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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 1971
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jun 1971
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The Study on the Effect to the Yields with the Intermediate Cutting Periods of Mulberry Branch and at the Picking Levels of Leaf Remains in Autumn
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 81~94
This research is conducted to study the effect to rebbuding, death atop, yielding and occurrence of twig blight disease with the interemediate cutting periods of mulberry branch and at the picking levels of leaf remains in autumn. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Re-budding branches are decreased with delaying of interval cutting period, and that more leaves remained lesser both re-budding branches and buds are observed. Therefore, it is better that leaves remained are placed on the upper part of branch, practically with 3-5 leaf remains. It has decreased re-budding branches, in case cutting is conducted in Sept. 20 with picking leaving 3-5 leaf on. 2. With regard that all picking increases the percentage of death atop of the branch and upper half part picking increases slightly over the other treats. Although it seems unlikely to be different in the other treats with cutting period, exception of all picking, it is elucidated better that the all picking after cutting in Sept. 15 represents unusually high, seemingly effected by the temperature contition preferable to the life of twig blight disease along with the lack of branch nutrition caused by the all picking. 3. In view of yielding, it has no difference in autumn yielding with cutting period, but more picking levels of leaf remains, more yielding. In spring yield, both no picking and all picking is the lowest, in spite of cutting period. Each treat produces high yielding except the no picking if rutting is done in Sept. 15 and Sept. 20, respectively; otherwise it is done earlier or later, each treat produces low yielding. It is suggested that yielding ability in following spring affected by the autumn picking because all picking treats represent lower yielding ability than no picking ones except of cutting in Sept. 15 and Sept. 20. With respect to total yield in spring and autumn, it is represented that other treats, among which cutting in Sept. 15 and Sept. 20 is especially high, produce higher yielding than both no picking and all picking. But no difference seemed in leaf remained treats. In these respects, it may be concluded that 3-5 leaf remains after the interval cutting in Sept. 15 to Sept. 20 increases the yielding throughout two seasons and it is suggested that 3-5 leaf remains after cutting in Sept. 5 to Sept. 10 has no difference with no picking and cutting after that day. 4. Diseases in the branch remained are twig blight, massaria-bye, and Die-back, of which twig blight attacks tremendously and slight ouurence in messaria-byo and Die-back. In ouurence of twig blight, it is appeared much in all picking and seasonal occurence high in Sept. 15 with 92.9, and in Sept. 30 with 100 as index, respectively. Also it occurs ,considerably in upper part picking but little occurrence in no picing. 5. It is considered that negative correlation among re-budding percentage. No. of re-budding leaf, and spring yielding is found, seemingly without heavy correlation at -0.42, and -0.27, respectively. However, death atop of branch and occurence of twig blight has little correlation with spring yield. On the other hand, positive correlation highly appeared with the correlation coefficient at 0.8 between occurence of twig blight and death atop of branch.
The Effect of Maleic Hydrazide Spraying upon the Winter Hardness of Twig of Mulberry Tree
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 95~97
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of maleic hydrazide upon the winter hardness on leaves spraying after harvesting of autumn rearing season. The results obtained are as follows; 1. Spraying over 0.25% increased starch in all tissues of the twig than that in the not-sprdyed control twig. 2. Spraying time of central district was the middle ten days of september. 3. There were effect on spraying of all the treatment variety Suwon No. 4. 4. Winter hardiness by variety was strong in the order of Suwon No. 4, Gae Ryang Su ban, Il Jire, Rosang.
Fine Structure of Diapause Regulator Cell in the Suboesophageal Ganglion in the Silkworm, Bombyx Mori
Park, Kwang E. ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 99~107
In the suboesophageal ganglion of Bombyx mori, the diapause regulator producing cells which may give an information to the diapause factor cells were found by means of electron microscopy. The diapause regulator producing cells had larger granules (2000 to 5000 A
in diameter) than did the diapause factor cells which were partially surrounded by the formers. Highly electron-dense material of lysosome in the diapause regulator producing cells was observed in the diapause-egg producer but such lysosomes were not in the non-diapause egg-producer. It was found that many cytoplasmic granules fuse with lysosome, and smaller granules come out of lysosomes. Some implications of the diapause factor cell and the diapause regulator producing cell were discussed.
The Comparative Experiment of Some Artificial Treat methods of Silkworm Eggs
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 109~117
Today most of farmers rear the silkworms two time a year, spring and autumn (Fig. 1). But from now on, we can rear whenever mulberry tree is grown, and it is expected that we can rear many times (Fig.2). Because the silkworm eggs can not always be hatched, we have to study a special method for rearing many times a year. The writer, in these problems, hatched the silkworm eggs from the beginning of June to the beingning of September, once every 10 days, and reard 10 times. The results are as follows; 1) The silkworm eggs for the beginning and middle of June have no difference between the double cooling method and the single cooling method. But the eggs for the end of June in the double cooling method is better. 2) For the silkworm eggs for the middle of July, the cooling method after acid treatment for eggs is better. 3) For the silkworm eggs for the end of July, the reeling method after acid treatment is better. But it is needed to study the short artificial treatment. 4) For the eggs for the beginning of August, the further study of the short artificial treatment is also needed. 5) For the eggs for the middle of August, after cooling treatment is better. The short artificial treatment is possible for them. But further study is needed. 6) For the eggs for the beginning of September, after cooling treatment is needed for further study.
