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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Multi-Phase Model Update for System Identification of PSC Girders under Various Prestress Forces
Ho, Duc-Duy ; Hong, Dong-Soo ; Kim, Jeong-Tae ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 579~592
This paper presents a multi-phase model update approach for system identification of prestressed concrete (PSC) girders under various prestress forces. First, a multi-phase model update approach designed on the basis of eigenvalue sensitivity concept is newly proposed. Next, the proposed multi-phase approach is evaluated from controlled experiments on a lab-scale PSC girder for which forced vibration tests are performed for a series of prestress forces. On the PSC girder, a few natural frequencies and mode shapes are experimentally measured for the various prestress forces. The corresponding modal parameters are numerically calculated from a three-dimensional finite element (FE) model which is established for the target PSC girder. Eigenvalue sensitivities are analyzed for potential model-updating parameters of the FE model. Then, structural subsystems are identified phase-by-phase using the proposed model update procedure. Based on model update results, the relationship between prestress forces and model-updating parameters is analyzed to evaluate the influence of prestress forces on structural subsystems.
A Computational Platform for Nonlinear Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Shell Structures
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Shin, Hyun-Mock ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 593~606
This paper presents a formulation to include the prestressing effects in available numerical models for the nonlinear material, instantaneous and long-term analysis of prestressed concrete shell structures, based on the displacement formulation of the finite element method. A four-node flat shell element is adopted for nonlinear analysis of prestressed concrete shells. This element was incorporated into an existing general-purpose finite element analysis program. A distinctive characteristic of the element is its capability to simulate the behavior of shells subjected to a variety of types of loading and drilling rotational stiffness. Consequently, the response of prestressed concrete shell structures can be predicted accurately using the proposed nonlinear finite element procedure.
Advances in Simulation of Arbitrary 3D Crack Growth using FRANC3Dv5
Wawrzynek, P.A. ; Carter, B.J. ; Hwang, Chang-Yu ; Ingraffea, A.R. ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 607~613
FRANC3D is a program for simulating arbitrary three-dimensional crack growth. Recently, a completely new version of the program, FRANC3D/NG, has been created. Unlike previous versions, which relied largely on boundary element analysis, the new version of the program works with finite element analysis exclusively and is designed to work with general-purpose commercial finite element packages. This paper presents the theoretical underpinnings of the procedures to adaptively modify the geometry and mesh of a model to simulate crack growth.
Discrete-Layer Model for Prediction of Free Edge Stresses in Laminated Composite Plates
Ahn, Jae-Seok ; Woo, Kwang-Sung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 615~626
The discrete-layer model is proposed to analyze the edge-effect problem of laminates under extension and flexure. Based on three-dimensional elasticity theory, the displacement fields of each layer in a laminate have been treated discretely in terms of three displacement components across the thickness. The displacement fields at bottom and top surfaces within a layer are approximated by two-dimensional shape functions. Then two surfaces are connected by one-dimensional high order shape functions. Thus the p-convergent refinement on approximated one- and two-dimensional shape functions can be implemented independently of each other. The quality of present model is mostly determined by polynomial degrees of shape functions for given displacement fields. For nodal modes with physical meaning, the linear Lagrangian polynomials are considered. Additional modes without physical meaning, which are created by increasing nodeless degrees of shape functions, are derived from integrals of Legendre polynomials which have an orthogonality property. Also, it is assumed that mapping functions are linear in the light of shape of laminated plates. The results obtained by this proposed model are compared with those available in literatures. Especially, three-dimensional out-of-plane stresses in the interior and near the free edges are evaluated and convergence performance of the present model is established with the stress results.
Formulation for the Parameter Identification of Inelastic Constitutive Equations
Lee, Joon-Seong ; Bae, Byeong-Gyu ; Hurukawa, Tomonari ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 627~633
This paper presents a method for identifying the parameter set of inelastic constitutive equations, which is based on an Evolutionary Algorithm. The advantage of the method is that appropriate parameters can be identified even when the measured data are subject to considerable errors and the model equations are inaccurate. The design of experiments suited for the parameter identification of a material model by Chaboche under the uniaxial loading and stationary temperature conditions was first considered. Then the parameter set of the model was identified by the proposed method from a set of experimental data. In comparison to those by other methods, the resultant stress-strain curves by the proposed method correlated better to the actual material behaviors.
Conversion of ABAQUS user Material Subroutines
Yang, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 635~640
When using finite element pogram ABAQUS to compute material characteristics, one builds a user material subroutine if unique constitutive feature needs to be included. In ABAQUS/Standard, UMAT subroutine should be built, and in ABAQUS/Explicit, VUMAT should be used. Although two subroutines carry out the same type of task, two different programs should be made depending on the working environment, and it is not easy to program the subroutines following the manual without enough understanding of solid mechanics. In this paper, difference between UMAT and VUMAT subroutines is epitomized, and a conversion scheme from UMAT to VUMAT is discussed. An example shows that the two programs give the same stress computation result.
