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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Dec 1984
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Oct 1984
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 1984
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Pathological Studies on the New Microsporidia K79 Isolated from the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L. I. Purification and Serological Discrimination of Microsporidian Spores.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 1~6
The present study was made to establish the purification method of mature microsporidian spores by iso-density equilibrium technique using percoll and the serological discrimination by an indirect fluorescent antibody technique. The purification of new microsporidian spores took effect in the three steps purification method(precentrifugation-percoll iso-density equilibrium centrifugation-rising). There were clear differences in the size of spores between the new microsporidia and N. bombycis. The spores of N. bombycis is short elliptical of 2.07 in a ratio of length to width in diameter while that of new microsporidia is characterized with long elliptical shape which shows a ratio of 2.76 in length to width in diameter. The specific antigens of new microsporidia K79 spores was showed in the spores wall by the indirect fluorescent antibody reaction, and it was affected by the antibody against N. bombycis which antiserum was diluted in 1:20. It means that the new microsporidia K79 is serologically not identical to N. bombycis.
Growth Stimulation of Mulberry Trees in Unsterilized Soil under Field Conditions with VA Mycorrhizal Inoculation
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 7~10
Mulberry Seedlings germinated and grown under green house conditions were inoculated with Glomus mosseae, Mosse and Trappe (a Kind of Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae) prior to outplanting into unsterilized soil. They were grown on phosphate deficient soil for 6 months after planting. Shoot length, stem diameter and leaf yield of the inoculated plants were found to be significantly greater than uninoculated ones. It was observed in foliar mineral content that the levels of N, P
5/, CaO of the inoculated plants were higher but the level of MgO of the inoculated plants was lower than the uninoculated ones. In the mineral content of roots, it was observed that the level of P
5/ was higher but the level of N was lower significantly in the inoculated plants than the uninoculated ones.
Selection of Chemicals for Separation of Copulated Moth of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 11~15
To save the labour reguired for separation of copulated moth during egg Production, some of the chemicals available at the market were on screen test for easy separation of copulated moth of silkworm. The obtained results are summarized as following. 1. In a separation ratio of copulated moth along with a treating time, TCTFE(Trichloro-trifluoroethane) completely separated the copulated moth in 10 minutes. The combinations of TCTFE plus Acetone (87.5 : 12.5 V/V) and TCTFE plus Acetic acid (50 : 50 V/V) take 25minutes for the complete separation of copulated moth. Use of Acetic acid solution only makes 100% separation of copulated moth in one hour and foully minutes and non
treatment shows only 47.5% of separation in three and half hours. On the other hand. There is no statistical significance between TCTFE Plus Acetone and control in the egg productivity. 2. The combination of TCTFE Plus Acetone (87.5 : 12.5 V/V) does not infuluence the egg productivity of the moth, showing 443 grains for an average number of egg per moth out of which 417 grains are for the number of fertilized eggs while control shows 452 grains for an avarage number of egg/moth and 428 grains for the number of fertilized eggs. However a sing1e use of TCTFE and Acetic acid shows less egg productivity and number of ferilized eggs per moth, respectively as compared to those of the control. In particular, a single use of acetic acid makes an increase of number of non-egg prodncible moth and it seems to be brought due to a chemical damage. 3. In a rearing test of the egg laid by the chemical treated moth, there are no differences among the treatments in all of the useful characters of the larvae; larval duration, survival rate, cocoon yield, single cocoon weight, single cocoon shell weight and cocoon shell ratio. In these regards, it is recognized that TCTFE can be practically used for the separation of copulated moth and the combination of TCTFE and Acetone promote its efiectiveness on the separation of copulated moth.
Fixation of Sericin of Silk Fabric by Epoxy Resin
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 16~25
The sericin fixation of silk fabrics by epoxy resins was studied in the presence of aqueous salt solution in different solvents at the indicated temperature for the desired time. Heavy weight gains were obtained in the reaction with glycerol diglycidyl ether (EX-313) and ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether (EX-810) catalyzed by potassium thiocyanate in such solvents as carbon tetrachloride and p-chloroethylene. The obtained results were summarized as follows; 1) The tested resins were found similar in reaction behavior to silk fabric. The effect of fixation and weight gains was higher in EX-810 than EX-313. 2) The weight gains were increased with reaction time and temperature, and degumming ratio reached a constant value in 90 min at 70
. 3) The weight gains and the degumming ratio reached an equilibrium at 3-5% of epoxy concentration. 4) The weight gains were remarkably influenced and increased by the concentration of salt solution. The degumming ratio reached an equilibrium over 0.5N concentration of salt. 5) The weight gains were increased with the dipping time in gently-sloping. The degumming ratio reached an equilibrium over 15 min dipping. 6) The effect of sericin fixation of hydrophobic solvents, such as Carbon Tetrachloride, p-Chloroeth-ylene, Cyclohexane, Xylene and Toluene, was found suitable. 7) The effect of drying temperature was not remarkable on the weight gains and the degumming ratio. 8) There was a slight decrease in the moisture regain of sericin-fixed silk and it may be possible to maintain the moisture regain in the sericin-fixed silk by the epoxy resins. 9) The results on testing physical properties of sericin-fixed silk fabric were as follows; The crease recovery was almost not different from undegummed fabric, but inferior to degummed fabric. The tensile strength was improving in accordance with the effect of sericin fixation, either the elongation did.
A Study on the Chrome Mordant with Dyed Silk Fabric
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 26~31
In general, acid dyes been used for silk dyeing, but acid dyed silk shows weakness in color fastess, To improve this defect, the silk dyed with Acid Mordant Blue 13 was treated with chromes salts solution. Some mechanical properties and dyeing behaviors of the chrome mordant with dyed silk fabric were tested in this work. The tensile strength of silk fabric treated with chrome salts solution was decreased as the duration of treatment was increased. The mean rate constant (K) of photo-degradation was 1.019, and 1.047 after treated with Cr (III) and Cr (Ⅵ), respectively, whereas it was 1.304 in untreatment. The washing fastness of silk fabric also was improved by treatment with mordant and it was 3rd-4th grade and 4th grade when silk was treated with Cr (III) and Cr (Ⅵ), respectively, while untreatment gave 1st grade. The colour of dyed silk fabric was 2.5RP.3/10, but it was 5PB.4/3 and 5PB. 4/4 when the silk fabric was treated with Cr (III) for two hours and with Cr (Ⅵ) for one hour at 90
Survey of Silkworm Disease Occurrence in Autumn Rearing Season, 1984
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 26, issue 2, 1984, Pages 32~36
The survey of silkworm disease occurrence in autumn rearing season, 1984, was carried out and the results are as follows. 1. The percentage of diseased larvae in the current season was about 17%. 2. Among silkworm diseases, grassarie was predominant, as it took 38.5% of total diseased larvae, followed by muscardine which took 20.3% and flacherie was taken by 11.9% 3. The infection of silkworm larvae with pathogens occurred more at grown larva stages than at young larva stages. 4. The loss of cocoon yield was mainly caused by unsuitable climate conditions and agricultural insecticides applied in the rice paddy fields and fruit gardens near mulberry fields. The cocoon production also was reduced by the failure of silkworm disease control due to the incomplete disinfection of rearing rooms and tools.