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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Temporary Arch Bridges Assembled by Snap-fit GFRP Decks and Bolts
Hong, Kee-Jeung ; Lee, Sung-Woo ; Choi, Sung-Ho ; Khum, Moon-Seoung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 247~254
Due to lightweight and high durability of glass-fiber reinforced polyester (GFRP) materials, they are promising alternatives to conventional construction materials such as steel, concrete and wood. As good application examples of GFRP materials, several types of temporary arch bridges were suggested and verified by finite element analyses in our previous study where snap-fit GFRP decks were applied. In this paper, we conduct a structural performance test to verify safety and serviceability of the temporary arch bridge, where snap-fit GFRP decks are assembled by bolts. The structural problems occurred in this test are also discussed and improvement of temporary arch bridges is suggested to resolve the occurred structural problems.
Case Studies for Anlayzing Effects of Outriggers on Gravity Load Managements
Kang, Su-Min ; Eom, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Jae-Yo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 255~266
In high-rise buildings, an outrigger system is frequently used as a resisting system for lateral loads. Since the outriggers tie exterior columns and an interior core, exterior columns can participate in the lateral load resisting system and the structural resistance capacity can be increased. However, the outriggers contribute for controlling gravity loads as well as lateral loads. The flows of gravity loads can be changed by the members of outriggers, for the purposes of transferring loads to mega-columns, distributing gravity loads equally among vertical members of columns, walls, or piles, minimizing differential settlements in a foundation system, and so on. In this study, by computational structural analyses of high-rise buildings over 100 floors, the effects of outriggers on controlling gravity loads are analyzed. Analyses for 3-dimensional models with or without outrigger members are performed, and then the gravity load distributions in columns and piles and foundation settlements are analyzed. Also, the effects of outriggers on gravity load controls during construction stages as well as after construction are included.
Nonlinear Analysis of Steel-Concrete Composite Structures using XFINAS Interface and Solid Elements
Kim, Ki-Du ; Suthasupradit, Songsak ; Park, Jong-Hwa ; Park, Jae-Gyun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 267~274
Unlike the structure which has a homogeneous material property, a composite structure is coupled with materials which have different properties, namely, steel and concrete. At actual modeling, the real behavior cannot be predicted without consideration of those material characteristics. Therefore, by putting the interface element between concrete and steel, a slip of steel and concrete is made predictable. Interface element can be used properly not by an ordinary constitutive relation, but by a non-linear constitutive relation considering actual adhesion and slip. A contact surface between plate-shape steel box and concrete is described by using this interface element. Furthermore, because the general 8 node conforming element is inappropriate for describing a bending buckling behavior of steel box, the EAS(Enhanced Assumed Strain) solid-shell element is used to describe a bending behavior of plate-shape steel box.
Isogeometric Shape Design Optimization of Structures under Stress Constraints
Ahn, Seung-Ho ; Kim, Min-Geun ; Cho, Seon-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 275~281
In this paper, the design optimization of structures with stress constraints is performed using isogeometric shape optimization method. The stress constraints have an important role in design optimization problems since stress concentration could result in structural failure. To represent exact geometry in analysis, the isogeometric analysis method uses the same basis functions as used in the CAD geometry. The geometrically exact model can be used in both stress and design sensitivity analyses so that it can yield more precise optimal design than finite element one. Through numerical examples, the isogeometric approach turns out to be effective in shape optimization problems under stress constraints.
Tip Deflection Analysis of Mobile Habor Crane Supported by Cable and Elastic Bar
Hwang, Soon-Wook ; Han, Ki-Chul ; Choi, Eun-Ho ; Cho, Jin-Rae ; Lim, O-Kaung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 283~288
Mobile harbor is characterized by the lightweight compact structure when compared to the conventional above-ground port container crane. A new concept RORI crane system, which was devised for mobile harbor to satisfy the compactness and light weightness, not only can load/unload containers with high speed on sea but can be completely folded at maneuvering mode. This study is concerned with the tip deflection of the horizontal boom of mobile harbor at container loading operation. Both the theoretical method utilizing the Castigliano's theorem and the numerical approach by finite element method are employed, and the reliability of the latter approach is verified through the comparison with the theoretical results. And then, the effect of the initial cable tension on the tip deflection is parametrically examined by the finite element analysis.
