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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
Selecting the target year
Cryopreservation of Mulberry(Morus) Seeds in Liquid Nitrogen(L
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~5
To investigate the possibility of crypreservation of mulberry seeds in liquid nitrogen(LN
), characteristics of the seeds were examined after picking mulberry syncarps and drying-heat treatment. Storage in LN
has the potential of providing indifinite preservation of valuable seed germplasm. Determining the tolerance of seeds among given cultivars to LN
cooling and subsequent rewarming is the first step to establishing the feasibility of LN
storage. Seeds of 4 mulberry varities were treated to LN
) for 24 hours after drying heat treatment. Seed moisture content of Daeryukppong was the highest. As moisture content of mulberry seed was below 1%, storage in LN
was safe. And drying heat treatment for 60 minutes was suitable to prevent decreased germination rate and germination vigor of seeds. The seeds of Cheongilppong were unsuibable to cryopreserve in LN
for longterm storage.
Growth inhibitory Effect of Clostridium perfringens for Catechins sparated from Mulberry Leaf
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 6~9
This study was performed to investigate the catechins which separated from mulberry leaf. The Epicatechin contents in mulberry leves was 1.21
/mg ethylacetate fraction. epigalocatechingallte contents WAS 3.56
/mg ethylacetate fraction. The cathechins (epicatechin and epigalocate-chingallate) separated from mulberry leaf was shown a strong activity to growth inhibition by the concentration of 5 mg/disc on the Clostridium perfringens.
Characteristics of Korean native strains in the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 10~13
The objective of this research was to characterize of the silkworm that might be recognized to the Korean native strains. The eleven strains of Korean race used in this study, which is cultured in Korea and Japan seri-cultural research organs. Most of Korean varieties were three molting and univoltine, comparatively longer larval duration than the trimolter general. The egg characters of varieties showed short-eliptic shape and dark brown egg color except for a few varieties which shows greenish dark brown. Also, most of varieties were showed the plain(p) and moricaud(
) in larval markings. Moric marking of the varieties also consist of innumerable dark grayish brown lines and dots, though somewhat darker and lighter than that of the wild silkworm, Bombyx mandarina. Cocoon characters variations of varieties were seen in the size, color and shape. 8 varieties were colored cocoon, i.e., yellow, greenish yellow and light green etc., the others were white cocon. The shape of cocons were consisted of constricted shallowly in the middle and attenuated at one or both ends of cocoon, i.e., spindle. The results of this study is sufficient evidence that Korean strains were shown as the one of regional origin strain of domesticated silkworm such as the Chinese and Japanese etc.c.
Sequence Analysis, Molecular Cloning and Restriction Mapping of Mitochondreal Genome of Domesticated Silkworm, Bombyx mori
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 14~23
The mitochondrial genome of domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori) was mapped with five restriction endonucleases (BamHI, EcoRI, HindIII, PstI and XbaI), the entire genome was cloned with HindIII and EcoRI. From the end sequencing results of 5
region for full genome set of eleven mitochondrial clones, the seven mitochondrial genes (NADH dehydrogenase 6, ATPase 6, ATPase 8, tRN
of mori were identified on the basis of their nucleotide sequence homology. The nucleotide composition of NADH dehydrogenase 6 was heavily biased towards adenine and thymine, which accounted for 87.76%. On basis of the sequence similarity with published tRNA genes from six insect species, the tRN
were showed stable canonical clover-leaf tRNA structures with acceptible anticodons. However, both the DHU and T
C arms of tRN
could not form any stable stem-loop structure. The two overlapping gene pairs (tRN
and ATPase8-ATPase6) were found from our sequencing results. The genes are encoded on the same strad. ATPase8 and ATPase6 overlaps (ATGATAA) which are a single example of overlapping events between abutted protein-coding genes are common, and there is evidence that the two proteins are transcribed from a single bicistronic message by initiation at 5
terminal start site for ATPase8 and at an internal start site for ATPase6. Ultimately, this result will provide assistance in designing oligo-nucleotides for PCR amplification, and sequencing the specific mitochondrial genes for phylogenetics of geographic races, genetically improved silkworm strains and wild silkworm (mandarina) which is estimated as ancestal of domesticated silkworm.sticated silkworm.
