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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Research Institute for Knowledge Content Development & Technology
Editor in Chief :
David F. Kohl
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 2015
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 2015
Selecting the target year
History Document Image Background Noise and Removal Methods
Ganchimeg, Ganbold ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 11~24
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.011
It is common for archive libraries to provide public access to historical and ancient document image collections. It is common for such document images to require specialized processing in order to remove background noise and become more legible. Document images may be contaminated with noise during transmission, scanning or conversion to digital form. We can categorize noises by identifying their features and can search for similar patterns in a document image to choose appropriate methods for their removal. In this paper, we propose a hybrid binarization approach for improving the quality of old documents using a combination of global and local thresholding. This article also reviews noises that might appear in scanned document images and discusses some noise removal methods.
Information Needs and Information Seeking Behavior of Foreign Students in University of Delhi: A Survey
Singh, KP ; Kumar, Moveen ; Khanchandani, Vanita ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 25~43
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.025
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the information needs and information seeking behavior of foreign students. A survey method was used for the undertaken study. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire, self-administered to 120 foreign students (60 males & 60 females) with 88 (47 males & 41 females) returns. The research is limited to post-graduate, M.Phil. and Ph.D. foreign students in University of Delhi. It was found that post-graduate students need information regarding their program of study while research scholars need information for writing research articles and for doing their research work. Most of them seek information through the internet. Research scholars used electronic resources such as databases, e-journals and e-theses and dissertations. 88.6% of the respondents also use books for seeking information. Their use of the library is limited with complaints about library staff and too few computer terminals. The present study will be helpful in designing new systems and services for the foreign students so that their information needs can be fulfilled easily. Further, findings of the study indicate that how the library professionals should assist foreign students to accomplish their information needs.
Do Younger Researchers Assess Trustworthiness Differently when Deciding what to Read and Cite and where to Publish?
Nicholas, David ; Jamali, Hamid R. ; Watkinson, Anthony ; Herman, Eti ; Tenopir, Carol ; Volentine, Rachel ; Allard, Suzie ; Levine, Kenneth ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 45~63
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.045
An international survey of over 3600 academic researchers examined how trustworthiness is determined when making decisions on scholarly reading, citing, and publishing in the digital age and whether social media and open access publications are having an impact on judgements. In general, the study found that traditional scholarly methods and criteria remain important across the board. However, there are significant differences between younger (age 30 & under) and older researchers (over 30). Thus younger researchers: a) expend less effort to obtain information and more likely to compromise on quality in their selections; b) view open access publishing much more positively as it offers them more choices and helps to establish their reputation more quickly; c) compensate for their lack of experience by relying more heavily on trust markers and proxies, such as impact factors; d) use all the outlets available in order to improve the chances of getting their work published and, in this respect, make the most use of the social media with which they are more familiar.
Information, Knowledge, Wisdom: A Progressive a Value Added Chain
Satija, Mohinder Partap ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 65~74
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.065
The paper lists problems in defining information and knowledge and also in differentiating between the two. It separately describes physical, economic and cognitive properties of information and knowledge. A long drawn comparative chart of the nature, characteristics and properties of knowledge and information is given. In addition it explains their relation with wisdom. The paper emphasizes that knowledge is only a human preserve. Also it finds common grounds and mutual dependence between information, knowledge and wisdom. The purpose is to clear confusion between knowledge and information, and find their relation with wisdom and tradition by placing these in value added and evolutionary chain: Signals--data-- Information--Knowledge--Wisdom--Tradition.
Features of an Error Correction Memory to Enhance Technical Texts Authoring in LELIE
SAINT-DIZIER, Patrick ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 75~101
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.075
In this paper, we investigate the notion of error correction memory applied to technical texts. The main purpose is to introduce flexibility and context sensitivity in the detection and the correction of errors related to Constrained Natural Language (CNL) principles. This is realized by enhancing error detection paired with relatively generic correction patterns and contextual correction recommendations. Patterns are induced from previous corrections made by technical writers for a given type of text. The impact of such an error correction memory is also investigated from the point of view of the technical writer's cognitive activity. The notion of error correction memory is developed within the framework of the LELIE project an experiment is carried out on the case of fuzzy lexical items and negation, which are both major problems in technical writing. Language processing and knowledge representation aspects are developed together with evaluation directions.
A Study on Evaluating Learning Effects Based on Analysis of Satisfaction in E-learning
Kwon, Yeong-ae ; Noh, Younghee ;
International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology, volume 5, issue 2, 2015, Pages 103~122
DOI : 10.5865/IJKCT.2015.5.2.103
This study examined student satisfaction with e-learning experiences in order to determine which factors had the greatest impact on reports of satisfaction among students at Konkuk University. We surveyed 4,889 students enrolled in e-learning courses and analyzed 830 completed questionnaires to identify factors that influence student satisfaction with e-learning. Results showed significant correlations between system factors and satisfaction (
; p = 0.000). The system factor with the greatest impact on satisfaction was course attendance rate (0.224; p = 0.000).