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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Sericultural Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10 - Dec 1969
Volume 9 - Jan 1969
Selecting the target year
Relation between the growth of mulberry branch and cutting off mulberry branch various sizse in the multi-stemed Pruning
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 7~13
This experiment was carried out to know how to cut of the mulberry branches, formed by multi-stemmed pruning, which is together with the correlation between the leaf yield and total length, total diameter, or total length X total diameter of branches. The results are as follows: 1. In case of spring pruring, cutting off 5 cm high uniformly, cutting off thick one 10 cm high and cutting off slender one 5 cm high were best. 2. In case of summer pruning, cutting off upper part one 5 cm high and cutting off lower part one 10 cm high, cutting off thick one 10 cm high, slender one 5 cm high, 5 cm high uniformly were best. 3. As the result of this experiment, cutting off all the branches 5 cm high uniformly was available.
Studies on the Estimation of Leaf Production in Mulberry Trees II. Correlations among Various Characters
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 15~19
Experiments were carried out to make clear the relationships among some morphological characters of four-varieties of mulberry trees. Simple correlation coefficients and particial correlation coefficients were calcultated among the characters, namely branch length, branch diameter, leaf number per branch, leaf area per branch, node number per branch, total branch wt. branch weight except leaves and leaf weight per branch of the mulberry trees. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Variances of the characters and covariances between the each characters are shown in table 1, and simple correlation coefficients among various characters are shown in table 2. It was observed that there were close relationships between yield (leaf weight) and branch length, branch diameter, leaf number per branch, leaf are per branch, node number per branch, total branch weight and branch weight except leaves, respectively. 2. Partial correlation coefficients among some characters are shown in table 3. From this table, it was also observed that leaf yield of mulberry trees and leaf area are more closely related more than leaf yield and the other characters of mulberry trees in four different varieties. From the experimental studies, it was recognized that the four characters, namely branch length, branch diameter, leaf number and leaf area, should be very useful characters in the estimation of mulberry leaf yield as they could be measured. or counted easily before harvest of mulberry leaves, and are affected more in mulberry 1eaf yields than the other characters.
Studies on the Estimation of Leaf production in Mulberry Trees III Estimation of the Leaf production by the Measurement of Some Characters
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 21~25
Various formulae for estimation of leaf production in mulberry trees were investigated and obtained. Four varieties of mulberry trees were used as the materials, and four characters. namely branch length (X, 1). branch diameter (X, 2). leaf number per branch (X, 3), and leaf area per branch (X, 4). were studies. The formulae to eatimate the leaf yield of mulberry trees are as follows: 1. Y
, are showed the estimated yield of the each variety, namely Gaeryang souban, Ilchirye, Nosang. and Suwon Sang No. 4, respectively. X
denote the measured values of branch length and branch diameter, respectively. 2. Y
, are the estimated yield of the each variety, namely Gaeryang. Souban, Ilichirye, Nosang, and Suwon Sang No. 4, respectively. X
, denote the measured values of each character. branch length, branch diameter and leaf number per branch, respectively. 3. Y
, are the estimated yield values of four varieties, and X
denote the measured values of four characters. namely branch length, branch diameter. leaf number per branch and leaf area per branch. respectively. The estimation method of mulberry leaf yield by measurement of some characters, branch length. branch diameter. leaf number per branch and leaf area per branch. could be the better method to determine the leaf yield of mulberry trees without destroying the leaves and without weighting the leaves of mulberry trees than the other methods.
