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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Computational Structural Engineering Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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Influencing Factors on Numerical Simulation of Crash between RC Slab and Soft Projectile
Chung, Chul-Hun ; Lee, Jung-Whee ; Kim, Sang-Yun ; Lee, Jae-Ha ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 591~599
This study investigates influencing factors on numerical crash simulation between RC slab and soft projectile using explicit dynamic method. Considered experimental test is the MEPPEN II/4 test, which has been conducted at the end of the years 70' in Germany as one of the numerous experimental test related to design of nuclear power plants. LS-DYNA software is adopted for numerical study, and influencing factors such as constitutive model of concrete, strain rate effect of steel and concrete, support modeling method, etc. are investigated. More reasonable simulation results can be achieved through appropriate consideration of these factors, especially of constitutive model of concrete material since this factor affects most among the investigated factors.
Integrated Analysis of Hydrodynamic Motions and Structural Behavior of Large-Scaled Floating Structures using AQWA-ANSYS Coupling
Lee, Du-Ho ; Jeong, Youn-Ju ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 601~608
In order to design floating structures, it should be required to evaluate hydrodynamic motions and structural behavior under the wave loadings. Then, structural behavior of floating structures should be evaluated including the effects of wave-induced hydraulic pressure subjected to floating structures. However, there has been a problem to exactly evaluate structural behavior of floating structures since it was difficult to directly connect wave-induced hydraulic pressure resulting from hydrodynamic analysis with structural analysis model. In this study, in order to exactly evaluate structural behavior of floating structures under the wave loading, integrated analysis of hydrodynamic motion and structural behavior was carried out to the large-scaled floating structure. The wave-induced hydraulic pressure resulting from hydrodynamic analysis AQWA were directly mapped to structural analysis model ANSYS bia Workbench interface of ANSYS Inc.. As the results of this study, it was found that the integrated analysis of this study evaluate exactly structural behavior of floating structures under the wave loadings since this method can directly reflect wave-induced hydraulic pressure resulting from hydrodynamic analysis to structural analysis model. Also, as the results of structural behavior evaluation, it was found that the tensile stress on the top slab was maximized at the wave direction of
, and tensile stress on the bottom slab was maximized at the wave direction of
Collision Characteristics of Arch-Type Submarine Cable Protector - Effect of Material Models
Woo, Jin-Ho ; Na, Won-Bae ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 609~616
In the study, we analyzed the collision characteristics of a so-called arch-type submarine cable protector by considering the changes in drop heights of a stock anchor and material models for concrete and steel reinforcing bars. We considered plastic kinematics model and Johnson-Holmquist Concrete model for the concrete and linear elastic model and plastic kinematics model for the reinforcing bars. The drop heights of 2-ton stock anchor were selected as 3, 5, and 8.83m, respectively. ANSYS, a finite element analysis program, was used for the collision analysis. To save computational time, we converted those drop heights into initial velocities by the principle of energy conservation. From the sensitivity of the material models on the drop height changes, it is shown that the collision response of the reinforcing bars is sensitive firstly on the steel models and secondly on the concrete models, while the collision response of the concrete is sensitive only on the concrete models.
Analytical Simulation of Shake-Table Responses of a 1:5 Scale 10-story Wall-type RC Residential Building Model
Lee, Han-Seon ; Jeong, Da-Hun ; Hwang, Kyung-Ran ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 617~627
This paper presents the results of analytical simulation of shake-table responses of a 1:5 scale 10-story reinforcement concrete(RC) residential building model by using the PERFORM-3D program. The following conclusion are drawn based on the observation of correlation between experiment and analysis; (1) The analytical model simulated fairly well the global elastic behavior under the excitations representative of the earthquake with the return period of 50 years. Under the design earthquake(DE) and maximum considered earthquake(MCE), this model shows the nonlinear behavior, but does not properly simulate the maximum responses, and stiffness and strength degradation in experiment. The main reason is considered to be the assumption of elastic slab. (2) Although the analytical model in the elastic behavior closely simulated the global behavior, there were considerable differences in the distribution of resistance from the wall portions. (3) Under the MCE, the shear deformation of wall was relatively well simulated with the flexural deformation being overestimated by 10 times that of experiment. This overestimation is presumed to be partially due to the neglection of coupling beams in modeling.
Three Dimensional Responses of Middle Rise Steel Building under Blast Loads
Hwang, Young-Seo ; Lee, Wan-Soo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 629~636
It has been suggested that buildings designed for strong ground motions will also have improved resistance to air blast loads. As an initial attempt to quantify this behavior, the responses of a ten story steel building, designed for the 1994 building code, with lateral resistance provided by perimeter moment frames, is considered. An analytical model of the building is developed and the magnitude and distribution of blast loads on the structure are estimated using available computer software that is based on empirical methods. To obtain the relationship between pressure, time duration, and standoff distance, these programs are used to obtain an accurate model of the air blast loading. A hemispherical surface burst for various explosive weights and standoff distances is considered for generating the air blast loading and determining the structural response. Linear and nonlinear analyses are conducted for these loadings. Air blast demands on the structure are compared to current seismic guidelines. These studies present the displacement responses, story drifts, demand/capacity ratio and inelastic demands for this structure.
