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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
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Changes of Reserve Substances in the Bark of Stem and Root Mulberry (Morus alba L.) Graftages after Planting
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 79~84
To make clear the changes of the amount of reserve substances in the bark of stem and root of mulberry graftages after planting, studies were carried with mulberry graftages classified into three groups of 7.0-7.9mm, 9.0-9.9mm and 11.0-11.9mm in diameter of stems at 3cm above their base. The results obtained were as follow : 1. The dry weight of stem and root bark gradually decreased with growth of new shoots till about five weeks after planting, and from then it increased. 2. The duration of new shoots growth depending on the reserve substance was limited for 6-7 weeks after planting. In no fertilized group, the length of new shoots increased up to 6-7 weeks, form then decrease. 3. Dry leaf yield three weeks after planting was found to be no difference in the same diameter of saplings between with and without fertilization. 4. The content of chlorophyll in the leaves was higher in thicker group and in fertilized group than thinner and no fertilized one, respectively. 5. There was no difference in the amount of carbohydrates of the bark of stem and root among the stem diameters. There was a transient increase in the amount of total sugar in the bark of stem and root in the first three weeks after planting, followed by gradual decline up to five weeks. The amount of reducing sugar in the bark of stem and root increased both in fertilized and in no fertilized group up to three weeks after planting, and then it decreased. There was a gradual decline in the content of starch in the bark of stem and root both in fertilized and in no fertilized group up to five weeks after planting, followed by gradual increase.
A Study of Sap Movement in Mulberry (Morus species) Stem in Spring
Lee, Won-Ju ; Min, Yeong-Sang ; Choe, Yeong-Cheol ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 85~88
Sap flow in mulberry (Morus species) trees was observed for one month from mid-March in 1981, 1982 and 1990. The results were : 1. Sap flow at 20cm soil depth occurred on April 8, 1981 at 10.1
, on April 2, 1982 at 8.3
and March 25, 1990 at 8.7
. The data showed a range of 1.8
and 15 days. 2. Water content of the wood decreased with decreasing soil temperature under 8
, whereas water content of the cortex remained constant or increased. Water may move form wood to cortex when it was insufficient in cortex. 3. Sap flow at 20cm soil depth occurred when accumulated soil temperature after March 1 about 180
Effect of Foliar Spray upon Mulberry Damaged by Late Frost
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 89~93
Mulberry, damaged by a late frost on April 27, received a foliar spray of 0.5% Urea or Jambi(a foliar fertilizer). The sprays were applied once every 3 days from May 16 for 12 days. The results were : 1. Approximately 70 auxillary buds per tree sprouted after the frost. The difference between the lowest and highest number of buds was 3 to fold. 2. For the 25 days beginning May 18, shoot length increased 5.4 fold, leaf number 2.1 fold, and shoot weight 9.6 fold. 3. Yield from latent buds was about 5% of total yield. 4. Length of new shoots decreased 26% due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased shoot length 10% and 1%, respectively, compared to control. 5. Leaf number decreased by 5.2 due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased leaf number 18% and 5%, respectively, compared to control. 6. Weight of new shoot was decrease 43% by frost. Urea and Jambi spray increased shoot weight 7% and 6%, respectively, compared to control. 7. Net leaf yield decreased 47% due to frost. Urea spray and Jambi increased left yield 7% and 5%, respectively, compared to control. 8. Yield in an undamaged plot was 1,587kg, damaged 932kg, 1,070kg in urea spray, and 1,033kg/10a in Jambi spray. Yield of frost damaged plots was 59% of undamaged. Foliar spray increased this to 68% of undamaged. 9. Yield increased 3.5% daily by with postponement of harvest. Yield of four days postponement was expected 73% of undamaged. Urea spray with 4 days postponement expected to be increased this to 82% of undamaged.
Studies on the Mulberry Variety Yongchonppong I. Physico-chemical Properties of Yongchonppong and Differencies of Leaf Value for Food in Growing Silkworm through Different Feeding Period.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 94~100
Yongchonppon, one of the native varities, is the highest clod resistant. For its practical use, feeding test has been implemented in the ordinary rearing and in the branch rearing 1987 through 1988. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The feeding of Yongchonppong at the 4th and 5th instar made 5% decrease in spring and 10% decrease of cocoon yield in autumn, respectively, while cocoon shell ratio was a little less and percentage of raw silk was a little high, as compared to the feeding of Kaeryangppong. 2. The feeding of Yongchonppong at the 4th instar only showed nearly same nearing result as the feeding of Kaeryangppon. 3. In case of the feeding of yongchonppong at the 4th instar and early stage of the 5th instar, cocoon yield and percentage of raw silk marked 96% and 97-98% of Kaeryangppong. 4. The total nitrogen and crude protein of Yongchonnppong was less, while the total carbohydrate, crude ash and crude fat were high, as compared to those of Kaeryangppong. It had more phosphate and boric and less manganese than Kaeryangppong. 5. The leaf aereal weight of Yongchonppong was 1.57g/dcm2 and the leaf thickness was 113
. The moisture reducing rate marked 41.3% after three hour exposure to the air.
