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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 1971
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 1971
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Relation between Characteristics of Stem and Leaf Area and Weight in the Mulberry Tree
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 1~11
This study are conducted to observe the correlation which are concerned with tile internode length to the leaf area and leaf weight. Where as, small leaf variety Gae Ryang Su Ban, and large leaf variety Ro Sang are adopted to observe their correlations in a group consisting of 30 varieties and in identifiable varieties. The results are as follows: A. Such positive correlations are observed between each characteristics and leaf area with leaf weight. (1) There are highly positive correlation between internode length and leaf area with leaf weight together within varieties group. (2) No correlation with stem length is observed, but high correlation is acknowledged in identifiable varieties although positive correlations are recognized. (3) Correlations are showed between stem volume and leaf area with leaf weight in identifiable varieties, especially Gae Ryang Su Ban higher than any other varieties. (4) Petiole length is not correlated to leaf area and leaf weight in varieties group, but petiole weight is highly correlated to leaf area and leaf weight in varieties group, Gae Ryang Su Ban and Ro Sang variety. B. Internode length along with the stem parts shows the same tendency of variance as most varieties do； internode length of I part at the base is the longest one, gradually shrunk to that of III part and gloved longer, and again internode length becomes shorter to the top. C. Variance of leaf area and leaf weight along with the parts are the lowest ones at the I part, gradually increased to the maximum at IV part, and here after it comes to shrink.
A Study on Occurrence of Mulberry Magare Blight Disease by the Cutting Time and Cutting Height of Mulberry Tree in Autumn
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 13~16
In order to clarify the effect of the time and height of cut in autumn on the occurrence of mulberry magare blight disease, mulberry fold experiment had been tarried out between the autumn 1970 and the spring 1971. The results obtained summarrized as follows. 1) In case of intermediate cutting, the occurrence of the mulberry magare blight disease and its damage showed great difference among the times to cut the tree. That is the intermediate cutting between the 9th and the 21st of September was attacked by the disease and to cut before the 3rd of September and after tile 3rd of October was not attacked by the disease. In the damage by the cut shoot time, intermediate cutting between the 15th and the 18th of September was most seriously having heavy damage and to cut before the 12th and of the 21st of September was Bight damage. 2) Heavier damage was observed in the plot cut above 30cm from the ground compared with the plot cut middle of the branches of the tree.
Studies on the Dwarf Disease of the Mulberry Tree(Transmission by Grafting and Insects)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 17~22
A series of experiments were conducted from 1968 to 1970 to find the transmission effects of the dwarf disease of mulberry tree in connection with inlay grafting and insect vector with the following conclusions: 1. The inlay-grafting of sound scions on diseased roots showed a 30 per cent transmission rate among the successful grafts. The inlay-grafting of diseased scions on sound roots showed a 14 per cent transmission rate among the successful grafts ir the case of scions cut and stored before wintering but no transmission effect in the case of scions prepared after wintering, There were some stocks, among the unsuccesful grasfts of diseased scions upon sound roots, that sprouted out new buds, no transmission effects were found in them, 2. Leafhoppers (Hishimonus disciguttus Walker) collected from areas with no dwarf disease infection were grouped into three plots and let to feed on mulberry tree severely infected by dwarf disease for 7 days, 14 days and 21 days respectively. After these preliminary treatment, the leafhoppers were recollected to be fed on the sound seedling divided into three plots for 10 days, 15 days and 20 days respectively to find the transmission effects. The results are that the 7 day plot showed no transmission effect whereas the 14 day plot showed a 22 per cent disease rate and the 21 day plot 61 per cent rate indicating that the longer the feeding period is the higher the transmission rate.
Biochemical Studies in Relation to Chance of Materials in Process of Growth of Embyro in Silkworm Eggs (Bombyx mori L.)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 23~29
As a result of analyzing the change of material substance of all sorts biochemically and comparing the control with
-ray irradiation (800
, 40 Min), incubating the silkworm eggs (Bombyx mori L.) as the objective in the process of growth of embyro shortly before hatching, the following conclusion has been found. 1. Ascorbic acid has shown the maximum increase of 319 r/g in the Byong B embyro stage and in other words it has increased during the period of vigorous metabolism of the materials in eggs but it has decreased before hatching after that period. 2. Triglyceride has shown the increase of 27.54 mg/g in the Byong A stage, the early period of incubation and in other words it has increased in the period of activation of cells in eggs but it has gradually decreased during the growth of embyro after that period. Great change of either total cholesterol or free cholesterol has not been shown from the early period till shortly before hatching. 3. Free fatty acid has shown the minimum decrease of 257.4
mole/g in the Byong A stage in which triglyceride increases greatly. On the contrary, it has shown the increase of 1, 020.0
mole/g in Ki A stage in which triglyceride decreases. As a whole, the fact that free fatty acid increases according to the growth of embyro in eggs has been found. 4. Glucose has shown the increase of 281.2 mg/g in control during tile Pigment stage and it has shown the increase of 179.6 mg/g in
-ray irradiation during the same period. The difference in quantity between the former and the latter is due to the fact that the growth of embyro has been influenced by the radio active. Glucose has changed with free fatty acid and phosphorus the other way round. 5. Control organic phosphorus has shewh the increase of 5.23mg/g during the Byong B or Ki A in which organ and tissue in the emhyro has been formed. Organic phosphorus in
-ray irradiation has shown the increase of 5.73mg/g during Ki B. Inorganic phosphorus has shown only a little change in the control and
-ray irradiation. The phosphorus in both has shown a little quantity in the
-ray irradiation in the early period of incubation. After the Ki A embyro, it has increased rapidly and it has increased till the hatching more continually than in control. The about results of the research will be helpful and instructive to the betterment and improvement, breeding and management of animals and plants.
