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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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Analysis of ITS Nucleotide Sequences in Ribosomal DNA of Morus Species
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
Nucleotide sequence in internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA among mulberry varieties (Morus species) were analyzed in order to identify the possibility of classification for the species. The variations in the ITS regions were compared among 9 mulberry varieties and one variety of Cudrania species as an outgroup. ITS 1 region of the varieties ranging from 219 to 220 bp in length was 49-50 bp shorter than ITS 2 region. Of 510 sites in the ITS 1 and 2 regions, 148 sites were potentially variable, of which 52% and 48% sites were distributed in ITS 1 and ITS 2 regions, respectively. By pairwise comparisons on the nucleotide sequences in the ITS 1 and 2 regions among 9 mulberry varieties, they were classified into 5 groups. Divergence values of the sequences, however, were considerably low ranging from 0 to 1.3%. Especially, there was no divergence among Backasipmunja, Chungilppong and Milsungpong and Jungyasang, Ssarigol II and Yulbon, respectively.
Breeding of High Yielding and Easily Rootable Mulberry Cultivar ′Milsungppong′(Morus bombycis KOIDZ)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~15
New Mulberry Cultivar, Milsungppong, was selected from F1 seedlings obtained by crossing the female, 4X Keomseolppong, and the male, Kaeryangppong. Local adaptability test has been carried out at five places(Suwon, Chunchun, Cheongju, Kongju and Sangju) for four years since 1992. Leaf quality was tested by silkworm rearing for two silkworm rearing seasons(spring and autumn) at Suwon in 1995. From these tests, Milsungppong was found to be superior to control cultivar, cultivar, Kaeryangppong, in productivity, rootability and shoot cold injury. The new cultivar, Milsungppong, has following agronomic characteristics as compared with Kaeryangppong, the most prevailing cultivar, Milsungppong, has following agronomic characteristics as compared with Kaeryangppong, the most prevailing cultivar in Korea It is triploid cultivar belonging to Morus bombycis KOIDZ with the leaf shape of five lobes, sprouting in spring nearly the same to the Kaeryangppong (Morus alba L.), high leaf yielding of 25% compared to Kaeryangppong (Morus alba L.) and the medium degree of cold resistance. It is adaptable to every where in Korea except the area cold injury broken out habitually. Milsungppong is recommended to rear silkworms not only in spring but also in autumn besides for young silkworms.
Physiological Effects and Sensory Characteristics of Mulberry Fruit Wine with Chongilppong
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~20
The study was carried out to investigate sensory characteristics of Chongilppong mulberry fruit wine, as well as biological effects of subfraction of MeOH extracts. In the cholesterol-induced hyperlipidemia rats administered with subfraction of mulberry fruit extract, serum triglyceride, GPT and GOT level in serum were generally decreased. Therefore, the above results suggested that mulberry fruit water soluble fraction can help to maintain normal liver functions and to protect hyperlipidemia.
Quality and Changes of Mineral Contents in Jeung-pyun according to the Addition Levels of Mulberry Leaves Powder
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~25
Jeung-pyun added to mulberry leaves powder was tested to prove in inorganic ingredients, physical function, chromaticity and rheometer. For cake, mulberry leaves powder were added to rice flour in the ratio of 0%, 1%, 2%, and 3% respectively. In inorganic ingredients test, the amounts of calcium, magnesium and potassium were increased according to adding levels of mulberry leaves powder. But the amounts of iron, copper and zinc, were not correlated with it. Calcium, magnesium and potassium are anti-hypertension inorganic substances. Thus, it is considered that food with plenty amountsz of inorganic ingredients is an effective diet for the patients who suffer from cardiovascular disease. In physical evalution test, the ratio of mulberry leaves powder was not correlated with the appearance of Jeung-pyun. The value of color decreased as the ratio of mulberry leaves powder increases. In texture, Jeung-pyun. The value of color decreased as the ratio of mulberry leaves power increase. In texture, Jeung-pyun added with 2% mulberry leaves powder had the highest value. In moisture, as the level of mulberry leaves powder was increased, the value was decreased. In rheometer test, Jeung-pyun 0% mulberry leaves powder had the highest value in hardness. While the ratio of mulberry leaves powder was not correlated with cohesiveness. Jeung-pyun added to 1% mulberry leaves powder had the highest value. In gummines and brittleness, 0% Jeung-pyun had the highest value, but the ratio was not correlate with cohesiveness.
Cytotoxicity of the ethanol extracts of mulberry leaves, branches and silkworm feces
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 26~28
The cytotoxicity of the ethanol extracts of varietal samples of mulberry leaves and branches and silkworm feces was measured using CT-26 cells originated from murine metastatic colon cancer, using dye uptake assay in order to find potential anticancer agents. Two ethanol extracts (varietal mulberry leaves and mulberry branches) were prepared from 16 varietal mulberries and used as partial extract materials for the activity assay. Among these, the ethanol extracts from Shinkwangppong leaves showed a little anticancer activity, and those from Sugaeppong, Cheongunppong and Gumsulppong branches showed some anticancer activity as well as cytotoxicity. In contrast, ethanol extracts from freeze-dried, the 3rd day of 5th instar feces showed more potent anticancer activity than that of other mulberry leaves, mulberry branches and other 5th silkworm instar larva feces on the basis of high UV absorbance at 665 nm.
