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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Oct 1986
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Apr 1986
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Studies on the Cause and Control for Non-Sprouting in the Mulberry Field of Kyung-pook Province
Yu, Geun-Seop ; Kim, Gyu-Rae ; Kim, Nak-Sang ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 1~8
This study was conducted to bring light on inducing factors for non-sprouting occured in the mulberry field of Kyungpook Province in 1983. The results are as follws ; 1. In spring, winter buds were suddenly died during germination, necrosis appeared in pholem and cortex of non-sprouting stem and measles at the bottom of non-sprouting stem. 2. The depth of available of soil was more shallow in the non-sproutiong field than in healthy field. 3. There was no signifioant difference between the healthy field and non-sprouting field in siol PH, the content of organic matter, available phosphorous and exchangeble cations. 4. Available boron content in soil was significantly more in healthy field than in non-sprouting field. 5. Boron content in leaf and bark was significantly lower in the non-sproutiong tree than in the healthy tree. 6. The non-sprouting fields were completely controlled by the application of 6kg/10a borax. 7. Cold tolerance of the mulberry tree was higher in the mulberry tree with boron than in the mulberry tree without boron. 8. Mulberry tree in Kyungpook Province in 1983 may absorb water earlier compared with the average year because of high temperature at the end of March, 1983 and they had been damaged by frost injuary due to the lowest temperature (-6.4
) on the grass at the beginning of April 1983. As the above results, non-sprouting bud in the mulberry fields of Kyungpook Province in 1983 had been occured by low temperature and boron deficiency and boron deficiency of mulberry trees accelerared the frost injury.
Studes on the Hardwood Cutting of Mulberry(Morus alba L.) I. Effect of Cutting Methods and Seasons n Rootability
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 9~14
The rootability of hardwood cutting of mulberry (Morus alba L.) depending upon the kinds of cutting beds, soil of cutting beds, effect of growth regulator (Rootone-F), pretreatments of cutting scion, parts of branches were investigated, The results were as follows ; 1. Rootability was the highest in cutting after callus formed on sand bed, whereas null in the treatment of rice seedling hot bed. 2. Optimum cutting season was around March 26, showed 100% rootability in all treatments except wooden box filled with sand. 3. The order of rootability related with cutting part of branch was upper
), and cutting after formation of callus increased rootability, whereas cuttings left in open air for 5 days showed null rootability.
Gene Expression of the Kidney Mutant in Bombyx mori - Biochemical Analysis of Yolk Protein and Template Activity of RNA in Unfertilized Egg.
No, Si-Gap ; Son, Hae-Ryong ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 15~20
This study was carried out to investigate the elucidation of gene expression in embryo formation of the Kidney mutant, especially yolk proteins in unfertilized eggs and template activity of m-RNA extracted from them. The results were summarized as follow ; There was no recognized qualitative difference in yolk proteins of unferilized eggs between the Kidney mutant and normal. There was not any difference, between Kidney mutant and normal in the molecular species of m-RNA derived from maternal origin with the template activity in vitro.
Estimation of Heritability and Genotypic Correlation through Diallel Corsses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 21~27
Since the estimate of the genetic relations between characters gave us effective basic informations about the selection of good strains of silkworm, the experiment was carried out to estimate the heritability and the genotypic correlation, etc. using the 21 combinations F1, 's by diallel crosses of seven strains of the silkworm. As the result of this experiment some conclusions obtained were as follows ; 1. The genotypic correlation is estimated highly positive in the heritability for all the 9 characters. 2. The correlations between all the characters are positive and the genotypic correlation is generally higher than the phenotypic one. 3. Since all the correlations between the have length and other characters are highly positive, it can be considered that the effects of the other characters on the have length are very important.
The Combining Ability Effects for the Several Quantitative Characters in the Silkworms (Bombyx mori L.) by the Diallel Crosses.