The Studies on the Change of Lipid Phosphorus and Influence of Irradiation with the Origination of Silkworm Eggs (Bombyx mori L.)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 31~34
The pupa (7th. day after mounting) were irradiated for foully minutes with 1,000
-ray and the copulation was done under the various conditions when the pupa grew to be imagos. The silkworm eggs that the imagos laid were divided into many groups by five, fifteen, foully-five, ninety, seven-hundred, twenty and twenty-four hundred minutes eggs respectively and the lipid phosphorus in the each group of eggs was analyzed as follows. 1. The quantity of 928
/100mg dry powder (D. P.) was shown in the group of the fourt-five minutes eggs whose ovum nucleus and sperm nucleus were not conjugate in the control C (male and female). The number of the greatest quantity of 944
/100mg D.P. after the syngamy of ovum nucleus and sperm nucleus while the smallest quantity was 768
/100mg D.P. in the group of ninety minutes eggs. 2. Not much difference could be seen the copulation group of female irradiation and male control and the copulation group of male irradiation and female control compared to the both male and female control group, but the influence could be seen in the group of irradiated female pupas. 3. The great difference could be seen in the group of irradiated male and female pupa compared to the control group. The five minutes eggs showed the smallest quantity of 536
/100mg D.P. and the quantity of lipid phosphorus rapidly began to increase from the fifteen minutes eggs. The quantity amounted to 1,082
/100 mg D.P. in the case of seven hundred and twenty minutes eggs while the quantity decreased in the twenty-four hundred minutes eggs which showed 912
/100 mg D.P. The general result obtained in the present study was that the irradiated male and female pupa were greatly influenced before and after the syngamy of gamete.
Study on the Infectious Flacherie Virus of Silkworm, Bombyx Mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 35~47
Current overseas research reveals that among the pathogens causing flacherie of silkworm, damage by infectious flacherie virus is the most serious, but little research in this fold has been reported in Korea. This experiment was undertaken to observe the occurrence of infectious flacherie virus by means of biological environmental conditions associated with occurrence of virus discase and interaction of the virus of flacherie and Bacillus spp. isolated from flacherie silkworm, and to determine ways to check infection by the virus during the rearing of silkworms. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The pathogen, infectious flacherie virus observed in Korea, is proved to be round in shape and 26-30m
in diameter under observation with electron microscope, 2. The infectious flacherie virus-disease occurred apparently in conditions of nutritional disturbance such as shortage of diet or rearing in high temperature and humidity during the 3-4th instar. 3. The percentage of disease-occurrence was increased remarkably, and the latent period was shortened in the case of simple inoculation of virus suspension as compared with the suspension added with bacteria. 4. The application of calcium hydroxide in the silkworm-rearing bed is able to check infection of virus disease.
Relationship of Hardness Components in Filature Water with Reelability Aid Reagent
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 49~59
This experiment was conducted, how making use of "Seracol 100", a kind of nonionic surface active reagent, during cocoon cooking and silk reeling process which is mainly used in Korea and developed by one of the authors since 1965. Main purpose of the experiment is to investigate the influence of the activity of the reelability aid reagent on various degree of hardness component and various salts which are contained in filature water being used by silk factories now. Specifically, it was tried to determine the effects of the reelability aid reagent added to each sample water of artificially differentiated the degree of hardness component upon sericin solubility. Some of the major findings are summarized as follows. 1. "Seracol 100", with below 5
dH water, increased sericin solubility in each sample water, but above
dH the effect of it shows a significant relationship with the different degree of hardness component. Besides the component (MgCO
, generally, the higher the degree of hardness in the water, the less the amount of desolved sericin in the water showed. There is little or no difference between 1000 times diluted "Seracol 100" water and 2000 times diluted "Seracol 100" water in terms of sericin solubility. 2. The different kind of degree of hardness component shows a significant relationship with sericin solubility, In case use of "Seracol 100", Mg hardness component affected on the sericin solubility more than Ca hardness. But in the control, contrary to this, that is Ca hardness component did more than Mg hardness, 3. The different kind of salts in degree of hardness component show a significant relationship with sericin solubility. In the control water, nitrate is the greatest among salts affecting on sericin solubility, next chloride and sulfate are in order. In case of "Seracol 100" water, chloride is the least among salts, below
dH, next sulfate and nitrate are in order, and above 15
dH, next nitrate and sulfate are in order. 4. In case of "Seracol 100" water, the more contained heavy metal salts (Fe, Al, Cu, Mn) in the water, the less sericin solubility showed. It is found that there is little or no difference among other salts in terms of sericin solubility. But alkaline metal salt remarkably increased sericin solubility. 5. In case of "Seracol 100" water, tinting of the water was affected by Ca salts more than by Mg salts. Among other salts, only Al and Fe affected on the tinting of the water, specifically, in view of the fact that "Seracol 100" water increase the tinting of Fe salt water, but decrease the tinting of raw silk. It is thought that "Seracol 100" deter Fe
from absorbing to raw silk by deteriorating the activity of Fe
. 6. "Seracol 100" have the effect on osmosis of the water, After treatment until 2hrs the osmosis of 1000 times diluted "Seracol 100" water is the greatest, next orders are 2000 times diluted "Seracol 100" and control. From 2 hrs to 6 hrs the osmosis of 2000 times diluted water is the greatest, next orders are 1000 times diluted water and control. After 6 hrs the osmosis of the water is the same order as above. 7. In view of tile fact that "Seracol 100" have the effect to control the degree of hardness during the treatment of cocoon layer in the water, it is thought that, in varying degree of hardness in the water, there is a significant relationship between "Seracol 100" and degree of hardness components in cocoon layer.
