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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7 - Dec 1967
Selecting the target year
Studies on the drought resistance of mulberry trees
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 1~26
In order to develop the standards for the measurement of drought resistance in mulberry trees (Morus genus) the varietal differences of drought resistance were measured for 30 mulberry varieties, and the relationships between the drought resistance and the histological and physiological characteristics of mulberry leaves were investigated. The results were summarized as follows; 1. It is reasonable to use the drought resistance ratio, expressed by D/D'＊100, for the standard of drought resistance measurement for mulberry tree as a perennial tree crop. Where: D stands for growth amount(shoot length) in the plot of dry treatment, at the end of treatment. D' stands for an expected value of D which is expressed by B＊C/A. Here, A is the growth amount of wet treatment plot at the beginning of treatment, B is the growth amount of dry treatment plot at the beginning of treatment, and C is the growth amount of wet treatment plot at the end of treatment. 2. The results obtained from the application of above formula showed that the varieties Cadaneo, Tahozosaeng, Yongchunchuwu, Kaeryang suban. and Kabsun were highly resistant to drought and the varieties Jukmok, Shipyung, Sobun, Kaeryangzosaeng shipmoonza and Chungagokyo were highly susceptible. 3. Among leaf tissues. the rate of inter-cellular space showed the highest relationship with drought resistance. The correlation coefficient calculated (r=0.4153) was highly significant. Other leaf tissues such as epidermis and palisade showed no significant correlations with drought resistance. 4. The size and density of stomata were correlated to drought resistance. That is: Correlation between drought resistance and size of stomata(length
width)......r= -0. 3253(signif. at 5%) density(No. of stomata/l
......r= +0.5047(signif. at 1%)
Effects of Air Pressures on the Physiology of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.
Kim, Nak-Jung ; Shoh, Hae-Ryong ;
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 27~37
The relation of copulating order and eggs laying order.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 39~42
The author studied on the eggs laying order of silkworm eggs which was laid by double copulation. The results can be summarized as follows; 1. Fertilized eggs were not laid in order like the copulating order. Author supposes that the sperms of the first copulated moth and second's moth were mixed in the receptaculum seminis. 2. Intensity of fertilization was mainly affected by silkworm races and copulating order, but some other factors may be acted on the double copulation.
About the character of next generation in the poly-generous ploy copulation.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 43~47
The author studied on the character of next generation which was laid from poly copulated female moth. The obtained results are as follows; 1. In the three generous two copulation, selectivity of fertilization and copulating order of silkworm showed like the two generous double copulation and their intensity of fertilization was characterized in the next generation. 2. In the next generation of silkworm, new form and character were not occurred through polygenerous poly copulation. 3. Copulating time influenced on the next generation and the time was related closely tn the copulating type (copulating order) in the three generous two copulation which was differed each copulating time.
Different Ratio between Male and Female in F
, Hybrids and Parents of Silkworm; Bombyx mori. L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 49~52
In the F
hybrids and parents of silkworms, the silkworms of 47 blocks in summer and 68 blocks in fall in 1965 were reared in order to know the effect of mortality on the difference of sex ratio. The results analyzed are as follows; 1. In Moran of Japanese strain-parent and Morean x Daedong of F
hybrid, there is of no effect of an increase and decrease of mortality on the sex ratio. So male is not always stronger than female. 2. In Daedong of Chinese strain-parent, the more the mortality in the blocks is, the higher the survival ratio of male pupa becomes. (Y=0.233x-41.67). 3. As the results mentioned above, the present investigation method of cocoon quality of Chinese strains with the same number of cocoons of both sexes will have to be considered again, according to the cocoon crops, as far as concerned with the reasonable sampling from the population.
The studies on microbe isolated from the cocoon in Korea. (Isolation and identification of bacteria)
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 53~63
In order to identify the bacteria living on the cocoons in Korea, the isolated bacterias' morphological. cultural and physiological characters has been determined through the detailed study. The second aim of this experiment was to protect against the bacteria which damage silk protein during storage. 1. The twelve strains of the bacteria were isolated and identified in the cocoons produced in Korea. The results of the identification are as the following. No 1, No 8; Bacillus subtilis variation No 2, ; Bacillus stearothermophilus No 3, ; Bacillus circulans No 5, No 6; Bacillus thuringiensis No 7, No 11; Bacillus brevis No 12, No l0; Bacillus cereus variation
Studies of Raw Silk Size Nonuniformity.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 65~74
This work has been carried out to find the fundamental reasons of raw silk size nonuniformity by studying with the physical nature and its bave formation through the worm spinnerate with anatomical device. Mean time, the uniformity improving method is also attached to this paper after throughfall theoretical study. 1. According to the anatomical study of the silkworm spinnerate, the physical form decides the fiber cross section and also spinns more finner size as the spinning is continued collaborating with the muscle pressure and decrease of liquid silk in the silk gland. 2. The bave size deviation of the Korean cocoons have shown a little difference among the varieties, but, they are conclued as 0.58 denier in average which caused some size deviation of the raw silk inevitably. 3. The raw silk nonuniformity increases when the cocoon have size is not suitable with the proposed raw silk size. 4. The nonuniformity is also increased very much during the filature process in case of poor technical work, but even if we do our best, the best result is found as 30 percent improvement which is still worser than the natural cocoon size deviation. 5. It is required to be careful for the selection of silkworm variety in order to improve the nonuniformity of raw silk so that the bave size be suitable for the proposed silk. 6. The definite size silk reeling method could made better uniform silk, 20 percent at least, than the definite cocoon number silk reeling method. 7. A newly developed denier(21d) gauge was applied for the multiends type silk reeling machine which is widely used in Korea, and the result of the method showed 1.30 denier size deviation, but, in case of no use of it was 1.57 denier size deviation, that is, it could improve two grades more than the normal reeling method.
Effect of ultra-red ray on the reelability of cocoons and the physical characteristics of raw silk
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 75~79
The aim of this treatise was to investigate the effects of ultra-red ray on the ree1ability of the undried and dried cocoons as well as the characteristics of raw silk. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The percentage of raw silk of undried cocoons was higher than that of dried cocoon and control. 2. On irradiation with ultra-red ray, it was found that the strength of raw silk increased to 4.5 g/d, while the elongation of it remarkably decreased. 3. The raw silk irradiated with ultra-red ray appeared to be brown in color.
Studies on The Causes of Breaks occurred During The Winding Operation
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 7, 1967, Pages 81~87
This report was prepared to find the causes of breaks during the winding operation and the obtained results were as followings. 1. Among around kinds of breaks, the percentage of breaks on the silk thread in our country was that injured and damaged thread was 43.23% where as hard gum spots of 16.07% split thread of 11.70%. and disturbed one of 7.22% were found. 2. It was known that the breaks percentage between Spring cocoon and Autumn cocoon bad the difference. 3. Microscopic observation of the spots of breaks were separately made, and the sccurted causes were observed to prevent the admajor defects.