Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Oct 1985
Volume 27, Issue 1 - May 1985
Selecting the target year
Pathological Studies on the New Microsporidia K79 Isolated from the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L. II. Pathogenicity and Developmental Progress of the Microsporidia.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 1~11
In order to clarify the taxanomic position of a new microsporidia K79 which was isolated from the silkworm larvae, Bombyx mori L. in Korea in 1979, the following several experiments such as estimation of pathogenicity in different instar, histopathological examination under light and electronic microscope and examination of fine structure of the sporse were carried out and their result obtained are as follows. In the test of pathogenicity by oral inoculation, the new microsporidia K79 was lower than Nosema bombycis and the susceptibility of the new microsporidia to silkworm was getting lower as the silkworm larvae grew. The lesion of Silkworms' tissue which was infected with the new microsporidia K79 was found in the epithelial cells of trachea, fat body and silk gland cells. The developmental process of the new microsporidia K79 in vivo could be divided into the following five stages: sporoplasm, schizont, sporont, sporoblast, and spore. The process was just the same as the of N. bombycis, but its development was slower than that of N. bombycis. Several differences in the fine structure of the spore under electron microscope, which could be important keys for the classification of microsporidia, were obtained. Anchoring disk and polaroplast lamella of the new microsporidian spore were disclosed to be different from those of N. bombycis. An average number of polar filament coils of the new microporidian spore was 16 at an angle of 75
. On the basis of various keys for the classification of microsporidia, the results obtained from various experiments proved that the newly isolated microsporidia should be classified into the Genus, "Nosema", nut is further classification for species should be conducted in the future. Therefore, it may be reasonable that the new microsporidia is temperally classified as Nosema sp. K79 considering the fact that it was discovered in Korea in 1979.a in 1979.
Studies on the Mulberry Sapling 1. Soil Characteristics of Nursery Garden Producing Nonsprouting Sapling.
Lee, Won-Ju ; Jeong, Gwang-Yeong ; Kim, Yeong-Taek ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 12~17
soil survey and chemical analysis on mulberry nursery garden were carried out to study the causes of the non-sprouting phenomenon occured seriously in Buy and Ogchun in 1983 and Sangju in 1984. In addition, 115 nursery garden soils taken from 21 sapling produsers in Chungbuk province were analyzed in 1984. The results were as follows, 1. Symptom of dead saplings was the highest in boron deficiency by 59% and the lowest in rot symptom. The rest of saplings by 34.9% were not detected any symptom. 2. The nursery gardens showen non-sprouting phonomenon were located along the stream. As the result, soil depth was shallow, around 20cm deep and subsoil composed with coarse sand and gravels. 3. Nursery soils were mostly strong acid, low in Ca and Mg content, especially B, whereas available phosphorus and potassium were abundant at some gardens, and deficient at others. 4. Application of red earth or borax to nursery garden, especially to paddy, increased sprouting rate. 5. Paddy nursery garden occupied by 52.8% of 60.8ha of total garden area in Chungbuk province. Ninty point five percent of the nursery garden was lower in pH than 6.5, 87.0% lower in K than 0.5me/100g, 40.8% lower in Ca than 6.5me/100g, 94.8% lower in Mg the 2.00me/100g 99.1% lower in B than 0.3ppm.
Effect of the Difference of Dietary Composition and Environmental Condition on the Growth and Development of Silkworm, Bomby mori L., fed on Artifial Diet
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 18~23
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the difference of dietary compositions and environmental conditions on the growth and development of silkworm. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The more amount of soybean meal of diet was added, the more duration of the larval period was shortened. But Fifty percent increase of the amount of protein of diet leongthened the duration of larval period. 2. Fifth percent addition of the soybean meal to the diet does not influence the silkworm mortality, Whereas more than that gives rise to the adverse effect on the silkworm mortality. 3. The cocoon quality was significantly affected by the difference of dietary compesition. 4. In the environmental condition the duration of larval period was shortened in the high temperature and the dark condition. 5. The silkworm mortality was increased in the high temperature and the light condition. 6. The cocoon quality was significantly affected in the high temperature and the dark condition.
