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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Oct 1987
Volume 29, Issue 1 - May 1987
Selecting the target year
Use of Winter Buds as Scion Collected from Mulberry (Morus alba L.) Graftages
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 1~6
To use of scions taken from the branch of graftages, 8 storage methods during winter season were examined in a underground cellar and in soil by checking the rate of normal scions to total winter buds and the rate of alive graftages to total graftages. The results were as follows : 1. The highest rate of normal scions dropped in 80-120cm of branch from soil surface. 2. The highest rate of normal scions showed in the cellar storage method. Buring 2/3 of branch in soil increased the normal scoin rate than buring 1/2 of branch. However, wrapping branch with vinyl film, moreover covering with straw sack decreased the normal scion rate. 3. The alive rate to total graftage showed the highest by about 90% under the cellar storage. Burying 2/3 of branch in soil and vinyl wrapping, more over covering straw sack decreased the alive rate by 81.5-67.5%. 4. Correlation between the alive rate and the water content in cortex was negatively significant at 5%(r=-0.71*). The optium water content for graftage may drop in 47-53%. 5. The alive rate of graftages was higher in scoins taken from graftages than that taken from farmer fields.
The Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Characters in the Silkworm by Diallel Cross of Four Inbred Lines Differing in Silk Yield
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 7~14
Extensive studies were undertaken to analyze the genetic basis of economically important quantitative characters in the silkworm by diallel crosses of four inbred lines differing widely in silk yielding ability. Some differences between the reciprocal corsses were detected in cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight, cocoon filament length and cocoon filament weight in case the parental lines were greatly differenent each other in silk yielding ability. The general combining ability (GCA) varied with the inbred lines and M242, a Chieese sexlimited larval marking variety showed high GCA value in the economic characters, such as cocoon yield, cocoon weight, cocoon filament length and weight, and raw silk percentage. The highest heterosis effect, about 13% to 14% was seen in cocoon and raw silk yield and it was low in cocoon reelability and raw silk percentage with less than 1%. It is advisable to improve highly heritable quantitative characters such as larval duration, cocoon shell weight, cocoon filament length and raw silk percentage by means of selection, and to select single crosses with high heterosis effect for cocoon weight and cocoon yield which show overdominance. Genetic correlation should be considered when more than two characters are targets for improvement and selecting high cocoon shell weight is effective to breed high silk yielding varieties. It is difficult to improve cocoon reelability because of low heritability (0.11) and its negative correlation with cocoon-silk quality.
Studies on the Behavioral Response in Silkworm Larvae, Bombyx mori II. Strain Difference on Walking Distance
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 15~23
The strain differences in larval walking behavior of 39 silkworm varieties, Bombyy mori, have been investigated. larval walking distance in silkworm varieties were remakably different. The walking distance was the longest in the matured larvae following the newly hatched larvae and in the other larval stage the distance was very short. The means of the walking distance in larval stages were as follows ; newly hatched larvae was 2.58cm, 3rd instar 0.72cm, 5th instar 1.18cm and matured larvae 2.94cm. The length of relative walking distances in each variety was not always in proportion to each larval stage. Therefore, the controlling factor of walking behavior was assumed to be different by the each larval stage. In the newly hatched larvae, 3rd instar and 5th instar larvae, the distribution range of walking distance was very broad in European races, narrow in Chinese races and medium in Japanese races. There was not much differences in the walking distance of mature larvae among European, Chinese and Japanese races.
Breeding to Improve some of the Economic Characters of the Sex-limited Dark Egg Color Strains.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 24~30
To investigate suitable breeding system for the improvement of economic characters of the sexlimited dark egg colour strains, the four kinds of breeding methods which are represented as sibmating, repeated backcrossing, multi-backcrossing every other generation, and repeated hybridization were detected from the P to the F6. 1. Pupation ratio was varied between the four kinds of breeding methods and decreased gradually in order of repeated hybridization, mult-backcrossing every other generation and sib-matinv, and repeated backcrossing. 2. Repeated backcrossing, multi-backcrossing every other generation, and repeated hybridization with the exception of sib-mating were consiered as available breeding methods to improve single cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight and cocoon shell ratio of the sex-limited dark egg colour strains. 3. As for the responses of the economic characters form the P to the F6, pupation ratio was fluctuant and unstable, on the other hand single cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight and cocoon shell ratio increased remarkably in the F2, but in the subsequant generatios the increasing rate of each characters were fluctuant irregularly. 4. After the original sex-limited dark egg colour strains were bred under the corresponding breeding methods, from the P to the F6 the economic characters were approached to the level of normal breeding silkworm lines'. 5. It came to the consideration that the autosomal fragment which was translocated on the W chromosome had no physiologically significant effect on the expression of the economic characters because the Expression index (E) of the sex-limited dark egg colour strains was similar to that of normal silkworm lines. 6. From the results, it comes to the conclusion that the useful breeding methods to improve the economic characters of the sex-limited dark egg colour strains will be a line separation including fixation of the characters.
