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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of computational fluids engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korea Society of Computational Fluids Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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SUPERSONIC/HYPERSONIC UNSTEADY AERODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF A WEDGE-TYPE AIRFOIL USING NONLINEAR PISTON THEORY AND EULER EQUATIONS
Kim Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~8
In this study, unsteady aerodynamic analyses of a wedge-type airfoil based on nonlinear piston theory and Euler equations have been performed in supersonic and hypersonic flows. The third-order nonlinear piston theory (NPT) to calculate unsteady lift and moment coefficients is derived and applied in the time-domain. Also, unsteady flow quantities are obtained from the two-dimensional time-dependent Euler equations. For the CFD based unsteady aerodynamic analyses, an arbitrary Lagrangean-Eulerian (ALE) formulation for the Euler equations is used to calculate flow fluxes in the computational flow field with moving boundaries. Numerical comparisons for unsteady lift and moment coefficients are presented between NPT and Euler approaches. The results show very good agreements in the high supersonic and hypersonic flows. It means that the present NPT can be efficiently used to predict unsteady aerodynamic forces ol wedge type airfoils with dynamic motions in the high supersonic and hypersonic flow regimes.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THE HYDROGEN-STEAM BEHAVIOR IN THE APR1400 CONTAINMENT DURING A HYPOTHETICAL TOTAL LOSS OF FEED WATER ACCIDENT
Kim Jongtae ; Hong Seong-Wan ; Kim Sang-Baik ; Kim Hee-Dong ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 9~18
During a hypothetical severe accident in a nuclear power plant (NPP), hydrogen is generated by the active reaction of fuel-cladding and steam in the reactor pressure vessel and released with steam into the containment. In order to mitigate hydrogen hazards possibly occurred in the NPP containment, hydrogen mitigation system (HMS) is usually adopted. The design of the next generation NPP (APR1400) designed in Korea specifies 26 passive autocatalytic recombiners and 10 igniters installed in the containment for the hydrogen mitigation. in this study, the analysis of the hydrogen and steam behavior during a total lose of feed water (TLOFW) accident in the APR1400 containment has been conducted by using the CFD code GASFLOW. During the accident, a huge amount of hot water, steam, and hydrogen is released in the in-containment refueling water storage tank (IRWST). The current design of the APR1400 includes flap-type dampers at the IRWST vents which are operated depending on the pressure difference between inside and outside of the IRWST. it was found that the flaps strongly affects the flow structure of the steam and hydrogen in the containment. The possibilities of a flame acceleration and transition from deflagration to detonation (DDT) were evaluated by using Sigma-Lambda criteria. Numerical results indicate the DDT possibility could be heavily reduced in the IRWST compartment when the flaps are installed.
THE NUMERICAL STUDY ON THE SUPERSONIC INLET FLOW FIELD WITH A BUMP
Kim S. D. ; Song D. J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 19~26
The purpose of this paper is the study on the characteristics of an inlet system with shock/boundary layer interactions by using various types of bumps which are substituted for the conventional bleeding system in supersonic inlet. in this study a comprehensive numerical analysis has been performed to understand the three-dimensional flow field including shock/boundary layer interaction and growth of turbulent boundary layer that might occur around a three-dimensional bump in a supersonic inlet. The characteristics of boundary layer seen in the current numerical simulations indicate the potential capability of a three-dimensional bump to control shock/boundary layer interaction in supersonic inlets.
A DESIGN OPTIMIZATION STUDY OF BLUNT NOSE HYPERSONIC FLIGHT VEHICLE MINIMIZING SURFACE HEAT-TRANSFER RATE AND DRAG
Lim S. ; Seo J. I. ; Kim S. D. ; Song D. J. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 27~35
A design optimization of hypersonic flight vehicle has been studied by using upwind Navier-Stokes method and numerical optimization method. CFD method is linked to numerical optimization method by using a Bezier curve and a design optimization of blunt nose hypersonic flight vehicle has been studied. Heat transfer coefficient and drag coefficient are selected as objective functions or design constraints. The Bezier curve-based shape function was applied to blunt body shape.