Breeding of ′Yangwonjam′a Both Parent Sex-limited Larval Marking Variety Suitable for Spring and Autumn Rearing Season
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 24~27
A new silkworm variety 'Yangwonjam'for both of spring and autumn rearing season is F
hybrid between Jam 143, a Japanese race bred from H5R1/P8503 and Jam 144, a Chinese race from M8312/8190. This is the first both parent sex-limited larval marking variety in Korea, and which contributes to eggs production of F
hybrid silkworm with saving labor. Jam 143, Japanese parent of the 'Yangwonjam'showed high GCA in pupation percentage and Jam 144, Chinese parent showed high GCA in pupation percentage and single cocoon weight. In the local adaptability test performed at 8 local areas in spring of 1998, Yangwonjam records 1% higher in pupation percentage and 5%, 4% lower in single cocoon weight, cocoon yield from 10,000 3rd molted larvae respectively than the check variety Kumokjam. Also in the resistance test against unfavorable rearing condition performed in spring of 1997, Yangwonjam records 9%, 14% lower in single cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight respectively than the check variety, but showed 1% higher in pupation percentage than check variety.
Report on red muscardine(Paecilomyces fumosoroseus) of the silkworm(Bombyx mori) in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 28~30
Red muscardine (P. fumosoroseus), first observed on silkworm in Korea, was examined on its cultural characters, infection process, and symptoms. The fungus on PDA medium was grown to 44 mm in diameter in 14 days. Conidiaphore ws 1.45
in diameter, producing 4 to 6 phialides (5.9
) in cluster. Elliptic conidia wre hyaline and 2.9
in size. Diseased silkworm showed typical symptoms of muscardine while becoming stiff. On 3 to 4 days after inoculation of P. fumosoroseus conidia upon the surface of silkworm, it was observed that the silkworm moved and ate less in rearing bed, and amorpnous dark spots of 1∼2 mm appeared on the surface o thorax, abdomen, spirace, and etc. Corrected mortality reached up to 97% at 9th day after inoculation.
Alkali Hydrolysis of Insoluble Sericin
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 31~35
When insoluble sericin was hydrolyzed by treatment of NaOH solution, the solubility was increased with higher treatment temperature and longer treatment time. Whereas it was decreased in addition of NaHSO
. As the results of electrophoresis in sericin powder obtained by the NaOH treatment, a distinguishable band was not confirmed. Average degree of polymerizations(A.D.P.) of sericin hydrolyzed by NaOH solutions were about 19.6∼22.1 and average molecular weight(M.W.) were about 2,200∼2,500. The longer hydrolysis time increased the whiteness of sericin powder. As the results of amino acid analysis, the contents of Thr., Tyr., and Ser. were decreased in NaOH hydrolysis as compared to HCl hydrolysis. In DSC analysis, thermal deformation and pyrolysis peak located at near 230
Dyeing of Silk by the use of fresh leaves of Indigo plant
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 36~41
The indigo dyeing on silk was carried out by the use of fresh leaves juice of polygonum tinctorium. By means of spectroscopic analysis, it is proved that indoxyl are present in the juicese due to the enzymatic reducing of indican contained in the leaves. In case of fresh leaf dyeing, K/S value of dyed fabric was higher at 25
than at 35
of the dyeing temperature, its colour fastness aganist washing, perspiration and ligt ranged from 4 to 5 grade.
Structural and Thermal Characteristics of Silk Fibroin/PHEMA Blend Films
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 42~47
Structural and thermal characteristics of silk fibroin/poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)(PHEMA) blend films were investigated using FTIR, X-ray diffractometer, differential scanning calorimeter, thermogravimeter and scanning electron microscope. FTIR spectra showed that the conformation of silk fibroin prepared by dissolving in formic acid was
-sheet, which did not affected by blending with PHEMA. The X-ray diffraction patterns also showed that individual crystalline structure of silk fibroin and PHEMA was not affected for the blend films. The initial thermal decomposition temperature of silk fibroin/PHEMA blend film tends to be higher than either of silk fkbroin or PHEMA. Thermal stability of both polymers, more notably PHEMA, can be improved by blending two components. As a result of SEM observation, the phases separation for silk fibroin/PHEMA blend films occured regardless of blend ratio ; continuous and dispersed phase were silk fibroin and PHEMA component, respectively.