Studies on the Fertilized Eggs in the Internal Reproductive Organ of the Silkworm Female Moth (Bombyx mori L.)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 119~122
The following results were obtained through the experiments and study of fertility for silkworm eggs in vagina, oviduct, and ovarial base. The sample eggs were collected after leaving silkworm moth for one week from the date of treatment was given to oviporm orifice of the silkworm moth by heated needle in order to discontinue laying eggs. Those sample silkworm moths were divided into two groups. The first group was under the condition of immediately after the couplation and the second group was under the condition of after the laying eggs in some extend, and both of them were completed couplation. The sample eggs were screened in order to confirm the degree of color which normally be observed as very characteristic during hibernating. 1. About 5% of silkworm out of the total sample were identified as having 1-2 eggs. (See table 1). But, the charasteristic colour of hibernating egg was not observed. The colour was not much different as that of eggs in ovarian duct. 2. Immediately after the couplation, the eggs were not found in vagina under the condition of immediately after the couplation. 3. About 10% of the sample under the condition of after laying eggs in some extend were found having eggs in vagina or oviduct. 4. About 2% of the sample silkworm moth under the condition of immediately after the couplation were found having I fertilized egg in oviduct. 5. No fertilized egg was found in ovarian tube. It seemed that sperm did not enter ovarian tube. 6. Almost the entire eggs were found in ovarian tube under the condition of immediately after the couplation. But, eggs under the condition of after laying eggs in some extend were found around oviduct and vagina due to the continuous movement of silkworm eggs towards oviporus orifice. 7. Sperm is mainly found around seminal receptacle and vagina, and sperm goes into micropyle together with silkworm eggs which were moving towards oviduct.
Studies on Silkworm Selection by Use of Anesthetic(1) (The Effect of Silkworm Analysis through Anesthesia)
B.H. Choe ; S.K. Kang ; Kim, J.I. ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 123~133
The author is the first man who tried to use an anesthetic on insect specially for silkworm in orde to evaluate the silkworm health and silk yielding ability and the obtained results are as followings. 1. The necessary ether vapor induction for narcosis on silkworms is varied by the glowth of the silkworm which the larger worm is, the longer induction is required. For instance, it was 2∼3 minutes for the worms of third day fifth instar silkworm in case use of ether anesthetic. 2. The longer anesthetic induction for silkworms, the longer recovery needs from anesthesia. In case five minutes ether vapor induction, silkworms recovered narcosis during in 5∼130 minutes which had varied very much by the health variation. 3. The ether induction caused silkworm to vomit digestive juice from a few per cent of the worms, but the chloroform induction showed majority of the worms to vomit the digestive juice out of mouth. So, the ether was found as better anesthetic for silkworms. 4. When ether induction last more than 20∼30 minutes, the recovered silkworms can eat mulberry, but when it gets more than three hours they can not eat mulberry. And when it last more than ten minutes, the silkworm may eat mulberry leaf, but they can not spinn cocoon properly. 5. In case five minutes ether induction for silkworms on third day fifth instar, the stronger variety is, the rallier recovered from narcosis. 6. The recovering duration from narcosis varies regarding with each worm health which shows Poisson′s distribution even in a same variety silkworm. 7. The female worms recover from narcosis earlier than male worms which means the female worm is stronger than male one. 8. The later recovered silkworm from narcosis spinned more rich cocoon silk and ended with smaller pupae weight. Such a tendency showed until at some recovery duration, then the silk yield droped down on the worms recovered in more longer duration. The author (Choe) had named such a relation curve as "Silk Yield Curve against Silkworm Health." 9. The silk yield or cocoon layer ratio had varied from 13 to 27% even in a same worm varity cocoon which showed serious variation and call attention carefulness for the duplication work of a variety silkworm eggs. 10. Not always the rich silk yielding worm is the best worm during the silkworm selection and it should be considered with the silkworm health evaluation. 11. At present situation, only specific breeding expert is allowed to join in the selection service because of need many years experience by use of visual observation, but the ether anesthesia method may help such an evaluation with more accuracy and easy way even for the people in fresh on the field. 12. The effect of the narcosis on the silkworm for the next generation or hybrid worm will be reported in next publication.