NUMERICAL STUDY ON NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER IN A CAVITY CONTAINING A CENTERED HEAT CONDUCTING BODY
Myong H. K. ; Chun T. H. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 36~42
The present study numerically investigates the natural convection heat transfer in a 2-D square cavity containing a centered heat conducting body. Special emphasis is given to the influences of the Rayleigh number, the dimensionless conducting body size, and the ratio of the thermal diffusivity of the body to that of the fluid on the natural convection heat transfer in overall concerned region. The analysis reveals that the fluid flow and heat transfer processes are governed by all of them. Results for isotherms, vector plots and wall Nusselt numbers are reported for Pr = 0.71 and relatively wide ranges of the other parameters. Heat transfer across the cavity, in comparison to that in the absence of a body, are enhanced (reduced) in general by a body with a thermal diffusivity ratio less (greater) than unity. It is also found that the heat transfer attains a minimum as the body size is increased with a thermal diffusivity ratio greater than unity.
UNSTEADY STAGING FLOW ANALYSIS USING MOVING GRID SYSTEM
Kwon K. B. ; Yoon Y. H. ; Hong S. K. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 43~47
In this study, the numerical and dynamic simulation on staging problem including forward jet mechanism is conducted. The forward jet plays a vital role in staging, which jets out from aftbody. This staging environment needs full dynamic characteristics study and flow analysis for securing staging safety. Present study performs dynamic simulation of forebody and aftbody with flow analysis using the Chimera grid scheme which is usually used for moving body simulations. As a result, the separation mechanism using forward jet well work in staging for given initial conditions and reverse thrust, chamber pressure variation from experiments. Furthermore, it is found that the technique using forward jets for staging is excellent for securing the separation safety.
DETACHED EDDY SIMULATION OF AN INCOMPRESSIBLE FLOW PAST AN OPEN CAVITY
Chang K.S. ; Park S.O. ; Kwon O.J. ; Constantinescu G. ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 48~54
Three-dimensional incompressible flow past an open cavity in a channel is investigated using Detached Eddy Simulation(DES). The length to depth ratio of the cavity is 2 and the Reynolds number defined with the cavity depth is 3,360. The DES methods are based on the Menter's SST model. In the present work, two types of inflow conditions are used: one is RANS profile, the other is LES inflow from another Large Eddy Simulation(LES) of fully developed channel flow. The results are compared with experimental data and LES results in terms of the mean statistics, temporal physics and scalar transport phenomenon of the flow.
ANALYSIS OF THE ENHANCEMENT OF COOLING EFFICIENCY OF A VEHICLE IN THE ENGINE ROOM
Lee Dong-Ryul ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 55~62
Flow and temperature fields of a mid-size vehicle engine room are examined numerically to analyze the enhancement of cooling efficiency of several different design cases in a front body shape. The wall temperatures of a radiator and an engine parte are utilized to predict the effects of engine cooling on the thermal environment and the cooling efficiency in an engine room. The analyzed results are the mass flow rate at the upper and lower inlets, in the radiator, and the condenser. It is shown that the shape of the front end, lay-out of the engine parts, and the presence of the undercover greatly influence the flow and temperature fields, and the enhancement of cooling efficiency in the engine room.
A STUDY OF ANALYTIC METHOD AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION FOR CONCEPTUAL DESIGN OF BUS RADIATOR AND HEATER POWER OF COMS (COMMUNICATION, OCEAN AND METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE)
Kim Jung-Hoon ; Jun Hyung Yoll ; Yang Koon-Ho ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 63~69
The COMS, the first meteorological geostationary satellite in Korea, is under development by KARI. The radiator size and the heater power for the thermal control of COMS are calculated using an analytic method. The total radiator area of
and the total heater power of 794.77 W are determined at a conceptual design of COMS. The commercial software, SINDA and TRASYS, are utilized in order to compare and verify the analytic results. The results of on-orbit numerical simulation of cold and hot cases show that the radiator size and heater power obtained from the analytic method are appropriate to maintain COMS equipments within required temperature ranges.
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF FLOW AROUND A SUBMERGED BODY NEAR A PYCNOCLINE USING THE GHOST FLUID METHOD ON UNSTRUCTURED GRIDS
Shin, Sang-Mook ;
Journal of computational fluids engineering, volume 10, issue 3, 2005, Pages 70~76
A two-layer incompressible time-accurate Euler solver is applied to analyze flow fields around a submerged body moving at a critical speed near a pycnocline. Discontinuities in the dependent variables across the material interface are captured without any dissipation or oscillation using the ghost fluid method on an unstructured grid. It is shown that the material interlace has significant effects on forces acting on a submerged body moving near a pycnocline regardless of the small difference in densities of two layers. Contrary to the shallow water waves, a submerged body can reach a critical speed at very low Froude number due to the small difference in the densities of the two layers.