Influence of Gibberellin and Urea treatment on the Production of mulberry leaf and characteristic of silkworm
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 27~34
This study was conducted investigate the effect of Gibberellin and Urea on the growth of mulberry tree with the compound treatment, and the characteristic of silkworm when the mulberry leaves simply treated with GB and the compound treatment with GB and Urea were supplied. The results are as follows. 1. Mulberry tree A. The leaf weight per mulberry tree with the compound treatment of GB+ Urea was heavier in spring silkworm and the leaf yield was increased by 7% compared with the non-treatment plot. B. The growth of wattle, leaf length and leaf width was more accelerated in the compound treatment plot of GB+Urea, the single treatment plot of GB and Urea than th!: non-treatment plot in autumn silkworm, and there was observed an incredse yielding effect of 16% in GB+Urea plot, in 16% GB plot and 18% in Urea plot respectively as compared with th: non-treatment plot, hut yield per l000m unit of wattle length was the least in GB plot. C. In the composition of mulberry leaves of treatment, water and crude protein was increased in the compound treatment plot of GB + Urea and the single treatment plot of GB and Urea than the non-treatment plot, but dry matter and carbohydrate were decredsed. 2. Characteristics of Larva in spring silkworm A. The mortality ratio of 4 and 5 instar plot was equally high in the compound treatment plot of GB+ Urea and the pupation ratio of 4 instar plot was lower than other treatment plot. B. Although there was no significant difference observed in the cocoon weight of 10.000 1st-day worms in both 4 and 5 instar plots between each treatment plot, the single treatment plot of GB showed somewhat great than other treatment plots. C. There was no significant difference observed in the cocoon layer ratio between each treatment plot, but 4 instar plots was slightly higher than 5 instar plots. 3. Characteristics of Larva in Autumn silkworm A. The mortality ratio of the compound treatment plot of GB+ Urea and GB was higher than that of the nontreatment and single treatment plot of Urea. B. The pupation ratio of the single treatment plot of Urea was higher than that of the compound treatment plot of GB + Urea, and there was no significant difference observed between other treatment plot. C. The cocoon weight of 10.000 1st-day th instar worms was heavier in the single treatment plot of Urea than nontreatment plot, GB+Urea plot and GB plot. D. The cocoon layer ratio was no significant difference observed between each-treatment.
The effect of feeding amount on the metric Characters of silkworm at each day of 5 th instar
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 35~38
This study was carried ont to investigate the effect of feeding amount on the metric characters of silkworm at each day of 5 th instar. The results obtained from the study are summarized as follows: 1. The increased amount of feeding did not affect on the metric characters except the character, number of cocoon per litre, by each day of 5 th instar. 2. The decreased amount of feeding did affect the weight of cocoon, weight of cocoon layer and did not affect the pupation, best cocoon rate, cocoon layer rate and number of cocoon per litre by each day of 5 th instar. Namely, the weight of cocoon or weight of cocoon layer was decreased by 12 to 17 per cent in decreasing amount of feeding through 5 th instar. Weight of cocoon or cocoon layer decreased by 5 per cent in the decreasing amount of feeding at just 7 th day of 5 th instar.
Change in Component of silkworm blood on the qualities of mulberry leaves. (Part 1) Change in phorphorus of silkworm blood (5th stage) on the qualities of mulberry leaves
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 39~42
As a result of comparaing contained Phosphorus in silkworm blood with growth of silkworm bod, the following facts have been found according to the respective feeds in the 5th stage of rearing silkworm. 1) Contained Inorganic Phosphorus has more increased in the soft leaves part on the 4 th day after 5th stage but no change has been seem in the other parts. 2) Contained organgic phosphorus and total phosphorus has more increased in soft leaves part on the 4th or 5 th day after 5 th stage and they have more increased according to the growing stage. 3) Contained inorganic phosphorus, organic phosphorus and total phosphorus have decreased in the disease silkworm part according to the growing stage. 4) The increase of contained phosphorus in the silkworm blood has had a close relation with increase of weight of silkworm body.
Studies on the Bluish Egg treated by X-Rays in Economical Characters of Silkworm Bombyx Mori. L.