Jang, Chang-Sik ; Son, Hae-Ryong ; Kim, Nak-Sang ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 28~34
The general combining ability (GCV), the specific combining ability (SCA) and the reciprocal combining ability (RCA) effects wereobtained by 8
8 diallel crosses of the silkworms with four Japanese races and four Chinese races, total eight lines. The result are as follows ; 1. The general combining ability (GVA) effects appeared high significant level in the total and the fifth instar periods (TP, FP), a female and a male cocoon weights (FW, MW), a female and a male cocoon layer weights (FL, ML) and a female and a male cocoon layer ratios (FR, MR). Only the reciprocal combining ability (RCA) effects appeared high significant level in the total and the fifth instar periods (TP, FP). 2. The Japanese original silkworm lines varied in the general combining ability effects from -0.864 to 0.578, and the Chinese original silkworm lines did in ones from -0.570 to 1.018. 3. The specific combining ability effects of the silkworm lines made in order of the crossing types of JL (Japanese lines)
CL (Chinese lines)>CL
CL in a total cocoon weights and a cocoon layer weights. 4. The reciprocal combining ability effects of the silkworm lines was in order of the crossing types of JL
JL in a total cocoon weights and cocoon layer weights.
Cold Storage of Multivoltine Silkworm Eggs.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 35~37
To reduce the number of rearing season required for preservation of multivoltine silkworms which do not produce diapause eggs, the optimal egg stage, temperature, and period of cold storage were examinede using hatchability as an indicator of viability. Multivoltine silkworm starains MR, SPT, and HM were used in the study. 1. The hatchability of multivoltine silkworm eggs (MR and STP) preserve at 5
for 30 days was 80% for the eggs chilled from 2 days after oviposition but less 5% for those chilled from 7 days after ovipostion. 2. When 2 day-old eggs of multivoltine silkworm (HM) were preserved between -2.5
for 15 to 60 days,
showed the highest hatchability with 91% at 30 days and 61% at 60 days storage, respectively. 3. From these results, it can be concluded that by preserving 2 day-old eggs at 2.5
for 50 to 60 days, rearing seasons required for preservation of the multivoltine silkworm can be reduced to half per year.
Studies on the Efficiency of the Artificial Diet for the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 38~47
Silkworm(Bombix mori) were reared with modified artificial diets which were mixed with, as additives, leaf powders of Erigeron canadensis L., Cassia tora L., Cyperus anuricus Var.Laxus and Vigna Sinensis NEDL. The effects of additives on silkworm characteristisc of tested plants were summarized as follows ; 1. About 2-5% addition on dry weight base of leaf powders of E. canadensis, C. tora, C. anuricus or V.sinensis to the basic artificial diet promoted feeding response and digestion and resulted in good practical silkworm characteristics. The addition of V.sinensis and C.anuricus showed especially good effects. 2. The syneristic effect between different plant species was not recognized based on the feeding response and digestion of silkworm reared with various combinations of 2-4 different plant additives. 3. Electrophoretic zymograms of estrase, protease and phosphatase on haemolymph, intestine and silkgland were significantly different among treatments. In general, 1 or 2 more electrophoretic bands were detected when feeding response and digestion were promoted. 4. Contents of starch, crude fat, crude protein and inorganic base were apparently higher in the tested plants than in mulberry leaves. However, no volatile ingredent which is directly realted with feeding response was identified.
Studies on the Flacherie and Densonucleosis Virus in the Silkworm, Bombyx Mori L. II. Resistance to Flacherie and Densonucleosis Virus in the Parantal Lines of the Leading Silkworm Varieties in Korea.
Kim, Gwon-Yeong ; Gang, Seok-Gwon ; Lee, Jae-Chang ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 48~51
Resistance to the flacherie virus(FV) and the densonucleosis virus(DNV) of 10 Japanese lines and 10 Chinese lines used for hybrids was tested and the results obtained are as follows ; 1. Hansang #1 showed the highest resistance to the FV among the tested Japanese lines whereas Mudeung was of lowest resistance. In Chinese lines tested on the resistance to the FV, Jam118 was the highest while Jam 116 was the lowest. 2. In Japanese lines tested on the resistance to the DNV, it was shown that Jam 117, Gyeongchy, Mudeung, Hansaeng #1 and Hansaeng #3 were of the complete resistance but Jam 115 showed the lowest resistance. On the other hand, all the Chinese lines tested showed the complete resistance to the DNV.
