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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Dec 1976
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jun 1976
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Effects of the Thin Out of Mulberry Branches in Summer or Early Autumn on the Growth of Branches and the Yield of Mulberry Leaves
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 1~5
This work was carried out to investigate how the effects on the growth af branches and the yield of mulberry leaves are shown, when two of each dwarf and normal branches are thinned out in sumner or early autumn. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1) In mulberry trees after spring pruning: in case of thin out branches in summer and harvest in autumn (42 days after treatment), (1) The average length of branches in thin out trees showed 19% increase by autumn, which turned out to be 11% higher than that of non-thin out did (8%) (2) The thin out treated mulberry trees presented 9% increase in total yields of summer and autumn, when compared with those of the non-thin out trees. 2) In mulberry trees after sumner pruning: in case of thin out branches in early autumn and harvest either in autumn (15 days after treatment) or in late autumn (28 days after treatment), (1) The average length of branches showed about 6∼7% and 8%, intercase by autumn and late autumn, respectively. Thus no effects of thin out treatment could be recognized in growing of branches. (2) The thin out treated mulberry trees presented about 6% increase in total yields of early autumn, showing no significance through, when compared with those of ron-thin out treatment. Whereas the total yields of early autumn and late autumn showed 12% increase with significance at the level of 5% by thin out treatment. (3) As above mentioned, the thin out of mulberry branches brought about a good effect on yields of mulberry leaves, though less on average length of branches. It may be considered that the thin out treatment makes improve the living condition in mulberry trees and in turn induces photosynthesis actively, which results in increase the weight of leaves.
Studies on Artificial Hatching of Hibernating Eggs, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 7~10
This experiments were carried out to know hatching power on treatments of cold temperature and hydrochioric acid Iron Late January to Early February. Used silkworm variety was Jam 103
Jam 104 laying in Spring. The results may be summarized as follows: 1. The resting of silkworm eggs activated to Late January, to longer cold treatment was, the more effects of activating increased completely. So activated eggs were possible to incubation. 2. How to the light or short hours of hycrochloric acid were compare with heavy or long each other, it was inclined that the former seems to be worse than the latter. 3. On the interaction of cold treatments and hydrochloric acid, in case of short cold treatment, hatching power was better effect all treatments of hydrochloric acid than control, but no difference between specific gravity or treatment hours. On tile contrary, in case of more longer of cold treatments, hatching power depended not only upon the specific gravity, but also upon the treatment hours.
Studies on Silkworm (Bombyx mort L.) Diseases in Autumn Rearing Season in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 11~15
These surveys were designed to know decreasing rate of cocoon production all over the country and purchased amount of cocoons at public market which had been caused by various diseases in autumn of 1975. The results can be summarized as follows; 1. Percentage of sericuitural houses which sustain disease damage was 18.5 percent, and cocoon yield per box in bad crop houses was 8.8kg smaller than that in normal houses. 2. About 838M/T of decreased cocoons and 5.6 percent of damaging rate can be estimated in this autumn throughout the country. 3. In our country, it was 40.9 per cent of Grasseril and 34.5 per cent of Flacherie of silkworm diseases.
Studies of various Pollution on Silkworm Rearing in Autumn
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 17~19
These surveys were carried out to investigate of damage of agricultural chemicals, tabacco, and factory smoke on silkworm rearing Autumn in 1975 1. Damaging rate in chemicals, tabacco and factory smoke was 1.4, 0.6 and 0.1 percent each other. 2. In damage by agricultural chemicals, it appeared to be chemicals for rice (49.4%) orchard (21.2%) and vegetable (12.3%) in order. 3. Status of damaging rate in tabacco showed 60 and 18 percent in tabacco field and tobacco drying place near mulberry field. and showed 14 and 8 percent in rabacco drying place and tabacco field near rearing house. 4. The damage of factory smoke is largely stone powder of cement.
The Studies on Hydrolysis of the Silk Fibroin by Proteolytie Enzyme, Bombyx mori II. Relation between the Fibroin Hydrolysis of Different Cocoon Layers and Physical Property of Silk Fiber
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 21~26
The study was carried out to investigate the variations in the fibroin hydrolysis of different cocoon shell layers, and the relationship between the hydrolysis and silk physical property. The obtained results are as follows: 1. The fibroin hydrolyzing ratio was highest at the inner layer of cocoon shell and. next in order. at the middle layer and at the outer layer. 2. The fibroin hydrolyzing ratio of abnormal cocoons was higher than normal cocoon and it was different among them, tile highest was double coroon, thin shell cocoon and perforated cocoon in order. 3. The sericin content and fibroin hydrolyzing ratio of Jam 111 and Jam 112 was higher than that of Jam 111
Jam 112. 4. The fibroin hydroiyzing ratio of the cocoons fed with the artificial diets was increased at the inner layer. The sericin content of those lessened at the inner layer, however, it slightly increased at the most inner layer more than at the inner layer. 5. The breaking strength of the degummed silk fiber of different cocoon layers was reduced at the inner layer. The breaking Strength of abnormal silk fiber was less than that of normal silk fiber. 6. A negative correlation (r= －0.8) )was approved between fibroin hydrolyzing ratio and breaking strength of silk fiber, and the regression line was Y=－0.29x＋5.07.
Studies on the compound spun silk and its fabrics
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 27~39
In this study several kinds of spun silk yarn-synthetic filament compounded yarn was manufactured, and several fabrics woven from above mentioned silk compound yarn for evaluation of serviceability as clothing materials. The following results were obtained: 1. Degumming agents are in the order of sodium silicate, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbornate, soap and water. 2. When the concentration of sodium hydroxide is exceeded 3%, degradation of floss silk property is resulted because of excessive dissolving out of silk protein. 3. Degumming effect is much improved by concentration of degumming agent and less by its treating time. 4. Simultaneous application of more the 2 kinds of degumming agent is desirable for improvement of floss silk. 5. Application of natural organic acid brings very good results in keeping original scooping and color of the silk. 6. Load and elongation it increased by compound with synthetic filament yarn. 7. Even the evenness of compound yarn is largely dependent on the quality of floss silk and extent of degumming, the C.V.% of silk compound yarn in the experiment was 8-12%. 8. Single bath dyeing technique was impossible for their cloth, and dyeing was performed in 2 bath system separately for silk and synthetic fiber. 9. Shrinkage ratio due to the dyeing of fabric was 23% in case of polyester and spun silk fabric. 10. The final woven cloth can be applicable to (a) Blouse in care of thin cloth (compound silk fabric) (b) Korean costume for women in case of thick cloth. (compound hand spun silk fabric)
Survey on the Actual Conditions of Sericultural Farmers in Kyunggi-Do
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 18, issue 1, 1976, Pages 41~69