Development of the Management Software and Construction of Database for the Genetic Resources of Silkworms
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 29~32
At present, more than 300 races of the Silkworm are conserved and used as valuable genetic resources. But because of the uneffectiveness of manual data management, faster and systematic data base construction is needed. So, development of silkworm genetic resources management program has been begun and the result can be practically used. When developing the program, Visual basic was used for data input system construction, and MS Access for database. IIS(Internet Information System) and ASP(Active Server Page) was also used for searching data and information with Internet Web Server and Web Browser which is comfortable for constructing database and providing information. Data input item consists of 46 practical characteristics such as race name, moltinism, larval period and pupation percentage etc.. And these characteristics are classified with qualitative and quantitative character. Photographs of silkworm, cocoon and other related items were scanned and the image data was recorded on the database.
Improvement of Liquid Culture Methods of Paecilomyces japonica
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 33~36
This study was carried out to improve the liquid culture methods of Paecilomyces japonica. The results show that the size of granular mycelium is smaller when the shaking speed is increased. Especially, the granular mycelium is the smallest at the shaking speed of 150rpm under the photoperiod of 12L-12D. Dry weight of mycelium was averagely 1.216 g in the Sikworm larva (SL) medium, and the weight was 2 times heavier than in the Potato dextrose (PD) medium. By adding 6 g of 6 mmbeads in the SL medium, the dry weight is increased to 1.332 g. The optimal addition of silkworm larval powder to the culture medium for gest harvest was 1.360
0.67 g in dry weight.
Collecting method of silk sericin from degumming solution and characteristics of recovered sericin
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~40
This study was carried out to investigate the optimum condition for silk sericin collection from degumming solution using some aluminium salts with various treatment conditions and examine the thermal properties of silk sericin collected from degumming solution. Silk sericin was precipitated by treatment of aluminium metal compound from degumming solution. The best optimum collecting conditions of silk sericin from degumming solution are the concentration of 2
/l of polyaluminium chloride (PAC), pH range of 5~7 and room temperature. The reduction of water pollution was evaluated by decreasing the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrate ion (NO
￣). Thermal stability of silk sericin collected from degumming solution was a little lower than that of hot water.
Preparation of Fine Silk Powder and It′s Application for Surface Modification
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 41~48
The purification, dissolution and powdering of stained waste silk obtained from weaving and dyeing process were studied for the surface modification of textile fabric and plastic materials. The whiteness of stained waste silk could be improved through degumming and bleaching with sodium hydrosulfite. The water-soluble fibroin solution can be obtained by dissoving the degummed waste silk in a boiling solution of 50% calcium chloride for 60 minutes. The salts and heavy metals contained in fibroin solution were removed by electric dialysis, wool fiber filtration and gel filtration chromatography. The fibroin powder was prepared by using a fine grinder after the alkali treatment for weakening the silk fiber. The fine fibroin powder of particle size around 30 ㎛ was obtained with a ultra fine-mill, while it was finer below 10 ㎛ with a ball-mill. The dissolved or powdered silk was applied to the surface of fabric with addition of the binder (a urethane resin). The moisture content of polyester and nylon fabrics treated with the silk solution was improved due to hygroscopic property of silk. The fine fibroin powder mixed with the binder ws coated on the surface of synthetic film by use of the air pressed sprayer. It was revealed that the hygroscopicity as well as the softness of fibroin powder coated film was much improved. Therefore, it is thought that the fine silk fibroin powder is applicable as an coating agent for the surface modification of plastic and synthetic leather.
Collagen Growth Effects in Rats using B. mori Fibroin
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 49~52
The collagen growth effects in rats using B. mori fibroin sponge sheet, pure fibroin solution and chitosan sponge sheet were investigated. Histopathological inspection of the wound 12 days later showed the increse of a vascular ingrowth and the absence of inflammatory cells. Wound healing effects were accelerated in the order of Fibroin sponge sheet
Fibroin dressing solution〉Chitosan sponge sheet〉Control. The mean percentage of collagen production in rats after 12 days was 46.12
4.58% and 42.11
5.67% in fibroin sponge sheet and dressing solution-treated rats, respectively. These values were higher than the relative content in the chitosan sponge sheet and control groups, which was 23.87
3.24 and 2.42
The Study on Chromosome Number of Morus bombycis Koidz., Morus Mongolica C.K.Schn.and Morus tiliaefolia Makino Growing Wild in the Korea Peninsula
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 43, issue 1, 2001, Pages 53~54
The chromosome number of Morus bombycis Koidz. and Morus monogolica C.K.Schn. growing wild in the Korea Peninsula is diploid (2n=28) and that of Morus tiliaefolia Makino is hecxaploid (2n=84). The somatic cell division of each species is nomal.