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 43~47
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of gamma ray on the eggs of later stage in late fall rearing season. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The duration of larval stage was simmilar to that of control in any dose. The silkworm growth was uniform in does of 4,000 gamma ray, but in does of 8,000r 16000r was irregular. There were not malformed silkworms but many small silkworm. 2. Mortality of silkworms was very high 8,000r and over; virus diseases of 87.6 per cent, flacherie of 5.9 per cent and complication of 6.5 per cent. 3. The more the dose of gamma ray became, the lighter the weight full grown silkworm and matured silkworm became. 4. The uniformness of cocoons was registered in dose of 2,000r and the cocoons were irregular or small in dose of 16,000r
Studies of Eri-Silk Cultring in Korea
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 49~66
Eri-silkworm is known as a tropical insect where as poly-voltine type in that area. It eats caster oil plant leaves which are cultivated as an every year cultivatable seed oil use in this country, even though it grows for many years in tropical countries. That is why, farmers have freedom for its cultivation in any year if they want. Therefore, eri-silkworm rearing service is flexible for its diet procurment as wish of farmer. The eri-cocoon price or economical fluctuation may be reactable for the rearing work not like as mulberry cocoon. Fortunately, it also eats cynthia tree leaves. Standing from such a easy condition, the authors have studied about this problem since 1963 to develope a culturing method of eri-silkworm rearing in this country and the authors brought out the matters to be produced as an industry scale. Here, the authors summarized their works of the results covering with thirty three work tables. The obtained results are as follows.
Studies on the Virus in Silkworm Bombyx mori L. -Resistance to Virus Disease-
Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science, volume 9, 1969, Pages 67~87
1. Objectives and Importance. Many silkworms have been damaged by nuclear polyhedrosis virus diseases thoughout the country every year causing a decease in cocoon production by approximately ten per cent per year. The damage caused by the infections virus has occured in spite of complete disinfection. In this respect, it is well known it is impossible, at the present time, to protect the silkworm from these virus infections through chemical and physical control methods. Therefore, this author has attempted to solve this urgent problem from the view point of heredity and breeding, discovering the different resistances and heritabilities among 120 stains collected from throughout the country, and selecting the ones with highest resistance for the basic materials in the silkworm breeding. 2. Results of work 1) The strains with strong resistance to the nuclear polyhedrosis virus diseases are N
55/ and Em. the log ED
50/ values of them vary between 0.799 and 1.611. The susceptible strains are N
79/ and C
108/, the log ED
50/ values of them vary between 5.159 and 7.258. (Reference Table 4) The Japanese strain with a log ED
50/, value of 3.770 is the strongest, followed by the Chinese strain with a log ED
50/ value of 3.564. The weakest is the European strain with a log ED
50/ value of 3.3381. The direction coefficient of the regression equation of the susceptibility varies between 0.1 and 0.6, the uniformness of the resistance of the preserved strains of this country is comparatively low. The hereditary henomena of the resistance of each strain and the conerete method of its application for silkworm breeding main the subjects for later studies. 2) The content of water and ash in silkworm has not been correlated with the capability for resistance to the virus diseases(Reference. Table 8). but it is very significantly correlated with mortality rate (in common reaning). In the case of the silkworms which have just completed the fourth moulting the content of water and ash is not related to the mortality rate. In the case of the silkworms which have just completed the third moulting, however, the water( +0.326) and ash (+0.362) registered a high significance. The ash content in the first (
0.520) and second (
0.386) moults is highly significant but water content in both cases is not significant (Reference Table 7). 3) The No. 205 strain proved to be the best in character among the various F
hybrids. No. 204 was very good in strength but a little lower in cocoon character than the control. No. 212 was a little low in coccon character and mortality was average, but the cocoon harvest was the best among all the varieties offered for (Reference Table 9). 4), In short, the above mentioned strains which are known to have strong resistance to the virus disease are expected to provide basic data for breeding strong varieties. It is proposed that continued research should be conducted on the characteristics of various strains for a satisfactory preservation of various characteristics.research should be conducted on the characteristics of various strains for a satisfactory preservation of various characteristics.