Studies on the Effect of Cadmium on the Physiology of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L. I. With Reference to the Development of the Various Organs and Tissues
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 31~37
Mulberry leaf sprayed on at the various concentrations of cadmium (Cd) was fed on the just molted fifth instar through the 6th day of the fifth instar and content of cadmium and zinc in the feces, organs and tissues involved were analyzed by spectrophotometer. Along with the effect of those heavy metals on development of the relevant organs and tissues sexwise. 1. The residual content of cadmium on mulberry leaf was about 50% of the total cadmium and the weight of feces disposed from the cadmium fed larvae was less than the control. There was distinctive differences in female-wise disposal of feces between cadmium treatment and control ; cadmium treatment female larvae disposed less feces than female of control. 2. Fourteen percent of the total dry weight of the anterior plus the middle silkgland and of the posterior silkgland in cadmium 100ppm treatment was decreased in female but only 9% of the anterior plus middle silkgland in male was made, showing no decrease the weight of the posterior silkgland in male. 3. Decrease of the dry weight of the silkgland, fat body and hindgut was made in cadmium 100ppm treatment and contrarily the weight of midgut and malphihian tube were increased. The total larval weight of the female and male were decreasd in cadmium 100ppm treatment and the decreasing ratio was higher in famale. 4. There wasa no detection of cadmium in all of the organs and tissues of the control and in those of the cadmium treatment the high residual content was in order of the midgut, hindgut, malphighian tube and head. A slight accumulation of cadmium was shown in fat body and silkgland. 5. Cadmium accumulation in the midgut was higher than in female but in the fat body, malphighian tube, trachea and integument was contrarily high in the female than male. 6. The total zinc content of the larvae was below 60ppm in the control and 80ppm in cadmium 100ppm treantment. The increase of zinc content in cadmium treatment was made on silkgland, malphigian tube and midgut but contrarily the decrease of zinc content in fat body was resulted. 7. In cadmium treatment, much more cadmium accumulation took place in the female and zinc accumulation was made much more in the male.
Studies on the Effect of Cajmium on the Physiology of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L. II. With Reference to the Change of Total Proteins and Activities of GOT and GPT in Haemolymph of Fifth Instar Silkworm Larvae
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 38~43
The just molted larvae of the fifth instar were fed on with cadmium trated mulberry leaf and on the third day of the fifth instar the daily change of the total protein, activities of GOT and GPT in larvae haemoymph were sexually analyzed. The result obtained are summarized as follows : 1. The total haemolymph was decreased by cadmium treatment. A decreasing ratio of the total haemolymph protein was higher at the later development stage of the male fifth instar than the female fifth instar. 2. There seemed a slight difference in albumin content of the female blood along with the fifth larvae development between control and cadmium treatment where 7% decrease of blood albumin took place with cadmium treatment comparing to that of cotrol. Contrarily a decrease of blood globulin was made on both sexes. 3. The activities of GOT and GPT were inhibited by cadmium treatment.
Inhibitory Effect of High Temperature on the Multiplication of Flacherie Virus in the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 44~50
The silkworms were inoculated with flacherie virus and reserved at high temperature (37
) to find out the effect of high temperature on the multiplication of the virus in silkworms. The obtained results are summarized as follows. 1. It was shown that the inhibitory effect of high temperature treatment on the virus multiplication was achieved at high level at the newly molted stages in 5th instar larvae and both in 4th and in 5th larvae. 2. Twelve hours treatment and 24 hours treatment showed high inhibitory effect on the multiplication of flacherie virus. 3. The silkworms were inoculated with flacherie virus at the newly molted stage in 2nd instar larvae and followed by have temperature (37
) treatment at the newly molted stages in 5th instar and both in 4th and in 5th instar for 12 and 24 hours respectively. The increase in the survival rate with high temperature treatment ranged from 33.8 to 39.5 percent in index number and cocoon productive was 45.8 to 54.2 percent compared to non-treatment. 5. In the inoculation of the virus to the 4th instar larvae, the high temperature treatment at the newly molted stage in 5th instar brought increases in the survial rate from 49.7 to 68.9 percent in index number and in cocoon production from 44.3 to 69.0 percent.