Dynamic Brittle Fracture Captured with Peridynamics: Crack Branching Angle & Crack Propagation Speed
Ha, Youn-Doh ; Cho, Seon-Ho ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 637~643
The bond-based peridynamic model is able to capture many of the essential characteristics of dynamic brittle fracture observed in experiments: crack branching, crack-path instability, asymmetries of crack paths, successive branching, secondary cracking at right angles from existing crack surfaces, etc. In this paper we investigate the influence of the stress waves on the crack branching angle and the velocity profile. We observe that crack branching in peridynamics evolves as the phenomenology proposed by the experimental evidence: when a crack reaches a critical stage(macroscopically identified by its stress intensity factor) it splits into two or more branches, each propagating with the same speed as the parent crack, but with a much reduced process zone.
Buffeting Analysis for the Evaluation of Design Force for Temporal Supports of a Bundle Type Cable-stayed Bridge
Lee, Ho ; Park, Jin ; Kim, Ho-Kyung ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 645~654
Temporal supports is proposed for the large block construction of a double-deck truss girder of a bundle type cable-stayed bridge. The design force of the temporal bents cannot be evaluated by a conventional design procedure with gust factored static wind loads. The uplift forces in BS5400 also can not estimate the design forces of the temporal bents properly for the turbulent wind loads. A frequency-domain buffeting analysis is performed to evaluate the design forces of the temporal bents considering the interactions between the girder and temporal supports. Two cases of modeling are compared to estimate the stiffness contribution of temporal supports in determining design forces, i.e., an analysis model including temporal bents in the structural analysis modeling and an analysis model with fixed supports at the bent tops neglecting the stiffness of temporal bents. The consideration of bent stiffness usually generates smaller reaction forces than rigid support modeling. Consequently, the effectiveness and usefulness of the buffeting analysis procedure with full modeling of temporal supports are demonstrated for the design of a temporal bents of the construction of a bundle type cable-stayed bridge.
Nonlinear Time History Analysis of Long Span Cable-Stayed Bridge Considering Multi-Support Excitation
Kim, Jin-Il ; Ha, Su-Bok ; Sung, Dae-Jung ; Kim, Mun-Young ; Shin, Hyun-Mock ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 655~662
For analyzing seismic performance of long-span bridge for multi-support excitation and preparing technically and efficiently for a variety of design demands, the new module on multiple excitation was built in a reliable non-linear analysis program(RCAHEST) by using Influence Line Method, and the study on structures was performed previously. Also, the result of the analysis through RCAHEST was compared and verified with commercial finite element analysis program SAP2000 by using the feature of Multi-Support Excitation. From these results, nonlinear time history analysis considering multi-support excitation was studied after designing FE model of Incheon cable-stayed bridge. It was proved that the maximum response of horizontal displacement decreased as the time delay was increasing at all nodes of bridge. And then the serviceability of analysis model was evaluated by performing ultimate analysis under changes in maximum acceleration of seismic load data.
Investigation of the Fire Source in the Warehouse under Bridge using FDS Code
Zi, Goang-Seup ; Lee, Seung-Jung ; Shin, Yeon-Ho ; Shim, Jae-Won ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 663~673
In this study, we analysed the effect of the fire source in the warehouse under the bridge and the height of the bridge using FDS code. To compare accuracy of simulation results, we simulated the experimental result with unit combustibles which is heptane as well as the mock-up test. Using this method, we evaluated the fire safety of the bridge which contains spalling and strength damage of concrete as well as damage of reinforcements according to the fire source and the height of the bridge. Most of the bridges are vulnerable to spalling of concrete. The book combustion has the strongest fire intensity which is expected to damage the bridge less than 30m height in the three types of the fire sources. The bridge over the 30m height can ensure the fire safety in the case of the rubber combustion.
Analytical Evaluation of Residual Strength for Steel Frame in case of Column Member Loss
Park, Hwon-Mo ; Yeshewawork, D. ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ; Choi, Jae-Hyouk ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 675~683
When impacts by falling objects are applied to the structures, vertical resisting member(column or column group) results in progressive collapse. By knowing clearly load-deformation relationship of a structural frame, to prevent progressive collapse by absorbing potential energy of falling objects though column groups are lost by the impact of falling object accidently. If residual strength in vertical direction exceeds vertical load, which the sum of the weight of falling objects and usual supportive vertical load as the result of absorbing released location energy, it does not result in progressive collapse. On the other hand, in case when weight of falling objects is included in usual supportive vertical load. In this paper, 1-story 4-spans model is analyzed by non-linear FEM and to examine the level of deterioration, limit analysis of 1-story 4-spans plane frame was carried out.
