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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1972
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1972
Selecting the target year
The Selection of combining crosses by heritability
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 61~65
The main purpose of this experiment is to select the best combining ability among KC
N13, and C20
N13 in view of the cocoon shell weight in Bombyx mori. In the spring of 1972, the author raised silkworms which were born from the crossing of the Chinese strain KC, C14, C20(female) with japanese strain N13 (male). Among each combining of crosses, the heritability of the cocoon shell weight was estimated by the method of variance analysis. The result of the experiment may he summarized as fellow; 1. For KC
N13 The cocoon shell was heavier than other combining crosses, but its heritability was lower than the others. The heritability of male moth was higher than that of female. 3. For C14
N13 The cocoon shell and the heritability was in medium value among the combining crosses, and the heritability of female moth was higher than that of male. 3. For C20
N13 The cocoon shell weigt was lower than the others, but its heritability was higher than that of others. In these combining crosses, C20
N13 is selected as a new race, which is much better than the commercial one, 103
Study on the Improvement of Artificial Diets for the Silkworm Rearing
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 67~72
It was first succeded in rearing the silkworm on the artificial diets in Japan in 1960. Since then, the researches on the artificial diets have been carried out intensively but the artificial diets have not been applied to the silkworm rearing practically till now. There are difficulties in rearing the silkworm on the artificial diets, such as uneven silkworm growth, higher production cost and decay. The results were not satisfactory, but the author hopefully expects that the artificial diet rearing would be possible for maintaining normal silkworm growth throughout improvement of diet composition, rearing techniques and aseptics add to the diets. Especially the author considered that the aseptic rearing will contribute to the research of sericultural science. Within a few years, the artificial diet rearing would be applied to the practical silkworm rearing.
Effects of Mulberry Leaves Coated with Ginseng Solutions on Silkworm Growth (Bombyx mori L.)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 73~79
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of the mulberry leaves sprayed with filtered solutions and non-filtered solutions of ginseng, on the various practical characteristics of the silkworm (Bombyx mori) in spring, summer and late autumn in 1971, and spring and autumn in 1972. 1. There was no evidence that the various ginseng concentrations influence the practical characteristics in the silkworms, according to the different instars and rearing seasons. 2. Non-filtered solutions of ginseng have a bad effect upon the silkworm characteristics, especially in pupation ratio and reelable cocoon ratio.
Studies on Pathogenicity of Nosema bombycis Naegeli to Parents and Hybrid in the Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 81~92
Studies on Pathogenicity of Nosema bombycis Naegeli are summarized as follows: 1. The mortality of the parents, Jam 103 and Jam 104, is remarkbly higher than that of the hybrid, Jam 103
Jam 104, whereas there is no difference in the mortality between the parents. 3. In the mortality of the pathogen-concentration, it is increased in order of the following concentrations inoculated, 10
/ml. 3. In the mortality of each instar, it is high in order of 5th, 4th, 3rd, and 2nd instar. 4. In the interaction between the mortalities of the varieties and the concentrations, 1) The mortality shows no differences between the parents and the hybrid in the high concentration of 10
/ml. 2) The mortality of the hybrid is lower than that of the parents in the low concentration of 10
/ml, whereas no difference is found between the parents. 3) The interaction appears at the same level in the middle concentration of 10
/ml to the parents and of 10
/ml to the hybrid. 5. It was pointed out that active immunity depends upon the volume of antigen injection, immunizing period, and injection intervals. In this experiment, it is noticed that the optimum volume of injection is above 20ml and D is the best one of the four treatment (A.B.C.D.). 6. The immune sera indicate such a 12,800 high titer in the indirect method can be obtained from the D immunizing method. Silkworm tissues and N. bombycis spores show self-fluorescence, but it is able to distinguish it from the F.I.T.C. by using the U.V. filter. 7. The midgut epithelium is examined to be the first site of the tissues which are penetrated into and multiplied by the inoculation of the pathogen per os.
Comparative Analysis of Economic Efficiency by Major Sericultural Farming Areas in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 95~103
The major purpose of this study is to collect the information related on the aspects of economic efficiency for solving the problems which are faced by farmers and areas, and providing scientific facts to farmers and related institutions for further development of sericultural sector in Korea. In order for obtaining the related information 12 sample areas among 23 major sericultural farming areas and 30 farm units in each area are selected and analyzed in this study. The fold suevey is made by member of this study team and graduate students in the Department of Sericultural Science with a prepared questionnaires. Cross-section and regression analysis methods are employed for processing the data in this study. The major findings obtained are as followings. 1. Sericultural earnings per Tanbo is, on the average, 22, 752 won in new cultivated areas and 29, 403 won in ordinary ones. There are big difference in the size of earnings by areas, especially, 46, 968 won in Kumo mountain area, compared with 16, 798 won in Yeoju and Yichun areas. General trend is finded that small scale farming units are made higher earnings and operating their farms efficiently. 2. Cocoon production expences per Tanbo is 16, 737 won in new cultivated areas and 19, 802 won in ordinary areas. There are also big difference in farming expences, especially, 27, 389 won in Sudang area, compared with 11, 689 won in Emjin area. 3. Sericultural income per Tanto is 10, 664 won in ordinary areas and 6, 898 won in new cultivated areas. Farmers in Kumo mountain area make the highest income of 21, 164 won and lowest income of 1, 296 won in Sudang area. It can be generized that about 30-50 a sized farmers make higher income. 4. Land, labor and capital productivities estimated by fitting Cobb-Douglas functions in ordinary areas are higher than in new cultivated areas, especially, labor productivity is higher in ordinary areas. 5. Changsung, Kwangna, Yunsun and Kumo mountain areas are technically and economically efficient. Sudang and Mujinchang areas are technically successful but economically inefficient and Emjin and Honam areas are technically inefficient but economically efficient. YeojuYichun, Chunwon and West Kyongnam are technically and economically inefficient. Technical and economic improvement program should be implemented for these areas. 6. Estimated Internal Rate of Return (IRR) on capital investment in Chongwon are is 23.5 percent. It is economically feasible, if we consider 20 percent of opportunity cost of capital in our economy.
