(PSD) at the subway station, which opens and closes regularly, is performed. In case the simple fixed boundary condition is used for the bolt fixture on the supporting rail where the glass door is moving, excessive stresses are obtained. Therefore, more realistic finite element modeling of the bolts is used at the bolt fixture in the whole structure in order to obtain the more physically acceptable FEM results. As a result, fatigue life of twenty years of the structure is obtained to satisfy the design object. Also the optimal design of cross section of the rail part is performed using the response surface method and 15% of weight of the supporting rail part on the door is reduced.
Lateral Drift Control of High-rise Buildings using Partial Reanalysis Algorithm
Lee, Jae-Cheol ; Kim, Chee-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 81~88
This paper alined at the development of a lateral drift control method that is able to quantitatively control the lateral drift of global node. For this, we applied an efficient partial reanalysis algorithm. By using this algorithm, we could recalculate the displacement and member force of the specific node without reanalyzing the entire structure when member stiffness changes partially. The theoretical concepts of the algorithm are so simple that it is not necessary to solve the complicate differential equation or to repeat the analysis of entire structure. The proposed method calculates the drift contribution of each member for the global displacement according to the variation of section sizes by using the algorithm. Then by changing the member sizes as the order of drift contribution, we could control the lateral drift of global node with a minimum quantity of materials. 20 story braced frame structure system is presented to illustrate the usefulness of proposed method. It is shown that the proposed method is very effective in lateral drift control and the results obtained by proposed method are consistent with those of commercial analysis program.
Understanding the Effects of the Dispersion and Reflection of Lamb Waves on a Time Reversal Process
Park, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Sung-Bum ; Sohn, Hoon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 89~103
This study investigates the applicability of the time reversal concept in modem acoustics to the Lamb waves, which have been widely studied for defect detection in plate-like structures. According to conventional time reversal acoustics, an input signal can be reconstructed at an excitation point if an output signal recorded at another point is reversed in the time domain and emitted back to the original source point. However, the application of a time reversal process(TRP) to Lamb wave propagations is complicated due to velocity and amplitude dispersion characteristics of Lamb waves and reflections from the boundaries of a structure. In this study, theoretical investigations are presented to better understand the time reversibility of Lamb waves. In particular, the effects of within-mode dispersion, multimode dispersion, amplitude dispersion, and reflections from boundaries on the TRP are theoretically formulated. Simple numerical case studies are conducted to validate the theoretical findings of this study.
Control Effectiveness of Shear Walls Connected by Beams with Friction Dampers
Chung, Hee-San ; Min, Kyung-Won ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 105~115
Numerical analysis of shear walls governed by flexural behavior is conducted for the seismic control performance of proposed friction dampers installed at the center of coupling beams. Control effectiveness of shear walls connected by beams with the proposed dampers are compared for single shear wall with same flexural rigidity. Average responses of the shear walls with the dampers are found with seven scaled-downed earthquakes based on KEC 2005 design spectrum. Slip load is the most important design parameter. It is designed to be 5, 10, 20, 30, 60, 90% of total vertical shear force at damper location to prevent damper slip in specific stories. Nonlinear time-history analysis is conducted by using SeismoStruct analysis program. Seismic control performance of the dampers is evaluated for base shear, energy dissipation, curvature and top-floor displacement. Results show that the dampers are the most effective in reducing the responses when their total slip load is 30% of total vertical shear force.
Analysis of 2-D Potential Problem with L-shape Domain by p-Convergent Boundary Element Method
Woo, Kwang-Sung ; Jo, Jun-Hyung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 1, 2009, Pages 117~124
The p-convergent boundary element method has been proposed to analyze two-dimensional potential problem on the basis of high order Legendre shape functions that have different property comparing with the shape functions in conventional boundary element method. The location of nodes corresponding to high order shape function are not defined along the boundary, called by nodeless node, similar to the p-convergent finite element method. As the order of shape function increases, the collocation point method is used to solve linear simultaneous equations. The collocation patterns of p-convergent boundary element method consist of non-symmetric hierarchial or symmetric non-hierarchical. As the order of shape function increases, the number of collocation point increases. The singular integral that appears in p-convergent boundary element has been calculated by special numeric quadrature technique and semi-analytical integration technique. The L-shape domain problem including singularity in the vicinity of reentrant comer is analyzed and the numerical results show that the relative error is smaller than
range as compared with other results in literatures. In case of same condition, the symmetric p-collocation point pattern shows high accuracy of solution.