Pathogenicity and Bacteriological Characterization of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora isolated from Mulberry Trees
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 101~104
The bacteria isolated from mulberry trees which had shoot soft rot symptoms occurred after intermediate cutting during autumn rearing season were indentified. External morphology of the bacteria showed rod shape with peritrichous flagella, and were facultative anaerobes in oxygen requirement test. The baacteria easily putrefied the slices of potato and carrot when they were placed on to the center of sliced surfaces, and the bacteria, also, iniciated rapid development of soft rot symptoms on mulberry leaves in pathogenesity test. The results of morphological, physiological and pathological tests on the bacteria suggested that the isolate could be a strain of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora.
Disinfection of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus and Yellow Muscardine pathogen (Beauveria bassiani) of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L., by Formalin Fumigation
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 105~109
The disinfectivity of formalin fumigation was tested against silkworm nuclear polyhedrosis virus and yellow muscardine pathogen, Beauveria bassiana. The inactivation of the virus was acquired when it was fumigated by adding 30g of potassium permanganate to 75
of formalin per 3.3
of rearing room area and viability of the yellow muscardine pathogen was also lost with the same treatment of fumigation. It was also proved that the fumigation didn't give and damage to silkworm larvae when it was applied 2 or 3 times to grown larvae.
A Study on the Silk Printing with Reactive Dye.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 110~112
The influence of the concetration of the discharging agent on some properties of silk fabric dyed with reactive dyes studied. The tensile strength, yellow index and whiteness were investigated as parameters to determine the effect of the dischanging agent. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. The tensile strength and the yellow index decreased with the increase of the concentration of the discharging agents. 2. The whiteness depended on both of the type and the concentration of the discharging agent.
Recovery of Several Mulberry Varieties from Late Frost Damage
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 113~117
The recovery of mulberry from a late frost (April 24 to 27) was investigated for four varieties : Kaeryangppong, Cheongilppong, and Jamsang 21 in Cheongju area, Chungbuk Province. 1. Unfavourable meteorlogical conditions for recovery of mulberry followed the early late frost : lower than normal temperatures in mid-April, less sunshine in early and mid-Jay, lower temperatures and early and less precipitation in late-May, and less precipitation than normal in early June. 2. Jamsang 21 grew to the 2-3 leaf stage first, at which time Kaeryangppong and Jamsang 22 were at the 1-2 leaf stage, and Cheongilppong was at the swallow-bill shape-1 leaf stage. 3. The first leaf stage occurred on May 12, 15 days after the frost and, 19 days later in an average year. The difference lasted until the harvesting season, the 6 leaf stage. 4. Young shoot length was 50-58% of that in 1989. Kaeryangppong was the shortest at 50% and the Jamsang 21 highest at 58% of 1989 values. 5. Leaf number was 52-67% that in 1989. Kaeryangppong was the lowest at 52% and the Jamsang 21 highest at 67% of 1989 values. 6. Young shoot and leaf weight was 44-63%, and leaf weight 39-61%, compared to 1989. Kaeryangppong and Cheongilppong were the lowest, Jamsang 21 and Jamsang 22 were the highest, compared to 1989 data. 7. Young shoot length was 50-58% compared with 1989. Kaeryangppong was the lowest as 50%, the highest Jamsang 21 as 58%. 8. Number of leaf was 52-67% compared with 1989. Kearyangppong was the lowest as 52%, the highest Jamsang 21 as 67%. 9. Young shoot and leaf wight was 44-63%, and leaf weight was 39-61% compared with 1989. Kaeryangppong was the lowest, lowest, Jamsang 21 was the highest, Cheongilppong was similar with Kaeryangppong and Jamsang 22 was similar with Jamsang 21. 10. Rate of young shoot and leaf weight to total weight decreased from 75% in 1989 to 55-61% in 1990. Rate of laef weight to young shoot decreased from 72-82% to 67-71%, showed 5-10% decrease. 11. Leaf yield decreased highly in Jamsang 22 as 57% compared with 1989. Kearyangppong 61%, Jamsang 21 64%, Cheonglppong 72%. Leaf yield was 827kg/10g in Kaeryangppong, 1, 000-1, 050kg/10a in the other varieties.
Flood Damage and Recovery of Mulberry and Graftages
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 32, issue 2, 1990, Pages 118~120
A mulberry field and 3 graftage nurseries in Puyo were flooded for 2 to 5 days in 1987 to investigate flood damage. The effect of fertilization upon fall yield in previously flood fields was also studied. The results were : 1. Graftage which received 2 days of flood were alive with decaying leaves submerged under water. Graftages submerged completely for 5 days died, whereas those whose top appeared above the water lived. Graftages which were knocked down by water and scratched by sand, following washing by a fire engine, died. 2. Mulberry trees flooded for 5 days were alive when tops were above the water. 3. Mud soil carried by the flood and deposited on the mulberry had a pH of 6.43, organic matter 2.4%, and available phosphorus of 124ppm. The original sandy soil of the mulberry field had a pH of 5.52, organic matter 0.3%, and available phosphorus of 467ppm. Mud, as a clayey soil with higth fertility, may play a role in soil building. 4. Mulberry from the flooded field showed 3.4% higher yield with additional fertilization than no fertilization. This suggests nitrogen a mobile element, was lost in the flood.