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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Dec 1981
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 1981
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Histological and Biochemical Studies on the Rooting of Hard-wood Cuttings in Mulberry (Morus species)
Lim, Su-Ho ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 1~31
Rootability of the hardwood cuttings of mulberry was related not only histological characteristics but dependent on biochemical properties. In this connection, the characteristics of the hardwood cuttings were histologically observed and the growth substances produced by the cuttings were also identified by means of mung bean bioassay. Amino acid, carbohydrate, nucleic acid contents, and the C/N ratio were also analysed. The results are summarized as follows. 1. There were differences in rootability of cuttings between mulberry species and varieties Among the three mulberry species tested, Morus Lhou Koidz. showed the highest rootability while M. bombycis showed the lowest one. In varietal differences in rootability, it was shown that the varieties could be grouped according to rootability: high varieties(above 80%), medium(41~79%), and low(below 40%). The higher varieties were Kemmochi, Nakamaki, Kosen, and Wusuba roso. 2. The histological characteristic of the hardwood cuttings most closely related to rootability was cell layer arrangement in the sclerenchyma tissue. The lower rootability varieties developed two or three overlapping cell layers in the bark tissue and in the higher rootability varieties they were scattered over the primary cortex. 3. In the higher rootability varieties, there was a positive correlation between the development of root primodia and rootability of the hardwood cuttings. It was also shown that there was a close relationship between the size of primodia and the surface area of the lenticel with rootability of the cuttings. 4. Effect of growth substances extracted from the hardwood cuttings were determined by mung bean bioassay. The higher rootability varieties usually showed higher activities of the growth substances, in contrast the lower rootability varieties showed higher activities of the inhibitory substances. 5. It was evident that the substance separated by paper chromatography was identified as indole acetic acid with
value ranging from 0.3 to 0.5. The other substances detected at a
value ranging from 0.8 to 1.0 and origin to 0.1 were also responsible for rooting. 6. There exists a quantitatively different distribution of growth substances in a synergistic system in the tissues of cuttings, and the balance between growth and inhibitory substances gives rise to the development of rooting. Particularly, no descent of the substances from winter buds resulted in no rooting of cuttings but these substances were produced a week after planting in a warm environment. 7. It was shown that there were positive correlations between carbohydrate (
) and total sugar (
) and rootability, respectively, but there were negative correlations between reducing sugars (
) and rootability. 8. High C/N ratio gave rise to high rootability(
). The latter therefore depended on high amount of carbohydrate rather than nitrogen in the cuttings. 9. The content of RNA and DNA in the cuttings was not changed for upto two weeks after the cuttings were planted. Then an increase in RNA content took place in only the high rootability varieties. 10. There were quantitative and qualitative differences in the compositions of the amino acids between the high rootability varieties and the low rootability varieties. More aspartic acid and cystine were found in the higher rootability varieties than in the low rootability varieties.
Effect of Artificial Diet on the Selection in the Silkworm, Bombyx mori
Park, Kwang E. ; Kang, Seok-Kwon ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 32~37
It is necessary to improve new silkworm variety suitable for the artificial diet different from the mulberry leaves in physical and chemical natures. The silkworms fed on artificial diet show low productivity in general. So the effectiveness of selection for cocoon characters was studied when the silkworms were reared on the artificial diet for several generations. The results obtained are as fellows: 1. There is no correlation between the cocoon shell weight and the cocoon shell percentage in female cocoons of both Sa and Y strains but in male cocoons. 2. No correlation exists between the weight of a cocoon and a cocoon shell percentage of male cocoons in Sa strain. 3. There is a specific effect of the artificial diet on selection between Japanese and Chinese strains compared with the mulberry leave rearing. 4. The cocoon quality of first generation in artificial diet rearing was very inferier to that of previous generation in mulberry leave rearing in both Sa and Y strains, but the effect of selection rapidly increased in first and second generation.5. Very high mortality was noted in 4th generation to the degree of hardness for successive generation. 6. From 6th generation to 10th generation, the effectiveness of selection for cocoon characters increased continuously except the cocoon shell percteage.
Studies on the Carbohydrate-resources among the Composition of Artificial Diet for for the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Kim, Joo-Up ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 38~46
In order to investigate a suitable carbohydrate-resources and the activities of starch decomposing enzymes in artifical diet of silkworm, the experiment was undertaken by adding eight kinds of starch in the diet of silkworm. Major characters and zymograms of amylase in body organs were studied by electrophoresis. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Starches of rice, barey and millet were comparatively good for maintaining practical characters of silkworm. 2. It is assumed that no treatments are need to increas purity of starch resources for artificial diet of silkworm. It was found that starch amounts adding to artificial diet are moeerate ranging 12 to 18 percent as dry weight. 3. Regardless of kinds of starch and varieties of silkwormr sametype of electrophoresis zymogram for amylase was resulted as three bands in hemolymph, four bands in intestine and two bands in intestine and two bands in silkgland. There was no band in the digestive juice. In case of 18 percent addition of starch and check plots, no amylose change was investigated in the hemolymph.