The Effect of Organic solvents on Interrupting Diapause Initiation in Prospective Diapause Eggs of Bombyx mori.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 24~30
The effect of some organic solvents on interrupting diapause of Bombyx mori eggs was examined to provide a clue to the mechanism of diapause initiation. Methyl alcohol and benzene proved to be efficient in developing the prospective diapause eggs upto the stage of hatching or body pigmentation of the embryos. On the other hand, most of the eggs soaked in chloroform and mixture solution of chloroform-methyl alcohol (2:1) died in the early embryonic developmental stage with yellow or red brown colours, and the egg weights decreased upto ca. 40% of the original weight 8 days after the treatments. Methyl alcohol treatment for 2, 5 and 10 min to the 5hr-old-eggs led to empergence of the larvae, with high incidence (70∼80%) in the race of Kumchu X Chonghwa and with low indidence (1∼4%) in Daezo. The effect of same treatment to 20hr old eggs decreased to ca. 10% in the emergence of larvae in Kumchn X Chonghwa and increased to 20∼30% in Daezo, while the effect disappeared shortly after the diapause initiation (48hr-old-eggs). Considering the high dependency upon the egg age of the sensitivity to solvents, it was supposed that initiation and termination of diapause may be controlled by different mechanism. It was also suspected that the solvents exert their effect on the permeability of the eggshell.
Sexual Differences of Cocoon weight, Cocoon Shell Weight, and Cocoon Shell Percentage in the Sex- limited Silkworm Strains, Bombyx mori L.,
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 31~36
Using sexual differences between female and male as the indication of the degree of the physiological distrubance in the sex-limited larval marking strains or sex-limited egg colour strains, it was investigated whether the physiological distrubance caused y the translocated autosome fragment on the W-sex determination chromosome, have an effect on expression of the three quantitative characters; cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight, and cocoon shell percentage in the female silkworm. The mean values of the ratios of female to male the above two experimental groups were 127%, 107%, 85%, in cocoon shell weight, and cocoon shell percentage, respectively. On the other hand, those from the three normal stains, namely the basic stock strains, white egg strains, and hybrids were 129% for cocoon weight, 110% for cocoon shell weight, and 85% for cocoon shell percentage, respectively. From the results, it comes to the conclusion that the translocated autosome fragment on the W-chromosome has no influences on the expression of the quantitative characters of the female silkworm because sexual differences of the sex-limited strains were very similar to those of the three normal strains.
Electrophoretic Studies on Haemolymph Protein, Digestive Fluid Protein and Digestive Amylase Activity in the Wild silkworm, Theophila mandarina.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 37~41
The haemolymph protein, digestive fluid proteins and digestive fluid amylase activity of wild silkworm, Theophila mandarina those of the were studied by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In addition, they was also compared with silkworm. 1. 6 main protein bands in female and 7 main protein bands in male were detected in the larval haemolymph of T. mandarina where as 8 and 7 main protein bands in female and male of B. mori were observed. Some differences in the haemolymph protein ands of T. mandarina and B. mori were observed. 2. 15 protein bands and 12 protein bands were found in the larval digestive fluid of T. mandarina and B. mori respectively. Some differences in the mobility of digestive fluid proteins of T. mandarina and B. mori were noticed. 3. Larval digestive fluid amylases were anionic and moved near the tracking dye in both T. mandarina and B. mori. Mobility of the digestive fluid amylases relative to bromophenol blue were 0.019 and 0.020 in T. mandarina and B. mori respectively.
Studies on the Printing of Silk Fabric II. Vinylsulfone Reactive Dye
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 42~46
Silk fabric was printed with the reactive dye (vinylsulfone type) to investigate the change of adsorption and fixation by steaming time, viscosity of dyeing paste and alkali concentration. It was found that the amount of adsorption and fixation against silk increased with the increase of steaming time, and showed the maximum value at 340cp of dyeing paste. The amount of adsorption and fixation was influenced by alkali concentration. Light, washing, and perspiration fastness were very excellent.
Studies on the Physical Properties of Vinyl Monomers Graft Polymerized Silk Fibre
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 27, issue 1, 1985, Pages 47~50
The physical properties of graft polymerized silk fibre were investigated with various vinyl monomers. 1. The graft polymerization of styrene and methyl methacrylate onto raw silk reduced the tenacity and elongation of raw silk due to fixation of sericin covering silk fibre in, but the styrene grafting was more effective for sericin fixation of raw silk than the methyl methacrylate one. 2. The water absorbability of glycidyl methacrylate grafted silk increased 14.6% greater than that of methyl methacrylate grafted silk at the same degree of grafting polymerization. 3. The degree of grafting polymerization was increased mostly with ethylene glycol methacrylate. The water absorbability of ethylene glycol methacrylate grafted silk was higher than that of glycidyl methacrylate or ethyl acrylate grafted silk. But the grafted silk fabric increased the fabric flexural rigidity which was negatively related with the favorability of fabric hand-touch, as compared with that of nongrafted silk fabric. 4. The evenness of graft polymerization could be improved by agitating the polymerization bath at the fixed interval by reducing the inter size deviation of grafted silk skein and the thickness deviation of grafted silk fabric.