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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1972
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1972
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Study on the Cause of Die-bark of Shoot in the Mulberry Field in the Reclaimed Hill Land in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 1~7
Recently, young mulberry trees grown in the reclaimed hill land are frequently attacted by the die-bark and the buds of the trees developed poorly. In order to learn the cause of the injury mentioned above available boron content in the soils and the bark of young shoots have been analyzed. The results are as follow; Available boron content in the soil of the damaged mulberry fold was 0.3-0.20 ppm, against 0.39-49 ppm in that of healthy mulberry field, and boron in the bark of the damaged trees was 10.63-12.99 ppm, and 18.42-21.02 ppm in that of the healthy trees. The organic matter content and available boron content in soils showed a highly significant possitive correlation. The moisture content in percent in the soil of the damaged mulberry held was 11.16 and 14.22 in that of healthy mulberry field.
Study on the Change of Acid Soluble Phosphorus and Influence of Irradiation on Embryonic Developmental Silkworm Egg, Bombyx mori L. (Part. II)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 9~13
On the seventh day of mounting male and feamale cocoons are distinguished. A part of those male and female pupae is irradiated for 40 min. with 1,000r-ray irradiation. Those eggs obtained from the irradiated pupae are divided into six groups of 5, 15, 45, 90, 720 and 2,400 minutes after laying. The cahanges of accid soluble phosphorus in the each group of eggs are as follows. 1. In the control group of the maximum quantity in acid soluble phosphorus was 1,456r/100mg D.P. in the 2,400 minutes group, while the minimum quantity was 1,233r/100mg D.P. in the 720 minutes group. 2. In the mated group of ＊irradiated female moths and control male moths, the quantity of acid soluble phoshorus was small as compared with the control group in the five minute group of 1,288r/100mg D.P. and in the 15 minutes group of 1,299r/100mg D.P. while the quantity increased to 1,484r/100mg D.P. in the 45 minutes group. The quantity began to decrease again to 1,400r/100mg D.P. in the 2,400 minutes group which was smaller than that of the control group. The quantity was slightly small in the silkworm eggs laid in the early stage when compared with that of mated group of ＊irradiated male moths and control female moths. Both groups showed the larger quantity in the 720 minutes group than that of the control group. The quantity of acid soluble phosphorus in the mated group of control female moths .and ＊irradiated male moths was larger in variation than in the mated group of control male moths and ＊irradiated female moths. 3. In the mated group of ＊irradiated male and female moths the largerst quantity was 1,760r/100ms D.P. in 2,400 minutes group and second was 1,736r/100mg D.P. in 90 minutes group, and third was 1,288r/100mg D. P., in 5 minutes group. Generally the quantity was small in silkworm eggs laid by the irradiated one in the early stage than the control group, but in the later period of egg the quantity began to increase more than that of control group.
Studies on the Applicability of Tosylchloramide Sodium
to Silkworm Rearing Industry as a useful Disinfectant
Lee, J.N. ; J.S. Lim ; I.S. Suh ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 15~24
During the autumn-rearing season of 1971, at the silkworm rearing house at the college of agriculture, Seoul national university in Korea, the authors carried out a series of experiments (1) on the susceptibility of four important silkworm pathogens (Aspergillus flavus, Bacillus thuringiensis, Aspergillus oryzae, and Isaria farinosa) to Halamid (Tosylchloramide Sodium), (2) on the acute toxicity of Halamid to silkworm larvae at every instar, (3) on the inhibiting effect of Halamid to the attack of two silkworm infections, fungal muscardine and viral jundice, and the chronic toxicity of Halamid to silkworm larvae, and (4) on the yield and quality of the raw silk harvested from the Halamid treated silkworms. As the results of the experiments the authors found that Halamid could be applied usefully to silk worm rearing industry as an effective disinfectant for both silkworms themselves and their envir onmental articles, rearing houses and tools, also that Halamid exerts its disinfectant effect most efficiently as a disinfectant for silkworms when sprayed in 2% or 3% aqueous solution every second day throughout all tile instars of larval stage.
Effects of Silkworm Rearing Technique on the Cocoon Crops of Sericultural Farmers in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 25~35
This investigation was carried out to find the effects of silkworm rearing technique on the harvesting amounts. In spring and autumn of 1971, 14 silkworm rearing farmers at Botong Ri and Youngsoo Ri, Chongnam Myun, Hwaseung Kun, Kyunggi Do in Korea were selected as sample farmers. They were devided into two groups, high productivity group and low productivity group according to their harvesting amounts per box of silkworm eggs in 1970. The high productivity group represents the farmer who produced above average harvesting amounts per box, and the low group represents below average group. In this investigation, all farmers were adjusted to share uniform rearing condition with even mulberry leaves. Under this uniform condition, the effects of rearing techniques on the harvesting amounts per box of silkworm eggs and the effects of rearing condition on the harvesting amounts were inferred. Results obtained are as fellows; (1) Measuring from the 14 sample farmers, the effect of rearing technique on the harvesting amounts per box covers 15% of farmers in spring rearing season but 33% in autumn season. (2) Measuring from these sample farmers, the effects of the nutrition condition is less than 56% in spring rearing season but less than 69% in autumn, and it can be concluded that these effects include the effect of climate factor. (3) In the low productivity group. the most important facto. affecting the low productivity is non-disinfection of rearing environment.
Study on the Effects of Silkworm Diseases on the Cocoon Crops
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 37~42
This investigation was conducted to measure the effects of silkworm diseases on the cocoon crepe. The sample farmers were selected at three areas in Korea. a. Banga Ri, Namsa Myoen, Yongin Kun, Kyoenggi Do b. Moorim Ri, Yakmok Myeon, Chilkok Kun, Kyeongsangbuk Do c. Oero Ri, Buksam Myeon, Chilko Kun, Kyeongsangbuk Do 1. Reduction ratio of crops by the silkworm disease was 5.5% in spring season, and 8.9% in the autumn but 7.2% in a year. Including disease damaged cocoons being spoiled cocoons, it was 8.3%. 2. The ratio of disease-damage by the polyhedrosis virus and flacherie was 17.8% of whole disease at young instar and was 82.2% at advanced instar which showed highest ratio. 3. Average production amount of the cocoon was 27.74kg, The reduction amount by the silkworm disease against the estimated production aomunt was 2.411kg. 4. Reduction of amounts by unknown factors was 3.611 kg. This was 1.5 times of reduction amount by the disease. This nay be chiefly due to the missing silkworms and spoiled cocoons. 5. Ratio of farmers harvesting stable cocoon crops was 54.7% in spring rearing season but 21.9% in autumn. 6. Damage ratio of factors other than the silkworm disease was 10.70% and it was 17.87 % of total mortality.
Reological Studies on Cocoon Filament. 1. Tensile Properties of Filament by the Portion of Cocoon Layer
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 1, 1972, Pages 43~47
The tensile properties of cocoon filament obtained from the dried cocoon were studied by deniroscope and tensilon with special attachments. The strength and dried elongation at break feint with dry and swollen samples were observed. The apparent young's modulus was also calculated with the dry samples. The results obtained are as follows. 1) The breaking strength of dry and swollen samples decreased in parallel with denier decreasing ratio in the whole length of a cocoon filament. 2) Tensile strength of inner-layer filament, when treated at the temperature of 95
for 15 min., was 37 per cent of outer-layer filament. 3) By swelling treatment, the breaking strength of the filament was decreased but the elongation was increased. 4) Apparent young's modulus and tensile strength per denier of inner-layer filament were higher than those of the rest cocoon layer.