Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Complementary Analysis for the Structural Safety Evaluation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canister for the Canadian Deuterium and Uranium Reactor
Kwon, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 381~390
In this paper, a complementary analysis for the structural safety evaluation of the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister developed for the Canadian Deuterium and Uranium(CANDU) reactor for about 10,000 years long term deposition at a 500m deep granitic bedrock repository has been performed. However this developed structural model of the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister which has 33 spent nuclear fuel baskets and whose diameter is 122cm is too heavy to handle without any structural safety problem. Hence a lighter structural model of the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister which is easy to handle has been required to develop very much. There are two methods to reduce the weight of the CANDU canister model. The one is to alleviate severe design conditions such as external loads and safety factor. The other is to optimize the cross section shape of the canister by reducing the spent nuclear fuel basket number. Hence, in this paper a complementary analysis to alleviate such severe design conditions is carried out and simultaneously structural analyses to optimize the cross section shape of the canister by reducing the spent nuclear fuel basket number below 33 are carried out by varying the external load and the canister diameter for the reduction of the canister weight. The complementary analysis results show that the diameter of canister can be shortened below 122cm to reduce the weight of the spent nuclear fuel disposal canister.
Data Model for Hybrid Structural Experiments
Lee, Chang-Ho ; Marullo, Thomas ; Sause, Richard ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 391~401
The hybrid approach for structural experiments decomposes a structure into independent substructures that can be tested or simulated. The results from the decomposed substructures are combined to predict the behaviors of the entires structure. The hybrid approach is especially useful for the hybrid pseudo-dynamic tests that overcome the limitations of size of a test structure present in a shaking table test. The development of a computer system for the hybrid experiment requires a data model that formally organizes the information involved in the hybrid experiments. This paper provides the data model for representing the information involved in the hybrid experiments, by modifying the classes and attributes for the hybrid experiments in the Lehigh Model that is one of the data models for structural experiments. The data model for the hybrid experiments includes the classes for the physical substructures being tested and the analytical substructures being analyzed, and the simulation coordinator managing the overall experiments. Some objects for classes are implemented as an example to show the links among the classes. The data model presented in this paper can be applied for developing a computer system that helps structural engineers and researchers store, share, and access the information for the hybrid experiments.
Experimental Evaluation of Design Parameters for TLCD and LCVA
Lee, Sung-Kyung ; Min, Kyung-Won ; Park, Ji-Hun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 403~410
In this paper, damping coefficients and effective masses of tuned liquid-type column dampers were quantitatively evaluated based on experimental results by using system identification technique. First, shaking table tests were performed for two types of tuned liquid-type column dampers. Then, the dynamic characteristics of dampers used in this study were experimentally grasped from harmonic wave excitation testing results of the dampers with various water level. Finally, damping ratios and effective masses of the dampers with varying water level were quantitatively evaluated from minimizing the errors between numerical and experimental results. It was confirmed from system identification results that damping ratio and effective mass are decreased as the water level of dampers is increased.
Intrinsically Extended Moving Least Squares Finite Difference Method for Potential Problems with Interfacial Boundary
Yoon, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 411~420
This study presents an extended finite difference method based on moving least squares(MLS) method for solving potential problems with interfacial boundary. The approximation constructed from the MLS Taylor polynomial is modified by inserting of wedge functions for the interface modeling. Governing equations are node-wisely discretized without involving element or grid; immersion of interfacial condition into the approximation circumvents numerical difficulties owing to geometrical modeling of interface. Interface modeling introduces no additional unknowns in the system of equations but makes the system overdetermined. So, the numbers of unknowns and equations are equalized by the symmetrization of the stiffness matrix. Increase in computational effort is the trade-off for ease of interface modeling. Numerical results clearly show that the developed numerical scheme sharply describes the wedge behavior as well as jumps and efficiently and accurately solves potential problems with interface.
Efficient Vibration Analysis of a Biaxial Hollow Slab Having Hexahedron Balls with Rounded Corner
Park, Hyun-Jae ; Kim, Min-Gyun ; Lee, Dong-Guen ; Park, Yong-Koo ; Kim, Hyun-Su ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 421~428
In this study, an equivalent plate element model has been developed for an efficient vibration analysis of a biaxial hollow slab. To this end, equivalent mass and stiffness of equivalent plate element models corresponding to solid element models of example biaxial hollow slabs were calculated. To verify the efficiency and accuracy of the equivalent plate element models, structural analyses of example structures were performed. Analytical results showed that the natural frequencies of the equivalent plate element models were very close to those of the solid element models. Time history analyses of example biaxial hollow slabs subjected to walking load were conducted using the equivalent plate element models and the solid element models, and the results were compared. It could be seen based on the analytical results that the equivalent plate element model could provide very accurate results compared to the solid element model with significantly reduced analysis time.
Optimal Shape of LCVA considering Constraints on Liquid Level
Park, Ji-Hun ; Kim, Gi-Myun ; Lee, Sung-Kyung ; Min, Kyung-Won ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 429~437
This study addresses the optimal shape of a LCVA maximizing its vibration control effect through numerical parametric study. Various LCVAs having the same total mass and tuning frequency are designed with constraints on the dimensions and water level, and one obtaining the highest equivalent damping ratio of the controlled system is chosen as an optimal solution. As a result, it was found that the limit on the variation of the water level in the vertical liquid column plays an important role constraining the shape of the LCVA. As the LCVA width perpendicular to the plane of liquid motion increases, the equivalent damping ratio rises with slowdown so that determination of the proper width is important in design of the LCVA shape.
