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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Oct 1986
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Apr 1986
Selecting the target year
Responses of VA mycorrhizal Fungus, Glomus mosseae, on the Growth and Nutrition of Mulberry tree
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~14
This study was carried out to acguire some basic information on nutritional and lhysiological effects of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae(VAM) on mulberry trees inoculated with Glomus mosseae, Gerd. & Trap. grown in clay for 65 days and treated with 5 different levels of phosphorus, ie 30, 60, 120, 240, 480 ppm as (NH4)2 HPO4. At the End of the expermental period the levels of fixed phosphate in the soil was measared. And the native VAM fungi were collected to select the most effective VAM species on mulberry tree. The nutritional and biochemical effects of VA mycorrhizae on the mulberry leaves were also studied. Those results are as follow. 1. The mulberry trees grown in clay and inoculated with VAM were heavier in shoot dry weight as much as 197% than uninoculated plants. But in vermioulite, uninoculated mulberry trees were heavier as much as 135% than inoculated. 2. The rates of endo mycorrhizal formation in clay was highest at 60 ppm level of phosphorus, and vesicles in roots were formed in 240ppm and 480ppm level of phosphorus, but not in 30ppm, 60ppm and 120ppm. 3. The greatest growth responses of VAM inoculation was found at 60ppm level of hosphorus, and the optimum phosphorus level for VAM responese appeared to be 60ppm. 4. VAM was also to absorb soil-fixed phosphate. VAM abosrbed Fe-bound phosphate most efficiently and Ca-bound phosphate with ease but not Al-bound phosphate and Al-Fe occluded phosphate. 5. Three species of Gigaspora and one species of Glamus growing naturally in mulberry plantations were collected and tested for the growth responses. Gigaspora tricalipta and Gigaspora calospora revealed the greatest growth responses on mulberry tree among tested VAM fungi. 6. Mulberry leaves inoculated with VA mycorrhizal fungi contained 9.8% more phosphate and 15.2% more nitrogen, 22.2% more water-soluble carbohydrates and 15.2% more proteins than uninoculated plants. 7. The electrophoretic pattern of mulberry leaf protein inoculated with VAM fungi has 19 bands. 8. The patterns of peroxidase zymogram and Amulase zymogram were different between the mulberry leaves inoculated and uninoculated with VA mycorrhizal fungi. The peroxidase zymogram of inoculated leaves has 1 less majour band than unioculated leaves The amylase zymogram of inoculated leaves has 2 bands near the +pole, but that of uninoculated leaves has 1 band near the $pole.
Comparative Studies of Digestive Fluid Protein of Silkworm Bombyx mori, Larvae reared on Mulberry Leaves and Artificial Diets
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 15~23
This study has been carried out to acquire some basic informations on the digestive fluid of Silkworm, Bombyx mori for developing artficial diets. Silkworms reared on mulberry leaves and artificial diet, were used in this experiments. The results obtained are as follows ; 1. The Red Fluorescent protein was precipitated in 50% acetone solution and did not dissolved in n-butanol solution, but dissolved in methanol solution. 2. Electrophoretic analysis results of mulberry leaves rearing B. mori and artificial diet rearing B. mori, which has been treated with 50% acetone solution were as follows. i) There was distinct difference at the position of high mobility ii) Red Fluorescence was observed only at the position of first band of mulberry leaves rearing B. mori. iii) No different was shown in the electrophoretic patterns of mulberry leaves rearing B. mori on 5th instar 1st-3rd day, but some difference on 5th instar 4th, 5th day. 3. The RFP is the basic protein which has PI 8-9 according to the isoelectric electrophhoresis. 4. The SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed that the molecular weight of RFP was 27,000. 5. The Sephadex G-75 chromatographic analysis showed that there was three peaks between number 16 and 28 in the mulberry leaves rearing B. mori chromatogram, but two peaks between number 18 and 31 in the artifical diet rearing B. mori chromatogram.