A Study on the Handle of the Silk Fabric Degummed with Enzyme - Comparison with the Handle of the Silk Fabric Degummed with Soap-soda -
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 52~60
This study was carried out to compare the handle of silk fabrics degummed with Alkalase, Protease produced by bacteria, with of silkfabrics degummed with the soap-soda. 1. In twill habutae, the stiffiness of silk fabric degummed with Alkalase was lower than that of silkfabirc degummed with soap-soda. The soft feeling value which is meaning the total Mandle value of medium fabirc for lady, as well as the Smothness, were more improved in enzymatic degumming than in the soap-soda degumming. 2. In case of Crep De Chine representing thin fabric for lady, the stiffness and Anti-Drape stiffness of the fabric degummed with Alkalase were lower than those of fabric degummed with the soap-soda, but the fullness and the Flexibilit with smooth feeling which is meaning the Total Handle value were higher.
Colour Difference and Colour Rastness of Dyed Silk Fabric with Serveral Kinds of Vegetable Dyes.
Jeong, In-Mo ; Lee, Yong-U ; Song, Gi-Eon ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 61~64
This study was carried out to identify Hue, Value and Chroma (H, V/C) of silk fabric dyed with several kinds of Vegetable Dyes according to Munsell renotation system and to disclose the colour fastness of dyed silk fabric against washing and light. The Hue of dyed silk fabric which was in colour of yellow or yellow red, was differentially altered by kinds of Vegetable Dyes, the Value and Chroma (V/C) of that was uniformally lowered by treatments of mordants after dyeing. The Colour fastness to washing and light of dyed silk fabric was improved by mordanting with coppor sulfate or ferrous sulfate, as compared with unmordanting.
Studies on Methacrylate Finish with Silk Fabrics and their Anticrease
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 65~73
These studies are carried out to improve silk availability for anticrease by useing methacrylate monomer polymerization method with in silk fiber. For this purpose, degree of anticrease, stiffness and shrinkage of various silk fabrics, included finish or not, after repeat of washings and polyster fabric was compared as standard. The adopted samples are ; 1. Polyester, Georgette, Woven density…90cm-85g/m 2. Silk, Twill, Degumed, Light, Woven density…90cm-90g/m 3. Silk, Twill, Degumed, Heavy, Woven density…90cm-200g/m 4. Silk, Stain, Degumed, Light, Woven density…90cm-90g/m The reached results are as followings. 1. The results of improving on anticrease by the finished method were about ten per cent increase against their original samples. 2. The light density silks showed satisfactory improve for anticrease, but the heavy one remained as rather poor condition. 3. The results for degree of textile stiffness were investigated to make sure reserve their textile feeling and observed to be good condition upon the finish work. 4. Textile shrinkage after the repeat of soap wash was investigated on indivisual test sample and silk fabrics showed more shrinkage than polyester which it seemed to be tentering shrinkage druning their general finishing processes. 5. The investigation showed that anticrease, stiffness and shrinkage of the sample textile were more or less deteriorated regardless silk or polyester by the repeat of washings. These matters are considered that such results were obtained because of the fiber fatigue nature. 6. The report reached that silk textiles should be used by dry cleaning methed after finish of any resin finish to reserve their improved anticrease nature.
The Effect of Relative Humidity in the Mounting Time on the Reelability Ratio, Bave Length, and Percentage of Raw Silk
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1986, Pages 74~78
The experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of humidity on the cocoon quality, and 4, 000 lots of cocoon pruduced fot five years in Chin yang, Ha dong, Keo chang, San chung of Kyeong nam, and Sun san, Sang ju, Young poong, An dong of Kyeong buk were analyzed. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. The reelability ration, the bave length, and raw silk ration were decreased with increasing the humidity in mounting time, and it was remarkably observed when the relative humidity was over 80%. 2. With increasing the reelability ration, the bave length, and raw silk ration were increased, and the longer the bave lenger the bave length was the higher raw silk ration obtained. 3. The average reelability ration for five years in autumn-rearing period was higher than that in spring-rearing period, but the bave length and raw silk ratio was on the contrary from the above. 4. The reelability ration of cocoon produced in the mountainous area was higher than that in the field area but the shorter the bave length, the raw silk ration had no significant difference between those.