Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6 - Dec 1966
Selecting the target year
On the relation between the yield for unit length of mulberry branch and several factors
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 1~8
Various relationships with the leaf yield per 1,000m in the length of mulberry branch were investigated. The results obtained are as followings. 1. Relationship with the mulberry varieties. There were little differences of the leaf yield among the mulberry varieties, being 106∼109kg in an average and the distributions of the leaf yield were of 60∼160kg class for Morus bombycis Koidz, 50-17kg class for Morus Lhou(Ser.) Koidz and 50∼180kg class for Morus alba L. Otherwise, 79 per cent of all varieties was between 80∼140kg class to which 85 per cent of only Morus Lhou(Ser.) Koidz belonged. There was one or two peaks for each strains, for example, the peak at 80∼90kg class and at 120∼140kg class in Morus bombycis Koidz showed the best yield, the peak at 90∼100kg class in Morus alba L. and 100∼110kg class in Morus Lhou(Ser.) Koidz. 2. Relationship with the pruning. The multi-stemed pruning showed 149kg mulberry leaf yield which was more 75 per cent increase than the low-stemed pruning, 85kg. 3. Relationship with the degree of cutting off. The leaf yield varied according to the degree of cutting off the branch, such as, 166kg in 1/3 cutting off the branch and 180kg in
which were more 19 per cent and 34 per cent increase of 140kg in non-cutting off the branch, respectively. The main cause of the leaf increase was thought because of the increase of young branch. 4. Relationship with the branch diameter. In the relation to the leaf yield per 1,000m in branch length, there was no significance comparing 66kg for thin branch with 80kg for medium one ana the thick branch had 150kg leaf yield and increased 88 per cent when compared with the medium one. In the relation to the leaf yield per l0cm in diameter, 811g leaves for thin branch and 875g for medium one were produced, but there was no significance between them. Thick branch had 1,461g, and increased 67 per cent when compared with medium one and the average yield was 1,201g for total branch.
Studies on the Character of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L., Which Bred from Double Copulation. (About the effect of copulating time and sperm activity in the double copulating)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 9~17
The ratio of form and character in the text generation of silkworms which were double copulated between home race copulation and hetero race copulation in crossing with two males of different races for female(double crossing) are different according to the copulating time, copulating order and sperm activities. But the general tendencies are as follows; 1. During two hour's double copulation, sufficiently ejaculating time, the fertilization percentage of hetero lace copulation are higher than that of homo race, but in case of double copulation with plain and normal marked silkworms showed opposite results. The fertilization percentage of homo race copulation are equal or higher compare with that of hetero race copulation. 2. The form and character of the next generation were largely effected by copulating order, so the primary copulating moths are more effected in the next generation than the secondary moths. 3. The active sperms were more fertilized than non-active sperms in the double copulation.
Studies of Artificial Diets for Silkworm( I )(Basic Studies of the diets by wet storing)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 18~27
This treatise was sat up as a basic study of the artificial diets of silk worm, both nursed and wild, by storing the natural leaves in defarmentizing solution and the results obtained were as followings. 1. Defarmentizer C, a kind of defarmentizer, was developed by the author in order to store any natural diet by soaking them in the solution. 2. The defarmentizer was workable for aerophobic bacteriums, but was not effectable for aerophilic bacteriums or fungus. 3. The defarmentized diet could feed silk worm during winter season. 4. The storing method has found the importance of growthness of the diet leaves and the perfect riped leaves were found as the best condition for the purpose. 5. The perfect riped leaves were softened properly during the soaking to be fed for silk worm. 6. The defarmentizing solution has held almost the same pH value of protein isoelectric point so that the protein extraction be ceased during the soaking process. 7. The utilization of defarmentizer has found an economical value. 5. The analytical results of various wild plant leaves were found to be usable as the artificial diet mixture for general silkworm.
Simple discrimination method of male and female depending upon the specific gravity of pupa in silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 28~30
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the method of discrimination of male and female depending upon the specific gravity of pupa in silkworm varieties which are being recommended in Korea at present. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The specific gravity of silkworm pupa existed between 1,000 and 1,100. 2. Female pupae went to the bottom of salt water(NaCl), around 1,020 of specific gravity, while male pupae came near to the surface of salt water. 3. Salt water of around 1,020 specific gravity was not harmful to the pupa, egg laying ability and moth emerging ability. 4. The effect of salt water on the other useful characters will be assigned to the next chance, and also the device of cocoon cutting machine is being studied.