Genetic Analysis by Diallel Crosses in F1 Generation of Silkworm, Bombyx mori
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 24~29
A set of 21 crosses of F1 generation by diallel crosses from seven parent silkworm, Bombyx mori L. were used as materials to estimate genetic parameters such as gene action and combining ability. Experiments were conducted in 1985, and three characters, which are weight of cocoon, weight of cocoon layer and ration of cocoon layer, were observed. The data were analyzed for each character by Jinks', Hayman's and Griffing's methods. The result obtained are summarized as follows : 1. In Vr-Wr graphical analyses, weight of cocoon was found to be inherited in over dominance, and weight of cocoon layer and ration of cocoon layer were observed as partial dominance. 2. Estimate of additive component of variance(D) was greater than those of dominance component of variance(H) for weight of cocoon layer and ratio of cocoon layer, and positive values of F were observed for all characters. 3. Mean squares of general combining ability were higher than those of specific combining ability. 4. Variety Jam 107 was expressed as the highest GCA effects for three characters, and high SCA effects for all characters were observed in combinations of 113
Jung 14 and Jam 107
Biochemical Studies on the Major hemolymph Proteins (MHPs) of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 30~36
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography were applied to investigate the developmental profiles of the major hemplymph proteins (MHPs) and their biosynthesis. In addition, some biochemical methods were also used to isolate and purify the MHPs. The obtained results are summarized as follows. 1. MHP-a began to appear from the 2nd day of the fourth-instar larva while MHP-b and -c were detected first on the 1st day of the fifth-instar larva. All these proteins, however, showed a drastic increase in concentration at the 2nd day of the fifth-instar larva. 2. MHP-b and -c were synthesized in fat body on early day of the fifth-instar larva, but the possibility of MHP-a synthesis in fat body was excluded. 3. MHP-b was isolated and purified by heat-treatment (6
), gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 and column chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and CM-cellulose. Purified MHP-b showed a single band on polyacrylamide gel- and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Effects of Juvenile Hormone Analogue on Changes of Protein and Amino acids in Haemolymph of the Silkworm, Bombxy mori.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 37~42
The experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of juvenile hormone analogue on changes of protein and amino acids in haemolymph of silkworm larva. Juvenile hormone analogue was topically administered to larvae at dose of 1
per gm of body weight at 60hr. of the 5th instar. The results obtained were as follows ; 1. Larval duration of the fifth instar was extended about 1 day by JHA-1 and 4 days by JHA-10 as compared with the control. 2. Cocoon weight and cocoon layer weight by topical application of JHA were heavier than those of the control, but cocoon layer ratio was decreased in JHA-10 to the exclusion of JHA-1. 3. The concentration of haemolymph protein during the fifth instar was increased remarkably by the JHA application. 4. The total content of amino acids in haemolymph proteins of JHA-10 approximately doubled that of the control, with the conspicuous increase of glycine and arginine level.
Selection of Low Pathogenic Variety in Bacillus thuringiensis to Silworm, Bombyx mori
Kim, Cheol-Yeong ; Kim, Yeong-Hun ; Gang, Seok-Gwan ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 43~53
Among many microbial pesticides, Bacillus thuringiensis is one of the most hopeful pesticide and some commercial products have been appearing on the market. Because these commercial products contain living spores and toxins of the organism, there is a danger that living spores of B. thuringiensis may be scattered by wind and cause a great damage in the sericulture areas. In order to avoide these risks it is desirable to select the strain which has low pathogenicity to the silkworm, and at the sometime being highly pathogenic to the pest insects. Thus this study has been carried out to acquire some basic informations about the procedure of desicable strain selection. Three strains of B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki, var. dendrolimus and var. aizawai were used for the pathogenicity test on the silkworm, Bombux mori and the fall webwarm, Hyphantria cunea. Those strains were investigated by the agarose gel electrophoresis patterns of plasmid DNA determine whether mutation had occured. Pathogenicity tests were carried out of using isolated crystal proteins and spore-crystal protein to mixtures of each strain, seperatively. In case of using spore-crystal protein mixture, the order of pathogenicity in varities of B. thuringiensis against B.mopri and H.cunea were kurstaki, aizawai, dendrolimus and kurstaki, dendrolimus, aizawai, respectively. But using isolated crystal proteins, dendrolimus had the highest toxicity to H. cunea and the lowest toxicity to B. mori among tested three strains. From the above results, dendrolimus was presumed the most desirable straing for using microbial pesticide.
The Parasite of Microsporidia in Insects
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 54~60
Silkworms have been found cross infected with other microsporidia of insects in mulberry trees, forest and fruit gardens. Even the unidentified microsporidian species were not seriously pathogenic to silkworms, the silkworm egg producers lose their profit because of the elimination of eggs laid from moths which are infected with any kind of microsporidian species. Recently, the microsporidian cross infection to silkworm is in tendency of increase and the authors have investigated the field insects to examine the microsporidia. The number of species of insects infected with microsporidia was 10 and they were Boettcherisca peregrina (Robineau-Dewvoidy), Apis melifera linnaeus, Artogenia rapae Linnaeus, Tipula aino Alexander, Altica cacrulescens (Baly), Anomela daimiana Harold, Eilema griseola (Jubner), Rbalbistylun speciosum Uller, Anisodactylus signatus illiger, Oulema oryzae (Kuwayama). From the Boettcherisca peregrina (Rogineau-Desvoidy), three different species of micrsporidia were isolated and the microsporidia isolated from Boettcherisca peregrina (Robineau-Desvoidy), Apis melifera Linnaeus, Artogenia rapae Linnaeus donot have infectivity to silkworm larvae, Bombyx mori L.