Studies on Silk Textile Wash and Wear Finishing
Choe, Byong-Hee ; Lee, Yang-Hoo ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 47~55
Silk textile finishing has been studied for many years by many workers in order to meet more utilities for various endusers. Such studies, however, could not be successful because any natural fibers are hardly change their natures by artificial treating methods. Textile finishing is of course to improve the mechandise qualities and the poor natures of silk so that it may be available as the best textile fiber in the world. Sometimes, famous trade marked textile plays more power than its quality in the silk market, nevertheless, this should be over line of research activities. Meantime, the silk demand has been also transferred from ladies stocking to other clothes since nylon or other synthetic fibers were developed. That is why, the extension of silk demand should be developed by various research works. Specially, silk is known as difficult textile to handle it during washing or ironing process which happened to depress down the silk usage for house wives. In order to solve such problems, the reporter has been worked for many years and now, he believes that he has developed a proper finishing method to coversuch problems. The developed finishing method may be said to eligible with economical aspect and shorten the dry duration after water washing in half against normal silk textile without harming the specific silk nature. As all of us know, silk fiber starts to denature since it was spinned by silkworm and the fiber is formed as overlapped "S" type curves during its concooning process. After it is made as raw silk or sericin silk, it shows as straight line form, but it changes in to waved form in case refining or degumming process in order return to its original spinned form. Such nature is continued during its textile form and ends with hard ironing nature than other textile fibers. Mean while, the silk fiber keeps to continue its denaturing and this is iniciated by repeat of washing and drying which takes many years to reach its final stage, The reporter has found the iniciating denature of silk by his finishing process, with out heat, decreasing the swollen nature which ended with shortening the drying duration after wash. Each washing was carried out by soaking the previously weighed sample in cold water for one hour, then pressed the sample for ten minutes to eliminate its free water component before weighing with same condition. According to this, the treated silk showed much denaturing after the finishing, but the standard silk progressed the denaturing by and by with the repeat of washing and drying, finally reached the same swollen degree of treated silk, Such treating result explains that the treated silk happened to be stebilized nature by the treating immediately. On the other that the treated silk happened to be stebilized nature by the treating immediately. On the other hand, standard silk may reach to such condition by the time of worn out clothes after repeat of washing and drying for many years while the clothes will be no more useful. The decreased swelling nature has brought about the drying period in half against standard silk after all. Not only the tests of tenacity and elongation but also crease resistance recovery, stiffness and shrinkage tests were carried out after each washing and drying which he has found better result on the treated silk textile against the standard silk. The most important thing was to keep the textile feeling of silk by such finishing work before improve any poor nature of silk. The general silk has a nature to absorb smoke or dirt from its surrounding air and reaches to dirty color shade upon such exposure, but the treated one has improved such nature because of its artificial denaturing, another word, it keeps clean longer than the normal silk. Many previous finishing works could improve some specific nature of silk, but it happened to deprave other important natures. The reporters work is, however, specialized to improve the silk to be useful as Wash and Wear Silk without harming its standard natures. So far, this work happened to be a overall innovative finishing method of silk textile.
A Study on Dyeing of Silk-Polyester Fabric
Nahm, Joong-Hee ; Chang, Byong-Ho ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 56~64
The textile fabric contains the functions of sanitation, decoration, wearing style and washing in the practical use. Among various tetile fiber, silk has less utilities than synthetic fiber in practical use although silk has good benefits of the high quality of silk fabric. Thus no textile fiber, neither natural norsynthetic, has all the functions. In this sense, many compound fabrics have been improved to reveal various functions of fabric However, this has been disturbed with the problem of dyeing, expecially in the case of compound fabric of silk. The work is carried out to improve the dyeing method of compound fabric of polyester and silk. The results obtained are as follows: 1. In the dyeing of compound fabric(P/S fabric), azo dyes was more suitable than anthraquinone dyes. 2. According to the carrier, dyeing spot was appeared by the high concentration in bath. 3. Degree of dye fixation was decreased in dyeing of methylnaptharine carrier(D.N) and anion disperser(T.S). 4. The affinity of dye was suitable in the dyeing bath of azo dye, trichlorobenzene carrier and nonion disperser. 5. Dye fixation of silk side in compound fabric by acid dye showed higher in acid bath of dyeing. 6. In printing of silk and polyester compound fabric, it must be understood relationship among fibers, dyes, and steaming conditions.
Studies on the Stannic Processing for Pure Silk Fabric -Effect of the Aluminium Combination for the Stannic Processing of Pure Silk Fabric-
Lee, Yong-Woo ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 65~69
The study has been carried out to investigate how the aluminium combination for the stannic processing influence on the weighty increase and physical characteristics of silk fabric to save the stannic cost. The results obtained are as follows; 1) It was shown that the optimum concentration of the combined aluminium salt was 5 percent for the stannic processing regarding to the weighty increase of silk fabric. 2) The stannic processing with aluminum combination resulted in an increase of 16 percent in silk weight more than that of the conventional stannic processing. 3) The shrinkage of fabric by soaping was reduced in the stannic or stannic aluminuium processed silk more than in the unprocessed silk. 4) The drop out weight of the stannic or stannic alumium processed silk was heavier in the acidic colour dyeing than in the reactive colour dyeing. 5) The softness of the stannic or stannic aluminium processed silk could be improved by the treatment of textile softener.
Textile Technical Terms Brief Guide
Choe, Byong-Hee ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 23, issue 1, 1981, Pages 70~91