MCMC Approach for Parameter Estimation in the Structural Analysis and Prognosis
An, Da-Wn ; Gang, Jin-Hyuk ; Choi, Joo-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 641~649
Estimation of uncertain parameters is required in many engineering problems which involve probabilistic structural analysis as well as prognosis of existing structures. In this case, Bayesian framework is often employed, which is to represent the uncertainty of parameters in terms of probability distributions conditional on the provided data. The resulting form of distribution, however, is not amenable to the practical application due to its complex nature making the standard probability functions useless. In this study, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method is proposed to overcome this difficulty, which is a modern computational technique for the efficient and straightforward estimation of parameters. Three case studies that implement the estimation are presented to illustrate the concept. The first one is an inverse estimation, in which the unknown input parameters are inversely estimated based on a finite number of measured response data. The next one is a metamodel uncertainty problem that arises when the original response function is approximated by a metamodel using a finite set of response values. The last one is a prognostics problem, in which the unknown parameters of the degradation model are estimated based on the monitored data.
First-Order Mass Transfer in a Vortex-Dispersion Zone of an Axisymmetric Groove: Laboratory and Numerical Experiments
Kim, Young-Woo ; Kang, Ki-Jun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 651~657
Solute transport through a groove is affected by its vortices. Our laboratory and numerical experiments of dye transport through a single axisymmetric groove reveal evidence of enhanced spreading and mixing by the vortex, i.e., a new kind of dispersion called here the vortex dispersion. The uptake and release of contaminants by vortices in porous media is affected by the flow Reynolds number. The larger the flow Reynolds number, the larger is the vortex dispersion, and the larger is the mass-transfer rate between the mobile zone and the vortex. The long known dependence of the mass-transfer rate between the mobile and "immobile" zones in porous media on flow velocity can be explained by the presence of vortices in the "immobile" zone and their uptake and release of contaminants.
Dynamically Adaptive Finite Element Mesh Generation Schemes
Yoon, Chong-Yul ; Park, Joon-Seok ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 659~665
The finite element method(FEM) is proven to be an effective approximate method of structural analysis if proper element types and meshes are chosen, and recently, the method is often applied to solve complex dynamic and nonlinear problems. A properly chosen element type and mesh yields reliable results for dynamic finite element structural analysis. However, dynamic behavior of a structure may include unpredictably large strains in some parts of the structure, and using the initial mesh throughout the duration of a dynamic analysis may include some elements to go through strains beyond the elements' reliable limits. Thus, the finite element mesh for a dynamic analysis must be dynamically adaptive, and considering the rapid process of analysis in real time, the dynamically adaptive finite element mesh generating schemes must be computationally efficient. In this paper, a computationally efficient dynamically adaptive finite element mesh generation scheme for dynamic analyses of structures is described. The concept of representative strain value is used for error estimates and the refinements of meshes use combinations of the h-method(node movement) and the r-method(element division). The shape coefficient for element mesh is used to correct overly distorted elements. The validity of the scheme is shown through a cantilever beam example under a concentrated load with varying values. The example shows reasonable accuracy and efficient computing time. Furthermore, the study shows the potential for the scheme's effective use in complex structural dynamic problems such as those under seismic or erratic wind loads.
Structural Vibration Control Technique using Modified Probabilistic Neural Network
Chang, Seong-Kyu ; Kim, Doo-Kie ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 667~673
Recently, structures are becoming longer and higher because of the developments of new materials and construction techniques. However, such modern structures are more susceptible to excessive structural vibrations which cause deterioration in serviceability and structural safety. A modified probabilistic neural network(MPNN) approach is proposed to reduce the structural vibration. In this study, the global probability density function(PDF) of MPNN is reflected by summing the heterogeneous local PDFs automatically determined in the individual standard deviation of each variable. The proposed algorithm is applied for the vibration control of a three-story shear building model under Northridge earthquake. When the control results of the MPNN are compared with those of conventional PNN to verify the control performance, the MPNN controller proves to be more effective than PNN methods in decreasing the structural responses.
Flood Impact Pressure Analysis of Vertical Wall Structures using PLIC-VOF Method with Lagrangian Advection Algorithm
Phan, Hoang-Nam ; Lee, Jee-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 675~682
The flood impact pressure acting on a vertical wall resulting from a dam-breaking problem is simulated using a navier-Stokes(N-S) solver. The N-S solver uses Eulerian Finite Volume Method(FVM) along with Volume Of Fluid(VOF) method for 2-D incompressible free surface flows. A Split Lagrangian Advection(SLA) scheme for VOF method is implemented in this paper. The SLA scheme is developed based on an algorithm of Piecewise Linear Interface Calculation(PLIC). The coupling between the continuity and momentum equations is affected by using a well-known Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations (SIMPLE) algorithm. Several two-dimensional numerical simulations of the dam-breaking problem are presented to validate the accuracy and demonstrate the capability of the present algorithm. The significance of the time step and grid resolution are also discussed. The computational results are compared with experimental data and with computations by other numerical methods. The results showed a favorable agreement of water impact pressure as well as the global fluid motion.