Studies on the Wrinkle Resistance of the Silk Fabric I. Wrinkle Recovery behavior of spun.silk fabric
Bae, Du-Geun ; Nam, Jung-Hui ; Kim, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 61~65
This work was to realize the wrinkling behavior of spun silk fabric. The results were obtained through the various conditions such as temperature, wrinkling time, wrinkling load and crease recovery time. The obtained results were summerized as follows : 1. Wrinkle recovery of the silk fabric was decreased with the increase of temperature, humidity and the influence of humidity was superior to the influence of temperature. 2. The change of wrinkle recovery depending on the wrinkle recovery time showed the experimental equation (Y=a+b lnT). The wrinkle recovery increased with the lapse of wrinkle recovery time but arrived at the equilibrium position about 300 sec. 3. The value "K1" of the silk fabric in the "Voigt model" was inferior as compared with the polyester and Nylon. 4. The change of wrinkle recovery depending on the wrinkling time was decreased with the lapse of wrinkle recovery time but the change of the value "a" could not be fined. 5. The change of wrinkle recovery depending on the wrinkling load was same as above 4.
A Study on Enzymatic Degummings of Raw Silk and Silk Fabric
Lee, Yong-U ; Song, Gi-Won ; Jeong, In-Mo ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 66~71
The studies were carried out to screen the optimum conditions for enzymatic degumming of raw silk yarn and silk fabric by use of Alkalase, a protease produced by Bacteria, comparing with Papain and Trypsin representing natural proteolytic enzymes. 1. The optimum temperature and acidity of degumming solution were 70
, pH 5-6 for Papain degumming, 40
, pH 8 for Trypsin and 50-60
pH 8-9 for Alkalase. 2. By increasing the Alkalase concentration in the range of 0.6 to 1.0 gram per liter, the time for enzymatic degumming of silk yarn could be reduced by 40 minutes. 3. In degumming of silk yarn by Alkalase, the pretreatment of 95
, 10 minutes at 0.1% sodium bicarbonate solution or posttreatent of 80
, 20 minutes at 2% (o.w.f.) sodium silicate solution improved the efficiency of enzymatic degumming, as compared to that of nontreatment. 4. The breaking strength, elongation and Lousiness results of enzymatically degummed silk yarn were apt to be improved more than those of soap-degummed one. 5. When the pretreatment of alkaline solution was done with over 20% of degumming ratio, the enzymatic degumming efficiency of both Havutae and Crepe de chine could be reached to the same level with those of soap-soda degummed. 6. As the pretreated silk fabric with 20% of degumming ratio was under action of three proteases, respectively, the deumming efficiency of Havutae and Crepe de chine were completed by Alkalase more than by Papain or Trpysin. 7. The stiffness of enzymatically degummed Crepe de chine was not only reduced by 17% more than that of soap-soda degummed one but also the Drape coefficient was decreased in enzymatically degummed fabrics, which was closely related with the soft touch of degummed fabrics.
A Study on the Tannin Weighting of Silk
Jeong, In-Mo ; Lee, Yong-U ; Lee, Gi-Won ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1986, Pages 72~78
The studies were performed to investigate the optimum conditions for tannic processing of silk by use Chinese Gallotannin and synthesized tannic acid, which are aimed at weighting, dyeing and physical properties of tannin treated silk. 1. It was reasonable that the concentration of tannin solution is 30 grams per liter of Chinese Gallotannin, 15 grams per liter of tannic acid for the efficient weighting of processed silk. The temperature and time for tannin treatment was optimum at 80
, 60 minutes and the acidity of tannin solution at pH 2 to 3. 2. In dyeing the tannintreated silk by Acid dye Orange II, the temperature and time was reasonable at 60
, 90 minutes to control the desorption of tannin components weighted onto silk. 3. The colour differences (
E) of dyed silk fabric by soaping could be remarkably narrowed by tannin treatment, resulting in improving the washing fastness of tannin treated silk by two grades more than that of untreated one. 4. The light fastness of tannin treated silk could be drastically improved by reducing the dye-loss of dyed silk fabric which was coused from the Ultra-violet ray irrdiation. 5. The rubbing fastness and water repellency of tannin treated silk was at the same level with that of untreated one. However, the Drape coefficient of tannin treated silk was decreased more than that of untreated one, which is closely related with fabric softness and dressing appearence.