Reological Studies on Cocoon Filament II. Changes of strength and elongation at breaking related to the stretching speed and swelling degree
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 105~112
The effects of the stretching speed and the swelling degree of cocoon filaments on load-elongation curve were tested by tensilon with special attachments. The values of breaking strength, elongation at break and initial tensile strength obtained from load elongation curves are summarized as follows; 1. The breaking strength of the swollen cocoon filament appeared to increase at the high stretching speed, while elongation at break decreased. 2. Load-elongation curve became crinkled at the low speed of stretching. It suggests that both slip and break of the macrofibrils may occur in swelling of cocoon bave. 3. Breaking strength appeared to considerably decrease and elongation at break not to increase in swelling test at 9
for 60 min. 4. The initial tensile strength was influenced by the stretching speed and swelling degree of cocoon filaments.
The Effects of Silkworm Egg Quality on the Cocoon Crops
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 113~123
The authors studied on the effect of silkworm eggs collected from the whole silkworm egg producers in Korea to know the cocoon crops, and the results are as follows. There was no remarkable correlation on the effect of silkworm eggs quality for the cocoon crops but can be concluded as follows. 1) There was a weak correlation between the hatching ratio and economical hatching ratio but no correlation between economical hatching ratio and cocoon crops. In other word, hatching ratio couldn't be influenced for the silkworm health. 5) Non-hybrid ratio (miss-crossing ratio) influenced to the amount of reelable cocoons and pupation ratio but on this experiment, there was a little influence for the cocoon crops. The authors found that there is no difference between origin and its F
crops under the more suitable conditions. Non-hybrid ratio can be determined the silkworm eggs quality, but notice that the ratio decrease only when used pure origin. 3) There is some correlation between harvesting amounts of reelable cocoon and pupation ratio. In general, the eggs which harvest small amounts of reelable cocoon are lower on the pupation ratio. 4) The influence of cocoon layer ratio is based on the variety absolutely but cocoon crops also has a little influence on the cocoon layer ratio.
Survey on the Technical Status of Major Sericultural Farming Areas in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 14, issue 2, 1972, Pages 125~154
The major purpose of this survey is to collect the related information on technical aspects for solving the problems which are facing producing farmers and regions, provide scientific facts to farmers related personals and institutions and aimed at contributing the development of sericultural sector in Korea. The results are as follows; (1) The area of mulberry field per a farmer which was selected as sample ranges from 3.0 to 370a with its average 45. 1a. And yet, the average of new cultivated areas is above than that of ordinary ones by 56.3 to 33.8a. The largest area is Honam hill area with 101. 1a and e smallest is Muzinzang with 20.8a. Shortly, a large number of farmer belongs to 11 to 50a with 66.5 per cent. (2) The ratio of clay and loam soils which are inadequte for growing of mulberry trees is 28.3 per cent and particulary high in new cultivated area with 36.2 per cent. And yet, base soil is occupied with 45 per cent of heavy clay and particularly even 54.2 per cent in new cultivated area. On the other hand, the number of areas which the contents of organic matters is relatively low, with 48.2 per cent is near the half, but the ratio of mulberry fields which seems to contain organic matters abundantly is only 7.2 per cent. (3) The varieties of mulberry trees are Ilgirae, Gaeryangseoban, Suwonsang No.4 and Nosang. The ,ratio of the varieties are 33.3%, 25.7%, 18.0% and 10.5%, respectively. Consequently the four varieties enumerated above occupies 93.5 per cent. (4) The mulberry fields are almost composed of exclusive mulberry fields and its ratio was 92.3 per cent. The number of planted trees per 10a arrange from 480 to 1,390 and its average is 846. But most of them nearly belong to 701 to 1,000 with 91.3per cent. (5) The second year's autumn after planting is generally adopted as the first harvesting season, and its ratio is 73.0 per cent, but autumn of the years and next spring are not few, and its ratio are 12.7 and 8.7 per cent. The first harvesting method is relatively normal with 88.8 per cent of ratio. From the viewpoint of harvesting method, picking leaves was applied with 97.7 per cent of ratio in young larvae rearing and picking shoot and picking shoot after harvest with branches were applied with 80.0 per cent of ratio in grown larvae rearing. The ratio of applying the harvesting method of picking leaves were 97.7 and 91.7 per cent in young larva and grown larva in autumn rearings. But there was also picking leaves absolutely with 7.1 per cent of ratio(Chunwon was 47 per cent) and yet, the farmers applying cutting before shooting in spring was no more than 17.8 percent.