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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Dec 1997
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
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Studies on the Change of Biochemical Components during Wintering and Thawing Periods and Cold Hardiness of Mulberry(Morus)
Choe, Yeong-Cheol ; Ryu, Geun-Seop ; An, Yeong-Hui ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~11
In relations to cold acclimation, experiment was carried out to understand the seasonal changes in reserve substances of the mulberry. The shoot barks and leaves of three mulberry varieties(Kaeryangppong, Shinilppong and Yongcheonppong) were sampled, after that their reserve substances were analyzed. The cold hardiness of mulberry was investigated by DTA(Differential Thermal Analysis) method. To increase cold hardiness, gibberellin(100 ppm), kinetin(100 ppm) and Jambi 8 were sprayed on the mulberry leaves. After spraying, falling of the leaves of Yongcheonppong occured earier than the other varities. After the first frost, all of treatments except gibberellin were entirely fallen. Growth regulator extended the leaves fallen. After spraying, water of the shoot barks was not showed difference in the content among the treatments, but amino acid, carbohydrate and soluble protein increased from September to October. Starch content of the shoot barks and leaves was maximum in October, but thereafter decreased during wintering stage. In Shinilppong, Jambi 8 spray increased cold hardiness by 1-2
more than no spray. It was concluded that the cold hardiness of the mulberry in midwinter is closely related to the reserve substances with spraying Jambi 8 on the mulberry leaves.
Effect of Calcium in Nutrient Solution on Root Development and Freezing Tolerance of Mulberry
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 12~16
Effects of calcium on mulberry growth and freezing tolerance were examined by water culture. Calcium was supplied by folar spray with the levels of 0, 5, and 40 ppm. Muberry stems developed by 130 cm at Ca2+ 40ppm, 82 cm at Ca2+ 5 ppm and 23 cm at Ca2+ 0 ppm. Muberry roots also developed vigorously at Ca2+ 40 ppm, but did poorly at Ca2+ 5 ppm and changed to brown in color, and died becoming necrosis at Ca2+ 0 ppm. Content of calcium in leaves and barks were increased at Ca2+ 40 ppm compared with at Ca2+ 5 ppm. Total sugar, RNA, proline and phospholipid at Ca2+ 40 ppm were also more increased than those at Ca2+ 5 ppm. Mulberry stems grown at Ca2+ 40 ppm showed a sufficient tolerance at -10 for 24 hours while stems grown at Ca2+ 5 ppm did a weak tolerance at the same conditions.
Effects of Insect Growth Regulators on Developmental Physiology of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori L. III. With reference to the influence of Fenoxycarb on the egg laying and the hatching
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 17~21
Oral application of fenoxycarb, O-ethyl N-(2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)ethyl) carbamate, the commercial formulation Insegar, on the 1st day of the 3rd instar made no difference in the egg laying and the hatchability as compared to 750 grains for the number of eggs laid, 53 grains for the number of the resideual eggs unlaid, 749 grains for the number of fertirized eggs, 97% for the total hatchability, and 95% for the useful hatchability as in the control but on the first day of the 4th instar, the number of the remainder eggs in the ovary increased by 2.4 folds, and reduced number of the eggs laid, number of unfertilized eggs, the hatchabillity and useful hatchability by 39%, by 66%, by 68% and by 72%, respectively. When diluted Insegar was applied topically every other two days from the pupae to the moth at concentration of 10-6, 10-7, 10-8, 10-9, 10-10 the number of eggs laid, the number of the unfertilized eggs, the total hatchability and the useful hatchability were decreased. More severe decrease took place as concentration lowered and the earlier application.
Variation and Sex-limited Expression of Fluorescent Color by Ultraviolet Spectrum on the Silkworm Cocoon
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 22~29
Ultraviolet weavelength (UV) of 366 nm produced clearer fluorescent dolor than that of 254 nm for the inspection of silkworm cocoons. Fluorescent color of silkworm cocoons varied in color, appears no relationship with the natural color under the normal light. Uniformity of fluorescent color was improved by selection of blue or yellow line from wild types. Blue and yellow, located at the opposite poles on the color solid and L*a*b* color system, confirmed as pure standard of fluorescent color in the silkworm races for commercial white cocoons. the cocoons with blue fluorescence occupied as high as 1.7 to 8.6 times than those with yellow in the Japanese silkworm races. Fluorescence of silkworm cocoon was not affected by forced flow dry at 70
for 6 hrs. While the Japanese races revealed no sexual difference in fluorescent color, sex-dependence of the color was common in the Chinese races for commercial white cocoon. The fluorescence of cocoon shell of Chinese races showed clear separation of blue of median color. Silkworm strain of Dc20 and Fc24 were sexualy segregated 98.8
1.00% by cocoon fluorescence, as that of 99.3
0.44% by typical larval marking of sex-limited inheritance. Specific expression of cocoon fluorescence, applicable to breeding of simple discrimination of sex for Chinese races, inspected thoroughly on the surface and inner layer of cocoon shell.