Enzymatic hydrolysis of insoluble silk sericin by Alcalase
Jung, Hye-Young ; Bae, Do-Gyu ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 48~57
This study was undertaken to figure out the effects of hydrolysis conditions on the solubility of insoluble sericin, molecular weight distribution and thermal characteristics of hydrolysates in enzymatic hydrolysis by Alcalase 2.5L. It was indicated that the optimum treatment temperature and pH for the insoluble sericin were 50
and 11, respectively. When the insoluble sericin was hydrolyzed with a various treatment conditions, the solubility of all hydrolysates were represented above 85% at given conditions. As the enzyme concentration increased, the solubility increased roughly, but the solubility increasement ratio was less above 2% enzyme concentration. As the treatment time increased, the solubility was also increased. It was showed in the molecular weight distribution of hydrolysates treated various enzyme concentrations and treatment times that when enzyme concentrations were 0.5, 2, 3%, the peaks of the distribution curve were shifted to left side which meant low molecular weight and was distributed much quantity with shifted to be left side, but treatment time was 6 hr. the peak was shifted to right side. When enzyme concentration was 5% and treatment time was below 2 hr., the peaks were shifted to right side, but treatment time was above 4hr. the peak was shifted to left side. The number-average molecular weights were distributed from 300 to 800 and those were decreased when treatment time was up to 4 hr., but increased a little when treatment time was 6hr. It was showed in the DSC curves of hydrolysates treated with treatment time of 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 hr. fixed 1% o.w.s enzyme concentration and control that the endothermic peak was observed near at 200
. The denaturation peak of the hydrolysates depending on treatment times had a tendency to shift to higher temperature. But, when the treatment time was 6 hr., the peak was shifted to lower temperature comparing another hydrolysates.
Effects of Silk Fibroin in Oxdative Stress and Membrane Fluidity in the Liver of SD Rats
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 42, issue 1, 2000, Pages 58~64
This study was designed to investigate the effects of silk fibroin powder (Mw 500) on oxidative stress and membrane fluidity in liver membranes of rats. Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats (160
10g) were fed basic diet (control group), and experimental diets (SEP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups) added 2.5 and 5.0 g/kg BW/day for 6 weeks. Cholesterol levels resulted in a significant decrease (12.1% and 9.0%, respectively) in the liver mitochondria and microsomes of SEP-5.0 group compared with control group. Membrane fluidity as significantly increased (16.1% and 16.5%, 5.8% and 17.4%) in the liver mitochondria and microsomes were significantly inhibited (16.1% and 18.3%, 8.1% and 15.1%, respectively) at the SFP-2.5 and SEP-5.0 groups compared with control group. Induced oxygen radicals (BOR) in liver mitochondria and microsomes were significantly inhibited (16.1% and 18.3%, 8.1% and 15.1%, respectively) at the SFP-2.5 and SEP-5.0 groups compared with control group. Induced oxygen radicals (IOR) in liver microsomes were significantly inhibited (17.0% and 26.6%, respectively) at the SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group, but IOR in liver mitochondria was significantly inhibited about 12.3% at the SWP-400 group only compared with control group. Lipid peroxide (LPO) levels were significantly decreased (8.3% and 18.0%, 13.4% and 18.4%, respectively) in the liver mitochondria and microsomes of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group. Oxidized protein (OP) levels were dose-dependently decreased (5.4% and 11.6%, 19.0% and 24.4%, respaectively) in the iver mitochondria and microsomes of SFP-2.5 and SFP-5.0 groups compared with control group. These results suggest that administration of SFP may play an effective role in attenuating an oxidative stress and increasing a membrane fluidity in liver membranes.