Topology Design Optimization of Heat Conduction Problems using Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis Method
Kim, Min-Geun ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Cho, Seon-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 683~691
In this paper, using an adjoint variable method, we develop a design sensitivity analysis(DSA) method applicable to heat conduction problems in steady state. Also, a topology design optimization method is developed using the developed DSA method. Design sensitivity expressions with respect to the thermal conductivity are derived. Since the already factorized system matrix is utilized to obtain the adjoint solution, the cost for the sensitivity computation is trivial. For the topology design optimization, the design variables are parameterized into normalized bulk material densities. The objective function and constraint are the thermal compliance of structures and allowable material volume respectively. Through several numerical examples, the developed DSA method is verified to yield very accurate sensitivity results compared with finite difference ones, requiring less than 0.25% of CPU time for the finite differencing. Also, the topology optimization yields physical meaningful results.
The Mixed Finite Element Analysis for Saturated Porous Media using FETI Method
Lee, Kyung-Jae ; Tak, Moon-Ho ; Park, Tae-Hyo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 693~702
In this paper, FETI(Finite Element Tearing and Interconnecting) method is introduced in order to improve numerical efficiency of Staggered method. The porous media theory, the Staggered method and the FETI method are briefly introduced in this paper. In addition, we account for the MPI(Message Passing Interface) library for parallel analysis, and the proposed combined Staggered method with FETI method. Finally Lagrange multipliers and CG(Conjugate Gradient) algorithm to solve decomposed domain are proposed, and then the proposed method is verified to be numerically efficient by MPI library.
Staged Finite Element Modeling with Coupled Seepage and Stress Analysis
Lee, Jae-Young ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 703~714
This paper proposes an approach for staged finite element modeling with coupled seepage and stress analysis. The stage modeling is based on the predefined inter-relationship between the base model and the unit stage models. A unit stage constitutes a complete finite element model, of which the geometries and attributes are subject to changes from stage to stage. The seepage analysis precedes the mechanical stress analysis at every stage. Division of the wet and dry zone and the pore pressures are evaluated from the seepage analysis and used in determining input data for the stress analysis. The results of the stress analysis may also be associated with the pore water pressures. For consolidation analysis, the pore pressure and the displacement variables are mixed in a coupled matrix equation. The time marching solution produces the dissipation of excess pore pressure and variation of stresses with passage of time. For undrained analysis, the excess pore pressures are computed from the stress increment due to loading applied in the unit stage and are used in revising the hydraulic head. The solution results of a unit stage are inherited and accumulated to the subsequent stages through the relationship of the base model and the individual unit stages. Implementation of the proposed approach is outlined on the basis of the core procedures, and numerical examples are presented for demonstration of its application.
Comparative Study of Metallic and Non-metallic Stiffened Plates in Marine Structures
Jeong, Han-Koo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 715~726
In this paper, a comparative study of metallic and non-metallic stiffened plates under a lateral pressure load is performed using conventional statistically determinate and SQP(Sequential Quadratic Programming) optimisation approaches. Initially, a metallic flat-bar stiffened plate is exemplified from the superstructure of a marine vessel and, subsequently, its structural topology is varied as hat-section stiffened FRP(Fibre Reinforced Plastics) single skin plates and monocoque FRP sandwich plates having a PVC foam core. These proposed structural alternatives are analysed using elastic closed-form solutions and SQP optimisation method under stress and deflection limits obtained from practice to calculate and optimise geometry dimensions and weights. Results obtained from the comparative study provide useful information for marine designers especially at the preliminary design stage where various building materials and structural configurations are dealt with.
Effect of Random Poisson's Ratio on the Response Variability of Composite Plates
Noh, Hyuk-Chun ; Yoon, Young-Cheol ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 23, issue 6, 2010, Pages 727~737
Together with the Young's modulus the Poisson's ratio is another independent material parameter that governs the behavior of a structural system. Therefore, it is meaningful to evaluate separately the influence of the parameter on the random response of the structural system. To this end, a formulation dealing with the spatial randomness in the Poisson's ratio in laminated composite plates is proposed. The main idea of the paper is to transform the fraction form of the constitutive coefficients into the expanded form in an ascending order of the stochastic field function. To validate the adequacy of the formulation, a square plate is chosen and the computation results are compared with those obtained using conventional Monte Carlo simulation. It is observed that the results show good agreement with those by the Monte Carlo simulation(MCS).