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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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Evaluation of Inelastic Performance of a Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall-Frame System Designed by Resizing Algorithms
An, Jin-Woo ; Choi, Se-Woon ; Park, Hyo-Seon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 473~480
Recently, the resizing algorithms based on the displacement participation factors have been developed for sizing members to satisfy stiffness criteria. It is proved that this resizing algorithms made for utilizing worker's stiffness design are practical and rational due to the simplicity and convenience of the method. The resizing algorithm can be practically and effectively applied to drift design of buildings. However, the researches on the change of inelastic behavior by the resizing algorithm has been insufficient. To identify the effect on the inelastic behavior of buildings by the resizing method, this study used the reinforced concrete shear wall-frame example. Through the application of the resizing method, the weights of shear wall in the lower class and the weights of columns and beams in the upper class increased respectively. And the initial stiffness of the building increased and the ductility of the buildings had similar with that of the initial structure.
Structural Analysis of Space Truss by using New Force Method based on Singular Value Decomposition
Lee, Su-Hyun ; Chung, Woo-Sung ; Lee, Jae-Hong ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 481~489
In this paper presents new force method by using singular value decomposition. The existing force method has some advantages about analysis of truss structures such as it is easier basic concept than finite element method, which apply to analyze truss structures. However, this method has complex formulation for analysis. Therefore, in this study proposes new force method using singular value decomposition, which is both having easy basic concept and simple computation than existing force method. The proposed method is illustrated through numerical examples.
Behavior of the Foundation of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Pier
Lee, Ha-Lim ; Kim, Hee-Ju ; Hwang, Won-Sup ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 491~498
In this paper, extensive structural behavior and effects of design parameters of steel column-base plate connections under axial and lateral loads were investigated to improve structural details of CFT(Concrete Filled Steel Tube) pier foundation using commercial FE analysis program, ABAQUS. For this study, design criteria of pier foundation was analyzed and numerical study based on the experiment of previous study was conducted to verify analysis methods. The failure behavior and stress distribution of pier foundation were analyzed using the verified analysis method. Various design parameters(base plate, deformed bar, stiffness and sizes of column) were investigated to analyze effects of each design parameters in entire structure.
Performance Evaluation of Composite Safety Barrier for Bridge by Vehicle Impact Simulation
Kim, Seung-Eock ; Jeon, Shin-Youl ; Hong, Kab-Eui ; Lee, Min-Chul ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 499~506
In this study, the performance of composite safety barriers was evaluated through computer simulation. A composite safety barrier of SB4 grade was modeled. The MAT58 material model provided by LS-DYNA software was used to model composite material. The performance of composite material varies according to fiber, resin type, and fiber direction. Polyurethane resin and glass fiber were used. The performance of three different stacking designs was evaluated by carrying out vehicle impact simulation. The performance evaluation based on the vehicle crash manual includes the structural strength performance, the passenger protection performance, the vehicle behavior after crash, scattering of the guardrail. As the result of the finite element analysis, the barrier composed of the more transverse direction fibers shows the better performance on the impact simulation.
Midship Section Design of Ship Structures Based on Reliability Analysis
Lee, Joo-Sung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 507~512
This study is concerned with the reliability analysis and its based design of midship section against the ultimate bending strength. Eight bulk carriers and seven oil tankers over 100m length are chosen for the present study. Target reliability indices for the two ship types have been derived based on the results reliability analysis of the present ship models. Reliability-based structural design codes are proposed for use in design of midship section of bulk carriers and oil tankers. The design codes proposed in this study have been successfully applied to re-design of midship section of the present ship types. It has been found that the proposed codes can provide more uniform structural design results.
A Development of Explicit Algorithm for Stress-Erection Analysis of STRARCH System
Lee, Kyoung-Soo ; Han, Sang-Eul ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 513~520
In this paper, the advanced explicit algorithm is proposed to simulate the stress-erection process analysis of Strarch system. The Strarch(Stressed-Arch) system is a unique and innovative structural system and member prestress comprising prefabricated plane truss frames which are erected by a post-tensioning stress-erection procedure. The flexible bottom chord which have sleeve and gap detail are closed by the reaction force of prestressing tendon. The prestress imposing to the tendon will make the Strarch system to be erected. This post tensioning process is called as "stress-erection process". During the stress-erection process, the plastic rigid body rotation is occurred to the flexible top chord by the excessive amount of plastic strain, and the structural characteristic becomes to be unstable. In this study, the large deformational beam-column element with plastic hinge is used to model the flexible top chord, and the advanced Dynamic Relaxation method(DRM) are applied to the unstable problem of stress-erection process of Strarch system. Finally, the verification of proposed explicit algorithm is evaluated by analysing the stress-erection of real project of Strarch system.