Detection of Bombyx mori Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus(BmNPV) in dust of Silkworm rearing room by PCR
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 30~35
A rapid and sensitive detection of BmNPV contamination in silkworm rearing room was carried by Plymerase chain reaction(PCR). Silkworm nuclear polyhedra were dissolved for the extraction of viral DNA within 30 minutes followed by the treatment of alkaline solution. The combination of primers of NP3 and NP2 was superior in PCR to the other 7 primers applied. Each primer was designed with 20 base in size and Newly designed NP3 of sense and the already reported NP2 for antisense were better in reaction than other primers. PCR products appeared 500bp in size. And annealing was confirmed proper at 55
condition. Amplifiable template DNA amount was confirmed at least 100 ng to 0.1 ng and regarded as applicative for the assay of silkworm rearing environmental condition of sericultural farm. In case of the detection of BmNPV from the dust, sensitivity by PCR was as high as 1,000,000 times than that of microscopic observation.
Expression of the FLP recombinase of the 2
m plasmid of yeast in the cultured cells of Bombyx mori using a transient expression vector
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 36~43
In order to express the FLP recombinase in B. mori cultured cell line, BmN-4, transient expression system using a heat shock protein gene (hsp70) promoter of Dorosophilla melnogaster was constructed. This vector was designated as pHsSV. Activity strength of the hsp70 promoter was compared with that of immediate early gene (IE-1) and polyhedrin gene of BmNPV employing the E. coli
-galactosidase gene as a reporter gene. The result showed that the pHs
-gal plasmid vector expressed the
-galactosidase at 2nd and 3rd day after the transfer of plasmid DNA into BmN-4 cells, which was similar to that of pIE1
-gal vector, but different from that of a recombinant virus, vBm
-gal. For the construction of FLP recombinase transient expression vector, the FLP recombinase gene was cloned by polymerase chain reaction technique. To express the FLP recombinase, this gene was inserted into pHsSV plasmid vector, under the control of the hsp70 promotor, and tranfected in BmN-4 cells. The expressed FLP recombinase was estimated at 44kDa on a 12.5% SDS-PAGE.
Studies on Silk Contraction Treated with Neutral Salts
Lee, Gwang-Gil ; Lee, Yong-U ; Nam, Jung-Hui ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 44~55
This study was carried out to find out the relationship between qualities and contraction phenomenon of silk fibers by treatment of concentrated neutral salts. The contraction effects of silk fibers showed the critical point on the treatment conditions of concentration, temperature and time, among three kinds of neutral salts such as calcium nitrate, calcium chloride and lithium bromide. But, The silk fibers, pretreated with bromide and/or formaldehyde, did not show the contraction upon treating with calcium nitrate. This indicates that tyrosine and serine can be correlated with the contraction reaction because of coupling these amino acids with bromide and formaldehyde. In conclusion, a mechanism for the contraction of silk fiber with highly concentrated calcium nitrate solution is supposed as follows. At the initial stage of ration, the water was penetrated into the amorphous regions and fibers swollen, therefore, the contraction took place mainly in amorphous regions, which have plenty of functional groups with hydroxyl residues. Then, as the calcium nitrate is penetrated into the microfibril, the gydrogen bonds of tyrosine and serine residues and broken and crystalline regions are more and more influenced by increasing concentration of calcium nitrate solution. Microgibrils of crystalline regions become entangled, contracted to linear direction and rearranged to form new stable hydrogen bonds.
Studies on the Surface Modification of Fabrics Treated with Fibroin Solution
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 56~61
The silk fibroin solution was prepared and applied to the surface of fabrics for the purpose of weighting as well as a surface modification. The water-soluble fibroin solution can be obtained by dissolving the cocoon fibroin in a boiling solution of 50% calcium chloride for 60 minutes. For the fixation of a water soluble fibroin onto the fabric surface, the various methods were investigated. The fixation can be achieved on a silk fabric by the after treatment with ethanol, stannous choride and methacrylamide. On the other hand, the epichlorhydrin compound is the most promising fixation agent for a cotton fabric. As a result of the examination of property changes, the softness and crease recovery were lessened for a silk crepe fabric by treating with 1-2% fibroin solution, while those properties were improved for a silk knit fabric.