An Efficient Contact Detection Algorithm for Contact Problems with the Boundary Element Method
Kim, Moon-Kyum ; Yun, Ik-Jung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 439~444
This paper presents an efficient contact detection algorithm for the plane elastostatic contact problem of the boundary element method(BEM). The data structures of the boundary element method are dissected to develop an efficient contact detection algorithm. This algorithm is consists of three parts as global searching, local searching and contact relation setting to reflect the corner node problem. Contact master and slave type elements are used in global searching step and quad-tree is selected as the spatial decomposition method in local searching step. To set up contact relation equations, global contact searching is conducted at node level and local searching is performed at element level. To verify the efficiency of the proposed contact detection algorithm of BEM, numerical example is presented.
Damage Detection of a Frame Structure Using Finite Element Model Updating
Yu, Eun-Jong ; Kim, Seung-Nam ; Lee, Hyun-Kook ; Choi, Hang ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 445~452
In this paper, damage detection procedure using the finite element model updating was formulated and applied to a small-scale frame structure. FE model updating is the analytical method which finds the mathematical model that generates the measured dynamic properties similarly, and can be effectively used for the damage detection and SHM. For model updating, several kinds of dynamic properties, such as the natural frequencies, mode shapes, and frequency response functions, can be used as the inputs. In this paper, two kinds of model updating procedures using the natrual frequency and the frequency response function, and the natrual frequency and the mode shapes, respectively, were applied to identify the location and the severity of damage of the test structure, which is a four-story two bay steel structure. Results from the damage detection showed that more accurate identification results was obtained when the natrual frequency and the frequency response function were used than when the natrual frequency and the mode shapes were used.
Free Vibration Analysis of Curved Beams with Varying Cross-Section
Kang, Ki-Jun ; Kim, Young-Woo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 453~462
The differential quadrature method(DQM) is applied to the free in-plane vibration analysis of circular curved beams with varying cross-section neglecting transverse shearing deformation. Natural frequencies are calculated for the beams with various opening angles and end conditions. Results obtained by the DQM are compared with available results by other methods in the literature. It is found that the DQM gives good accuracy even with a small number of grid points. In addition, the corrected results are given for the beams not previously presented for this problem.
Bending Effect of Laminated Plates with a Circular Hole Repaired by Single-Sided Patch Based on p-Convergent Full Layerwise Model
Woo, Kwang-Sung ; Yang, Seung-Ho ; Ahn, Jae-Seok ; Shin, Young-Sik ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 463~474
Double symmetric patch repair of existing structures always causes membrane action only, however, in many cases this technique is not practical. On the other hand, the bending stiffness of the patch and the skin increases as tensile loading is increased and affects the bending deformation significantly in the case of single-sided patch repair. In this study, the p-convergent full layerwise model has been proposed to determine the stress concentration factor in the vicinity of a circular hole as well as across the thickness of plates with single-sided patch repair. In assumed displacement field, the strain-displacement relations and 3-D constitutive equations of a layer are obtained by the combination of 2-D and 3-D hierarchical shape functions. The transfinite mapping technique has been used to represent a circular boundary and Gauss-Lobatto numerical integration is implemented in order to directly obtain stresses occurred at the nodal points of each layer without other extrapolation techniques. The accuracy and simplicity of the present model are verified with comparison of the previous results in literatures using experiment and conventional 3-D finite element. Also, the bending effect has been investigated with various patch types like square, circular and annular shape.
An Efficient Algorithm for Rebar Element Generation Using 3D CAD Data
Cho, Kyung-Jin ; Lee, Jee-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 475~485
In this paper a two-step algorithm is proposed to efficiently generate rebar elements from 3D CAD data in the context of CAD/CAE data transfer. The first step is an algorithm to identify various type rebar objects and their attributes by analyzing 3D CAD data in STEP format, which is one of the international data standards. The second algorithmic step is a procedure to generate one-dimensional rebar elements from the object data made through the first step for finite element analysis or other CAE tasks. Successful rebar element data generation from real 3D CAD data for a reinforced concrete structure shows the efficacy of the proposed algorithm.
New Methods of Finite Element Postprocessing for Elasto-Plastic Behavior
Lee, Jae-Young ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 487~499
The postprocessing technology has been advanced diversely to accommodate the tendency of increasingly refined and complicated practices of finite element modeling in pace with enhanced capabilities of computers and improved algorithm of equation solvers. As a result of such progresses in both hardware and software, it became practically meaningful to inspect and analyze the elasto-plastic behavior using the intermediate results from the increasing number of incremental and iterative processes. This paper is concerned about the new methods of postprocessing with computer graphic visualization of elasto-plastic behavior on the basis of the theoretically reorganized analysis results. This paper proposes a new method of rendering the plastic zone, and new approaches of analyzing and interpreting the elasto-plastic behavior using the graphical information visualized in the form of the yield surface and the stress path, or in the form of the Mohr circles and the failure envelope.
Design of a FRP Deck Using Topology and Shape Optimization
Lee, Eun-Hyung ; Park, Jae-Gyun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 22, issue 5, 2009, Pages 501~507
By using topology and shape optimization, a theoretically optimum FRP deck was proposed. Firstly, a topologically optimal shape, truss-like structure without hinges, was found. A truss-shape frame is the most ideal structure when subjected to a concentrated force at the center of simply supported beam. An armature was found at the point joining horizontal chord and diagonal chord, which was used as a new design variable. Secondly, optimum value of each variable was decided through shape optimization using genetic algorithm. To compare it with existing commercial FRP decks, shape optimization was performed by fixing the height of FRP decks. To verify the performance of the FRP deck proposed in this study, a finite element analysis was performed. As a result, it satisfies serviceability and safety guide lines of FRP decks.