Numerical Simulation of Crash Impact Test for Fuel Tank of Rotorcraft
Kim, Hyun-Gi ; Kim, Sung-Chan ; Lee, Jong-Won ; Hwang, In-Hee ; Kim, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 521~530
Since aircraft fuel tanks have many interfaces connected to the airframe as well as the fuel system, they have been considered as one of the system-dependent critical components. Crashworthy fuel tanks have been widely implemented to rotorcraft and rendered a great contribution for improving the survivability of crews and passengers. Since the embryonic stage of military rotorcraft history began, the US army has developed and practised a detailed military specification documenting the unique crashworthiness requirements for rotorcraft fuel tanks to prevent most, hopefully all, fatality due to post-crash fire. The mandatory crash impact test required by the relevant specification, MIL-DTL-27422D, has been recognized as a non-trivial mission and caused inevitable delay of a number of noticeable rotorcraft development programs such as that of V-22. The crash impact test itself takes a long-term preparation efforts together with costly fuel tank specimens. Thus a series of numerical simulations of the crash impact test with digital mock-ups is necessary even at the early design stage to minimize the possibility of trial-and-error with full-scale fuel tanks. In the present study the crash impact simulation of a few fuel tank configurations is conducted with the commercial package, Autodyn, and the resulting equivalent stresses and internal pressures are evaluated in detail to suggest a design improvement for the fuel tank configuration.
Temperature Distribution and It's Contribution to Self-equilibrium Thermal Stress in Bridge
Kwak, Hyo-Gyoung ; Kwon, Se-Hyung ; Ha, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 531~542
The time-dependent temperature distribution across the section in bridges is determined on the basis of the three-dimensional finite element analyses and numerical time integration in this study. The material properties which change with time and thermal stress of concrete are taken into account to effectively trace the early-age structural responses. Since the temperature distribution is nonlinear and depends upon many material constants such as the thermal conductivity, specific heat, hydration heat of concrete, heat transfer coefficients and solar radiation, three representative influencing factors of the construction season, wind velocity and bridge pavement are considered at the parametric studies. The validity of the introduced numerical model is established by comparing the analytical predictions with results from previous analytical studies. On the basis of parametric studies for four different bridge sections, it is found that the creep deformation in concrete bridges must be considered to reach more reasonable design results and the temperature distribution proposed in the Korean bridge design specification need to be improved.
A Comparative Study of Approximation Techniques on Design Optimization of a FPSO Riser Support Structure
Shim, Chun-Sik ; Song, Chang-Yong ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 543~551
The paper deals with the comparative study of design optimization based on various approximation techniques in strength design of riser support structure installed on floating production storage and offloading unit(FPSO) using offshore operation loading conditions. The design optimization problem is formulated such that structural member sizing variables are determined by minimizing the weight of riser support structure subject to the constraints of structural strength in terms of loading conditions. The approximation techniques used in the comparative study are response surface method based sequential approximate optimization(RBSAO), Kriging based sequential approximate optimization(KBSAO), and the enhanced moving least squares method(MLSM) based approximate optimization such as CF(constraint feasible)-MLSM and Post-MLSM. Commercial process integration and design optimization(PIDO) tools are employed for the applications of RBSAO and KBSAO. The enhanced MLSM based approximate optimization techniques are newly developed to ensure the constraint feasibility. In the context of numerical performances such as design solution and computational cost, the solution results from approximate techniques based design optimization are compared to actual non-approximate design optimization.
Investigating the Spatial Focusing of Time Reversal Lamb Waves Using a Virtual Sensor Model on a Rectangular Plate
Park, Hyun-Woo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 553~567
During the last three years, the possibility of the time reversal Lamb waves has been paid attention to for structural health monitoring of a plate. This study proposes a numerical scheme which can simulate the spatial focusing of time reversal Lamb waves on a rectangular plate. In this scheme, a time reversal process is formulated in the frequency domain using active virtual sensors being equivalent to the mirror effects of an actual sensor due to wave reflection on the plate boundary. Forward and backward Lamb wave propagations are represented by scalar functions for simulating the spatial focusing of time reversal Lamb waves. The validity of the proposed scheme is demonstrated through the comparison to the results of finite element analysis in which the spatial focusing of time reversal Lamb waves is realized by wafer-type piezoelectric(PZT) transducers collocated on a rectangular plate.
Development of Linear Static Alternate Path Progressive Collapse Analysis Procedure Using a Nonlinear Static Analysis Procedure
Kim, Jin-Koo ; Park, Sae-Ro-Mi ; Seo, Young-Il ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 569~576
In this paper a new analysis procedure for evaluation of progressive collapse resisting capacity of a structure was proposed based on the nonlinear static analysis procedure. The proposed procedure produces analysis results identical to those obtained by the linear static analysis procedure specified in the GSA guidelines without iteration, therefore saving a lot of computation time and excluding the possibility of human errors during the procedure. To verify the validity of the proposed procedure, the two methods were applied to the analysis of a reinforced concrete moment frame and a steel braced frame subjected to loss of a first story column and the results were compared. According to the analysis results, the two methods produce identical results in the prediction of progressive collapse and the hinge formation. As iterative analysis is not required in the proposed method, significant amount of analysis time is saved in the proposed analysis procedure.
Extended MLS Difference Method for Potential Problem with Weak and Strong Discontinuities
Yoon, Young-Cheol ; Noh, Hyuk-Chun ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 5, 2011, Pages 577~588
This paper provides a novel extended Moving Least Squares(MLS) difference method for the potential problem with weak and strong discontinuities. The conventional MLS difference method is enhanced with jump functions such as step function, wedge function and scissors function to model discontinuities in the solution and the derivative fields. When discretizing the governing equations, additional unknowns are not yielded because the jump functions are decided from the known interface condition. The Poisson type PDE's are discretized by the difference equations constructed on nodes. The system of equations built up by assembling the difference equations are directly solved, which is very efficient. Numerical examples show the excellence of the proposed numerical method. The method is expected to be applied to various discontinuity related problems such as crack problem, moving boundary problem and interaction problems.