A Structural Analysis of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Canister with the Spent Nuclear Fuel Basket Array Change for the Pressurized Water Reactor(PWR)
Kwon, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 289~301
A structural model of the SNF(spent nuclear fuel) disposal canister for the PWR(pressurized water reactor) for about 10,000 years long term deposition at a 500m deep granitic bedrock repository has been developed through various structural safety evaluations. The SNF disposal baskets of this canister model have the array type of which four square cross section baskets stand parallel to each other and symmetrically with respect to the center of the canister section. However whether this developed structural model of the SNF disposal canister is best is not determinable yet, because the SNF disposal canister with this parallel array has a limitation in shortening the diameter for the weight reduction due to the shortest distance between the outer corner of the square section and the outer shell. Therefore, the structural safety evaluation of the SNF disposal canister with the rotated basket array which is also symmetric with respect to the canister center planes is very necessary. Even though such a canister model has not been found as yet in the literature, the structural analysis of the canister with the rotated basket array for the PWR is required for the comparative study of the structural safety of canister models. Hence, the structural analysis of the canister with the rotated basket array in which each basket is rotated with a certain amount of degrees around the center of the basket itself and arrayed symmetrically with respect to the center planes is carried out in this paper. The structural analysis result shows that the SNF disposal canister with the rotated basket array in which the SNF disposal basket is rotated as 30~35 degrees around the center of the basket itself is structurally more stable than the previously developed SNF disposal canister with the parallel basket array.
Nonlinear Analysis of PSC Girders with External Tendons
Choi, Kyu-Chon ; Lee, Jae-Seok ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 303~314
A study for the nonlinear analysis method of prestressed concrete(PSC) girders with external tendons is presented. The PSC girders with external tendons show the complex nonlinear behavior due to the slip of external tendons at deviator and the change of eccentricity between the girders and external tendons. The external tendon between anchorage-deviator or deviator-deviator is modeled as an assemblage of the curved elements. The slip effect of the external tendon at deviator is taken into account using the force equilibrium relationship between the friction force and the driving force at each deviator. The finite element model and analysis method of the external tendon suggested herein are integrated in the nonlinear analysis program of segmentally erected PSC frames developed by the authors. The proposed analysis method is verified through the comparison of the analysis and experimental results obtained from other investigators. From the ultimate analysis results of PSC beams with external tendons having different number of deviators, the yielding and ultimate loads of PSC beams found to be increased as the number of deviators are increased. In addition, the ultimate capacity of the PSC beam increases according to the increase of friction coefficient between deviator and external tendon, whereas found to decease over the certain value of friction due to the effect of the moment transmitted to the member by the friction force exerted from the external tendon.
Moment Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Members Strengthened with FRP
Cho, Baik-Soon ; Kim, Seong-Do ; Back, Sung-Yong ; Choi, Eun-Soo ; Choi, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 315~323
Five concrete compressive stress-strain models have been analyzed to check the validity of the strength method for determining the nominal moment of strengthened members using commercially available computer language. The results show that the concrete stress-strain models do not influence on the flexural analysis. The moment of a strengthened member obtained from the flexural analysis at concrete compressive strain reaching 0.003 is well agreed with nominal moment using the strength method. The flexural analysis results show that when the steel reinforcement, FRP ratio, FRP failure strain, and concrete failure compressive strain are relatively lower, the strength method overestimates the flexural capacity of the strengthened members.
Implementation of 3D Object Model considering Recycle-Design of PSC Box Girder
Cho, Sung-Hoon ; Park, Jae-Guen ; Lee, Heon-Min ; Shin, Hyun-Mock ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 325~330
In the fields of design within civil engineering, BIM based Utilization of 3D object model is still far from commercialization. In this paper, BIM based 3D object model is composed for PSC box girder, super structure of railway bridge. The basic unit of the model is part model. The part model is the minimum unit model. And it has hierarchy to reflect the characteristics of structures. Change orders of structural designer must be reflected quickly in the 3D object model. Repetitive change orders are occurred in actual construction process. To prepare that, we classified design variables to parameters. Change orders of structural designer can be reflected quickly in the 3D object model because those parameters are related with information of 3D object model. In this paper, we studied various benefits of BIM based design method with 3D object model in the fields of design within civil engineering, and proposed the efficient application method of 3D object model for PSC box girder.
Single Level Adaptive hp-Refinement using Integrals of Legendre Shape Function
Jo, Jun-Hyung ; Yoo, Hyo-Jin ; Woo, Kwang-Sung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 3, 2010, Pages 331~340
The basic theory and application of new adaptive finite element algorithm have been proposed in this study including the adaptive hp-refinement strategy, and the effective method for constructing hp-approximation. The hp-adaptive finite element concept needs the integrals of Legendre shape function, nonuniform p-distribution, and suitable constraint of continuity in conjunction with irregular node connection. The continuity of hp-adaptive mesh is an important problem at the common boundary of element interface. To solve this problem, the constraint of continuity has been enforced at the common boundary using the connectivity mapping matrix. The effective method for constructing of the proposed algorithm has been developed by using hierarchical nature of the integrals of Legendre shape function. To verify the proposed algorithm, the problem of simple cantilever beam has been solved by the conventional h-refinement and p-refinement as well as the proposed hp-refinement. The result obtained by hp-refinement approach shows more rapid convergence rate than those by h-refinement and p-refinement schemes. It it noted that the proposed algorithm may be implemented efficiently in practice.