Studies on the Accelerative Function for the Silkworm Maturation with Ecdysis Hormone
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 135~139
It is very important to make mounting numerous silkworms by their normal growth when considering the sericultural management. There were several studies on the utilization of repellent to the matured silkworms to mounting, studies concerning forcing maturity of silkworms were developed considerably after studies on the insect ecdysis hormone. Commercial named MSH(II) (Inoksterone) similar substance of ecdysterone and DAT repellent (Dodesil alcohl) were used for this study, and the results can be summarized as follows; 1. MSH (II) mixed with the mulberry leaves shown the matured effect on the growth of silkworms and increased amount of MSH (II) shortened the last stage in their growth. 2. MSH (II) mixed with the mulberry leaves when 5% of early matured silkworms appeared were most effective. 3. DAT was hastened their mounting. 4. Utilization of MSH (II) and DAT together were hastened silkworms mounting and those chemicals can be used practically in the silkworm rearing.
Electrophoretic Patterns of Hemolymph Protein of Healthy and Nuclear-Polyhedrosis Virus Infected Silkworm, Bombyx mori.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 141~143
By means of thin-layer electrophoresis in agarose gel, hemolymph protein of healthy silkworm larvae and of the nuclear polygedrosis virus infected larvae were studied. 1. In the 4th instar, 4 fractions moving toward anode were separated. Dye-binding Capacity of the fraction was increased according to the stage. 2. After 5th day in the 5th instar, 7 fractions moving toward anode were separated, and one fraction toward cathode was separated. 3. On the first day in the 5th instar, 5 fractions were separated, and on the 4th day of the same instar 5 fractions were separated. 4. As for the hemolymph protein fractions of the polyhedrosis virus infected larvae, on the 6th and 7th day, three fractions(D.E.F) were inclined to increase, whereas on the 8th day 4 fractions(A.B.D.E) were disappeared but F fraction was inclined to decrease.
Seoson and Yielding Cocoons in Multi-rearing
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 145~150
During 1968-1970, rearing method being held yearly through was conducted to find adequate rearing season under joint projects in various areas; Chung-nam area, Kyung-buk area, Chun-nam area. The results are summarized as follows: 1. In view of rearing results, earlier transfer represents better, in spring season while early transfer worst in autumn season. If the conventional transfer sets on critical point in autumn season, the value recorded gradually decreased in earlier and later transfer and rapidly in earlier and later. 2. With rearing season, obtained results are degraded in order of spring(1st-4th), autumn(7th-10th), late autumn(11th), summer(5th) , early autumn(6th). Late autumn transfer could be delayed for about 6-7 days in southern area. 3. With referrence to rearing results alone, it may be concluded that 4 time ordinary rearing is adoptable in multi-rearing method, dividing into 2 seasons which are 2 time spring rearing(1st-3rd) and 2 time autumn rearings(8th-10th).1st period of spring rearing should be done 3-4 days ahead of the conventional transfer dates being practiced in each local, and 2nd period of spring transfer 5-6 days delayed. In autumn transfer, 2-5 days ahead and 3-6 days delayed batches tested are preferable. In branch rearing, it is recommended that 4 time branch rearing is conducted to divide into 2 seasons which are 2 time spring rearing(1st-3rd) and 2 time autumn rearing (9th-11th) and that the former is carried out in the same level of the 2 time spring rearing, latter in the same level of the conventional autumn .earing (9th) , and late autumn rearing (11th).
Studies on the Emergence Ratio of Bombyx mori, between Cut off the Cocoon′s Edge Layer or not for Egg Production
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 151~154
In the silkworm egg production, cutting of the cocoon's edge formed by silkworms forced to aid the emergence, and emergence is related to the amount of alkaloid liquid in the sucking stomach in certain varieties. In this study, there was no difference between cutting of portion and sex, and no significant between cutting of both sides and one side cocoons when comparing their emergence ratio. Expenditures and emergence ratio between both sides and one side cutting off must be studied in coming future.
The Experiment for the Technical Balance Work on the Automatic Silk Reeling Machine ( I )
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 13, issue 2, 1971, Pages 155~160
This experiment was carried out to investigate the cocoon reeling condiditions required to technical balance work on the automatic silk reeling machine. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Reasonable reeling velocity with regard to raw silk yield and to reeling efficiency varied according to cocoon reelability. It was observed to be about 150m/min on good reelability cocoon (850m of nonbreaking bave length), about 120m/min on medium reelability cocoon (650m of nonbreaking bave length) and from 90m/min to 120m/min on bad reelability cocoon (500m of nonbreaking bave length) 2) Low temperature drying of cocoon (T
) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T
) or high temperature drying of cocoon (T
). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying temperature. 3) Incomplete drying of cocoon (T
) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T
) or over drying of cocoon(T
). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying degree. It was cocoon drying condition of cocoon was the control(T
) or high temperature(T
) rather than low temperature (T
) in cocoon drying process. Control (T
) or over drying of cocoon (T
) was adequate rather than incomplete drying of cocoon (T
) for the improvement of the quality of raw silk on the automatic silk reeling process. 4) It was found that the reasonable cooking condition of cocoon was optimum cooking with 4
of reeling temperature or incomplete cooking with 45
of the reeling temperature in the automatic silk reeling of the domestic cocoon.