The Study on the Gragting Rate MAA onto Silk Fiber by Redox System
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 62~66
The MAA graftings in silk fiber were done by redox system for the purpose of investingating the effect of ferrous sulfate additive on the grafting rate and graft ratio in various conditions. The graft ratio was higher in redox graft system than in peroxide graft system and the graft ratio in redox graft system was also higher depending on decrease of ferrous sulfate additive. The saturation graft ratio obtained by empirical equation, log X=K/t, was increasing depending on the increase of ferrous sulfate additive. Initial grafting rate was increased but the latter grafting rate was decreased in redox graft system. The effects of liquor ratio(L.R.) on the graft ratio in redox graft system, were higher in high L.R. than in low L.R..
Dialytic pH Condition for Obtaining Silk I Type Structure
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 67~72
As a condition for obtaining the silk I type crystal that has stability and high reproducibility, after dissolving silk fibroin crystalline part (Fcp), the changes of recrystallized crystal structure according to dialytic pH were examined by x-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. The Fcp was obtained from the aqueous solution of silk fibroin enzymatic proteolyzed by chymotrypsin. The crystal structure of Fcp showed silk II type. When the Fcp was dissolved by 10M LiBr aqueous solution, the Fcp1 showed the silk II type at pH 9. However, besides the silk II type, the silk I type structure begins to appear at pH 8 and only the silk I type structure was found below pH 6. On the other hand, the Fcp2 that calcium chloride was used in the dissolution found only the silk I type crystal structure below pH8.
Transition of Silk Fibroin by Enzymatic Reaction
Kim, Dong-Keon ; Choi, Jin-Hub ; Konishi, Takashi ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~78
The crystalline fraction of silk fibroin (Fcp) was obtained from the aqueous solution of silk fibroin hydrolyzed by
-chymotrypsin. The molecular weight of Fcp was found approximately 7000 by using high speed GPC. On the other hand, a high molecular weight of PIFcp product could be obtained by the reverse reaction of enzymatic proteolysis of Fcp precipitates. Some parts of this PIFcp have the molecular weights of approximately 17000 and 24000. As a result of x-ray diffraction analysis, the crystal structure of Fcp and PIFcp was turned out silk-II type and silk-I type, respectively. Upon the reverse reaction of enzymatic protelysis, the structural transition occured from silk-II type to silk-I type crystal for the most of Fcp precipitates. It was confirmed that PIFcp might be somewhat stable crystal structure of silk-I type according to the thermal analysis as well as x-ray diffraction method.
An Activity of Lowering Blood-glucose Levels Accoring to Preparative Conditions of Silkworm Powder
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 79~85
Bombyx mori, silkworm powder has been studied for blood-glucose lowering activity by National Sericulture & Entomology Research Institute(NSERI) and Kyung Hee University group in 1995. To obtain the optimum preparative condition of silkworm powder for lowering blood-glucose levels in postprandial time, blood-glucose lowering activity of mulberry & silkworm varieties were examined. In mulberry varieties, Samkwangjam showed the highest activity. Activity for lowering blood-glucose levels of autumn rearing silkworm was higher than that of spring silkworm and hybrid silkworm showed higher activity than that of parent silkworm. In the silkworm lines, Chinese lines showed higher activity than that of Japanese lines. In experiments to see the difference in blood-glucose lowering activity between either male and female or larvae and pupae, activity of larvae was higher than that of pupae and the male was higher than female. The heating dry and artificial diet showed lower than mulberry diet and normal freeze dry of the 5th instar 3rd day. Among the sericultural products, larvae showed the highest activity.
Effect of Silkworm Extract on Intestinal
-Glycosidase Activity in Mice Administered with a High Carbohydrate-containing Diet
Jeong, Seong-Hyeon ; Kim, Mi-Seon ; Ryu, Gang-Seon ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 86~92
The effects of silkworm extract on body weight, blood glucose and insulin levels, and an intestinal glycosidase activity were studied in high carbohydrate diet administered mice. Hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia represented in high carbohydrate diet administered mice disappeared when silkworm extract(50 mg) was added to 100 g diet for 10 week period. These results suggest that silkworm extract may resolve the insulin resistance by lowering serum insulin level resulting from inhibition of intestinal glycosidase activity. Silkworm extract coadministered with high carbohydrate diet to mice for 10 weeks significantly induced maltase, sucrase and lactase acivities, especially middle and distal portion. Further studies about regulatory mechanisms of glycosidase by silkworm extract are needed.
Shintani, Y. ; Ishikawa, Y. ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 39, issue 1, 1997, Pages 93~94