Seismic Analysis of Chemical Pump Using Automatic Mesh Generation System
Jang, Hyun-Seok ; Lee, Joon-Seong ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 685~690
This paper describes a seismic analysis of chemical pump using automated mesh generation system. The use of an automated analysis system, involving FE codes together with CAD systems and FE pre- and post-processors, has provided an important step towards shortening the design process and structural optimization. The FE model, which is a FE mesh accompanied with the analysis condition, is automatically converted from the analysis model. The FE models are then automatically analyzed using the FE analysis code. This integrated FE simulation system is applied to an analysis of three-dimensional complex solid structures such as a chemical pump.
A Protection Capacity Evaluation of Vessel Protective Structures by Quasi-Static Collision Analysis
Lee, Gye-Hee ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 691~697
In this study, the vessel collision protective structure and the vessel were modeled numerically and the quasi-static collision analysis was performed to evaluate the maximum protection capacity. In the modeling process of protective structure, the nonlinear behaviors of structure and the supporting conditions of ground including pull-out action were considered. In that of collision vessel, the bow of vessel was modeled precisely, because of the nonlinear behaviors were concentrated on it. For the efficient analysis, the mass scaling scheme was applied, also. To evaluate the differences and efficiency, the dynamic analyses were performed for the same model, additionally. Based on the obtained energy dissipation curves of the structure and the vessel, the moment that the collision force affected to the bridge substructures was determined and the maximum allowable collision velocity was evaluated. Because of the energy dissipation bound can be recognized clearly, this scheme can be used efficient in engineering work.
Thermo-Mechanical Analysis of Continuous-Adjustment Thruster using Explosion Pressure
Kim, Kyung-Sik ; Kwon, Young-Doo ; Kwon, Soon-Bum ; Gil, Hyuck-Moon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 699~705
High-maneuver missile is a projectile which demands a strong momentum at short time. To produce a necessary thrust for the flight, the gas of high temperature and pressure is generated through explosive combustion of solid propellant, and a great thrust can be obtained by expanding this high temperature and pressure gas. Although the operating time of a rocket motor is less than a few seconds, a failure of part or ablation near the throat of nozzle may take place during the expansion of high temperature and pressure gas for great thrust. In other words, for the precise control of a missile an exact stress analysis considering both, the thermal stress caused by the heat transfer between combustion gas and wall, and the mechanical stress caused by the pressure change in the flow, should be considered first. In this connection, this study investigated the safety, as a point of view of stress and melting point of the material, of the pre-designed thrust generating structure which is subjected to high temperature and pressure as a function of motor operating time.
Inter-story Drift Design Method to Improve the Seismic Performance for Steel Moment Frames
Choi, Se-Woon ; Park, Hyo-Seon ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 707~714
The inter-story drift ratio is used to evaluate the damage of buildings by the earthquake. This is known that as the inter-story drift ratio decreases, the seismic damage decreases. Although to reduce the inter-story drift ratio is the important issue in the seismic design, no practical inter-story drift design method has bean developed. This study presents an optimal inter-story drift design method to improve the seismic performance of the steel moment frames using the resizing algorithm. The objective function of the proposed method is to minimize the differences of the inter-story drift ratios so that the inter-story drift ratios of the building could be distributed evenly and be reduced. Because this method redesigns the sectional properties of structural members base on the displacement participation factor calculated by the unit-load method, this can improve the seismic performance of the structure without the iterative structural analysis. The efficiency of this algorithm was demonstrated by the application to steel moment frames.
Numerical Analysis of Nuclear-Power Plant Subjected to an Aircraft Impact using Parallel Processor
Song, Yoo-Seob ; Shin, Sang-Shup ; Jung, Dong-Ho ; Park, Tae-Hyo ;
Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea, volume 24, issue 6, 2011, Pages 715~722
In this paper, the behavior of nuclear-power plant subjected to an aircraft impact is performed using the parallel analysis. In the erstwhile study of an aircraft impact to the nuclear-power plant, it has been used that the impact load is applied at the local area by using the impact load-time history function of Riera, and the target structures have been restricted to the simple RC(Reinforced Concrete) walls or RC buildings. However, in this paper, the analysis of an aircraft impact is performed by using a real aircraft model similar to the Boeing 767 and a fictitious nuclear-power plant similar to the real structure, and an aircraft model is verified by comparing the generated history of the aircraft crash against the rigid target with another history by using the Riera's function which is allowable in the impact evaluation guide, NEI07-13(2009). Also, in general, it is required too much time for the hypervelocity impact analysis due to the contact problems between two or more adjacent physical bodies and the high nonlinearity causing dynamic large deformation, so there is a limitation with a single CPU alone to deal with these problems effectively. Therefore, in this paper, Message-Passing MIMD type of parallel analysis is performed by using self-constructed Linux-Cluster system to improve the computational efficiency, and in order to evaluate the parallel performance, the four cases of analysis, i.e. plain concrete, reinforced concrete, reinforced concrete with bonded containment liner plate, steel-plate concrete structure, are performed and discussed.