Experiment of the formulation for the viral pesticide of nuclear polyhedrosis virus of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury.
Jin, Byeong-Rae ; Kim, Gwon-Yeong ; Gang, Seok-Gwon ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 51~57
The intent of this research is to acquire some basic informations about formulation of the viral pesticide, Hyphantria cunea nuclear polyhedrosis virus and its virulence under field condition. The nuclear polyhedrosis virus was formulated as wettable powder using spreader, sticker and U.V. protector. The formulated product and aqueous virus were diluted with water at the concentration of 1
106PIB/ml and sprayed on mulberry leaves in the field. The leaves were fed with 3rd instar larvae of H. cunea to determine the inactivation period of the viral pesticides. The aqueous virus was completely inactivated on 5th day after spray, while the formulated one showed a spare mortality to the larvae even on 20th day after spray. In field application test, The fromulated and aqueous virus were sprayed on individual mulberry tree and 3rd instar laevae of H. cunea were fed on the trees. The mortality of the larvae one day after spray of the formulated and aqueous virus were about 50% and 40%, respectively. The formulated virus exhibited a persistent virulence to the larvae up to 9th day after spray, which the mortality was approximately 30%. The residual virulence of the formulated and aqueous virus was extended up to 4th day and 2nd day after spray, respectively.
Degumming Characteristics and Fabric Properties by Papain Degumming
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 58~66
This study was investigated on the effect of degumming of cocoon shell, raw silk yarn and grey silk crepe by use of Papain, comparing with soap, soda and soap-soda. The obtained results may be summarized as follows : 1. Degumming loss, when the pretreatment was done, was completed by Papain more than by alkali. 2. Lousiness result of Papain degummed silk yarn was apt to be improved more than that of alkali degummed one. 3. As a result of tensile property test, elasticity and resilience of Papain degummed crepe were good compared to those of alkali degummed one. 4. Not only bending rigidity of Papain degummed crepe was reduced more than that of alkali degummed one but also hysteresis of bending moment was decreased in papain degummed crepe. 5. Handle of Papain degummed crepe was superior to that of alkali degummed one.
A Study on the Handle of the Silk Fabric Degummed with Enzyme - Effect of the Predegumming Degrees on the handle of the Silk Fabric Degummed with Protease -
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 67~72
This study was carried out for the optimum predegumming in the protease degumming process of silk fabrics by ocmparing the physical properties of silk fabrics degummed with different weight losses of predegumming. 1. In twill habutai, the stiffness of fabric was reduced and the smoothness was improved with increasing weight loss of predegmming, however, the soft feeling value which means the total handle value of medium fabric for lady, was maximum at 20% of predegumming weight loss. 2. In the case of crepe de chine representing thin fabric for lady, the anti-drape stiffness was relatively increased with 22% weight loss of predegumming. However, the other physical properties, such as the flexibility with soft feeling were less related to the degrees of predegumming.
Sruvey of Raw Silk Reeling Water in Korea
Seong, Jae-Cheon ; Lee, Do ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 73~81
This investigation was carried cut to obtain the reeling water conditions in Korea. The analyzed items of water were pH, colority, turbidity, acidity, alkalinity, solids electric conductibity hardness and heavy metal ions. About 40% of the reeling water were found to be agreeable, 30% were acceptable provided with some quality control and the others were out of acceptable range mainly based on the M-alkalinity, acidity, pH and total hardness. It was found that there was a following relationship between total hardness and electric conductibity with the relative correlation coefficient r=0.9145. y=15.967+0.22774x Where x, y are electric conductivity and total hardness respectively.
The Number of Chromosomes of Wild Mulberry Silkworm, Bombyx mori, in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 29, issue 2, 1987, Pages 82~83
The number of chromosomes of the wild mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mandarina, collected in Suwon area in the middle part of Korean peninsula was investigated. The chromosomes were examined after smearing and squashing the testis of the last instar larvae which were at spining stage and the microscopic observation showed that the number of chromosomes of the wild mulberry silkworm was 27.