Effect of abnormal Cocoons on the Silk Qualify during the Silk Reeling Process
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 61~67
This experiment was conducted to know the effects of abnormal cocoons on the silk quality during the silk reeling process. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The length, the width, the weight, the layer weight, and the layer ratio of abnormal cocoons are in every case 0.83∼4.65% less than those of normal cocoons. 2. The thickness of the abnormal cocoon layer is at)out 20.62∼22.4% less than that of the normal cocoon. 3. The sericin solubility of tile abnormal cocoon layer is about 11.75∼30% more than that of the normal cocoon layer. 4. The degumming ratio of the abnormal cocoon layer is about 6.51∼9.32% more than that of the normal cocoon layer. 5. The length of a have, the weight of a tave and percentage of raw silk yield of the abnormal cocoon are decreased 9.43%, 8.53% and 6.72% each as compared with those of the normal cocoon. 6. The percentage of reelability of abnormal cocoons is decreased 9.58％ as compared with that of normal cocoons. 7. The neatness of abnormal cocoons is 3 per cent lower than that of normal cocoons. 8. In the cleanness test of abnormal cocoons, the number of split ends i9 about 1.5∼3.8 times as much as that of normal cocoons. Especially cleanness of abnormal cocoons is 16,3 per cent lower than that of normal cocoons. 9. The number of non-reelable cocoons of abnormal cocoons is increased 1.4∼5.5 times as much as that of normal cocoons. In abnormal cocoon, the number of knot which resulted in the breaking of silk end is increased 1.9∼3.5 times as much as that in normal cocoon.
Fundamental Studies on the Boiling off Test of Raw Silk
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 69~72
1. To study proper sample size in boiling-of test, we extracted samples in size of 200, 100, 50, 20, and 10 grams and tested them. In the result of this test we couldn't find a statistical significance among them, but it is seemed that the proper sample size is 100 gram to think about the errors of measurement and treatment when the sample size is either too little or too much in ordinary test. 2. We tested boil-of result by twisted sample skein (sizing skein) and untwisted sample. In this test to use sodium carbonate (Na
) having powerful sericin dissolving power as a scouring agent, boil-off percents made no statistical significance between two kinds of sample skein. And to use marseilles soap having less powerful sericin dissolving power as a scouring agent, boil-off percents made a difference between twisted and untwisted sample skein. 3. We compared five kinds of scouring agent, for example sodium carbonate, monogen, synthetic detergent (HiTi), marseilles soap A (made in Japan) and marseilles soap B (made in Korea). Among them synthetic detergent and marseilles soap B showed no statistical significance compared with marseilles soap A which we used in ordinary boil-off test. So synthetic detergent and marseilles soap B can be substituted for marseilles soap A. 4. Generally the higher pH value of boil of solution, tile more sericin dissolution, showed and vice versa.
Studies on the Calculating Method of Conditioned Weight by dry Weight after Boiling-off in Raw Silk
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 1, 1971, Pages 73~78
The purpose of this study is to find out the method of conditioned weight test by which the dealing weight of raw silk can be calculated from true fiber in order to do the fair trading. The results of this study were as follows. 1. It is more reasonable than the current test that conditioned weight as a dealing weigh can be calculated by boil-off and moisture regain which is a percentage of boil-on and moisture regain to net weight. Because the boil-off and moisture regain can show directly the amount of true fiber and reproductibility in raw silk. In this study the boil-off and moisture regain is to take dry weight after boiling-off from net weight. 2. To calculate the conditioned weight from boil-of and moisture regain it would be proper that the standard additional ratio is 44 per cent of dry weight after boiling-off. 3. Boil-of percent of the sizing sample skein used in the size test did not show a statistical significance comparing with the boil-off percent of sample skeins (24 skeins) which may represent that of a lot. To observe this result boil-off percent of the sizing sample skein may represent that of a lot. 4. In Korea if conditioned weight test substitute for test of boil-off and moisture regain, we make a profit of two billion won in a year at the current market-price.