Silk Reelability of the Cocoon Stored in a Pelyethylene Bag
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 31~33
This work has been carried out for many months to check whether polyethylene bag cocoon storging method bring better reeling result against the normal cotton bag storing method. The obtained results were as followings. 1. The pupa killed cocoons could be stored on the ground in case of packing in polyethylene-bag until the secondary dry process. 2. The raw silk percentage of cocoon stored in polyethylene bag, increased 0.5％ than the cotton bag storing method, not because of its reelability, but because of the better yield of cocoon bave. 3. Musty cocoon was not shown during the polyethylene hag storage, but the cocoons were attacked by rats as usually. 4. Polyethylene bag storing method invited more insects attack than the normal method, but the attack was able to cease by enclosing two naphthalene tablets in each bag.
Effect of Iron Component in Filature Water on the Coloring of Raw Silk
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 34~38
This experiment was to find out the exact amount of iron component in filature water affecting or the coloring and iron component content in the raw silk after the quantitative analysis of iron component in the filature water, cocoon bave and raw silk. 1. In Korea the extent of iron component in filature water is 0.01-0.77 PPM, and the average amount is 0.23 PPM. 2. The sample water from wells contains more than twice as much iron component as the river water. 3. The iron component content in the cocoon bave (Fe
0.0096%) and that in the raw silk (Fe
0.0084%) are similar. But it should be noticed that while the ash content in cocoon bave is twice as much as raw silk, the same amount of ash in raw silk has twice as much iron component as the cocoon bave. 4. The amount of iron component in filature water has great effect on the resolution and absorption of iron component contained in the raw silk during cooking and reeling. That is, when the amount of iron component is small, the rate of iron component resolution from the cocoon bave increases and finally the raw silk comes to contain much less iron component than the cocoon bave, but when the iron component amount is over 0.40 PPM, the raw silk happens to contain more iron component than the cocoon bave. 5. The iron component in filature water makes the raw silk grayish and the more the iron component, the grayer the raw silk. 6. While even very small amount of iron component can affect the depth of raw silk, relatively large amount of Mn component does not have so much influence on the coloring.
Base analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid of several insects and spider testis
Lee, Ki-Yung ; Choe, Byong-Hee ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 39~41
Serological Test of Virus disease of Tussah Silkworm.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 42~48
Throughout the studies the following experimental results were obtained and so are summarized here. 1) What caused tussah silkworms terrible disease broken ous all over the Korea in 1965, was examined to be “Inclusion body of virus” through microscope. 2) The examined inclusion bodies are easily stained as purple by seller's staining. 3) The proper speed of centrifugation for the purification of inclusion bodies is 1,000 r. p. m for 10 minutes. 4) It is possible, cleanly resulted, to attempt the “Rapid Agglatination Test ＆ Complement Fixation test” with autigen of inclusion bodies. 5) The Anti-polyhedra rabbit serum from antigen of the dilution of 2
polyhedra made the Ropid Agglutination test possible even with dilution of 1/8 infected pupa blood(antigen).
Studies on the effect of feeding on royal jelly on the practical characteristics of silkworms at early stage
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 49~52
It has been reported that the effect of royal jelly on silkworms can be markedly resulted from feeding on royal jelly throughout all the instars. In 1965, I began the experiment in order to know whether it has a practical for rearing, only through feeding silkworms at 1st to 2nd instar, when a comparative little amount of mulberry leaves and labor is needed for rearing. In the method of my experiment, mulberry leaves with different concentration of royal jelly added, 2.5%, 5%, and 10%. respectively, are feeded on silkworms of Sulack
Soyang at 1st and 2nd instar in spring in 1965. However, in the result of the experiment there is not any effect on the survival. the growth speed, the body weight, of the larvae, and the weight of cocoon layer, the cocoon layer ratio, and number of silkworm eggs laid.
Studies on ecology of Italusy Wiedemann
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 6, 1966, Pages 53~56
1. On the contrary to the general insect size, male is larger than female. 2. The possible number of eggs, the maximum number of eggs per a morh is average 225 eggs. 3. The periods of the eggs laid is around 3 days. 4. The growth period of larva is about 14 days. 5. The period from the unifection to death is an indirect proportion to number of the eggs. 6. The period from the pupation to flying is about 14 days, depending upon the temperature.